Where Wizards Stay Up Late

The Origins Of The Internet

Author: Matthew Lyon,Katie Hafner

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684872161

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8933

Twenty five years ago, it didn't exist. Today, twenty million people worldwide are surfing the Net. Where Wizards Stay Up Late is the exciting story of the pioneers responsible for creating the most talked about, most influential, and most far-reaching communications breakthrough since the invention of the telephone. In the 1960's, when computers where regarded as mere giant calculators, J.C.R. Licklider at MIT saw them as the ultimate communications devices. With Defense Department funds, he and a band of visionary computer whizzes began work on a nationwide, interlocking network of computers. Taking readers behind the scenes, Where Wizards Stay Up Late captures the hard work, genius, and happy accidents of their daring, stunningly successful venture.

Where Wizards Stay Up Late

The Origins Of The Internet

Author: Katie Hafner,Matthew Lyon

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684832674

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6340

A history of the Internet and the story of the scientists behind its creation describes the 1960s effort funded by the Defense Department and the technologies that contributed to its monumental growth

Where Wizards Stay Up Late

The Origins of the Internet

Author: Katie Hafner,Matthew Lyon

Publisher: Free Press

ISBN: 9780743468374

Category: Internet

Page: 307

View: 3533

Twenty five years ago, it didn't exist. Today, over twenty million people worldwide are surfing the Net. WHERE WIZARDS STAY UP LATE is the exciting story of the pioneers responsible for creating the most talked about, most influential, and most far-reaching communications breakthrough since the invention of the telephone. In the 1960's, when computers were regarded as mere giant calculators, J.C.R Licklider at MIT saw them as the ultimate communications devices. With Defense Department funds, he and a band of visionary computer whizzes began work on a nationwide, interlocking network of computers. Taking readers behind the scenes, WHERE WIZARDS STAY UP LATE captures the hard work, genius, and happy accidents of their daring, stunningly successful venture.


Outlaws and Hackers on the Computer Frontier, Revised

Author: Katie Hafner,John Markoff

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684818620

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 6771

Profiles computer hackers who overstep ethical boundaries and break the law to penetrate society's most sensitive computer networks.

A History of the Internet and the Digital Future

Author: Johnny Ryan

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861898355

Category: Computers

Page: 246

View: 5316

A History of the Internet and the Digital Future tells the story of the development of the Internet from the 1950s to the present and examines how the balance of power has shifted between the individual and the state in the areas of censorship, copyright infringement, intellectual freedom, and terrorism and warfare. Johnny Ryan explains how the Internet has revolutionized political campaigns; how the development of the World Wide Web enfranchised a new online population of assertive, niche consumers; and how the dot-com bust taught smarter firms to capitalize on the power of digital artisans. From the government-controlled systems of the Cold War to today’s move towards cloud computing, user-driven content, and the new global commons, this book reveals the trends that are shaping the businesses, politics, and media of the digital future.

How the Web was Born

The Story of the World Wide Web

Author: James Gillies,R. Cailliau

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192862075

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 5945

'This is a scholarly work for the price of a novel' -Gareth Price'It is not a light read but it is a good one!' -David Coleman, Multimedia Information and Technology, February 2001'excellent book' -New Scientist 30/9/00'a good read' -Glasgow Herald, 22/9/00

Inventing the Internet

Author: Janet Abbate

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262261332

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 1859

Since the late 1960s the Internet has grown from a single experimental network serving a dozen sites in the United States to a network of networks linking millions of computers worldwide. In Inventing the Internet, Janet Abbate recounts the key players and technologies that allowed the Internet to develop; but her main focus is always on the social and cultural factors that influenced the Internets design and use. The story she unfolds is an often twisting tale of collaboration and conflict among a remarkable variety of players, including government and military agencies, computer scientists in academia and industry, graduate students, telecommunications companies, standards organizations, and network users.The story starts with the early networking breakthroughs formulated in Cold War think tanks and realized in the Defense Department's creation of the ARPANET. It ends with the emergence of the Internet and its rapid and seemingly chaotic growth. Abbate looks at how academic and military influences and attitudes shaped both networks; how the usual lines between producer and user of a technology were crossed with interesting and unique results; and how later users invented their own very successful applications, such as electronic mail and the World Wide Web. She concludes that such applications continue the trend of decentralized, user-driven development that has characterized the Internet's entire history and that the key to the Internet's success has been a commitment to flexibility and diversity, both in technical design and in organizational culture.

