Women and the First World War

Author: Susan R. Grayzel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317875788

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 5717

The First World War was the first modern, total war, one requiring the mobilisation of both civilians and combatants. Particularly in Europe, the main theatre of the conflict, this war demanded the active participation of both men and women. Women and the First World War provides an introduction to the experiences and contributions of women during this important turning point in history. In addition to exploring women’s relationship to the war in each of the main protagonist states, the book also looks at the wide-ranging effects of the war on women in Africa Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and North America. Topical in its approach, the book highlights: the heated public debates about women’s social, cultural and political roles that the war inspired their varied experiences of war women’s representation in propaganda their roles in peace movements and revolutionary activity that grew out of the war the consequences of the war for women in its immediate aftermath Containing a document section providing a wide range of sources from first-hand accounts, a Chronology and Glossary, Women and the First World War is an ideal text for students studying the First World War or the role of women in the twentieth century.

Pandemic Influenza in Fiction

A Critical Study

Author: Charles De Paolo

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786495898

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 1733

The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919--the worst widespread outbreak in recorded history--claimed an estimated 100 million lives globally. Yet only in recent decades has it captured the attention of historians, scientists, and fiction writers. This study surveys influenza research over the last century in original scientific and historical documents and establishes a critical paradigm for the appreciation of influenza fiction. Through close readings of 15 imaginative works, the author elucidates the contents of and the interaction between the medical and the fictional. Coverage extends from Pfeiffer's 1892 bacillus theory, to the multidisciplinary effort to isolate the virus (1919-1933), to the reconstruction of the H1N1 viral genome from archival and exhumed RNA (1995-2005), to the emergence of H5N1 and H7N9 avian viruses (1997-2014).This book demonstrates that pandemic fiction has been more than a therapeutic medium for survivors. A prodigious resource for the history of medicine, it is also a forum for ethical, social, legal, national defense and public health issues.

Women in the War Zone

Hospital Service in the First World War

Author: Anne Powell

Publisher: History PressLtd

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 4363

British female doctors and nurses who served abroad during the First World War

America, history and life

Author: American Bibliographical Center

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dissertations, Academic

Page: N.A

View: 1584

Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.

Philanthropy and Voluntary Action in the First World War

Mobilizing Charity

Author: Peter Grant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134500386

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 1021

This book challenges scholarship which presents charity and voluntary activity during World War I as marking a downturn from the high point of the late Victorian period. Charitable donations rose to an all-time peak, and the scope and nature of charitable work shifted decisively. Far more working class activists, especially women, became involved, although there were significant differences between the suburban south and industrial north of England and Scotland. The book also corrects the idea that charitably-minded civilians’ efforts alienated the men at the front, in contrast to the degree of negativity that surrounds much previous work on voluntary action in this period. Far from there being an unbridgeable gap in understanding or empathy between soldiers and civilians, the links were strong, and charitable contributions were enormously important in maintaining troop morale. This bond significantly contributed to the development and maintenance of social capital in Britain, which, in turn, strongly supported the war effort. This work draws on previously unused primary sources, notably those regarding the developing role of the UK’s Director General of Voluntary Organizations and the regulatory legislation of the period.

Modernism, History and the First World War

Author: Trudi Tate

Publisher: Humanities-Ebooks

ISBN: 1847602401

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 204

View: 7609

Drawing upon medical journals, newspapers, propaganda, military histories, and other writings of the day, Modernism, History and the First World War reads such writers as Woolf, HD, Ford, Faulkner, Kipling, and Lawrence alongside fiction and memoirs of soldiers and nurses who served in the war. This ground breaking blend of cultural history and close readings shows how modernism after 1914 emerges as a strange but important form of war writing, and was profoundly engaged with its own troubled history.

The British Women's Suffrage Campaign 1866-1928

Revised 2nd Edition

Author: Harold L. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317862252

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 2639

This Seminar Study was the first book to trace the British women’s suffrage campaign from its origins in the 1860s through to the achievement of equal suffrage in 1928. In this second edition, Smith provides new evidence drawn from the author’s research on how the main post-1918 women’s organisation (the NUSEC) worked with Conservative Party women to persuade the Conservative Party to endorse equal franchise rights. Smith focuses on the actions of reformers and their opponents, with due attention paid to the campaigns in Scotland and Wales as well as the movements in England. He explores why women’s suffrage was such a contentious issue, and how women gained the vote despite opponents’ fears that it would undermine gender boundaries. Suitable for students studying the Suffrage Movement, modern British history and the history of gender.

