The Star of Bethlehem and the Magi

Interdisciplinary Perspectives from Experts on the Ancient Near East, the Greco-Roman World, and Modern Astronomy

Author: George H. van Kooten,Peter Barthel

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004308474

Category: Religion

Page: 720

View: 1570

This book reports the results of the first ever multidisciplinary scientific conference dealing with the Star of Bethlehem, presenting the views of renowned specialists in astronomy, the ancient near-eastern and Greco-Roman worlds, and the history of science and religion.

Space, Place, and Landscape in Ancient Greek Literature and Culture

Author: Kate Gilhuly,Nancy Worman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107042127

Category: Architecture

Page: 294

View: 5328

This book brings together a collection of original essays that engage with cultural geography and landscape studies to produce new ways of understanding place, space, and landscape in Greek literature from the fifth and fourth centuries BCE. The authors draw on an eclectic collection of contemporary approaches to bring the study of ancient Greek literature into dialogue with the burgeoning discussion of spatial theory in the humanities. The essays in this volume treat a variety of textual spaces, from the intimate to the expansive: the bedroom, ritual space, the law courts, theatrical space, the poetics of the city, and the landscape of war. And yet, all of the contributions are united by an interest in recuperating some of the many ways in which the ancient Greeks in the archaic and classical periods invested places with meaning and in how the representation of place links texts to social practices.

Free speech in classical antiquity : [Penn-Leiden Colloquium on Ancient Values, June 2002 at the University of Pennsylvania]

Author: Ineke Sluiter,Ralph Mark Rosen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004139257

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 2869

This book contains a collection of essays on the notion of "Free Speech" in classical antiquity. The essays examine such concepts as "freedom of speech," "self-expression," and "censorship," in ancient Greek and Roman culture from historical, philosophical, and literary perspectives. Among the many questions addressed are: what was the precise lexicographical valence of the ancient terms we routinely translate as "Freedom of Speech," e.g., Parrhesia in Greece, Licentia in Rome? What relationship do such terms have with concepts such as "isegoria," "demokratia" and "eleutheria"; or "libertas," "res publica" and "imperium"? What does ancient theorizing about free speech tell us about contemporary relationships between power and speech? What are the philosophical foundations and ideological underpinnings of free speech in specific historical contexts?

Scribes and Scholars

A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature

Author: L. D. Reynolds,N. G. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199686335

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 587

It explores how the texts from classical Greece and Rome have survived and gives an account of the reasons why it was thought worthwhile to preserve them for future generations. In this 4th edition adjustments have been made to the text and the notes have been revised in order to take account of advances in scholarship over the last twenty years.

Information Gathering in Classical Greece

Author: Frank Santi Russell

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472110643

Category: History

Page: 267

View: 919

Cloak-and-dagger work was as much a part of the ancient world as the modern. While gadgets may change, the principles do not: espionage in antiquity was just as dangerous, its stakes just as high. Without Sinon, a double agent for the Greeks, Troy would never have fallen. Frank Russell studies spies in the ancient Greek world and presents fascinating information on the nature of the Great Game, its players, its pawns, and their methods. Information Gathering in Classical Greece opens with chapters on tactical, strategic, and covert agents. Methods of communication are explored, from fire-signals to dead-letter drops. Frank Russell categorizes and defines the collectors and sources of information according to their era, methods, and spheres of operation, and he also provides evidence from ancient authors on interrogation and the handling and weighing of information. Counterintelligence is also explored, together with disinformation through "leaks" and agents. The author concludes this fascinating study with observations on the role that intelligence-gathering has in the kind of democratic society for which Greece has always been famous. This valuable and absorbing volume is accessible to any student of intelligence or ancient history. All passages have been translated, and context is provided for historical figures who might not be widely known. Notes are extensive and offer further avenues of study for the technical or specialist reader. Frank S. Russell has taught at Dartmouth College.

Greek Homosexuality

Author: Kenneth James Dover

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674362703

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 4099

To what extent and in what ways was homosexuality approved by the ancient Greeks? An eminent classicist examines the evidence--vase paintings, archaic and classical poetry, the dialogues of Plato, speeches in the law courts, the comedies of Aristophanes--and reaches provocative conclusions. A discussion of female homosexuality is included.

The Greeks and the Irrational

Author: Eric R. Dodds

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520931275

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 2673

In this philosophy classic, which was first published in 1951, E. R. Dodds takes on the traditional view of Greek culture as a triumph of rationalism. Using the analytical tools of modern anthropology and psychology, Dodds asks, "Why should we attribute to the ancient Greeks an immunity from 'primitive' modes of thought which we do not find in any society open to our direct observation?" Praised by reviewers as "an event in modern Greek scholarship" and "a book which it would be difficult to over-praise," The Greeks and the Irrational was Volume 25 of the Sather Classical Lectures series.

Between Grammar and Rhetoric

Dionysius of Halicarnassus on Language, Linguistics, and Literature

Author: Casper Constantijn De Jonge

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004166777

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 456

View: 8943

Dionysius of Halicarnassus has long been regarded as a rather mediocre critic. This book rehabilitates the Greek rhetorician by demonstrating the creative ways in which he integrated theories from different linguistic disciplines into a coherent programme of rhetoric.

