This book explores the various ways in which Wittgenstein absorbed and responded to Weininger's ideas.
Author: David G. Stern,Béla Szabados
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Wittgenstein's thought is reflected in his reading and reception of other authors. Wittgenstein Reading approaches the moment of literature as a vehicle of self-reflection for Wittgenstein. What sounds, on the surface, like criticism (e.g. of Shakespeare) can equally be understood as a simple registration of Wittgenstein's own reaction, hence a piece of self-diagnosis or self-analysis. The book brings a representative sample of authors, from Shakespeare, Goethe, or Dostoyevsky to some that have received far less attention in Wittgenstein scholarship like Kleist, Lessing,or Wilhelm Busch and Johann Nepomuk Nestroy. Furthermore, the volume offersmeans for the cultural contextualization of Wittgenstein's thoughts. Unique to this book is its internal design. The editors' introduction sets the scene with regards to both biography and theory, while each of the subsequent chapters takes a quotation from Wittgenstein on a particular author as its point of departure for developing a more specific theme relating to the writer in question. This format serves to avoid the well-trodden paths of discussions on the relationship between philosophy and literature, allowing for unconventional observations to be made. Furthermore, the volume offersmeans for the cultural contextualization of Wittgenstein's thoughts.
Author: Sascha Bru,Wolfgang Huemer,Daniel Steuer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Dieses Buch wirft ein vollkommen neues Licht auf das Denken Wittgensteins und auf die Entwicklung der Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert. Bisher wurde Wittgensteins Philosophie immer aus dem Ringen mit ihrer Wissenschaftlichkeit verstanden. Logik und Positivismus sowie die Abkehr von deren Idealen strukturieren demnach das Werk. Fasst man den Ansatz weiter und sieht eine praktische Lebenshaltung als vorrangig an, so erscheint Wittgensteins Denken als ein moralisches Aufbäumen gegen die Wiener Dekadenz, indem er ultimative Weltmaßstäbe fordert. Das spektakuläre Scheitern des Projekts kann als beispielhaft dafür gelten, wie Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert zuerst nur noch als Literatur möglich erscheint, dann aber wegweisende Grundlage für eine Bild- und Filmtheorie wird und zuletzt den Ausblick zu einer Verbindung mit den Neurowissenschaften eröffnet.
Eine medienphilosophische Relektüre
Author: Martin Gessmann
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Wittgenstein schrieb sein Leben lang über Musik und Musiker, die er schätzte oder auch ablehnte. Musik war ihm dabei nicht nur die liebste aller Künste, die detailliert mit Freunden und Verwandten besprochen wurde, sondern immer wieder auch Gegenstand philosophischen Nachdenkens. Dieses Buch widmet sich einer Herausarbeitung der in den Werken Ludwig Wittgensteins implizit vorhandenen Musikphilosophie. Dabei werden die zahlreichen und weit verstreuten Aphorismen zur Musik versammelt und in die Wittgensteinschen Denklinien der Sprachkritik sowie Aussagen zur Ästhetik und zur Logik eingeordnet. Immer wieder stellt sich dabei auch eine erstaunliche Nähe zu Überlegungen Arnold Schönbergs heraus. Angefangen bei der Rolle der Musik in den Jahren des Tractatus stellt sich diese Arbeit aus der kritischen Sicht Wittgensteins den Fragen von Musik als Sprache in der späteren Philosophie, der Möglichkeit einer Disziplin "Ästhetik", dem Problem von Musik und Emotion, Musik im sozialen und historischen Kontext sowie der Auseinandersetzung mit den von Hanslick ausgegangenen Impulsen der Selbstbedeutung von Musik. Dabei spielen vor allem die Wittgensteinsche Überlegung der "Verhexung des Verstandes durch die Mittel der Sprache" sowie die Begriffe des "Aspekte-sehens", der "Familienähnlichkeit" und der "Lebensform" eine tragende Rolle. Schließlich wirdWittgensteins Methode genauer untersucht, deren perfomative Verweigerung jedes hinweisenden Begriffssystems unter dem Aspekt von Wiederholung, Variation und Kontrastfeldern selbst als musikalisch beschrieben werden kann.
