Visual Research Methods in the Social Sciences

Awakening Visions

Author: Stephen Spencer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134014457

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 9294

Visual Research Methods is a guide for students, researchers and teachers in the social sciences who wish to explore and actively use a visual dimension in their research. This book offers an integrated approach to doing visual research, showing the potential for building convincing case studies using a mix of visual forms including: archive images, media, maps, objects, buildings, and video interviews. Examples of the visual construction of ‘place’, social identity and trends of analysis are given in the first section of the book, whilst the essays in the second section highlight the astonishing creativity and innovation of four visual researchers. Each detailed example serves as a touchstone of quality and analysis in research, with themes ranging from the ethnography of a Venezuelan cult goddess to the forensic photography of the skeleton of a fourteenth-century nobleman. They give a keen sense of the motives, philosophies and benefits of using visual research methods. This volume will be of practical interest to those embarking on visual research as well as more experienced researchers. Key concerns include the power of images and their changing significance in a world of cross – mediation, techniques of analysis and ethical issues, and how to unlock the potential of visual data for research.

Teaching Visual Methods in the Social Sciences

Author: Sal Watt,Caroline Wakefield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317326776

Category: Education

Page: 228

View: 6050

Teaching Visual Methods in the Social Sciences presents a practical and theoretical framework for those wanting to introduce visual methods into their curricula. Drawing on the expertise of contributors from across the social sciences, the book provides a comprehensive introduction to visual methodology, learning and teaching theory, and the ethical considerations involved. Divided into three parts, the book begins with an overview of how visual methods have been used in academic research, and how this can be applied to teaching and pedagogy. It then goes on to introduce different methods, including photography, film and drawing, describing how they can be used in various locations. Finally, the book pulls everything together, advocating the wider use of teaching visual methods in further and higher education curricula across the social science subjects. The book features a plethora of examples, as well as practical resources for FE and HE teachers, making it an essential companion for anyone interested in utilising visual methods in their teaching.

Forschungsmethoden und Evaluation in den Sozial- und Humanwissenschaften

Author: Nicola Döring,Jürgen Bortz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642410898

Category: Psychology

Page: 1051

View: 2209

Der Klassiker zu den Forschungsmethoden – rundum erneuert, didaktisch verbessert und aktueller denn je! Dieses Buch ist ein fundierter und verlässlicher Begleiter für Studierende, Forschende und Berufstätige – da ist alles drin: Grundlagen: Wissenschaftstheorie, Qualitätskriterien sowie ethische Aspekte. Anwendung: Alle Phasen des Forschungsprozesses von der Festlegung des Forschungsthemas, des Untersuchungsdesigns und der Operationalisierung über Stichprobenziehung, Datenerhebungs- und Datenanalysemethoden bis zur Ergebnispräsentation. Vertiefung: Effektgrößen, Metaanalysen, Strukturgleichungsmodelle, Evaluationsforschung. Die 5. Auflage wurde grundlegend überarbeitet: Klarheit: Verbesserte Gliederung der Kapitel sowie des gesamten Buches. Aktualität: Beiträge zu Online-Methoden, Mixed-Methods-Designs und anderen neueren Entwicklungen. Lernfreundlichkeit: Viele Abbildungen, Tabellen, Definitionsboxen, Cartoons, Übungsaufgaben und Lernquiz mit Lösungen. Praxisbezug: Reale Studienbeispiele aus verschiedenen sozial- und humanwissenschaftlichen Fächern (z.B. Psychologie, Kommunikationswissenschaft, Erziehungswissenschaft, Medizin, Soziologie). Eine Begleit-Website bietet Lern-Tools für Studierende und Materialien für Lehrende.

Rhetoric and the Digital Humanities

Author: Jim Ridolfo,William Hart-Davidson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022617669X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

View: 2353

Within the digital humanities, rhetoric has emerged as a nexus of incredible innovation, and "Rhetoric and the Digital Humanities" provides extensive and much-needed guidance on how the theories and methodologies of rhetorical studies can be marshaled in highly successful ways to enhance all work in digital humanities. In addition to an insightful introduction from the editors, the book offers essays from leading scholars in a variety of disciplines, organized into three tightly focused sections. The first consists of seven chapters that define field connections between rhetoric and the digital humanities. The second section offers six chapters focused on research methodology. And the third presents ten chapters offering forward-looking recommendations on pathways for exploring interdisciplinary trajectories between rhetorical studies and the digital humanities. This timely edited collection will do much to promote and strengthen interdisciplinary collaborations in the digital humanities.

