Women and the First World War

Author: Susan R. Grayzel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317875788

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 1858

The First World War was the first modern, total war, one requiring the mobilisation of both civilians and combatants. Particularly in Europe, the main theatre of the conflict, this war demanded the active participation of both men and women. Women and the First World War provides an introduction to the experiences and contributions of women during this important turning point in history. In addition to exploring women’s relationship to the war in each of the main protagonist states, the book also looks at the wide-ranging effects of the war on women in Africa Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and North America. Topical in its approach, the book highlights: the heated public debates about women’s social, cultural and political roles that the war inspired their varied experiences of war women’s representation in propaganda their roles in peace movements and revolutionary activity that grew out of the war the consequences of the war for women in its immediate aftermath Containing a document section providing a wide range of sources from first-hand accounts, a Chronology and Glossary, Women and the First World War is an ideal text for students studying the First World War or the role of women in the twentieth century.

Pandemic Influenza in Fiction

A Critical Study

Author: Charles De Paolo

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786495898

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 6428

The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919--the worst widespread outbreak in recorded history--claimed an estimated 100 million lives globally. Yet only in recent decades has it captured the attention of historians, scientists, and fiction writers. This study surveys influenza research over the last century in original scientific and historical documents and establishes a critical paradigm for the appreciation of influenza fiction. Through close readings of 15 imaginative works, the author elucidates the contents of and the interaction between the medical and the fictional. Coverage extends from Pfeiffer's 1892 bacillus theory, to the multidisciplinary effort to isolate the virus (1919-1933), to the reconstruction of the H1N1 viral genome from archival and exhumed RNA (1995-2005), to the emergence of H5N1 and H7N9 avian viruses (1997-2014).This book demonstrates that pandemic fiction has been more than a therapeutic medium for survivors. A prodigious resource for the history of medicine, it is also a forum for ethical, social, legal, national defense and public health issues.

Philanthropy and Voluntary Action in the First World War

Mobilizing Charity

Author: Peter Grant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134500386

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 5753

This book challenges scholarship which presents charity and voluntary activity during World War I as marking a downturn from the high point of the late Victorian period. Charitable donations rose to an all-time peak, and the scope and nature of charitable work shifted decisively. Far more working class activists, especially women, became involved, although there were significant differences between the suburban south and industrial north of England and Scotland. The book also corrects the idea that charitably-minded civilians’ efforts alienated the men at the front, in contrast to the degree of negativity that surrounds much previous work on voluntary action in this period. Far from there being an unbridgeable gap in understanding or empathy between soldiers and civilians, the links were strong, and charitable contributions were enormously important in maintaining troop morale. This bond significantly contributed to the development and maintenance of social capital in Britain, which, in turn, strongly supported the war effort. This work draws on previously unused primary sources, notably those regarding the developing role of the UK’s Director General of Voluntary Organizations and the regulatory legislation of the period.

Modernism, History and the First World War

Author: Trudi Tate

Publisher: Humanities-Ebooks

ISBN: 1847602401

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 204

View: 9622

Drawing upon medical journals, newspapers, propaganda, military histories, and other writings of the day, Modernism, History and the First World War reads such writers as Woolf, HD, Ford, Faulkner, Kipling, and Lawrence alongside fiction and memoirs of soldiers and nurses who served in the war. This ground breaking blend of cultural history and close readings shows how modernism after 1914 emerges as a strange but important form of war writing, and was profoundly engaged with its own troubled history.

Counter-Archive

Film, the Everyday, and Albert Kahn's Archives de la Planète

Author: Paula Amad

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509073

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 480

View: 2773

Tucked away in a garden on the edge of Paris is a multimedia archive like no other: Albert Kahn's Archives de la Planète (1908-1931). Kahn's vast photo-cinematographic experiment preserved world memory through the privileged lens of everyday life, and Counter-Archive situates this project in its biographic, intellectual, and cinematic contexts. Tracing the archive's key influences, such as the philosopher Henri Bergson, the geographer Jean Brunhes, and the biologist Jean Comandon, Paula Amad maps an alternative landscape of French cultural modernity in which vitalist philosophy cross-pollinated with early film theory, documentary film with the avant-garde, cinematic models of temporality with the early Annales school of history, and film's appropriation of the planet with human geography and colonial ideology. At the heart of the book is an insightful meditation upon the transformed concept of the archive in the age of cinema and an innovative argument about film's counter-archival challenge to history. The first comprehensive study of Kahn's films, Counter-Archive also offers a vital historical perspective on debates involving archives, media, and memory.

