Understanding Environmental Policy

Author: Steven Cohen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231537689

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 605

The first edition of this pragmatic course text emphasized the policy value of a "big picture" approach to the ethical, political, technological, scientific, economic, and management aspects of environmental issues. The text then applied this approach to real-world case examples involving leaks in underground storage tanks, toxic waste cleanup, and the effects of global climate change. This second edition demonstrates the ongoing effectiveness of the book's framework in generating meaningful action and policy solutions to current environmental issues. The text adds case examples concerning congestion taxes, e-waste, hydrofracking, and recent developments in global climate change, updating references and other materials throughout and incorporating the political and policy changes of the Obama administration's first term and developments in national and global environmental issues.

Understanding Environmental Policy Processes

Cases from Africa

Author: James Keeley,Ian Scoones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136549714

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8820

A critical analysis of the post-Rio consensus on environment and development which questions the role of particular forms of internationalized elite scientific expertise. It asks why certain understandings of environmental change stick with such tenacity. In exploring this, the authors unravel the politics of knowledge surrounding policymaking, looking particularly at Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe and their land and soils management. The book also looks at prospects for more inclusive, participatory forms of policymaking.

Understanding the Environment and Social Policy

Author: Tony Fitzpatrick

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847423795

Category: Nature

Page: 366

View: 6034

"Tony Fitzpatrick has assembled a very thoughtful collection of chapters which examine the various ways in which social and environmental concerns intersect with one another. At a very general level, sustainability offers a neat and tidy way to reconcile them. But as this book, sustainability offers neat and tidy way to reconcile them. But as this book usefully revels, in practice they interact in ways that are far from straightforward. "Professor Andrew Jordan, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia "The intersection of social policy and environmental policy is strategically and morally vital yet has remained a strangely neglected area. No longer. This comprehensive book covers real world challenges, sustainable ethics, a host of applied policy issues, and some bigger questions about the possibility of a green welfare state." Ian Gough, Emeritus Professor, University of Bath Environmental issues are central to the social and political reforms of the 21st century. Bringing together leading experts, this textbook explorers the social, political, economic and moral challenges that environmental problems pose for social policy in a global context. Combining theory and practice with an interdisciplinary approach, the book reviews the current strategies and provides a critique of proposed future developments. Understanding the environment and social policy guides the reader through the subject in an accessible way using chapter summaries, further reading, recommended websites, a glossary and questions for discussion. Providing a much-needed overview of environmentalism and social policy, the book will be invaluable reading for students, teachers, activits, practitioners and policy markers.

Understanding Environmental Administration and Law, 3rd Edition

Author: Susan J. Buck

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781610911184

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 3513

Understanding Environmental Administration and Law provides an engaging, introductory overview of environmental policy. Author Susan J. Buck explores the process through which policy is made, the political environment in which it is applied, and the statutory and case laws that are critical to working within the regulatory system. This revised and expanded third edition adds case studies that help bring the subject to life and includes new material on: the Bush Administration and its approach to administering environmental laws the continuing evolution of environmentalism and the changing role of environmental regulation in the !--?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" /--United States the development and implementation of environmental agreements at the international level the impacts and implications of globalization Understanding Environmental Administration and Law provides a framework for understanding the law as a managerial tool.

How Context Matters

Linking Environmental Policy to People and Place

Author: George Honadle

Publisher: UADY

ISBN: 9781565491045

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 2738

* Constructs a new framework for better understanding environment and development policies * Consists of Northern and Southern examples to illustrate how context-specific policy can succeed How Context Matterspresents a distinctive explanation of how to formulate and implement environmental policy designed to protect natural resources and promote sustainable development practices. Honadle identifies specific elements of natural resource conditions and the social and political settings that present opportunities, create implementation hurdles, and affect policy performance.

Making Environmental Policy

Author: Daniel J. Fiorino

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520915466

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 3814

Who speaks for the trees, the water, the soil, and the air in American government today? Which agencies confront environmental problems, and how do they set priorities? How are the opposing claims of interest groups evaluated? Why do certain issues capture the public's attention? In Making Environmental Policy, Daniel Fiorino combines the hands-on experience of an insider with the analytic rigor of a scholar to provide the fullest, most readable introduction to federal environmental policymaking yet published. A committed environmental advocate, he takes readers from theory to practice, demonstrating how laws and institutions address environmental needs and balance them against other political pressures. Drawing on the academic literature and his own familiarity with current trends and controversies, Fiorino offers a lucid view of the institutional and analytic aspects of environmental policymaking. A chapter on analytic methods describes policymakers' attempts to apply objective standards to complex environmental decisions. The book also examines how the law, the courts, political tensions, and international environmental agencies have shaped environmental issues. Fiorino grounds his discussion with references to numerous specific cases, including radon, global warming, lead, and hazardous wastes. Timely and necessary, this is an invaluable handbook for students, activists, and anyone wanting to unravel contemporary American environmental politics.

