Unequal City

London in the Global Arena

Author: Chris Hamnett,Professor of Human Geography Chris Hamnett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113437139X

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3590

Unequal City examines some of the dramatic economic and social changes that have taken place in London over the last forty years. It describes how London's changing industrial structure, particularly the shift from an industrial to a services-based city, and the associated changes in occupational class structure and in the structure of earnings and incomes, have worked through to the housing market and the gentrification of large parts of inner London. Unequal City relates to the literature on global cities. The book has a wide sweep and summarises a wide range of literature on occupational and industrial change, earnings and incomes and the housing market and gentrification. It provides a wealth of original data, figures, maps and tables and will be a valuable reference for anyone interested in the changes that have reshaped the social structure of London in recent decades.

Unequal Cities

The Challenge of Post-Industrial Transition in Times of Austerity

Author: Roberta Cucca,Costanzo Ranci

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317419421

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 8647

This seminal edited collection examines the impact of austerity and economic crisis on European cities. Whilst on the one hand the struggle for competitiveness has induced many European cities to invest in economic performance and attractiveness, on the other, national expenditure cuts and dominant neo-liberal paradigms have led many to retrench public intervention aimed at preserving social protection and inclusion. The impact of these transformations on social and spatial inequalities – whether occupational structures, housing solutions or working conditions – as well as on urban policy addressing these issues is traced in this exemplary piece of comparative analysis grounded in original research. Unequal Cities links existing theories and debates with newer discussions on the crisis to develop a typology of possible orientations of local government towards economic development and social cohesion. In the process, it describes the challenges and tensions facing six large European cities, representative of a variety of welfare regimes in Western Europe: Barcelona, Copenhagen, Lyon, Manchester, Milan, and Munich. It seeks to answer such key questions as: What social groups are most affected by recent urban transformations and what are the social and spatial impacts? What are the main institutional factors influencing how cities have dealt with the challenges facing them? How have local political agendas articulated the issues and what influence is still exerted by national policy? Grounded in an original urban policy analysis of the post-industrial city in Europe, the book will appeal to a wide range of social science researchers, Ph.D. and graduate students in urban studies, social policy, sociology, human geography, European studies and business studies, both in Europe and internationally.

The Unequal City

Urban Resurgence, Displacement and the Making of Inequality in Global Cities

Author: Professor of Geography and Public Policy John Rennie Short

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351987267

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9761

Cities around the world have seen: an increase in population and capital investments in land and building; a shift in central city populations as the poor are forced out; and a radical restructuring of urban space. The Unequal City tells the story of urban change and acts as a comprehensive guide to the Urban Now. A number of trends are examined, including: the role of liquid capital; the resurgence of population; the construction of megaprojects and hosting of global megaevents; the role of the new rich; and the emergence of a new middle class. This book explores the reasons behind the displacement of the poor to the suburbs and beyond. Drawing upon case studies from around the world, readers are exposed to an examination of the urban projects that involve the reuse of older industrial spaces, the greening of the cities, and the securitization of the public spaces. This book draws on political economy, cultural and political analysis, and urban geography approaches in order to consider the multifaceted nature of the process and its global unfolding. It will be essential reading to those interested in urban studies, economic geography, urban economics, urban sociology, urban planning and globalization.

Creating the Unequal City

The Exclusionary Consequences of Everyday Routines in Berlin

Author: Talja Blokland,Carlotta Giustozzi,Daniela Krüger,Hannah Schilling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317158431

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 8741

Cities can be seen as geographical imaginaries: places have meanings attributed so that they are perceived, represented and interpreted in a particular way. We may therefore speak of cityness rather than 'the city': the city is always in the making. It cannot be grasped as a fixed structure in which people find their lives, and is never stable, through agents designing courses of interactions with geographical imaginations. This theoretical perspective on cities is currently reshaping the field of urban studies, requiring new forms of theory, comparisons and methods. Meanwhile, mainstream urban studies approaches neighbourhoods as fixed social-spatial units, producing effects on groups of residents. Yet they have not convincingly shown empirically that the neighbourhood is an entity generating effects, rather than being the statistical aggregate where effects can be measured. This book challenges this common understanding, and argues for an approach that sees neighbourhood effects as the outcome of processes of marginalisation and exclusion that find spatial expressions in the city elsewhere. It does so through a comparative study of an unusual kind: Sub-Saharan Africans, second generation Turkish and Lebanese girls, and alcohol and drug consumers, some of them homeless, arguably some of the most disadvantaged categories in the German capital, Berlin, in inner city neighbourhoods, and middle class families in owner-occupied housing. This book analyses urban inequalities through the lens of the city in the making, where neighbourhood comes to play a role, at some times, in some practices, and at some moments, but is not the point of departure.

