Understanding Environmental Pollution

Author: Marquita K. Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139486403

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9897

The third edition of this well-received textbook delivers a concise overview of global and individual environmental pollution for undergraduate courses, presenting students with the tools to assess environmental issues. With more than thirty percent new material, Hill assesses pollution from an international perspective, including air and water pollution, global warming, energy, solid and hazardous waste, and pollution at home. Both the sources and impacts of pollution are addressed, as well as governmental, corporate, and personal responsibility for pollution, and pollution prevention is emphasized throughout. Non-technical language encourages greater understanding of these often complex issues, and thought-provoking 'Delving Deeper' exercises are included, increasing engagement with the text and enabling students to apply what they have learned. A new chapter on the chemistry basics of pollution links to sections on toxicology and risk assessment, helping students understand concerns over chemicals and their regulation. An essential review of environmental pollution for environmental science students.

Understanding Environmental Pollution

A Primer

Author: Marquita K. Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521527262

Category: Nature

Page: 468

View: 2935

Understanding Environmental Pollution systematically introduces pollution issues to students and others with little scientific background. The first edition received excellent reviews, and the new edition has been completely refined and updated. The book moves from the definition of pollution and how pollutants behave, to air and water pollution basics, pollution and global change, solid waste, and pollution in the home. It also discusses persistent and bioaccumulative chemicals, and pesticides, and it places greater stress on global pollutants. The relationship between energy generation and use, and pollution is stressed, as well as the importance of going beyond pollution control, to pollution prevention. Impacts on human and environmental health are emphasized throughout. Students are often invited to come to their own conclusions after having been presented with a variety of opinions. This textbook provides the basic concepts of pollution, toxicology and risk assessment for non-science majors as well as environmental science students.

The Elements of Environmental Pollution

Author: John Rieuwerts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135126720

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 332

View: 1900

Environmental pollution is one of humanity’s most pressing issues and will remain so for the foreseeable future. Anthropogenic activity is disturbing natural cycles and generating pollutants that are altering the atmosphere, accumulating in the food chain and contaminating the world’s soils, rivers and oceans. Human health and ecosystems continue to be damaged by toxic metals, persistent organic pollutants, radionuclides and other hazardous materials. The Elements of Environmental Pollution provides comprehensive coverage of this essential subject. It explains the key principles of pollution science, assesses human disturbances of natural element cycles and describes local and global pollution impacts, from smoggy cities, polluted lakes and toxic soils to climate change, ocean acidification and marine dead zones. The book is informed by the latest pollution research and benefits from numerous real-world examples and international case studies. A comprehensive glossary provides clear and concise explanations of key concepts. This textbook will support teaching and learning in environment-related university courses and will be vital reading for anyone with an interest in environmental protection.

Environmental Pollution and Control

Author: P Aarne Vesilind,J. Jeffrey Peirce,Ruth F. Weiner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483140725

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 8166

Environmental Pollution and Control, Third Edition focuses on the aspects of environmental engineering science and technology, including water pollution, wastewater, sludge treatment, and water pollution legislation. The book first elaborates on environmental and water pollution and measurement of water quality. Discussions focus on chemical oxygen demand, bacteriological measurements, heavy metals, effect of pollution on streams, lakes, and oceans, biodegradation, population responses, and exposure and latency. The publication also takes a look at water supply and water treatment, including disinfection, filtration, settling, coagulation and flocculation, water transmission, and groundwater and surface water supplies. The manuscript examines the collection and treatment of wastewater, sludge treatment and disposal, and nonpoint source water pollution. Topics include control technologies applicable to nonpoint source pollution, sources of sludge, ultimate disposal, onsite wastewater disposal, central wastewater treatment, and tertiary treatment. The text also elaborates on water pollution law, solid wastes, resource recovery, and hazardous wastes. The publication is a valuable reference for environmental pollution experts and readers interested in environmental pollution and control.

Environmental and Pollution Science

Author: Ian L. Pepper,Charles P. Gerba,Mark L. Brusseau

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008049479X

Category: Law

Page: 552

View: 7636

Environmental and Pollution Science, Second Edition, provides the latest information on the environmental influence of a significant number of subjects, and discusses their impact on a new generation of students. This updated edition of Pollution Science has been renamed to reflect a wider view of the environmental consequences we pay as a price for a modern economy. The authors have compiled the latest information to help students assess environmental quality using a framework of principles that can be applied to any environmental problem. The book covers key topics such as the fate and transport of contaminants, monitoring and remediation of pollution, sources and characteristics of pollution, and risk assessment and management. It contains more than 400 color photographs and diagrams, numerous questions and problems, case studies, and highlighted keywords. This book is ideally suited for professionals and students studying the environment, especially as it relates to pollution as well as government workers and conservationists/ecologists. * Emphasizes conceptual understanding of environmental impact, integrating the disciplines of biology, chemistry, and mathematics * Topics cover the fate and transport of contaminants; monitoring and remediation of pollution; sources and characteristics of pollution; and risk assessment and management * Includes color photos and diagrams, chapter questions and problems, and highlighted key words