Understanding Environmental Pollution

Author: Marquita K. Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139486403

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1326

The third edition of this well-received textbook delivers a concise overview of global and individual environmental pollution for undergraduate courses, presenting students with the tools to assess environmental issues. With more than thirty percent new material, Hill assesses pollution from an international perspective, including air and water pollution, global warming, energy, solid and hazardous waste, and pollution at home. Both the sources and impacts of pollution are addressed, as well as governmental, corporate, and personal responsibility for pollution, and pollution prevention is emphasized throughout. Non-technical language encourages greater understanding of these often complex issues, and thought-provoking 'Delving Deeper' exercises are included, increasing engagement with the text and enabling students to apply what they have learned. A new chapter on the chemistry basics of pollution links to sections on toxicology and risk assessment, helping students understand concerns over chemicals and their regulation. An essential review of environmental pollution for environmental science students.

Environmental Policy and Politics

Author: Michael E. Kraft

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315437031

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 9455

Covering global threats such as climate change, population growth, and loss of biodiversity, as well as national, state, and local problems of environmental pollution, energy use, and natural resource use and conservation, Environmental Policy and Politics provides a comprehensive overview of U.S. policymaking processes, the legislative and administrative settings for policy decisions, the role of interest groups and public opinion in environmental politics, and the public policies that result. It helps readers understand modern environmental policy and its implications, including the need for a comprehensive and integrated approach to problem-solving. New to the Seventh Edition Each chapter includes the latest information about environmental challenges and governmental responses to them, with extensive citation of sources and websites that allow students to find the most recent studies and reports. Each chapter covers key political and policy decisions through early 2017, including presidential appointments, budgetary decisions, major legislative initiatives, and congressional actions. Each chapter introduction includes new statements about learning objectives to facilitate student understanding of key concepts and their applications, arguments advanced over environmental challenges and policies, and the goals and methods of environmental policy analysis. Chapters compare decisions about major environmental, energy, and natural resource policies among the presidential administrations of George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump, to the extent possible. Each chapter’s case studies have been changed or updated to include the latest developments and examples that should improve their appeal to students. These include controversies over the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, the EPA’s Clean Power Plan and new fuel economy standards, new policies on toxic chemicals, the role of environmental and energy policies in the 2016 elections, changes in the nation’s reliance on energy resources, standards for evaluating environmental and resource policies, and the Paris Agreement on climate change. Summaries of scientific studies, government reports, and policy analyses have been updated throughout the text to reflect the most current research and information in the field. All chapters include revised discussion questions and new suggested readings. The writing and flow of material have been improved throughout to make the chapters more accessible and useful to students.

US Environmental Policy in Action

Practice and Implementation

Author: S. Rinfret,M. Pautz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137482087

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 838

US Environmental Policy provides a comprehensive look at the creation, implementation, and evaluation of environmental policy, which is of particular importance in an era of congressional gridlock.

Canadian Natural Resource and Environmental Policy

Political Economy and Public Policy

Author: Melody Hessing,Tracy Summerville

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774851457

Category: Nature

Page: 382

View: 7711

This book provides an analytic framework from which the foundation of ideological perspectives, administrative structures, and substantive issues are explored. Departing from traditional approaches that emphasize a single discipline or perspective, it offers an interdisciplinary framework with which to think through ecological, political, economic, and social issues. It also provides a multi-stage analysis of policy making from agenda setting through the evaluation process. The integration of social science perspectives and the combination of theoretical and empirical work make this innovative book one of the most comprehensive analyses of Canadian natural resource and environmental policy to date.

Environmental Protection at the State Level

Politics and Progress in Controlling Pollution

Author: Evan J. Ringquist

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563242045

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9766

Why do some states enact stronger pollution control programs than do other states? More importantly, do these stronger pollution control programs have identifiable impacts on environmental quality in these states? This book addresses these questions using a unique combination of data, methods, and theory from the natural and social sciences. Further, it evaluates the limits and future prospects of pollution control policy, and provides a series of recommendations for improving the effectiveness of environmental policies.