Cyclescapes of the Unequal City

Bicycle Infrastructure and Uneven Development

Author: John G. Stehlin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781517903817

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 328

View: 3216

"This book explores how bicycle infrastructure planning, once a fringe concern of progressive environmentalism, has become a key horizon of urban development. Using case studies from San Francisco, Oakland, Detroit, and Philadelphia, it shows how bicycling has been redefined as critical to the competitive 21st century city, reinscribing race and class inequalities in mobility in the process"--

Globalizing Cities

A New Spatial Order?

Author: Peter Marcuse,Ronald Van Kempen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444399616

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9259

This exciting collection of original essays provides students and professionals with an international and comparative examination of changes in global cities, revealing a growing pattern of social and spatial division or polarization.

Cities Are Good for You

The Genius of the Metropolis

Author: Leo Hollis

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408826631

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 5855

The 21st century will be the age of the city. Already over 50% of the world population live in urban centres and over the coming decades this percentage will increase. Blending anecdote, fact and first hand encounters - from exploring the slums of Mumbai, to visiting roof-top farms in Brooklyn and attending secret dinner parties in Paris, to riding the bus in Latin America - Leo Hollis reveals that we have misunderstood how cities work for too long. Upending long-held assumptions and challenging accepted wisdom, he explores: why cities can never be rational, organised places; how we can walk in a crowd without bumping into people, and if we can design places that make people want to kiss; whether we have the right solution to the problem of the slums; how ants, slime mould and traffic jams can make us rethink congestion. And above all, the unexpected reasons why living in the city can make us fitter, richer, smarter, greener, more creative - and, perhaps, even happier. Cities Are Good for You introduces dreamers, planners, revolutionaries, writers, scientists, architects, slum-dwellers and emperors. It is shaped by the idea that cities are the greatest social experiment in human history, built for people, and by the people.

OECD Territorial Reviews OECD Territorial Reviews: The Gauteng City-Region, South Africa 2011

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264122842

Category:

Page: 268

View: 9408

Against the backdrop of South Africa’s achievements since the fall of apartheid, this Review evaluates measures to position economic development policy and to confront economic inequality in the Johannesburg/Pretoria region.

Jigsaw Cities

Big Places, Small Spaces

Author: Power, Anne,Houghton, John

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781861346582

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 4181

Looking at major British cities, using Birmingham as a case study, this title explores Britain's intensely urban and increasingly global communities as interlocking pieces of a complex jigsaw, which are hard to see apart yet they are deeply unequal

Unequal City

Final Report of the Birmingham Inner Area Study

Author: Llewelyn-Davies, Weeks, Forestier-Walker and Bor,Great Britain. Department of the Environment

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Birmingham (England)

Page: 339

View: 3754


Healthy Cities

Public Health through Urban Planning

Author: Chinmoy Sarkar,Chris Webster,John Gallacher

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781955727

Category: HEALTH & FITNESS

Page: 424

View: 4894

Mounting scientific evidence generated over the past decade highlights the significant role of our citiesê built environments in shaping our health and well-being. In this book, the authors conceptualize the •urban health nicheê as a novel approach to

Atlas of Cities

Author: Paul Knox

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691157812

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 2561

Examines different cities from all over the world and looks at their physical, economic, social, and political structure, as well as their relationships to each other and where future urbanization might be headed.

Leading the inclusive city

Place-based innovation for a bounded planet

Author: Hambleton, Robin

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144731185X

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 5882

Cities are often seen as helpless victims in a global flow of events and many view growing inequality in cities as inevitable. This engaging book rejects this gloomy prognosis and argues that imaginative place-based leadership can enable citizens to shape the urban future in accordance with progressive values – advancing social justice, promoting care for the environment and bolstering community empowerment. This international and comparative book, written by an experienced author, shows how inspirational civic leaders are making a major difference in cities across the world. The analysis provides practical lessons for local leaders and a significant contribution to thinking on public service innovation for anyone who wants to change urban society for the better.