Understanding Environmental Health

Author: Nancy Irwin Maxwell

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449647707

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 6227

While covering all the traditional Environmental Health topics, this text is uniquely structured around the things we do as individuals and societies that result in environmental health hazards. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Understanding Environment Pollution, Cambridge University Press, 2004

Pollution

Author: Marquita K. Hill

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 486

View: 6561

Understanding Environmental Pollution systematically introduces pollution issues to students and others with little scientific background. The first edition received excellent reviews, and the new edition has been completely refined and updated. The book moves from the definition of pollution and how pollutants behave, to air- and water-pollution basics, pollution and global change, solid waste, and pollution in the home. It also discusses persistent and bioaccumulative chemicals and pesticides, and places greater emphasis on global pollutants. The relationship between energy generation, its use, and pollution is stressed, as well as the importance of going beyond pollution control, to pollution prevention. Impacts on human and environmental health are emphasized throughout. Students are often invited to come to their own conclusions after having been presented with a variety of opinions. This textbook provides the basic concepts of pollution, toxicology, and risk assessment for non-science majors as well as environmental-science students. Marquita Hill developed a number of environmental courses at the University of Maine, including “Issues in Environmental Pollution,” an interdisciplinary introductory course, and “Pollution Prevention and Industrial Ecology” in the Department of Chemical Engineering. She was for 7 years a visiting scholar in Environmental Health at the Harvard School of Public Health, and was a founding member and the first president of the Green Campus Consortium of Maine, an organization devoted to finding sustainable means of management for the state’s institutions of higher learning. Understanding Environmental Pollution A Primer Second Edition Marquita K. Hill Formerly of the University of Maine

Understanding our Environment

An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry and Pollution

Author: R M Harrison

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847552234

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 4095

This 2nd edition of Understanding Our Environment has been reworked and greatly updated, providing a modern introductory level text for students of pollution and environmental chemistry. The book describes the basic concepts in relation to the chemistry of the atmosphere, freshwaters, oceans and soils, as well as the ways in which pollutants behave in these media (exemplified by case studies based upon topical environmental problems). It also examines the transfer of pollutants between different environmental compartments, the monitoring of the environment, the ecological and human health effects of chemical pollution, economics and regulatory control. Again case studies are used throughout. This unique introductory text is essential reading for students on undergraduate and first year postgraduate courses dealing with pollution and environmental chemistry, as well as for scientists and engineers in industry, public service and consultancy who require a basic understanding of environmental processes.

Clean Coastal Waters:

Understanding and Reducing the Effects of Nutrient Pollution

Author: Water Science and Technology Board,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Causes and Management of Eutrophication,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309069483

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 9709

Environmental problems in coastal ecosystems can sometimes be attributed to excess nutrients flowing from upstream watersheds into estuarine settings. This nutrient over-enrichment can result in toxic algal blooms, shellfish poisoning, coral reef destruction, and other harmful outcomes. All U.S. coasts show signs of nutrient over-enrichment, and scientists predict worsening problems in the years ahead. Clean Coastal Waters explains technical aspects of nutrient over-enrichment and proposes both immediate local action by coastal managers and a longer-term national strategy incorporating policy design, classification of affected sites, law and regulation, coordination, and communication. Highlighting the Gulf of Mexico's "Dead Zone," the Pfiesteria outbreak in a tributary of Chesapeake Bay, and other cases, the book explains how nutrients work in the environment, why nitrogen is important, how enrichment turns into over-enrichment, and why some environments are especially susceptible. Economic as well as ecological impacts are examined. In addressing abatement strategies, the committee discusses the importance of monitoring sites, developing useful models of over-enrichment, and setting water quality goals. The book also reviews voluntary programs, mandatory controls, tax incentives, and other policy options for reducing the flow of nutrients from agricultural operations and other sources.

Environmental Compliance Handbook

Author: Jacob I. Bregman,Robert D. Edell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420032406

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 8870

If your organization was subject to the thousands of federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations in effect in the U.S. at the turn of the century, the Environmental Compliance Handbook should be within easy reach. Thousands of professionals have benefited from the bestselling classic. This practical, comprehensive book simplifies the complex world of environmental law and compliance and describes, in everyday language, the major federal laws and regulations at the turn of the century, as well as the critical state requirements appended to them.