Urban Youth and Photovoice

Visual Ethnography in Action

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199381348

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 859

The past decade brought forth a wave of excitement and promise for researchers and practitioners interested in community practice as an approach based on social justice principles and an embrace of community participatory actions. But, effective community practice is predicated on the availability and use of assessment methods that not only capture and report on conditions, but also simultaneously set the stage for social change efforts. This research, therefore, serves the dual purpose of generating knowledge and also being an integral part of social intervention. Research done in this way, however, requires new tools. Photovoice is one such tool - a form of visual ethnography that invites participants to represent their community or point of view through photographs, accompanied by narratives, to be shared with each other and with a broader community. Urban Youth and Photovoice focuses on the use of this method within urban settings and among adolescents and young adults - a group that is almost naturally drawn to the use of photography (especially digital and particularly in today's era of texting, facebook, and instagram) to showcase photovoice as an important qualitative research method for social workers and others in the social sciences, and providing readers with detailed theoretical and practical account of how to plan, implement, and evaluate the results of a photovoice project focused on urban youth.

Doing Qualitative Research in Social Work

Author: Ian Shaw,Sally Holland

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473905036

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 2346

Bringing key developments and debates together in a single volume, this book provides an authoritative guide for students and practitioners embarking on qualitative research in social work and related fields. Frequently illustrated with contemporary and classic case examples from the authors’ own empirical research and from international published work, and with self-directed learning tasks, the book provides insight into the difficulties and complexities of carrying out research, as well as sharing ‘success’ stories from the field. Shaw and Holland have long experience of writing for practitioners and students and in making complex concepts accessible and readable, making this an ideal text for those engaging in qualitative social work research at any level. Ian Shaw is a Professor of Social Work at the University of York and at the University of Aalborg. Sally Holland is a Reader in Social Work at the School of Social Sciences in Cardiff University.

Pedagogies, Physical Culture, and Visual Methods

Author: Laura Azzarito,David Kirk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136291970

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 4084

To understand and more creatively capture the social world, visual methods have increasingly become used by researchers in the social sciences and education. However, despite the rapid development of visual-based knowledge, and despite the obvious links between human movement and visual forms of understanding, visual research has been scarce in the fields of physical culture and physical education pedagogy. This groundbreaking book is the first to mark a "visual turn" in understanding and researching physical culture and pedagogies, offering innovative, image-based research that reveals key issues in the domains of sport, health, and physical education studies. Integrating visual research into physical culture and pedagogy studies, the book provides the reader with different ways of "seeing", looking at, and critically engaging with physical culture. Since human movement is increasingly created, established, and pedagogized beyond traditional educational sites such as schools, sport clubs, and fitness gyms, the book also explores the notion of visual pedagogy in wider physical culture, helping the reader to understand how visual-based technologies such as television, the internet, and mobile phones are central to people’s engagement with physical culture today. The book demonstrates how the visual creates dynamic pedagogical tools for revealing playful forms of embodiment, and offers the reader a range of visual methods, from researcher-produced photo analysis to participatory-centred visual approaches, that will enhance their own study of physical culture. Pedagogies, Physical Culture and Visual Methods is important reading for all advanced students and researchers with an interest in human movement, physical education, physical culture, sport studies, and research methods in education.

Research Methods for the Self-Study of Practice

Author: Deborah Tidwell,Melissa Heston,Linda Fitzgerald

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402095146

Category: Education

Page: 250

View: 7761

This is a book designed with the teacher educator in mind. It provides in depth examination of specific methods used effectively in self-study research. The chapters are written by researchers engaged in self-study of their practice.

Theorizing Visual Studies

Writing Through the Discipline

Author: James Elkins,Kristi McGuire,Maureen Burns,Alicia Chester,Joel Kuennen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136159169

Category: Art

Page: 304

View: 8334

This forward-thinking collection brings together over sixty essays that invoke images to summon, interpret, and argue with visual studies and its neighboring fields such as art history, media studies, visual anthropology, critical theory, cultural studies, and aesthetics. The product of a multi-year collaboration between graduate students from around the world, spearheaded by James Elkins, this one-of-a-kind anthology is a truly international, interdisciplinary point of entry into cutting-edge visual studies research. The book is fluid in relation to disciplines; it is frequently inventive in relation to guiding theories; it is unpredictable in its allegiance and interest in the past of the discipline—reflecting the ongoing growth of visual studies.

Conscious and Unconscious Programs in the Brain

Author: Benjamin Kissin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461321875

Category: Medical

Page: 406

View: 646

For almost a century now, since Freud described the basic motivations and Pavlov the basic mechanisms of human behavior, we have had a reasonable concept of the forces that drive us. Only recently have we gained any real insight into how the brain really works to produce such behavior. The new developments in cognitive psychology and neuroscience have taught us things about the function of the brain that would have been inconceivable even ten years ago. Yet, there still remains a tremendous gap between the two studies-human behavior and brain function-a gap which often seems irrec oncilable in view of the basic differences in the methodologies and approaches of the two fields. Students of behavior are frequently disinterested in the underlying neu rophysiology while neurophysiologists tend to consider the concepts of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists too vague and theoretical to be applicable to their own more limited schemata. Several valiant attempts have been made by experimentalists to develop a theoretical context in which behavior is described, not separately from brain function but rather as its direct outgrowth. This present work is still another attempt to develop a theoretical system which, given the limitations of our present knowledge, as completely as possible, the underlying brain mechanisms that influ will describe ence and determine human behavior. The main emphasis of this work, however, will be not on normal behavior but rather on more neurotic manifestations.