The Impact of Inequality

How to Make Sick Societies Healthier

Author: Richard Wilkinson

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595586601

Category: Social Science

Page: 355

View: 7918

Comparing the United States with other market democracies and one state with another, this book offers irrefutable evidence that unequal societies create poor health, more social conflict, and more violence. Richard Wilkinson, a pioneering social scientist, addresses the growing feeling—so common in the United States—that modern societies, despite their material success, are social failures. The Impact of Inequality explains why inequality has such devastating effects on the quality and length of our lives. Wilkinson shows that inequality leads to stress, stress creates sickness on the individual and mass level, and overall society suffers widespread unhappiness and high levels of violence, depression, and mistrust across the social spectrum. The evidence he presents is incontrovertible: social and political equality are essential to improve life for everyone. Wilkinson argues that even small reductions in inequality can make an important difference—for, as this book explains, social relations are always built on material foundations.

Justice for All: Promoting Social Equity in Public Administration

Promoting Social Equity in Public Administration

Author: Norman J. Johnson,James H Svara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317466721

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 336

View: 9253

Justice for All is the first book that provides a comprehensive examination of social equity in American public administration. The breadth of coverage--theory, context, history, implications in policy studies, applications to practice, and an action agernda--cannot be found anywhere else.

Migrant Professionals in the City

Local Encounters, Identities and Inequalities

Author: Lars Meier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134674619

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 7651

The migration of professionals is widely seen as a paradigmatic representation and a driver of globalization. The global elite of highly qualified migrants—managers and scientists, for example—are partly defined by their lives’ mobility. But their everyday lives are based and take place in specific cities. The contributors of this book analyze the relevance of locality for a mobile group and provide a new perspective on migrant professionals by considering the relevance of social identities for local encounters in socially unequal cities. Contributors explore shifting identities, senses of belonging, and spatial and social inequalities and encounters between migrant professionals and ‘Others’ within the cities. These qualitative studies widen the understanding of the importance of local aspects for the social identities of those who are in many aspects more privileged than others.

Social Urbanism and the Politics of Violence

The Medellín Miracle

Author: K. Maclean

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137397365

Category: Social Science

Page: 147

View: 8198

Medellín, Colombia, used to be the most violent city on earth, but in recent years, allegedly thanks to its 'social urbanism' approach to regeneration, it has experienced a sharp decline in violence. The author explores the politics behind this decline and the complex transformations in terms of urban development policies in Medellín.

Branding Cities

Cosmopolitanism, Parochialism, and Social Change

Author: Stephanie Hemelryk Donald,Eleonore Kofman,Catherine Kevin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135890072

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 4656

Fierce competitiveness between established and emerging major cities, such as Berlin, London, Shanghai and Sydney, has led to a pressure to excel as desirable locations for business, cultural activities, highly skilled migrants and tourists. At the same time, the transformation of settled and new migrant communities creates complex urban borders and variegated representations (academic, cinematic, popular, official) of the city. While cities increasingly deploy cosmopolitan images portraying the diversity of past and present populations and activities, this continues to coexist with parochialism as a mood and mode of cultural formations and a reflection of local specificities. This volume brings together cultural analysts, social scientists, and media and film scholars to explore the ways in which core cities generate competing claims on, and visions of, their use and their future, and thus have engaged with the necessity to brand their image for international consumption and for internal coherence.

The just city

Author: Susan S. Fainstein

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801462184

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2162

For much of the twentieth century improvement in the situation of disadvantaged communities was a focus for urban planning and policy. Yet over the past three decades the ideological triumph of neoliberalism has caused the allocation of spatial, political, economic, and financial resources to favor economic growth at the expense of wider social benefits. Susan Fainstein's concept of the "just city" encourages planners and policymakers to embrace a different approach to urban development. Her objective is to combine progressive city planners' earlier focus on equity and material well-being with considerations of diversity and participation so as to foster a better quality of urban life within the context of a global capitalist political economy. Fainstein applies theoretical concepts about justice developed by contemporary philosophers to the concrete problems faced by urban planners and policymakers and argues that, despite structural obstacles, meaningful reform can be achieved at the local level. In the first half of The Just City, Fainstein draws on the work of John Rawls, Martha Nussbaum, Iris Marion Young, Nancy Fraser, and others to develop an approach to justice relevant to twenty-first-century cities, one that incorporates three central concepts: diversity, democracy, and equity. In the book's second half, Fainstein tests her ideas through case studies of New York, London, and Amsterdam by evaluating their postwar programs for housing and development in relation to the three norms. She concludes by identifying a set of specific criteria for urban planners and policymakers to consider when developing programs to assure greater justice in both the process of their formulation and their effects.