Fundamentals of Geoenvironmental Engineering

Understanding Soil, Water, and Pollutant Interaction and Transport

Author: Abdel-Mohsen Onsy Mohamed,Evan K. Paleologos

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128051450

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 708

View: 6050

Fundamentals of Geoenvironmental Engineering: Understanding Soil, Water, and Pollutant Interaction and Transport examines soil-water-pollutant interaction, including physico-chemical processes that occur when soil is exposed to various contaminants. Soil characteristics relevant to remedial techniques are explored, providing foundations for the correct process selection. Built upon the authors' extensive experience in research and practice, the book updates and expands the content to include current processes and pollutants. The book discusses propagation of soil pollution and soil characteristics relevant to remedial techniques. Practicing geotechnical and environmental engineers can apply the theory and case studies in the book directly to current projects. The book first discusses the stages of economic development and their connections to the sustainability of the environment. Subsequent chapters cover waste and its management, soil systems, soil-water and soil-pollutant interactions, subsurface transport of pollutants, role of groundwater, nano-, micro- and biologic pollutants, soil characteristics that impact pollution diffusion, and potential remediation processes like mechanical, electric, magnetic, hydraulic and dielectric permittivity of soils. Presents a clear understanding of the propagation of pollutants in soils Identifies the physico-chemical processes in soils Covers emerging pollutants (nano-, micro- and biologic contaminants) Features in-depth coverage of hydraulic, electrical, magnetic and dielectric permittivity characteristics of soils and their impact on remedial technologies

Understanding Environment

Author: Kiran Chhokar,Mamata Pandya,Meena Raghunathan

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132101901

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 4071

Designed as a basic text for foundation and undergraduate courses in Environmental Studies, this book introduces students to key scientific concepts related to environment and sustainable development. It provides a comprehensive understanding of environmental concerns and issues with special reference to the Indian context. The primary objective of the book is to create an awareness of the environment. It conceptualizes the environment as a multidimensional and complex living system and describes the interlinkages that make up this system. The presentation is supported by relevant examples and case studies to contextualize the information given. Questions and self-learning exercises are provided at the end of each chapter to assist students to understand and apply the content in their immediate environment. Specifically, the book: - Highlights the interconnectedness of phenomena in real life, and the interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies. - Presents case studies to highlight examples of individual and collective action that have 'made a difference'. - Provides self-learning exercises for each chapter to help develop skills of observation, data collection, analysis, synthesis and presentation. Written in a non-technical manner and supported by attractive illustrations, this text will be welcomed not only by students but by anyone interested in understanding the environment. It is specially relevant as it is being published on the eve of the UN Decade for Education for Sustainable Development (2005–2014).

Pollution

Causes, Effects and Control

Author: R M Harrison

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782625607

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7386

Twenty years on from the first edition of Pollution and the topic remains high in the public awareness. Environmental pollution is now a major area of research, consultancy and technological development and is a priority for the political agendas of both the developed and developing worlds. The fifth edition of this book is fully updated, and includes an entirely new chapter on Climate Change, presenting an authoritative view on this topic. Chapters in fast moving areas have been completely revised and several newcomers have joined the original set of authors. This popular book has proved invaluable as a teaching resource for two decades and is frequently used as a reference by practitioners in the field. Readers of earlier editions will benefit from updates on technologies such as nanoscience, and the legislative changes that have occurred since the fourth edition in 2001.

Toxic Communities

Environmental Racism, Industrial Pollution, and Residential Mobility

Author: Dorceta E. Taylor

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479805157

Category: Law

Page: 356

View: 1237

From St. Louis to New Orleans, from Baltimore to Oklahoma City, there are poor and minority neighborhoods so beset by pollution that just living in them can be hazardous to your health. Due to entrenched segregation, zoning ordinances that privilege wealthier communities, or because businesses have found the OCypaths of least resistance, OCO there are many hazardous waste and toxic facilities in these communities, leading residents to experience health and wellness problems on top of the race and class discrimination most already experience. Taking stock of the recent environmental justice scholarship, a Toxic Communities aexamines the connections among residential segregation, zoning, and exposure to environmental hazards. Renowned environmental sociologist Dorceta Taylor focuses on the locations of hazardous facilities in low-income and minority communities and shows how they have been dumped on, contaminated and exposed. Drawing on an array of historical and contemporary case studies from across the country, Taylor explores controversies over racially-motivated decisions in zoning laws, eminent domain, government regulation (or lack thereof), and urban renewal. She provides a comprehensive overview of the debate over whether or not there is a link between environmental transgressions and discrimination, drawing a clear picture of the state of the environmental justice field today and where it is going. In doing so, she introduces new concepts and theories for understanding environmental racism that will be essential for environmental justice scholars. A fascinating landmark study, a Toxic Communities agreatly contributes to the study of race, the environment, and space in the contemporary United States."