Quintus Smyrnaeus' Posthomerica

Engaging Homer in Late Antiquity

Author: Calum A. Maciver

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004230211

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 8615

This book, the first monograph in English on Quintus Smyrnaeus' Posthomerica in over a century, offers a comprehensive study of the poem's poetics and narrative, with a specific focus on the interaction between its Homeric intertextuality and Late Antique influences.

Achaemenid Studies

Author: Christopher Tuplin

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515069014

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 1978

Aus dem Inhalt: Cyprus before and under the Achaemenids: Problems in Chronology, Strategy, Assimilation and Ethnicity u The Parks and Gardens of the Achaemenid Empire u The Place of Persia in Athenian Literatur: Tragedy, Persian Landscape and Geography, Comedy, Orators and Philosophers, General Observations u Appendix: The Location of Places Mentioned in the Fortification Archive u Bibliography u Index.

The History of Mathematical Proof in Ancient Traditions

Author: Karine Chemla

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139510584

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 6050

This radical, profoundly scholarly book explores the purposes and nature of proof in a range of historical settings. It overturns the view that the first mathematical proofs were in Greek geometry and rested on the logical insights of Aristotle by showing how much of that view is an artefact of nineteenth-century historical scholarship. It documents the existence of proofs in ancient mathematical writings about numbers and shows that practitioners of mathematics in Mesopotamian, Chinese and Indian cultures knew how to prove the correctness of algorithms, which are much more prominent outside the limited range of surviving classical Greek texts that historians have taken as the paradigm of ancient mathematics. It opens the way to providing the first comprehensive, textually based history of proof.

Magika Hiera

Ancient Greek Magic and Religion

Author: Christopher A. Faraone,Dirk Obbink

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195111400

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 1386

This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined. Contributors include Christopher A. Faraone, J.H.M. Strubbe, H.S. Versnel, Roy Kotansky, John Scarborough, Samuel Eitrem, Fritz Graf, John J. Winkler, Hans Dieter Betz, and C.R. Phillips.

Xenophon's Spartan Constitution

Introduction. Text. Commentary

Author: Michael Lipka

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311088724X

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 4756

Der vorliegende Band bietet eine kritische Neuausgabe der unter dem Namen Xenophons (ca. 430 - 355 v. Chr.) überlieferten staatsphilosophischen Schrift Der Staat der Spartaner. Der griechische Text ist auf der Basis der wichtigsten Handschriften neu rekonstruiert worden. Ergänzt wird er von einer ausführlichen Einleitung, einem kritischen Kommentar und einer Übersetzung ins Englische. Die Einleitung diskutiert Fragen der Authentizität und der Datierung und informiert umfassend über Quellen und Rezeption, Sprache und Stil sowie über die Handschriftenlage. Der Kommentar ist sowohl philologischen wie auch historischen Problemen gewidmet.

Philosophy, Rhetoric, and Sophistry in the High Roman Empire

Maximus of Tyre and Twelve Other Intellectuals

Author: Jeroen Lauwers

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004301534

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 340

View: 5964

This book offers a discussion of the representation of the fields of philosophy, sophistry, and rhetoric in the orations of the philosophical orator Maximus of Tyre (2nd century CE) and twelve other intellectuals from the Roman Empire.

Resistance to Tyrants, Obedience to God

Reason, Religion, and Republicanism at the American Founding

Author: Dustin A. Gish,Daniel P. Klinghard

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 073918220X

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 7605

Both reason and religion have been acknowledged by scholars to have had a profound impact on the foundation and formation of the American regime. But the significance, pervasiveness, and depth of that impact have also been disputed. While many have approached the American founding period with an interest in the influence of Enlightenment reason or Biblical religion, they have often assumed such influences to be exclusive, irreconcilable, or contradictory. Few scholarly works have sought to study the mutual influence of reason and religion as intertwined strands shaping the American historical and political experience at its founding. The purpose of the chapters in this volume, authored by a distinguished group of scholars in political science, intellectual history, literature, and philosophy, is to examine how this mutual influence was made manifest in the American Founding—especially in the writings, speeches, and thought of critical figures (Thomas Paine, Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Charles Carroll), and in later works by key interpreters of the American Founding (Alexis de Tocqueville and Abraham Lincoln). Taken as a whole, then, this volume does not attempt to explain away the potential opposition between religion and reason in the American mind of the late eighteenth- and early nineteenth- centuries, but instead argues that there is a uniquely American perspective and political thought that emerges from this tension. The chapters gathered here, individually and collectively, seek to illuminate the animating affect of this tension on the political rhetoric, thought, and history of the early American period. By taking seriously and exploring the mutual influence of these two themes in creative tension, rather than seeing them as diametrically opposed or as mutually exclusive, this volume thus reveals how the pervasiveness and resonance of Biblical narratives and religion supported and infused Enlightened political discourse and action at the Founding, thereby articulating the complementarity of reason and religion during this critical period.

The Alexander Romance by Ps.-Callisthenes

A Historical Commentary

Author: Krzysztof Nawotka

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004335226

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 330

View: 390

The Alexander Romance by Ps.-Callisthenes is a historical commentary on a third century AD Greek fictional biography of Alexander the Great, the anonymous Historia Alexandri Magni. The text is used as a source for the Ancient History of Greece, Macedonia and Egypt.