Water on Tap

Rights and Regulation in the Transnational Governance of Urban Water Services

Author: Bronwen Morgan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499564

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7115

In the 1990s and mid-2000s, turbulent political and social protests surrounded the issue of private sector involvement in providing urban water services in both the developed and developing world. Water on Tap explores examples of such conflicts in six national settings (France, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, South Africa and New Zealand), focusing on a central question: how were rights and regulation mobilized to address the demands of redistribution and recognition? Two modes of governance emerged: managed liberalization and participatory democracy, often in hybrid forms that complicated simple oppositions between public and private, commodity and human right. The case studies examine the effects of transnational and domestic regulatory frameworks shaping the provision of urban water services, bilateral investment treaties and the contributions of non-state actors such as transnational corporations, civil society organisations and social movement activists. The conceptual framework developed can be applied to a wide range of transnational governance contexts.

Freshwater Governance for the 21st Century

Author: Eiman Karar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319433504

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 5359

The objective of this book is to broadly illustrate the key aspects of water governance, mapping the spectrum of decision-making from techno-centric and eco-centric approaches, to hybrid concepts and people-centric approaches. Topics covered include the challenges for water-governance models, the polycentric model, the integration challenge, water in the decision-making hierarchy, and the rise of water-sensitive design, while also taking into account interdependencies between stakeholders, as well as the issue of scale. The book’s content is presented in an integrated and comprehensive format, building on detailed case studies from around the world and the authors’ working experiences in the water sector. Combining essential insights with accessible, non-technical language, it offers a valuable resource for academics, technicians and policy-makers alike.

Laws and Societies in Global Contexts

Contemporary Approaches

Author: Eve Darian-Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521113784

Category: Law

Page: 422

View: 2106

Promotes a global socio-legal perspective that engages with multiple laws and societies and diverse socio-legal systems based on different historical and cultural traditions.

Stemming the Tide

Human Rights and Water Policy in a Neoliberal World

Author: Madeline Baer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190693150

Category: Nature

Page: 216

View: 8261

When privatization of public services swept the developing world in the 1990s, it was part of a seemingly unstoppable tide of neoliberal reforms aimed at reducing the role of the state and reorienting economies toward market-led policymaking. Water privatization, one of the more unpopular policies of the neoliberal development paradigm, sparked a particularly fierce debate and gave rise to a movement of self-proclaimed "water warriors" who advocated for legal recognition of water as a basic human right to be protected and fulfilled by states. Complicating this debate, Madeline Baer questions whether either approach -- the market approach or a human rights-based approach -- leads to improved access to water. More specifically, Baer explores how the human right to water and sanitation is fulfilled in different contexts, whether neoliberal policies like privatization pose a threat to the right to water, and whether rights fulfillment leads to meaningful social change. Using two case studies -- Chile, the most extreme case of water privatization in the developing world, and Bolivia, the birthplace of the global movement for the human right to water -- Stemming the Tide uncovers the conditions under which the right to water and sanitation can be fulfilled, as well as the obstacles to fulfilment. Ultimately this book argues that deepening mechanisms for citizen participation, strengthening accountability, and creating alternatives to the state/market binary can help achieve meaningful social transformation in the water sector.

Water Justice

Author: Rutgerd Boelens,Tom Perreault,Jeroen Vos,Margreet Zwarteveen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107179084

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 390

View: 5471

An overview of critical conceptual approaches to water justice, illustrated with global historic and contemporary case studies of socio-environmental struggles.

The Rise of the Regulatory State of the South

Infrastructure and Development in Emerging Economies

Author: Navroz K. Dubash,Bronwen Morgan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199677166

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

View: 5703

The 1990s and 2000s have witnessed a spurt of energetic institution-building in the developing world, as regulatory agencies emerge to take over the role of the executive in key sectors. The consequences for development are substantial, as politically charged decisions are handed over to formally technocratic and apolitical agencies. This shift also has implications for scholars of regulation, particularly at a time when the regulatory agency model is underconsiderable stress from the global financial crisis. The volume is organized around country case studies and interdisciplinary commentaries that together examine the rise of the regulatory state in thesouth.

