Where are the women? In traditional historical and scholarly accounts of the making and fighting of wars, women are often nowhere to be seen. With few exceptions, war stories are told as if men were the only ones who plan, fight, are injured by, and negotiate ends to wars. As the pages of this book tell, though, those accounts are far from complete. Women can be found at every turn in the (gendered) phenomena of war. Women have participated in the making, fighting, and concluding of wars throughout history, and their participation is only increasing at the turn of the 21st century. Women experience war in multiple ways: as soldiers, as fighters, as civilians, as caregivers, as sex workers, as sexual slaves, refugees and internally displaced persons, as anti-war activists, as community peace-builders, and more. This book at once provides a glimpse into where women are in war, and gives readers the tools to understood women’s (told and untold) war experiences in the greater context of the gendered nature of global social and political life.
Contested Histories, Uncertain Futures
Author: Carol Cohn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
Jean Elshtain examines how the myths of Man as "Just Warrior" and Woman as "Beautiful Soul" serve to recreate and secure women's social position as noncombatants and men's identity as warriors. Elshtain demonstrates how these myths are undermined by the reality of female bellicosity and sacrificial male love, as well as the moral imperatives of just wars.
Author: Jean Bethke Elshtain
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In consideration of UN Resolution 1325 (which called for women's equal participation in promoting peace and security and for greater efforts to protect women exposed to violence during and after conflict), this volume takes stock of the current state of knowledge on women, peace and security issues, including efforts to increase women's participation in post-conflict reconstruction strategies and their protection from wartime sexual violence.
Power and Protection in the 21st Century
Author: Chantal de Jonge Oudraat
Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press
Category: Political Science
Women everywhere have long struggled for recognition as equal, productive members of society, worthy of taking part in the political process. These struggles become even more pronounced in times of conflict and war, when the symbolism and myths of womanhood are used to stoke nationalistic ideas about the survival of the state. Yet for all the rhetoric that takes place in their name, it’s men who generally make decisions regarding war. Women and War examines how women respond to situations of conflict. Drawing on both traditional and feminist international relations theory, it explores the roles that women play before, during and after a conflict, how they spur and respond to nationalist and social movements, and how conceptions of gender are deeply intertwined with ideas about citizenship and the state. As Kaufman and Williams show, women do more than respond to conflict situations; they are active agents in their own right shaping political and historical processes. Their conclusions encourage us to rethink the prevalent assumptions of international relations, history and feminist scholarship and theory.
Gender Identity and Activism in Times of Conflict
Author: Joyce P. Kaufman,Kristen P. Williams
Publisher: Kumarian Press
Category: Social Science
A Historical Encyclopedia from Antiquity to the Present
Author: Ifeyinwa U. Ofong
Category: War and society
Uniform is universally seen as both a stamp of authority and of official acceptance. But the sight of a woman in military uniform still provokes controversy. Although more women are now taking prominent roles in combat, the status implied by uniform is often regarded as contrary to the general perception of womanhood. In association with the Imperial War Museum, this is the first book to look at the image of uniformed women, both in conflict and in civilian roles throughout the twentieth century. Kate Adie examines the extraordinary range of jobs that uniformed women have performed, from nursing to the armed services. Through contemporary correspondence and many personal stories she brings the enormous and often unsung achievements of women in uniform vividly to life, and looks at how far women have come in a century which, for them, began restricted in corsets and has ended on the battlefield in camouflage.
Women and War
Author: Kate Adie,(In Assoc. With Imperial,The Imperial War Museum
Publisher: Hachette UK
Category: Biography & Autobiography
As warriors, freedom fighters and victims, as mothers, wives and prostitutes, and as creators and members of peace movements, women are inevitably caught up in the net of war. Yet women's participation in warfare and peace campaigns has often been underestimated or ignored. Images of Women in Peace and War explores women's relationships to war, peace, and revolution, from the Amazons, Inka and Boadicea, to women soldiers in South Africa, Mau Mau freedom fighters and the protestors at Greenham Common. The contributors consider not only the reality of women's participation but also look at how their actions have been perceived and represented across cultures and through history. They examine how sexual imagery is constructed, how it is used to delineate women's relation to warfare and how these images have sometimes been subverted in order to challenge the status quo. The book raises important questions about whether women have a special prerogative to promote peace and considers whether the experience of motherhood leads to a distinctive women's position on war. The authors find that their analyses lead them to deal with arguments on the basic nature of the sexes and to reevaluate our concepts of "peace," "war," and "gender."
Cross-cultural and Historical Perspectives
Author: Sharon Macdonald,Pat Holden,Shirley Ardener
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
The 1994 genocide in Rwanda, which followed the death of President Habyarimana, was one of the worst humanitarian disasters of the twentieth century. Beamed into the living rooms of the West, it shamed both African and global leaderships. As wars in the Congo continue to tear apart the region, this book examines how the politics that led to the 1994 genocide continue to be played out in the international media. Drawing on a range of African and international primary sources, Georgina Holmes argues that the media represents a site within which political and military actors can influence narratives about war and genocide, and breaks new ground in analyzing the role of gender in the conflict. This book is essential reading on the gendered dynamics of conflict and genocide in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo and will appeal to anyone with an interest in Gender Studies, Media and Film Studies, African Studies and International Relations.
