Voluntary Food Intake and Diet Selection in Farm Animals

Author: John Michael Forbes

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932803

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 453

View: 4248

This book contains an up to date and more focused examination of developments in the understanding of voluntary food intake and new ideas and studies related to diet selection. New chapters are introduced and old ones are rewritten and reorganized in a more readable style by using extensive reference to books and reviews. The book is intended for animal nutritionists, animal scientists, farm owners and managers, veterinarians and students.

Voluntary food intake and diet selection in farm animals

Author: J. M. Forbes,John Michael Forbes

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851989082

Category: Medical

Page: 532

View: 4764

This book is, in part, a second edition of the author's previous work The Voluntary Food Intake of Farm Animals (Butterworths, 1986). However, it has been revised and extended to such an extent that it is effectively a new book in its own right. More emphasis has been placed on diet selection, learning and appetites. All other sections have been brought up-to-date and completely reorganized. The text is copiously referenced to provide access to the original literature. It represents a standard work on its subject and is essential reading for advanced students and research workers in animal nutrition.

The Voluntary Food Intake of Farm Animals

Author: J. M. Forbes

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483161838

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 3830

The Voluntary Food Intake of Farm Animals offers a wide discussion on food intake among farm animals. The book presents various studies, facts, details, and theories that are relevant to the subject. The first chapter begins by explaining the basic definition and significance of voluntary food intake. This topic is followed by discussions on meal patterns, the main features of eating, and the similarities between species. The next chapter explores theories about the food intake control, which are divided into two types: single-factor theories and multiple-factor theories. In Chapter 3, the discussion is on the food’s pathway, including elaborations on the various receptors. Chapter 4 considers the central nervous system’s involvement in the voluntary food intake and the energy balance regulation. The next couple of chapters highlight the possible reasons that affect food intake; among them are pregnancy, fattening, physical growths, and the environment. In the book’s remaining chapters, the discussion revolves around grass intake and the prediction and manipulation of voluntary food intake. The book serves as a valuable reference for undergraduates and postgraduates of biology and its related fields.

The Welfare of Cattle

Author: Terry Engle,Donald J. Klingborg, DVM,Bernard E. Rollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315282437

Category: Medical

Page: 346

View: 2595

The Welfare of Cattle offers an accurate, detailed account of the ethical and welfare concerns related to the human use of cattle. There is currently no significant book dealing with the welfare of cows, animals often seen as archetypal paradigms of 'farm animals'. Covering both beef and dairy cattle, the expert authors provide in-depth information on the husbandry roots of traditional agriculture, the replacement of this system of stewardship by an industrial model, and the resulting welfare challenges associated with industrial agriculture: feedlots, highly industrialized dairies, and slaughterhouses killing huge numbers of animals who have been transported great distances. This important book explores in detail the ways in which people who are providing care for cattle can take their first step, or their next step, toward enhancing the welfare of these animals.

The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock

Author: Eric John Underwood

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851991289

Category: Nature

Page: 614

View: 2205

This edition is a thorough revision of the previous. There are 3 chapters on general principles, natural sources of minerals, and detection and correction of mineral imbalances in animals. Individual chapters are given to Ca, P, Mg, Na and Cl, K, S, Co, Cu, I, Fe, Mn, Se, and Zn. Three final chapters cover occasionally beneficial elements (B, Cr, Li, Mo, Ni, Si, Sn, V), essentially toxic elements (Al, As, Cd, F, Pb, Hg), and design of supplementation trials for assessing mineral deprivation.

Voluntary Feed Intake in Pigs

Author: David Torrallardona,Eugeni Roura

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086860966

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 365

View: 7698

Understanding voluntary feed intake of pigs enables the precise formulation of pig feeds, ensuring the ingestion of sufficient but not excessive amounts of nutrients to optimise performance. This reference textbook, based on scientific results covers all aspects of feed intake in pigs. It contains up-to-date reviews by renowned scientific experts on different aspects affecting voluntary feed intake and diet selection in pigs. Different physiological factors involved in feed intake regulation, ranging from the sensorial evaluation of feeds, to the hormonal and metabolic regulation of feed intake and the impact of pig health are discussed. The book also deals with aspects such as genetic background of the animals, feeder design, feed manufacturing technology and the use of models to predict feed intake.This book is intended for academics, researchers, students and industry professionals involved in the field of pig nutrition and pig production.