Author: Katrin Eggers
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
eine Kulturtechnik der Moderne
Author: Jürgen Barkhoff,Hartmut Böhme,Jeanne Riou
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar
One of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and the roots of his monumental Tractatus are explored in this imaginative work. Oxaal picks up on themes developed in an earlier work of his on Jews, Anti-Semitism and Culture in Vienna, adding to it special issues concerning Wittgenstein's experiences in Norway in 1913-14, where he worked on ideas that were completed during the war. Oxaal situates the great philosopher in time, place, and attitude, showing how his personal background came to bear on the writing of the Tractatus. Wittengenstein has often been criticized for traces of solipsism and even mysticism, and Oxaal also examines these issues in a volume that integrates ethnography, nationality, and cultural studies. Oxaal sheds new light on the theme of Wittgenstein's Jewishness, and develops a new appreciation of the Wittgenstein family and Wittgenstein's better-known years in Vienna. The author is unsparing in his observations about racism and pessimism in Berlin and Great Britian during the period in which Wittgenstein worked and studied at Cambridge. The writing of the Tractatus spanned the First World War. In the period immediately after its completion, Wittgenstein found himself in The Hague where he was in discussions and disputes with Bertrand Russell. Oxaal covers these problems sensitively and with an appreciation of ambiguities in the life of a great philosopher and the confusions caused by a post-war change in fortunes--personal and familial. This work of an eminent social scientist and historian may not be the final statement on Wittgenstein, but it most certainly must be considered in any serious assessments of an iconic figure of the twentieth century.
The Historical Background of the Tractatus Logico-Philosphicus
Author: Ivar Oxaal
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Festschrift für Paul Mendes-Flohr
Author: Julia Matveev,Ashraf Noor
Category: Jewish philosophy
This wide-ranging collection of essays contains eighteen original articles by authors representing some of the most important recent work on Wittgenstein. It deals with questions pertaining to both the interpretation and application of Wittgenstein's thought and the editing of his works. Regarding the latter, it also addresses issues concerning scholarly electronic publishing. The collection is accompanied by a comprehensive introduction which lays out the content and arguments of each contribution. Contributors: Knut Erik Tranøy, Lars Hertzberg, Georg Henrik von Wright, Marie McGinn, Cora Diamond, James Conant, David G Stern, Eike von Savigny, P M S Hacker, Hans-Johann Glock, Allan Janik, Kristóf Nyíri, Antonia Soulez, Brian McGuinness, Anthony Kenny, Joachim Schulte, Herbert Hrachovec, Cameron McEwen.
The Philosopher and His Works
Author: Alois Pichler,Simo Säätelä
Publisher: Ontos Verlag
Wittgenstein at the Movies is centered on in-depth explorations of two intriguing experimental films on Wittgenstein: Derek Jarman's Wittgenstein and PZter ForgOcs' Wittgenstein Tractatus. The featured essays look at cinematic interpretations of Wittgenstein's life and philosophy in a manner bound to provoke the lively interest of Wittgenstein scholars, film theorists, students of film aesthetics and artistic modernism, and those concerned with the world of Cambridge in the first half of the twentieth century.
Author: Béla Szabados,Christina Stojanova
Publisher: Lexington Books
Otto Weininger's controversial book Sex and Character, first published in Vienna in 1903, is a prime example of the conflicting discourses central to its time: antisemitism, scientific racism and biologism, misogyny, the cult and crisis of masculinity, psychological introspection versus empiricism, German idealism, the women's movement and the idea of human emancipation, the quest for sexual liberation, and the debates about homosexuality. Combining rational reasoning with irrational outbursts, in the context of today's scholarship, Sex and Character speaks to issues of gender, race, cultural identity, the roots of Nazism, and the intellectual history of modernism and modern European culture. This new translation presents, for the first time, the entire text, including Weininger's extensive appendix with amplifications of the text and bibliographical references, in a reliable English translation, together with a substantial introduction that places the book in its cultural and historical context.