Gender, Media and the Representation of Genocide
Author: Georgina Holmes
Author: Nancy F. Cott
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Business & Economics
"Discusses the role of women from the Allied countries during World War II, including those who served in the armed forces, those who took over men's jobs at home, and more"--Provided by publisher.
Author: Ann Kramer
Publisher: Sea to Sea Publications
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Enlisted with Or Without Consent
Author: Nicole A. Dombrowski
Publisher: Psychology Press
This play brings to light the varying roles that women have played in all of America's 20th century wars.
Author: Jack Hilton Cunningham
Publisher: Samuel French, Incorporated
"This work is totally original; indeed, it pioneers a new field. . . . A remarkable account of a dimension of war that is much neglected. . . . It is deeply passionate yet non-judgmental. It raises profound questions about the pacific 'nature' of women as they find themselves in the painful circumstance of contradiction and crisis. This book truly becomes an historical record of these tragic years."--Richard A. Lobban, Jr., Rhode Island College These authors examine the impact on women of the 1975-90 civil war in Lebanon, the lengthiest and bloodiest in its recent history. While they describe war as a more potent oppressor of women than of men, they also credit it with offering women liberation from all forms of social strictures. The authors also refute the assumption that women are pacifists by nature, contending that women are as aggressive and militarily active as men, given the same conditions. I. Introduction 1. Introduction 2. History of the War 3. Women before the War II. The Public Sphere 4. Women in the Public Sphere, by Lamia Rustum Shehadeh III. Creative Women 5. Mapping Peace, by Miriam Cooke 6. A Panorama of Lebanese Women Writers, 1975-1995, by Mona Takieddine Amyuni 7. Lebanon Mythologized or Lebanon Deconstructed: Two Narratives of National Consciousness, by Elise Salem Manganaro 8. Art, the Chemistry of Life, by Lamia Rustum Shehadeh IV. Women at War 9. Women in the Lebanese Militias, by Lamia Rustum Shehadeh 10. Lebanese Shii Women and Islamism: A Response to War, by Maria Holt 11. Maman Aida--A Lebanese Godmother of the Combatants, by Kari H. Karame 12. From Gunpowder to Incense, by Jocelyn Khweiri V. Foreign Women 13. Profiles of Foreign Women in Lebanon during the Civil War, by Mary Bentley Abu Saba VI. Psychological Sequelae 14. War Trauma and Women, by Leila Farhood 15. Women and the Lebanon Wars: Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, by Elie G. Karam 16. Gender Dual Diagnosis of Psychiatric Illness and Substance Abuse, by P. Yabroudi, E. G. Karam, A. Chami, A. Karam, M. Majdalani, and V. Zebouni VII. Conclusion A War of Survival, by E. G. Karam, N. Melhem and S. Saliba Lamia Rustum Shehadeh is associate professor of cultural studies at the American University of Beirut. She is the editor of several collections of writings of the Arab historian Asad J. Rustum and has published articles in International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Al-Raida, and Feminist Issues.
Author: Lamia Rustum Shehadeh
Publisher: University Press of Florida
Women Remember the War, 1941-1945 offers a brief introduction to the experiences of Wisconsin women in World War II through selections from oral history interviews in which women addressed issues concerning their wartime lives. In this volume, more than 30 women describe how they balanced their more traditional roles in the home with new demands placed on them by the biggest global conflict in history. This book provides a rich mix of insights, incorporating the perspectives of workers in factories, in offices, and on farms as well as those of wives and mothers who found their work in the home. In addition, the volume contains accounts by women who served overseas in the military and the Red Cross. These accounts provide readers with a vivid picture of how women coped with the stresses created by their daily lives and by the additional burden of worrying about loved ones fighting overseas.
Wartime Victimization of Refugees in the Balkans
Author: Vesna Nikoli?-Ristanovi?
Publisher: Central European University Press
The early years of democracy in France were marked by a society divided by civil war, class war and violent conflict. Citizenship and Wars explores the concept of citizenship in a time of social and political upheaval, and considers what the conflict meant for citizen-soldiers, women, children and the elderly. This highly original argument based on primary research brings new life to debates about the making of French identity in the 19th century. Putting the latest theoretical thinking into empirical use, the author assesses how the function of the state and its citizens changed during the Paris Commune and Franco-Prussian War. The study considers fresh issues such as: *how the people coped with the collapse of their government *what the upheaval meant for the provinces of France *how the issue of citizenship affected religious identities *the differences between colonial Algeria and metropolitan France.
France in Turmoil 1870-1871
Author: Dr Bertrand Taithe,Bertrand Taithe