Up in Smoke

From Legislation to Litigation in Tobacco Politics

Author: Martha A. Derthick

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1483304647

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 8456

Now, with a brand new 3rd edition, the book returns to "ordinary politics" and the passage of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act which gave the FDA broad authority to regulate both the manufacture and marketing of tobacco products. Derthick shows our political institutions working as they should, even if slowly, with partisanship and interest group activity playing their part in putting restraints on cigarette smoking.

Up in smoke

from legislation to litigation in tobacco politics

Author: Martha Derthick

Publisher: Cq Pr

ISBN: 9781568028958

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 9546

Ushering in a new era in tobacco politics in 1994, state attorneys general sued cigarette manufacturers for the harm they had done to public health. These lawsuits culminated in the Master Settlement Agreement (MSA), directing an estimated $240 billion to state governments and imposed new marketing and advertising restrictions. In her second edition, Martha Derthick introduces new evidence from five years of experience under the MSA to show that the states were more interested in raising revenue than in improving tobacco control and that the agreement, ironically, has spawned the rise of small, upstart cigarette manufacturers. She concludes that the MSA not only produced flawed public policy that flouted the American system of checks and balances, but has done little to improve or better safeguard public health.

Up in Smoke: From Legislation to Litigation in Tobacco Politics

Author: Martha Derthick

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1452202230

Category: Law

Page: 265

View: 2520

In recent years, tobacco politics has been a multi-layered issue fraught with significant legal, commercial, and public policy implications. From the outset, Martha A. Derthick's Up in Smoke took a nuanced look at tobacco politics in a new era of "adversarial legalism" and the consequences, both intended and unintended, of the MSA (Master Settlement Agreement). Now, with a brand new 3rd edition, the book returns to "ordinary politics" and the passage of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act which gave the FDA broad authority to regulate both the manufacture and marketing of tobacco products. Derthick shows our political institutions working as they should, even if slowly, with partisanship and interest group activity playing their part in putting restraints on cigarette smoking.

Global Tobacco Control

Power, Policy, Governance and Transfer

Author: P. Cairney,D. Studlar,H. Mamudu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230361242

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 1125

The first major book by political scientists explaining global tobacco control policy. It identifies a history of minimal tobacco control then charts the extent to which governments have regulated tobacco in the modern era. It identifies major policy change from the post-war period and uses theories of public policy to help explain the change.

Law's Allure

How Law Shapes, Constrains, Saves, and Kills Politics

Author: Gordon Silverstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521896479

Category: Law

Page: 316

View: 9549

Law's Allure explains how, when, and why America's reliance on legal rules and judicial decisions shapes, constrains, saves, and sometimes even kills politics.

The Moralization of the Markets

Author: Nico Stehr,Christoph Henning,Bernd Weiler

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412810892

Category: Social Science

Page: 365

View: 4191

Nothing affects the modern economy and society more than decisions made in the marketplace, especially, but not only, decisions made by consumers. Although it is not startling to suggest that decisions made in production are affected by choices consumers make, consumers have long been viewed, not only by academic economists, as individual, isolated rational actors that make or refrain from purchases purely on the basis of narrow financial considerations. Markets are not and never were morally neutral. Market relations have always had an often taken-for-granted moral underpinning. The moralization of the markets refers to the dissolution and replacement of the conventional moral underpinnings of market conduct, for example, in the music market, financial markets, and corporate governance. It further implies not only the heightened importance of new ethical precepts, but the signifi cant change in the role of moral ideals in market behavior. These profound transformations of economic conduct are accompanied and co-determined by societal conflicts. The moralization of markets represents thus a new stage in the social evolution of markets. The book is divided into four parts, in which the twelve chapters, written by contributors from different social science disciplines, deal with the context of the moralization of the markets; the major social institutions; and present case studies that examine European and American attitudes and behavior towards tobacco and GMO; expansion of the private and ethics in business; and how workers respond to the new corporate norms. This new paperback edition will be of interest to sociologists, economists, social scientists, and the general consumer alike.

The Politics of Trade and Tobacco Control

Author: H. Jarman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137384166

Category: Political Science

Page: 159

View: 2610

This book uses the concept of political conflict to examine the effects of globalization on tobacco control policies. Analyzing a range of challenges to policies enacted by Australia, Canada, the United States, the European Union and Uruguay, the book examines how the global trading system has narrowed the scope of conflicts over tobacco control.

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government

Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191611964

Category: Political Science

Page: 976

View: 1864

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.

Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft : das Netzwerk des Leugnens

Author: Erik M. Conway,Naomi Oreskes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527412115

Category: Democracy and science

Page: 389

View: 564

Ein ganz realer Thriller: Wie skrupellose Lobbyisten seriöse Forscher diffamierten und gezielt Falschinformationen in lancierten Medienkampagnen global verbreiteten. Der Plot ist hollywoodreif, die Geschichte so skandalträchtig wie bestürzend Eine Handvoll Forscher leugnet, manipuliert und diskreditiert anerkannte wissenschaftliche Tatsachen wie den Klimawandel oder den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Rauchen und gesundheitlichen Risiken. Doch Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft (im Original Merchants of Doubt) ist kein fiktiver Roman, sondern berichtet von der Realität. In den USA sorgte das Buch von Naomi Oreskes und Erik M. Conway für Furore und wurde zum Bestseller. Kein Wunder, die Geschichte, die sie erzählen, ist schließlich unglaublich – es ist die Geschichte über den Kampf gegen Fakten und über den Handel mit dem Zweifel, über die Manipulation der Medien und die Diffamierung Einzelner. Und sie geht uns alle an. Schließlich lehnten die USA als einzige Industrienation die Ratifizierung des Kyoto–Protokolls ab und verhinderten so wichtige Schritte des Klimaschutzes. Ein Lehrstück über die Macht der Industrielobby und ihre Handlanger aus Politik und Wissenschaft und ein Lehrstück darüber, wie erschreckend einfach es möglich ist, mit unlauteren Absichten selbst seriöse Medien zu beeinflussen und mit nachweislich falschen Informationen zu »füttern«.

SmokeReality : Rauchen: Bitte nur Erwachsene

Author: Keyvan Davani

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1847534007

Category:

Page: 164

View: 1003

Jugendliche sind ein profitabler Markt. Daher ist der Tabakindustrie jedes Mittel Recht, um DICH moglichst fruh zum lebenslangen Konsum von Zigaretten zu versklaven. Ein Blick hinter die Kulissen der Tabakkonzerne zeigt die schockierenden Fakten. Und genau dieses Wissen gibt dir das Machtgefuhl, dich aus der Matrix der Manipulation, Abhangigkeit und Illusion zu befreien - du selbst bestimmst uber dein Leben.

Exploring Judicial Politics

Author: N.A

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 7417

This volume presents 20 original essays by political scientists and other judicial scholars on a variety of topics relative to the broad area of judicial politics. One theme of these essays is to explore the ways in which law and politics intertwine in the United States. Secondly, the essays provide insights into how scholars go about studying various judicial politics subjects such as the role of judges, lawyers, and juries in our political system. The essays explore issues at the trialcourt level, at the intermediate appellate court level, and at the U.S. Supreme Court. The essays look at the role of judges, juries, lawyers, interest groups, and other actors in the American legal system. Some of the essays look at the issues of judicial selection, while others look at how what we learn about the courts in the U.S. can help us better understand courts in other countries. Taken together, the essays reveal the broad range of issues that students of judicial politics will wantto understand in order to appreciate the role of courts in our society.

Politik und Markt

Author: Roland Czada,Reinhard Zintl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322805174

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 4813

Die seit Beginn der Industrialisierung fortschreitende Ausdehnung von Märkten setzt sich mit dem Einzug des Marktparadigmas in Bereiche fort, die, wie Politik und öffentliche Verwaltung, gerade als Gegenstück zum Markt gelten. Zugleich verändern sich die institutionellen Schnittstellen zwischen Politik und Markt. Die Beiträge des Bandes machen dies in profunder Weise deutlich. Nach einer Einleitung beschäftigen sich drei Kapitel mit theoretischen Problemen der institutionellen Einbettung von Märkten. Im Hauptteil werden Probleme der Marktschaffung und -regulierung sowie der Ausbreitung des Marktes in vormals marktferne Bereiche am Beispiel einzelner Politikfelder behandelt. Zwei abschließende Beiträge fragen nach den im internationalen Vergleich feststellbaren Grenzverschiebungen zwischen Staat und Markt. Insgesamt zeigt sich, dass die Politik die Expansion des Marktes unterstützt, sich dabei aber keineswegs zurückzieht: Nach wie vor sind es politische Vereinbarungen, aus denen die Regeln des Marktes hervorgehen, und es ist politischer Zwang, der sie gegen allfälligen Opportunismus durchsetzt.

No Logo!

Der Kampf der Global Players um Marktmacht - Ein Spiel mit vielen Verlierern und wenigen Gewinnern

Author: Naomi Klein

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031533

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 478

+++ Der Klassiker der Globalisierungskritik und Bestseller, jetzt im FISCHER Taschenbuch +++ Die führende Intellektuelle unserer Zeit und Bestsellerautorin Naomi Klein offenbart die Machenschaften multinationaler Konzerne hinter der Fassade bunter Logos. Der von ihr propagierte Ausweg aus dem Markendiktat ist eine Auflehnung gegen die Täuschung der Verbraucher, gegen menschenunwürdige Arbeitsbedingungen, Zerstörung der Natur und kulturellen Kahlschlag. Denn durch ihre Demystifizierung verlieren die großen, global agierenden Marken an Glanz und Macht – zum Wohle aller.