How the Internet Happened: From Netscape to the iPhone

Author: Brian McCullough

Publisher: Liveright Publishing

ISBN: 1631493086

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 9448

Tech-guru Brian McCullough delivers a rollicking history of the internet, why it exploded, and how it changed everything. The internet was never intended for you, opines Brian McCullough in this lively narrative of an era that utterly transformed everything we thought we knew about technology. In How the Internet Happened, he chronicles the whole fascinating story for the first time, beginning in a dusty Illinois basement in 1993, when a group of college kids set off a once-in-an-epoch revolution with what would become the first “dotcom.” Depicting the lives of now-famous innovators like Netscape’s Marc Andreessen and Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg, McCullough also reveals surprising quirks and unknown tales as he tracks both the technology and the culture around the internet’s rise. Cinematic in detail and unprecedented in scope, the result both enlightens and informs as it draws back the curtain on the new rhythm of disruption and innovation the internet fostered, and helps to redefine an era that changed every part of our lives.

Casting the Net

From ARPANET to Internet and Beyond

Author: Peter H. Salus

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional


Category: Computers

Page: 299

View: 5747

Focusing on the design decisions and standards which have made internetworking possible, this new book charts the intriguing history of this communications/computing phenomenon. From its beginnings as a Department of Defense project to its current position as the global network for computing communications, the full Internet story is told here.

A Brief History of the Future

Author: John Naughton

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1474602770

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 7019

The Internet is the most remarkable thing human beings have built since the Pyramids. John Naughton's book intersperses wonderful personal stories with an authoritative account of where the Net actually came from, who invented it and why and where it might be taking us. Most of us have no idea how the Internet works, or who created it. Even fewer have any idea what it means for society and the future. In a cynical age, John Naughton has not lost his capacity for wonder. He examines the nature of his own enthusiasm for technology and traces its roots in his lonely childhood and in his relationship with his father. A Brief History of the Future is an intensely personal celebration of vision and altruism, ingenuity and determination and, above all, of the power of ideas, passionately felt, to change the world.

Dealers of Lightning

Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age

Author: Michael A. Hiltzik

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061913502

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 6386

In the bestselling tradition of The Soul of a New Machine, Dealers of Lightning is a fascinating journey of intellectual creation. In the 1970s and '80s, Xerox Corporation brought together a brain-trust of engineering geniuses, a group of computer eccentrics dubbed PARC. This brilliant group created several monumental innovations that triggered a technological revolution, including the first personal computer, the laser printer, and the graphical interface (one of the main precursors of the Internet), only to see these breakthroughs rejected by the corporation. Yet, instead of giving up, these determined inventors turned their ideas into empires that radically altered contemporary life and changed the world. Based on extensive interviews with the scientists, engineers, administrators, and executives who lived the story, this riveting chronicle details PARC's humble beginnings through its triumph as a hothouse for ideas, and shows why Xerox was never able to grasp, and ultimately exploit, the cutting-edge innovations PARC delivered. Dealers of Lightning offers an unprecedented look at the ideas, the inventions, and the individuals that propelled Xerox PARC to the frontier of technohistoiy--and the corporate machinations that almost prevented it from achieving greatness.

The Soul of A New Machine

Author: Tracy Kidder

Publisher: Back Bay Books

ISBN: 0316204552

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 293

View: 3713

Computers have changed since 1981, when Tracy Kidder memorably recorded the drama, comedy, and excitement of one companys efforts to bring a new microcomputer to market. What has not changed is the feverish pace of the high-tech industry, the go-for-broke approach to business that has caused so many computer companies to win big (or go belly up), and the cult of pursuing mind-bending technological innovations. The Soul of a New Machine is an essential chapter in the history of the machine that revolutionized the world in the twentieth century.

Turing's Cathedral

The Origins of the Digital Universe

Author: George Dyson

Publisher: Pantheon

ISBN: 0375422773

Category: Science

Page: 401

View: 4698

Documents the innovations of a group of eccentric geniuses who developed computer code in the mid-20th century as part of mathematician Alan Turin's theoretical universal machine idea, exploring how their ideas led to such developments as digital television, modern genetics and the hydrogen bomb.

History of the Internet

A Chronology, 1843 to the Present

Author: Christos J. P. Moschovitis

Publisher: Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO


Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 5535

A chronology of telecommunications from Babbage's earliest theories of a "Difference Engine" to the impact of the Internet in 1998 to future trends.

How to Fix the Future

Author: Andrew Keen

Publisher: Atlantic Monthly Press

ISBN: 0802189121

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8741

Former Internet entrepreneur Andrew Keen was among the earliest to write about the dangers that the Internet poses to our culture and society. His 2007 book The Cult of the Amateur was critical in helping advance the conversation around the Internet, which has now morphed from a tool providing efficiencies and opportunities for consumers and business to an elemental force that is profoundly reshaping our societies and our world. In his new book, How to Fix the Future, Keen focuses on what we can do about this seemingly intractable situation. Looking to the past to learn how we might change our future, he describes how societies tamed the excesses of the Industrial Revolution, which, like its digital counterpart, demolished long-standing models of living, ruined harmonious environments, and altered the business world beyond recognition. Traveling the world to interview experts in a wide variety of fields, from EU Commissioner for Competition Margrethe Vestager, whose recent €2.4 billion fine to Google made headlines around the world, to successful venture capitalists who nonetheless see the tide turning, to CEOs of companies including The New York Times, Keen unearths approaches to tackling our digital future. There are five key tools that Keen identifies: regulation, competitive innovation, social responsibility, worker and consumer choice, and education. His journey to discover how these tools are being put into practice around the globe takes him from digital-oriented Estonia, where Skype was founded and where every citizen can access whatever data the government holds on them by logging in to an online database, and where a “e-residency” program allows the country to expand beyond its narrow borders, to Singapore, where a large part of the higher education sector consists in professional courses in coding and website design, to India, Germany, China, Russia, and, of course, Silicon Valley. Powerful, urgent, and deeply engaging, How to Fix the Future vividly depicts what we must do if we are to try to preserve human values in an increasingly digital world and what steps we might take as societies and individuals to make the future something we can again look forward to.