The Paradoxes of History and Memory in Post-Colonial Sierra Leone

Author: Sylvia Ojukutu-Macauley,Ismail Rashid

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739180037

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 6982

Using Sierra Leone as a case study, this book examines the nature of knowledge production and interpretation of African history since the decade of African independence. This anthology provides critical reflections on major themes such as ethnicity, class, gender, identity formation, nation building, resistance, and social conflict.

Behind the Lines

Gender and the Two World Wars

Author: Margaret R. Higonnet

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300044294

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 1754

Essays analyze the two world wars in respect to gender politics and reassesses the differences between men and women in relation to war

Dictionary of British Women's Organisations, 1825-1960

Author: David Doughan,Professor Peter Gordon,Peter Gordon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136897771

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 8063

This dictionary is the first attempt to identify systematically the large heterogeneous group of women's organisations that grew up from the early 19th century up to the beginning of the modern women's movement, from women abolitionists and Chartists through Social workers, nurses, suffragists and sexual reformers to women pilots, journalists and cricketers. The work brings together over 500 separate entities on a wide variety of societies, associations, clubs, unions and other professional, social and political bodies organised by women or for men.

War Plays by Women

An International Anthology

Author: Agnes Cardinal,Elaine Turner,Claire M. Tylee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136357254

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 240

View: 3520

This anthology consists of ten plays from countries involved in the First World War, including plays from Germany and France never before available in translation. Representing a range of dramatic forms, from radio play to street-epic, from comic sketch to musical, this anthology includes plays from: Gertrude Stein, Muriel Box, Marion Wentworth Craig, Dorothy Hewett, Berta Lask, Marie Leneru, Wendy Lill, Alice Dunbar Nelson, and Christina Reid. Highly successful in their day, these plays demonstrate how women have attempted to use theatre to achieve social change. The collection explores the historical development of theatrical conventions and genres and the historical context of social and gender issues.

The Politics of Wounds

Military Patients and Medical Power in the First World War

Author: Ana Carden-Coyne

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199698260

Category: Medicine, Military

Page: 382

View: 6399

The Politics of Wounds explores military patients' experiences of frontline medical evacuation, war surgery, and the social world of military hospitals during the First World War. The proximity of the front and the colossal numbers of wounded created greater public awareness of the impact of the war than had been seen in previous conflicts, with serious political consequences. Frequently referred to as 'our wounded', the central place of the soldier in society, as a symbol of the war's shifting meaning, drew contradictory responses of compassion, heroism, and censure. Wounds also stirred romantic and sexual responses. This volume reveals the paradoxical situation of the increasing political demand levied on citizen soldiers concurrent with the rise in medical humanitarianism and war-related charitable voluntarism. The physical gestures and poignant sounds of the suffering men reached across the classes, giving rise to convictions about patient rights, which at times conflicted with the military's pragmatism. Why, then, did patients represent military medicine, doctors and nurses in a negative light? The Politics of Wounds listens to the voices of wounded soldiers, placing their personal experience of pain within the social, cultural, and political contexts of military medical institutions. The author reveals how the wounded and disabled found culturally creative ways to express their pain, negotiate power relations, manage systemic tensions, and enact forms of 'soft resistance' against the societal and military expectations of masculinity when confronted by men in pain. The volume concludes by considering the way the state ascribed social and economic values on the body parts of disabled soldiers though the pension system.

Höllensturz

Europa 1914 bis 1949

Author: Ian Kershaw

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641188725

Category: History

Page: 768

View: 1825

Europa am Abgrund Das europäische zwanzigste Jahrhundert war geprägt von kriegerischen Auseinandersetzungen. Europa erlebte gewaltige Turbulenzen, die Hölle zweier Weltkriege in der ersten Jahrhunderthälfte und tiefgreifende Veränderungen. Der britische Historiker Ian Kershaw erzählt in einem meisterhaften Panorama die Geschichte dieses Kontinents vom Vorabend des Ersten Weltkriegs bis in die Zeit des beginnenden Kalten Kriegs Ende der vierziger Jahre, nachdem die europäische Zivilisation an den Rand der Selbstzerstörung gelangt war. Ethnische Auseinandersetzungen, aggressiver Nationalismus und Gebietsstreitigkeiten, Klassenkonflikte und die tiefe Krise des Kapitalismus waren die treibenden Kräfte, die Kershaw dabei besonders in den Blick nimmt. Neben den großen Entwicklungslinien in Politik, Wirtschaft, Kultur und Gesellschaft schildert er auch immer wieder Erlebnisse und Erfahrungen einzelner, die einen Eindruck geben vom Leben im Europa der ersten Jahrhunderthälfte.