Author: Otto Weininger,Ladislaus Löb,Daniel Steuer,Laura Marcus
Astonishingly, Wittgenstein insisted that he was not an original thinker but one who passionately seized upon the thoughts of truly original thinkers with a view to developing a method of conceptual clarification. He compared his mind to fertile ground in which the seeds of the truly original: Ludwig Boltzmann, Heinrich Hertz, Arthur Schopenhauer, Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, Karl Kraus, Adolf Loos, Otto Weininger, Oswald Spengler and Piero Sraffa, could blossom. Assembling Reminders is the first full length study to explore how these figures influenced Wittgenstein - but also how he could claim to have understood them better than they did themselves. It illuminates Wittgenstein's uniqueness in the history of 20th century thought at the same time that it clarifies his relationship to both analytical and Continental philosophy as well as to Viennese critical modernism. Allan Janik, (1941) is currently Research Fellow at the University of Innsbruck's Brenner Archives Reseach Institute. He is also Adjunct Professor for the Philosophy of Culture at the University of Vienna and at the Skill and technology Ph D. program at Stockholm's Royal Institute of Technology.
Studies in the Genesis of Wittgenstein's Concept of Philosophy
Author: Allan Janik
Publisher: Santerus Academic Press
Transatlantic Negotiations was the theme of the 52. annual convention of the German Association for American Studies, held in Frankfurt in 2005. Each contribution to this volume illuminates explicitly or implicitly the intricacies of negotiations embedded in different relationships of power as they reverberate through history. Together they present a wide range of forms of interaction between Europe, Africa, and America, from fruitful exchange to contemptuous or thoughtless discrimination. The collection thus points to a salient feature of transatlantic relations, namely the simultaneity of mutual enriching forms of negotiation, marked by reciprocity, with drastic forms of inequality in which the negotiating power is almost entirely one-sided.
Author: Christa Buschendorf,Astrid Franke
Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter
Category: Social Science
A rich source for understanding Jewish diversity in America, Israel and other societies in the 21st century
Analyses of the Personal and Social Diversity of Jews by Modern Scholars
Author: Stanford M. Lyman
Publisher: Gordian Knot
This edition of G. E. Moore's notes taken at Wittgenstein's seminal Cambridge lectures in the early 1930s provides, for the first time, an almost verbatim record of those classes. The presentation of the notes is both accessible and faithful to their original manuscripts, and a comprehensive introduction and synoptic table of contents provide the reader with essential contextual information and summaries of the topics in each lecture. The lectures form an excellent introduction to Wittgenstein's middle-period thought, covering a broad range of philosophical topics, ranging from core questions in the philosophy of language, mind, logic, and mathematics, to illuminating discussions of subjects on which Wittgenstein says very little elsewhere, including ethics, religion, aesthetics, psychoanalysis, and anthropology. The volume also includes a 1932 essay by Moore critiquing Wittgenstein's conception of grammar, together with Wittgenstein's response. A companion website offers access to images of the entire set of source manuscripts.
From the Notes of G. E. Moore
Author: David G. Stern,Brian Rogers,Gabriel Citron
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Shows the importance of Wittgenstein's philosophy in the 1930s, in its own right and for his philosophy as a whole.
Between the Tractatus and the Investigations
Author: David G. Stern
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book provides the first in-depth exploration of the importance of music for Ludwig Wittgenstein s life and work. Wittgenstein s remarks on music are essential for understanding his philosophy: they are on the nature of musical understanding, the relation of music to language, the concepts of representation and expression, on melody, irony and aspect-perception, and, on the great composers belonging to the Austrian-German tradition. Biography and philosophy, this work suggests that Wittgenstein was a composer of philosophy who used the musical form as a blueprint for his own writing and thought. For Wittgenstein music is not alone, but connects and resonates with our cultural forms of life. His relation to composers, especially to Richard Wagner and Gustav Mahler, enables Wittgenstein to address the question of how to do philosophy and compose music in the breakdown of tradition. Unlike his conservative musical sensibility, Wittgenstein s philosophy is open to musical experiments. Reflecting on his remarks on music makes it possible to compare the therapeutic aim of his philosophical activity with that of music, and thus notice affinities between Wittgenstein and John Cage."
Philosophy and Music in Dialogue
Author: Bela Szabados
Publisher: Brill Rodopi
proceedings of the Second International Wittgenstein Symposium, 29th August to 4th September 1977, Kirchberg/Wechsel (Austria) ; editors, Elisabeth Leinfellner ... [et al.].
Author: Elisabeth Leinfellner
Publisher: Holder Pichler Tempsky