The Intersection of Rights and Regulation

New Directions in Sociolegal Scholarship

Author: Professor Bronwen Morgan

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409495981

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 3556

Policy makers and social actors increasingly face inter-related and inter-penetrated levels and realms of governance. The effect is that some of the intuitive contrasts between rights and regulation are no longer tenable. As the essays collected in this volume show, different combinations of rights and regulatory claims serve as barometers of current changes in political economy. These are not only restructuring political space, but also changing the assumed relevance of rights and regulation. Bringing together a range of fresh perspectives on socio-legal scholarship from a variety of disciplines, The Intersection of Rights and Regulations will have worldwide interdisciplinary appeal.

Water as a Human Right for the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Asit K. Biswas,Eglal Rached,Cecilia Tortajada

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 0415461359

Category: Social Science

Page: 191

View: 4228

Access to safe drinking water and proper sanitation is essential for human survival and for maintenance of a decent quality of life. Currently, more than a billion people do not have access to safe drinking water and more than two billion people lack proper sanitation. In 1992, the United Nations proclaimed that water should be considered to be a human right. This position, however, has not been accepted by many developed and developing countries. This book systematically and comprehensively analyzes the legal development of the concept of water as a human right; implications for the national governments, and international and national organizations for the implementation of this concept; progress made in different Middle East and North African countries to provide every individual access to clean water and sanitation, constraints faced to assure universal access to water-related services and how these constraints can be overcome, and an overall research agenda in areas where more knowledge is necessary.

Neoliberalism, Interrupted

Social Change and Contested Governance in Contemporary Latin America

Author: Mark Goodale,Nancy Postero

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804786445

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 8702

In the 1980s and 1990s, neoliberal forms of governance largely dominated Latin American political and social life. Neoliberalism, Interrupted examines the recent and diverse proliferation of responses to neoliberalism's hegemony. In so doing, this vanguard collection of case studies undermines the conventional dichotomies used to understand transformation in this region, such as neoliberalism vs. socialism, right vs. left, indigenous vs. mestizo, and national vs. transnational. Deploying both ethnographic research and more synthetic reflections on meaning, consequence, and possibility, the essays focus on the ways in which a range of unresolved contradictions interconnect various projects for change and resistance to change in Latin America. Useful to students and scholars across disciplines, this groundbreaking volume reorients how sociopolitical change has been understood and practiced in Latin America. It also carries important lessons for other parts of the world with similar histories and structural conditions.

Water and Conflict: Incorporating Peacebuilding Into Water Development

Author: Jason Gehrig,Mark M. Rogers

Publisher: Catholic Relief Services

ISBN: 161492029X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4112

Water is a simple but necessary part of life. Yet much of the world's population lacks adequate clean water, either because of physical scarcity or because they are denied equitable access to water resources. Such conditions inevitably breed conflict. Water-related violence is common in many parts of the world and is generally expected to increase in the years ahead.This document is intended to assist water development practitioners, civil society peacebuilders and human rights advocates seeking to integrate water and peacebuilding in their work. The purpose is twofold: to furnish a conceptual framework for understanding problems of scarcity and equity, and to provide practical guidance and tools for action.The text distills an extensive literature on water, conflict, and cooperation produced in recent years by researchers and development practitioners. Case studies and reflections are included to keep theory grounded in reality.

Water Privatisation

Trans-National Corporations and the Re-regulation of the Water Industry

Author: Jeremy Allouche,Matthias Finger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203302484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 569

Setting the scene with a thorough introduction to water resource issues, Water Privatisation critically examines the new role played by Trans-National Corporations in managing and distributing water worldwide. Written from an organisational and institutional perspective, the authors propose new structures of water management at local, national and international scales allowing for the implementation of simple, cohesive and effective policies. Clear, focused, extensively referenced and drawing from cutting edge research in public administration this book is an essential tool for enabling the water and waste water services professional, be they producer, operator or regulator to communicate within a clear regulatory framework.

Money, Markets, and Monarchies

The Gulf Cooperation Council and the Political Economy of the Contemporary Middle East

Author: Adam Hanieh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108429149

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2747

An original and empirically grounded analysis of the Gulf monarchies and their role in shaping the political economy of the Middle East.