Love on the Rocks

Men, Women, and Alcohol in Post-World War II America

Author: Lori Rotskoff

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807854020

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

View: 2611

A cultural history of drinking and alcoholism from Prohibition to the mid-1960s, focusing on how gender norms and ideologies of marriage shaped Americans' views and experiences of drinking.

Western College for Women

Author: Jacqueline Johnson

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 1439642737

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 9869

Western Female Seminary, the first daughter institution of Mount Holyoke College, opened its doors in 1855 as a Christian institution. The seminary, which became Western College for Women, was founded on the Mt. Holyoke plan, with a strong emphasis on academics. Many of its graduates in the 19th century served as home and foreign missionaries, and by the 20th century, young women from many foreign countries attended Western. In the 1950s, the curriculum was expanded to include a strong international emphasis. Western was the first college in the country to have an artist-in-residence, when composer Edgar Stillman Kelley was invited to live on campus. Western attracted national attention when it hosted civil rights training for Freedom Summer 1964. In the 1970s, independent study programs were developed, and the college became coeducational. With its diverse architecture and the early emphasis on landscaping on its rolling campus, the college was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

Naturalizing Power

Essays in Feminist Cultural Analysis

Author: Sylvia Yanagisako,Carol Delaney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136652949

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 4293

This collection of essays analyzes relations of social inequality that appear to be logical extensions of a "natural order" and in the process demonstrates that a revitalized feminist anthropology of the 1990s has much to offer the field of feminist theory. Contributors:Susan McKinnon, Kath Weston, Rayna Rapp, Janet Dolgin, Harriet Whitehead, Carol Delaney, Brackette Williams, Sylvia Yanagisako, Phyllis Chock, Sherry Ortner and Anna Tsing.

Buying into the Regime

Grapes and Consumption in Cold War Chile and the United States

Author: Heidi Tinsman

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822377373

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 6880

Buying into the Regime is a transnational history of how Chilean grapes created new forms of consumption and labor politics in both the United States and Chile. After seizing power in 1973, Augusto Pinochet embraced neoliberalism, transforming Chile’s economy. The country became the world's leading grape exporter. Heidi Tinsman traces the rise of Chile's fruit industry, examining how income from grape production enabled fruit workers, many of whom were women, to buy the commodities—appliances, clothing, cosmetics—flowing into Chile, and how this new consumerism influenced gender relations, as well as pro-democracy movements. Back in the United States, Chilean and U.S. businessmen aggressively marketed grapes as a wholesome snack. At the same time, the United Farm Workers and Chilean solidarity activists led parallel boycotts highlighting the use of pesticides and exploitation of labor in grape production. By the early-twenty-first century, Americans may have been better informed, but they were eating more grapes than ever.

American Abolitionists

Author: Stanley Harrold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317879708

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 2336

This book, the latest in the Seminar Studies in History series, examines the movement to abolish slavery in the US, from the origins of the movement in the eighteenth century through to the Civil War and the abolition of slavery in 1865. Books in this Seminar Studies in History series bridge the gap between textbook and specialist survey and consists of a brief "Introduction" and/or "Background" to the subject, valuable in bringing the reader up-to-speed on the area being examined, followed by a substantial and authoritative section of "Analysis" focusing on the main themes and issues. There is a succinct "Assessment" of the subject, a generous selection of "Documents" and a detailed bibliography. Stanley Harrold provides an accessible introduction to the subject, synthesizing the enormous amount of literature on the topic. American Abolitionists explores "the roles of slaves and free blacks in the movement, the importance of empathy among antislavery whites for the suffering slaves, and the impact of abolitionism upon the sectional struggle between the North and the South". Within a basic chronological framework the author also considers more general themes such as black abolitionists, feminism, and anti-slavery violence. For readers interested in American history.

Unrecognized Resistance

The Franco-American Experience in World War Two ; [proceedings of the Colloque Sur la "nébuleuse Du Dévouement"]

Author: François G. Dreyfus,Club Tâemoin,Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412840750

Category: History

Page: 172

View: 6390

This volume is an edited summary of what transpired at a unique colloquium held in the Salle Mdicis of the Palais du Luxembourg in Paris in December 2000, and hosted by the president of the French Senate. The results highlight the importance of historical documentation of this period of tragedy and heroism. Those present acknowledged the special nature of the friendship between France and the United States, more than half a century after that unique time of cooperation between French and Americans during the Resistance. That this friendship has been preserved for more than 225 years, since Benjamin Franklin first visited Paris in the eighteenth century, is extraordinary testimony to its resilience, as well as to the enduring commitment to liberty shared by both countries. The event was charged with the emotion of history. That emotion was given greater meaning by the presence of younger attendees, many of whom had never heard their elders speak publicly about the Unrecognied Resistance.