Quantitative Aspects of Ruminant Digestion and Metabolism

Author: J. Dijkstra,J. M. Forbes,J. France

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845931452

Category: Science

Page: 734

View: 4058

The first edition of this book. Published in 1993, was very well received as providing a comprehensive review of the digestion and metabolism of ruminant animals. Since its publication, much new research has been conducted in the subject and knowledge has increased.This new edition includes Dr. Dijkstra as an additional editor and four completely new chapters. These cover: the gas production technique in feed evaluation; the relationship between pasture characteristics and animal performance; calorimetry; and feed processing. Other chapters have been expandedor updated as appropriate.

Modelling Nutrient Digestion and Utilisation in Farm Animals

Author: Daniel Sauvant

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086861563

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 427

View: 5347

For more than 30 years, modelling has been an important method for integrating, in a flexible, comprehensive and widely applicable way, basic knowledge and biological concepts on digestion and metabolism in farm animals. The purpose of this book is to present the 'state of art' in this area. The chapters are written by leading teams and researchers in this field of study, mainly from Europe, North America and Australasia. Considerable progress has been made in topics dealing with: modelling methods, feeding behaviour, digestion and metabolic processes in ruminants and monogastric animals. This progress is clearly illustrated by the emergence of a new paradigm in animal nutrition, which has moved from the aim to cover the requirements of the animal to explaining and predicting the responses of the animals to diets (e.g., productivity and efficiency, impact on quality of products, environmental aspects, health and well-being). In this book several chapters illustrate that through empirical models, meta-analysis is an efficient tool to synthesize information gathered over recent decades. In addition, compared with other books on modelling farm animal nutrition, two new aspects received particular attention: expanding knowledge of the individual animal to understanding the functioning and management of herds, and the consideration of the environmental impact of animal production. This book is a valuable source of information for researchers, nutritionists, advisors, and graduate students who want to have up-to-date and concise information on mathematical modelling applied to farm animals.

Nutrition of the Rabbit

Author: Carlos Blas,Julian Wiseman

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845936698

Category: Medical

Page: 325

View: 4579

Rabbit production systems are important providers of meat in many parts of the world due to the species' many advantages, including rapid growth rate and good reproductive performance. They also provide angora wool, and are popular as companion animals. Bringing together international expertise in rabbit production, topics covered in this authoritative volume include digestive physiology, feed formulation and product quality as well as new contributions on innovative feeding strategies, new methods for feed processing, feed management around weaning and the relationship between nutrition and intestinal health.

Rice Almanac

Source Book for the Most Important Economic Activity on Earth

Author: Jay L. Maclean,David Charles Dawe

Publisher: Int. Rice Res. Inst.

ISBN: 0851996361

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 253

View: 2225

Presents data concering rice and rice production around the world.

The Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Nutrition

Author: M. F. Fuller

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851993699

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 606

View: 8916

Embracing a wide range of disciplines, including physiology, biochemistry, veterinary medicine and feed technology, this book covers every type of farm animal found in both developing and developed countries, including cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens, goats, horses, fish, deer, buffaloes, rabbits and camelids, as well as ducks, turkeys, ostriches and other birds. The encyclopedia contains approximately 2000 entries from 90 contributors. These entries range from short definitions to more discursive articles, all entries are fully cross-referenced to aid further research.

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on a Framework for Assessing the Health, Environmental, and Social Effects of the Food System

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030930783X

Category: Medical

Page: 444

View: 6967

How we produce and consume food has a bigger impact on Americans' well-being than any other human activity. The food industry is the largest sector of our economy; food touches everything from our health to the environment, climate change, economic inequality, and the federal budget. From the earliest developments of agriculture, a major goal has been to attain sufficient foods that provide the energy and the nutrients needed for a healthy, active life. Over time, food production, processing, marketing, and consumption have evolved and become highly complex. The challenges of improving the food system in the 21st century will require systemic approaches that take full account of social, economic, ecological, and evolutionary factors. Policy or business interventions involving a segment of the food system often have consequences beyond the original issue the intervention was meant to address. A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System develops an analytical framework for assessing effects associated with the ways in which food is grown, processed, distributed, marketed, retailed, and consumed in the United States. The framework will allow users to recognize effects across the full food system, consider all domains and dimensions of effects, account for systems dynamics and complexities, and choose appropriate methods for analysis. This report provides example applications of the framework based on complex questions that are currently under debate: consumption of a healthy and safe diet, food security, animal welfare, and preserving the environment and its resources. A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System describes the U.S. food system and provides a brief history of its evolution into the current system. This report identifies some of the real and potential implications of the current system in terms of its health, environmental, and socioeconomic effects along with a sense for the complexities of the system, potential metrics, and some of the data needs that are required to assess the effects. The overview of the food system and the framework described in this report will be an essential resource for decision makers, researchers, and others to examine the possible impacts of alternative policies or agricultural or food processing practices.