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants

Author: Gwen O'Sullivan,Court Sandau

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444594515

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 1334

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants represents the state-of-the-art in environmental forensics in relation to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The book is a complete reference for practitioners and students, covering a range of topics from new analytical techniques to regulatory and legal status in the global community. Through case studies from leading international experts, real-world issues — including the allocation of responsibility for release into the environment — are resolved through the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques. This book introduces and assesses the development of new techniques and technologies to trace the source and fate of newly emerging and classic POPs (perfluoroalkyl substances, brominated flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls) in environmental media, including atmospheric, marine, freshwater, and urban environments. Real-world case studies show the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques Discussion of GC*GC provides an introduction and assessment of a novel technique from leaders in the field Introduces the development of new analytical techniques (such as 2-D GC*HC and LC*LC) to trace the source and fate Raises awareness about the health and environmental impact of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Outlines the development of international measures to control POPs so that chemists can understand the legal issues

Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants

A Complete Guide

Author: E. P. Popek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128032030

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 5942

Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants, A Complete Guide, Second Edition promotes the knowledge of data collection fundamentals and offers technically solid procedures and basic techniques that can be applied to daily workflow solutions. The book’s organization emphasizes the practical issues facing the project scientist. In focusing the book on data collection techniques that are oriented toward the project objectives, the author clearly distinguishes the important issues from the less relevant ones. Stripping away the layers of inapplicable or irrelevant recommendations, the book centers on the underlying principles of environmental sampling and analytical chemistry and summarizes the universally accepted industry practices and standards. This Guide is a resource that will help students and practicing professionals alike better understand the issues of environmental data collection, capitalize on years of existing sampling and analysis practices, and become more knowledgeable and efficient in the task at hand. The three phases of environmental chemical data collection (planning, implementation, and assessment) are explained in a logical and concise manner. A discussion on the physical and chemical properties of environmental chemical pollutants promotes the understanding of their fate and transport. A chapter on common analytical chemistry techniques, methods of compound quantitation, and laboratory quality control and quality assurance may be used as a standalone introduction to instrumental analytical chemistry. Eleven case studies demonstrate the application of the Data Quality Objectives process to the development of sampling designs and illustrate specific data interpretation problems. Numerous call-out boxes in each chapter offer practical tips on widely used industry practices, which originate from years of experience in the field. Appendices contain the most frequently used action levels and reference material, calculation aides, and useful field forms and checklists. Authored by an analytical chemist and environmental pollutant expert with more than 30 years of experience in research and industry.

Environmental Justice

Concepts, Evidence and Politics

Author: Gordon Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136619232

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 7762

Environmental justice has increasingly become part of the language of environmental activism, political debate, academic research and policy making around the world. It raises questions about how the environment impacts on different people’s lives. Does pollution follow the poor? Are some communities far more vulnerable to the impacts of flooding or climate change than others? Are the benefits of access to green space for all, or only for some? Do powerful voices dominate environmental decisions to the exclusion of others? This book focuses on such questions and the complexities involved in answering them. It explores the diversity of ways in which environment and social difference are intertwined and how the justice of their interrelationship matters. It has a distinctive international perspective, tracing how the discourse of environmental justice has moved around the world and across scales to include global concerns, and examining research, activism and policy development in the US, the UK, South Africa and other countries. The widening scope and diversity of what has been positioned within an environmental justice ‘frame’ is also reflected in chapters that focus on waste, air quality, flooding, urban greenspace and climate change. In each case, the basis for evidence of inequalities in impacts, vulnerabilities and responsibilities is examined, asking questions about the knowledge that is produced, the assumptions involved and the concepts of justice that are being deployed in both academic and political contexts. Environmental Justice offers a wide ranging analysis of this rapidly evolving field, with compelling examples of the processes involved in producing inequalities and the challenges faced in advancing the interests of the disadvantaged. It provides a critical framework for understanding environmental justice in various spatial and political contexts, and will be of interest to those studying Environmental Studies, Geography, Politics and Sociology.

Silent Spring

Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618249060

Category: Nature

Page: 378

View: 443

Discusses the reckless annihilation of fish and birds by the use of pesticides and warns of the possible genetic effects on humans.