Counter-Archive

Film, the Everyday, and Albert Kahn's Archives de la Planète

Author: Paula Amad

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509073

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 480

View: 7485

Tucked away in a garden on the edge of Paris is a multimedia archive like no other: Albert Kahn's Archives de la Planète (1908-1931). Kahn's vast photo-cinematographic experiment preserved world memory through the privileged lens of everyday life, and Counter-Archive situates this project in its biographic, intellectual, and cinematic contexts. Tracing the archive's key influences, such as the philosopher Henri Bergson, the geographer Jean Brunhes, and the biologist Jean Comandon, Paula Amad maps an alternative landscape of French cultural modernity in which vitalist philosophy cross-pollinated with early film theory, documentary film with the avant-garde, cinematic models of temporality with the early Annales school of history, and film's appropriation of the planet with human geography and colonial ideology. At the heart of the book is an insightful meditation upon the transformed concept of the archive in the age of cinema and an innovative argument about film's counter-archival challenge to history. The first comprehensive study of Kahn's films, Counter-Archive also offers a vital historical perspective on debates involving archives, media, and memory.

The Paradoxes of History and Memory in Post-Colonial Sierra Leone

Author: Sylvia Ojukutu-Macauley,Ismail Rashid

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739180037

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 1691

Using Sierra Leone as a case study, this book examines the nature of knowledge production and interpretation of African history since the decade of African independence. This anthology provides critical reflections on major themes such as ethnicity, class, gender, identity formation, nation building, resistance, and social conflict.

Unrecognized Resistance

The Franco-American Experience in World War Two ; [proceedings of the Colloque Sur la "nébuleuse Du Dévouement"]

Author: François G. Dreyfus,Club Tâemoin,Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412840750

Category: History

Page: 172

View: 746

This volume is an edited summary of what transpired at a unique colloquium held in the Salle Mdicis of the Palais du Luxembourg in Paris in December 2000, and hosted by the president of the French Senate. The results highlight the importance of historical documentation of this period of tragedy and heroism. Those present acknowledged the special nature of the friendship between France and the United States, more than half a century after that unique time of cooperation between French and Americans during the Resistance. That this friendship has been preserved for more than 225 years, since Benjamin Franklin first visited Paris in the eighteenth century, is extraordinary testimony to its resilience, as well as to the enduring commitment to liberty shared by both countries. The event was charged with the emotion of history. That emotion was given greater meaning by the presence of younger attendees, many of whom had never heard their elders speak publicly about the Unrecognied Resistance.

Behind the Lines

Gender and the Two World Wars

Author: Margaret R. Higonnet

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300044294

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 9548

Essays analyze the two world wars in respect to gender politics and reassesses the differences between men and women in relation to war

Dictionary of British Women's Organisations, 1825-1960

Author: David Doughan,Professor Peter Gordon,Peter Gordon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136897771

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 6169

This dictionary is the first attempt to identify systematically the large heterogeneous group of women's organisations that grew up from the early 19th century up to the beginning of the modern women's movement, from women abolitionists and Chartists through Social workers, nurses, suffragists and sexual reformers to women pilots, journalists and cricketers. The work brings together over 500 separate entities on a wide variety of societies, associations, clubs, unions and other professional, social and political bodies organised by women or for men.

Western College for Women

Author: Jacqueline Johnson

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 1439642737

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 2123

Western Female Seminary, the first daughter institution of Mount Holyoke College, opened its doors in 1855 as a Christian institution. The seminary, which became Western College for Women, was founded on the Mt. Holyoke plan, with a strong emphasis on academics. Many of its graduates in the 19th century served as home and foreign missionaries, and by the 20th century, young women from many foreign countries attended Western. In the 1950s, the curriculum was expanded to include a strong international emphasis. Western was the first college in the country to have an artist-in-residence, when composer Edgar Stillman Kelley was invited to live on campus. Western attracted national attention when it hosted civil rights training for Freedom Summer 1964. In the 1970s, independent study programs were developed, and the college became coeducational. With its diverse architecture and the early emphasis on landscaping on its rolling campus, the college was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