Poultry Production in Hot Climates

Author: N. J. Daghir

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932587

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 387

View: 4358

This book gives an overview of the poultry industry in the warm regions of the world and covers research on breeding for heat resistance. And highlights some of the findings on nutrient requirements of chickens and turkeys.

Diversifying Food and Diets

Using Agricultural Biodiversity to Improve Nutrition and Health

Author: Jessica Fanzo,Danny Hunter,Teresa Borelli,Federico Mattei

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136461469

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 4102

Currently 868 million people are undernourished and 195 million children under five years of age are stunted. At the same time, over 1 billion people are overweight and obese in both the developed and developing world. Diseases previously associated with affluence, such as cancer, diabetes and cardio-vascular disease, are on the rise. Food system-based approaches to addressing these problems that could enhance food availability and diet quality through local production and agricultural biodiversity often fall outside the traditional scope of nutrition, and have been under-researched. As a consequence, there remains insufficient evidence to support well-defined, scalable agricultural biodiversity interventions that can be linked to improvements in nutrition outcomes. Agricultural biodiversity is important for food and nutritional security, as a safeguard against hunger, a source of nutrients for improved dietary diversity and quality, and strengthening local food systems and environmental sustainability. This book explores the current state of knowledge on the role of agricultural biodiversity in improving diets, nutrition and food security. Using examples and case studies from around the globe, the book explores current strategies for improving nutrition and diets and identifies key research and implementation gaps that need to be addressed to successfully promote the better use of agricultural biodiversity for rural and urban populations and societies in transition.

Nutritional Modelling for Pigs and Poultry

Author: Nilva K Sakmoura,Rob Gous,Llias Kyriazakis,L Hauschild

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780644116

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 9152

Modelling is a useful tool for decision making in complex agro-industrial scenarios. Containing a selection of the papers presented at the International Symposium of Modelling in Pig and Poultry Production 2013, this book brings together the best and most recent academic work on modelling in the pig and poultry industry, with a particular emphasis on nutrition. It reviews basic modelling concepts, descriptions and applications of production models and new methods and approaches in modelling.

Improving Diets and Nutrition

Food-based Approaches

Author: Brian Thompson,Leslie Amoroso

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780642997

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 8967

Nutrition-sensitive, food-based approaches towards hunger and malnutrition are effective, sustainable and long-term solutions. This book discusses the policy, strategic, methodological, technical and programmatic issues associated with such approaches, proposes “best practices” for the design, targeting, implementation and evaluation of specific nutrition-sensitive, food-based interventions and for improved methodologies for evaluating their efficacy and cost-effectiveness, and provides practical lessons for advancing nutrition-sensitive food-based approaches for improving nutrition at policy and programme level.

Animal Domestication and Behavior

Author: Edward O. Price

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851997728

Category: Animal behavior

Page: 320

View: 8191

written by a world authority on animal behavioura highly original contribution to the subjectcovers behaviour and domestication of farm, zoo and companion animalsThis book synthesizes existing knowledge of the process of domestication and how it has affected the behaviour of captive wild and domesticated animals. Three broad themes are addressed:Genetic contributions to the process of domesticationExperimental contributions to the process of domesticationThe process of feralization (i.e. the adaptation of domesticated animals when returned to their natural habitat)

Mineral Tolerance of Animals:

Second Revised Edition

Author: Committee on Minerals and Toxic Substances in Diets and Water for Animals,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309096545

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 510

View: 980

Excess minerals in the diet and water of animals can have an adverse effect on animal health, consumers, and the environment. Preventing unsafe mineral exposure is a fundamental part of animal nutrition and management. At the request of the Food and Drug Administration, the National Academies convened a committee to make recommendations on animal tolerances and toxic dietary levels, updating a 1980 report on mineral tolerance in domestic animals. Based on a review of current scientific data and information, the report sets a "maximum tolerable level" (MTL) for each mineral as it applies to the diets of farm animals, poultry, and fish. The report includes an analysis of the effects of toxic levels in animal diets, and it identifies elements that pose potential human health concerns. The report recommends research that includes a better characterization of animal exposure to minerals through feedstuffs; a better understanding of the relationship between mineral concentrations in feed and water and the levels in consumer products such as meat, milk, and eggs; and more research on the maximum tolerable level of minerals for aquatic and companion animals.