Accidental Empires

Author: Robert X. Cringely

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0887308554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 6914

Computer manufacturing is--after cars, energy production and illegal drugs--the largest industry in the world, and it's one of the last great success stories in American business. Accidental Empires is the trenchant, vastly readable history of that industry, focusing as much on the astoundingly odd personalities at its core--Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Mitch Kapor, etc. and the hacker culture they spawned as it does on the remarkable technology they created. Cringely reveals the manias and foibles of these men (they are always men) with deadpan hilarity and cogently demonstrates how their neuroses have shaped the computer business. But Cringely gives us much more than high-tech voyeurism and insider gossip. From the birth of the transistor to the mid-life crisis of the computer industry, he spins a sweeping, uniquely American saga of creativity and ego that is at once uproarious, shocking and inspiring.

Nerds 2.0.1

A Brief History of the Internet

Author: Stephen Segaller

Publisher: TV Books Incorporated

ISBN: 9781575000886

Category: Humor

Page: 412

View: 4389

The first detailed history of computer networking, beginning in the 1960s with the launch of "Sputnik" to the flourishing industry that online businesses are today. of photos.

The Chip

How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution

Author: T.R. Reid

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0307432033

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 4637

Barely fifty years ago a computer was a gargantuan, vastly expensive thing that only a handful of scientists had ever seen. The world’s brightest engineers were stymied in their quest to make these machines small and affordable until the solution finally came from two ingenious young Americans. Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce hit upon the stunning discovery that would make possible the silicon microchip, a work that would ultimately earn Kilby the Nobel Prize for physics in 2000. In this completely revised and updated edition of The Chip, T.R. Reid tells the gripping adventure story of their invention and of its growth into a global information industry. This is the story of how the digital age began. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Weaving the Web

The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by Its Inventor

Author: Tim Berners-Lee,Mark Fischetti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781439500361

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 6036

Discusses the origins and evolution of the Web, offers insights into the current state of the Web, and shares a blueprint for the future

The ARPANET Sourcebook

The Unpublished Foundations of the Internet

Author: Peter H. Salus

Publisher: Peer to Peer Communications

ISBN: 9781573980005

Category: Computers

Page: 532

View: 9350

In the early days of computer networking IBM mainframes could only connect to other IBM mainframes, Burroughs only to other Burroughs, etc. Beginning in 1967 the US Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) office sponsored development of a "heterogeneous" network compatible with computers from any manufacturer. That R&D effort, one of the most successful in history, resulted in the on-time, on-budget construction of the revolutionary ARPANET, the immediate predecessor of today's Internet. The ARPANET Sourcebook: The Unpublished Foundations of the Internet reproduces the seminal papers, reports, and RFCs that led to the birth of modern network computing. Most appear here in book form for the first time. Part A, Imagining the ARPANET, covers the initial studies of network feasibility and includes: the introductory and concluding chapters of Paul Baran's seminal but little-known RAND research report On Distributed Communications in which packet switching was first conceptualized. the classic 1968 paper The Computer as a Communication Device by J.C.R. Licklider and Robert Taylor, respectively the ARPANET's earliest proponent and the ARPA administrator who pushed the development project. Part B, Planning the ARPANET includes: scans of the earliest RFCs ("Requests for Comments"), some publicly available here for the first time. RFCs were in effect the design documents for the ARPANET and later the Internet. the 1968 ARPA-commissioned SRI study that modeled a heterogeneous network and concluded that it was indeed feasible. forewords by Steve Crocker (author of RFC #1) and Leonard Kleinrock (noted author and head of the UCLA computing lab that hosted the first ARPANET node). Part C, Building the ARPANET, reproduces the quarterly technical reports from the government's contractor Bolt Beranek and Newman contemporaneously describing the development group's progress, difficulties encountered, and final success. Dave Walden, former BBN VP and a key member of the ARPANET team, has contributed a retrospective Foreword. Other noteworthy material: historical perspectives from Peter Salus, Robert Taylor, Willis Ware, Michael Padlipsky, and Les Earnest, and a long-forgotten RFC which anticipated JAVA by more than 20 years.