The Right to Water

Politics, Governance and Social Struggles

Author: Farhana Sultana,Alex Loftus

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136518649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 270

View: 6623

The right to clean water has been adopted by the United Nations as a basic human right. Yet how such universal calls for a right to water are understood, negotiated, experienced and struggled over remain key challenges. The Right to Water elucidates how universal calls for rights articulate with local historical geographical contexts, governance, politics and social struggles, thereby highlighting the challenges and the possibilities that exist. Bringing together a unique range of academics, policy-makers and activists, the book analyzes how struggles for the right to water have attempted to translate moral arguments over access to safe water into workable claims. This book is an intervention at a crucial moment into the shape and future direction of struggles for the right to water in a range of political, geographic and socio-economics contexts, seeking to be pro-active in defining what this struggle could mean and how it might be taken forward in a far broader transformative politics. The Right to Water engages with a range of approaches that focus on philosophical, legal and governance perspectives before seeking to apply these more abstract arguments to an array of concrete struggles and case studies. In so doing, the book builds on empirical examples from Africa, Asia, Oceania, Latin America, the Middle East, North America and the European Union.

Who Greens the Waves?

Changing Authority in the Environmental Governance of Shipping and Offshore Oil and Gas Production

Author: Judith van Leeuwen

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086861431

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 201

View: 4613

The marine environment is under serious pressure from human activities. The transboundary and large-scale nature of these threats require cooperation between states, and between states, industries and NGOs. Marine governance therefore becomes a breeding ground for innovation: multi-level and multi-actor governance and changing spheres of authority. This book applies the concept "spheres of authority" to investigate the nature of these innovations in governing shipping and offshore oil and gas production. In the environmental governance of shipping, authority is shifting from states that own ships to states that own ports. The environmental governance of offshore oil and gas production shows a shared authority for developing and implementing policies between state and industry, but not a diminishing authority of the state.

Governing water

contentious transnational politics and global institution building

Author: Ken Conca

Publisher: The MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262033398

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 466

View: 2017

A theoretical and case-study exploration of water politics demonstrates the emergence of alternative institutional forms of global environmental governance that go beyond traditional interstate regimes.

An Introduction to Law and Regulation

Text and Materials

Author: Bronwen Morgan,Karen Yeung

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461362

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3726

In recent years, regulation has emerged as one of the most distinct and important fields of study in the social sciences, both for policy-makers and for scholars who require a theoretical framework that can be applied to any social sector. This timely textbook provides a conceptual map of the field and an accessible and critical introduction to the subject. Morgan and Yeung set out a diverse and stimulating selection of materials and give them context with a comprehensive and critical commentary. By adopting an interdisciplinary approach and emphasising the role of law in its broader social and political context, it will be an invaluable tool for the student coming to regulation for the first time. This clearly structured, academically rigorous title, with a contextualised perspective, is essential reading for all students of the subject.

Water Security

Principles, Perspectives and Practices

Author: Bruce Lankford,Karen Bakker,Mark Zeitoun,Declan Conway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136285865

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 4626

The purpose of this book is to present an overview of the latest research, policy, practitioner, academic and international thinking on water security—an issue that, like water governance a few years ago, has developed much policy awareness and momentum with a wide range of stakeholders. As a concept it is open to multiple interpretations, and the authors here set out the various approaches to the topic from different perspectives. Key themes addressed include: Water security as a foreign policy issue The interconnected variables of water, food, and human security Dimensions other than military and international relations concerns around water security Water security theory and methods, tools and audits. The book is loosely based on a masters level degree plus a short professional course on water security both given at the University of East Anglia, delivered by international authorities on their subjects. It should serve as an introductory textbook as well as be of value to professionals, NGOs, and policy-makers.

The Age of Migration

International Population Movements in the Modern World

Author: Stephen Castles,Hein de Haas,Mark J. Miller

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230366392

Category: Social Science

Page: 420

View: 5080

This leading text in the field provides a comprehensive assessment of the nature, extent and dimensions of international population movements and of their consequences. Thoroughly revised and updated, the 5th edition assesses the impact of the global economic crisis for migration and includes new material on climate change and migration.