Perception

Author: Robert Sekuler,Randolph Blake

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780394328157

Category: Perception

Page: 514

View: 1167


Video Vision

Changing the Culture of Social Science Research

Author: Martin J. Downing,Lauren J. Tenney

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 3327

In recent years, the use of video has soared spurring debate about the body-camera-environment connection and other concepts a social scientist considering this research tool will face. In this volume we zoom in on ethics, methodology, and analysis, while also zooming out on a wider praxis. The time is here to collectively identify our experiences, methods, and knowledge of video as a research methodology. This compilation of work unpacks the use of video as a research tool. Often through the interdisciplinary lens of environmental psychology as well as anthropology, sociology, and the broader field of psychology, fascinating angles of the use of participant and naturalistic observations are captured along with that of participatory action research. Strategies such as recording video messages, the creation of student informed videos, and facilitating videos taken by or edited by research participants are coupled with methods for obtaining Institutional Review Board approvals, analysis, development of theory or action, and presentation. This volume presents thought provoking, cutting-edge research that is both accessible to students and useful for social scientists who are yearning for a more accurate way to collect, analyze, and present data in our hyper-technical, visual, and competitive world.

Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft

Author: Chris Frith

Publisher: Springer Spektrum

ISBN: 9783642410383

Category: Psychology

Page: 301

View: 9982

Ist die Welt real – oder lediglich ein Konstrukt unseres Gehirns? Und wer ist eigentlich „Ich“? In Ihrem Kopf gibt es eine erstaunliche Vorrichtung, die Ihnen jede Menge Arbeit erspart – und die darin effizienter ist als die modernsten High-Tech-Computer: Ihr Gehirn. Tag für Tag befreit es Sie von Routineaufgaben wie der bewussten Wahrnehmung der Objekte und Geschehnisse um Sie herum sowie der Orientierung und Bewegung in der Welt, so dass Sie sich auf die wirklich wichtigen Dinge im Leben konzentrieren können: Freundschaften zu schließen, Beziehungen zu pflegen und Ideen auszutauschen. Wie sehr all das, was wir wahrnehmen, ein von unserem Gehirn geschaffenes Modell der Welt ist, wird uns kaum je bewusst. Doch noch überraschender – und vielleicht beunruhigender – ist die Schlussfolgerung, dass auch das „Ich“, das sich in die soziale Welt einfügt, ein Konstrukt unseres Gehirns ist. Indem das Gehirn es uns ermöglicht, eigene Vorstellungen mit anderen Menschen zu teilen, vermögen wir gemeinsam Größeres zu schaffen, als es einer von uns alleine könnte. Wie unser Gehirn dieses Kunststück vollbringt, beschreibt dieses Buch. Der britische Kognitionsforscher Chris Frith beschäftigt sich mit dem vielleicht größten Rätsel überhaupt, nämlich dem Entstehen und den Eigenschaften unserer Erlebniswelt – der einzigen Welt, die uns direkt zugänglich ist. Er behandelt dieses schwierige Thema in einer souveränen, sympathischen und sehr verständlichen Weise, immer nahe an den psychologischen und neurobiologischen Forschungsergebnissen, von denen einige bedeutende aus seinem Labor stammen. Er verzichtet dabei bewusst auf jeden bombastischen philosophischen Aufwand. Das macht das Buch unbedingt lesenswert. Gerhard Roth Frith gelingt das Kunststück, die enorme Bandbreite der kognitiven Neurowissenschaften nicht nur anhand vieler konkreter Beispiele darzustellen, sondern auch die Bedeutung ihrer Ergebnisse auszuloten ... eine Aufforderung, dem Augenschein zu misstrauen. Es gibt wenige Bücher, die diesen Appell ähnlich anschaulich und fundiert mit Leben füllen, gewürzt mit einer guten Portion Humor. Gehirn und Geist

Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeit

Drei Studien zur Kunstsoziologie

Author: Walter Benjamin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518734059

Category: Philosophy

Page: 112

View: 9601

Walter Benjamin beschreibt in dem Aufsatz Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeit die geschichtlichen, sozialen und ästhetischen Prozesse, die mit der technischen Reproduzierbarkeit des Kunstwerkes zusammenhängen. In die Reihe der kunstsoziologischen Arbeiten Benjamins gehören auch die beiden hier zum ersten Mal in Buchform veröffentlichten Texte: Kleine Geschichte der Photographie (1931) und Eduard Fuchs, der Sammler und der Historiker (1937). Sie erhärten Benjamins Einsichten am Einzelfall.