War Plays by Women

An International Anthology

Author: Agnes Cardinal,Elaine Turner,Claire M. Tylee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136357254

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 240

View: 3461

This anthology consists of ten plays from countries involved in the First World War, including plays from Germany and France never before available in translation. Representing a range of dramatic forms, from radio play to street-epic, from comic sketch to musical, this anthology includes plays from: Gertrude Stein, Muriel Box, Marion Wentworth Craig, Dorothy Hewett, Berta Lask, Marie Leneru, Wendy Lill, Alice Dunbar Nelson, and Christina Reid. Highly successful in their day, these plays demonstrate how women have attempted to use theatre to achieve social change. The collection explores the historical development of theatrical conventions and genres and the historical context of social and gender issues.

The Politics of Wounds

Military Patients and Medical Power in the First World War

Author: Ana Carden-Coyne

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199698260

Category: Medicine, Military

Page: 382

View: 809

The Politics of Wounds explores military patients' experiences of frontline medical evacuation, war surgery, and the social world of military hospitals during the First World War. The proximity of the front and the colossal numbers of wounded created greater public awareness of the impact of the war than had been seen in previous conflicts, with serious political consequences. Frequently referred to as 'our wounded', the central place of the soldier in society, as a symbol of the war's shifting meaning, drew contradictory responses of compassion, heroism, and censure. Wounds also stirred romantic and sexual responses. This volume reveals the paradoxical situation of the increasing political demand levied on citizen soldiers concurrent with the rise in medical humanitarianism and war-related charitable voluntarism. The physical gestures and poignant sounds of the suffering men reached across the classes, giving rise to convictions about patient rights, which at times conflicted with the military's pragmatism. Why, then, did patients represent military medicine, doctors and nurses in a negative light? The Politics of Wounds listens to the voices of wounded soldiers, placing their personal experience of pain within the social, cultural, and political contexts of military medical institutions. The author reveals how the wounded and disabled found culturally creative ways to express their pain, negotiate power relations, manage systemic tensions, and enact forms of 'soft resistance' against the societal and military expectations of masculinity when confronted by men in pain. The volume concludes by considering the way the state ascribed social and economic values on the body parts of disabled soldiers though the pension system.

Love on the Rocks

Men, Women, and Alcohol in Post-World War II America

Author: Lori Rotskoff

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807854020

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

View: 6945

A cultural history of drinking and alcoholism from Prohibition to the mid-1960s, focusing on how gender norms and ideologies of marriage shaped Americans' views and experiences of drinking.

Memories of Resistance

Women's Voices from the Spanish Civil War

Author: Shirley Mangini,Shirley Mangini González

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300058161

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 2662

She discusses the factors that provoked the war and how they affected Spanish women - both the "visible" women who during the turbulent 1920s and 1930s tried to become part of mainstream politics and the "invisible" women who came to the fore during the revolutionary years of the Second Spanish Republic from 1931 to 1936 and became activists in the protest against the military insurrection of 1936.

Making America: A History of the United States

Author: Carol Berkin,Christopher Miller,Robert Cherny,James Gormly

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285194799

Category: History

Page: 928

View: 5796

Shaped with a clear political chronology, MAKING AMERICA reflects the variety of individual experiences and cultures that comprise American society. The book's clear and helpful presentation speaks directly to students, sparking their curiosity and inviting them to “do history” as well as read about it. For instructors whose classrooms mirror the diversity of today's college students, the strongly chronological narrative, together with visuals and an integrated program of learning and teaching aids, makes the historical content vivid and comprehensible to students at all levels of preparedness. Available in the following split options: MAKING AMERICA, Seventh Edition (Chapters 1-29), ISBN: 978-1-285-19479-0; Volume I: To 1877 (Chapters 1-15), ISBN: 978-1-285-19480-6; Volume II: Since 1865 (Chapters 15-29), ISBN: 978-1-285-19481-3. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Margery Perham and British Rule in Africa

Author: Mary Bull,Alison Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317727576

Category: History

Page: 243

View: 8465

Margery Perham was an outstanding influence on official and academic thinking on British Colonial rule and decolonization in Africa during the middle part of the century. The book traces how the Second World War transformed her view of colonial rule and of the rate at which it would have to be relinquished.