Water Policy Processes in India

Discourses of Power and Resistance

Author: Vandana Asthana

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135219184

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2310

The privatization of water is a keenly contested issue in an economically-liberalizing India. Since the 1990s, large social groups across India's diverse and disparate peoples have been re-negotiating their cultural relationships with each other as to whether they support or oppose pro-privatization water policy reforms. These claims and counter claims are seen as an impending war over water resources, one that includes many different players with many different agendas located across a wide variety of sites whose actions and interactions shape policy production in India. This book is the first to assess the dynamics of water policy processes in India. Using the case study of Delhi’s water situation, this book analyses emergent dynamics of policy process in India in general and, more specifically, in the post-economic reform era. Taking as its starting point a critique of linear version of policy making, the author explains both how and why particular types of knowledge, practices and values get established in policy as well as the complex interplay of knowledge, power and agency in water policy processes. Water Policy Processes in India covers a critical gap in the literature by analyzing how governments in practice make policies that greatly affect the welfare of their people; the process through which policies are developed and implemented; investigating the aims and motives behind policies; and identifying the potential areas of intervention in order to improve the policy process in both its development and implementation stages.

Environmental Policy Change in Emerging Market Democracies

Eastern Europe and Latin America Compared

Author: Jale Tosun

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442699205

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 912

This book examines environmental policy change in twenty-eight Central and Eastern European and Latin American countries against a background of significant political and economic transformation over the past two decades. Through cross-regional comparison and a multi-methods approach, Jale Tosun investigates changes in the regulation of air, soil, and water pollution, genetically modified corn, and the sustainable management of forests. Tosun also looks at the relationship between system transformation and the creation of environmental procuracies in both parts of the world. Environmental Policy Change in Emerging Market Democracies demonstrates that, although political and economic transformations have positively affected environmental policy in both regions, the extent of policy change varies considerably across Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America. At the same time, as Tosun argues, economic integration has acted as a major driver of a stronger governmental enforcement commitment as expressed by the creation of environmental procuracies.

Understanding Environmental Law, Third Edition (2013)

Author: Philip Weinberg,Kevin A. Reilly

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN: 032718759X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9473

This Understanding treatise provides a comprehensive overview of environmental and land use law in the United States. While a major focus of Understanding Environmental Law, Third Edition (2013) is the federal framework of U.S. environmental law, many chapters include coverage of state-specific laws as well. Topics addressed include: • The role the United States Constitution plays in protecting the environment; • Policy issues affecting environmental law, such as the need to balance economic factors against specific environmental costs; • Common law causes of action in the environmental arena; • Environmental quality review issues that arise under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and state equivalents to NEPA; • Air and water pollution laws; • Hazardous waste laws and regulations; • Endangered species laws including international controls applicable to endangered species; and • International laws applicable to environmental issues, including international treaties, global climate changes, and ozone layer protection. Understanding Environmental Law, Third Edition (2013) contains excerpts from the EPA Terms of Environment. This treatise provides both students and professionals with a thorough grasp of this complex and rapidly-expanding area of law.

Environmental Policy and Public Health

Author: Barry L. Johnson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849384370

Category: Law

Page: 496

View: 2064

Advances in environmental protection and public health result from democratic processes that debate environmental health concerns and propose legislative and other policy solutions. Delineating the delicate relationship between environmental policy and public health, Environmental Policy and Public Health explores the development of environmental health policies, the statutes that address public health concerns about specific environmental hazards, and policy issues that impact environmental health programs. Covering the fundamentals of environmental policy, this concise guide identifies the steps in environmental policy making, the federal government's environmental health structure, and the general environmental status. It focuses on environmental hazards, including air contamination, water pollution, unsafe food, pesticides and toxic substances, and hazardous waste that have been associated with degraded human health. The book provides a unique description of international environmental health organizations and programs and describes how risk assessment has become an integral policy in environmental health legislation. Presenting a historical perspective of how environmental health has evolved, Environmental Policy and Public Health is the first book to bridge human health concerns and environmental protection. The book relates the relationship between controlling environmental hazards and the impact on human health and public health practice. It outlines how environmental justice has evolved and has been integrated into government environmental policies.

Environmental Policy Processes Surrounding South Africa’s Plastic Bags Regulations: Tensions, Debates and Responses in Waste Product Regulation

Author: Godwell Nhamo

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1599426528


Page: N.A

View: 8656

This study was conducted in South Africa. South Africa is the first country within the Southern African Development Community to have regulated plastic shopping bags waste through the imposition of both a standard on thickness and a levy. Given this scenario, the Plastic Bags Regulations present an illustrative case for researching complexity, uncertainty and controversies surrounding a new trend in environmental policy making, namely waste product regulation. The thesis focuses on understanding and investigating tensions, debates and responses emerging from the policy process as actors and actor-networks put not only the Plastic Bags Regulations into circulation as focal actant (token) but also other actants and actant-networks as well. To this end, a research question that addressed environmental policies, tensions, debates and responses that informed the development of South Africa s Plastic Bags Regulations was spelt out. The research objectives included the need to: (1) analyse selected international environmental policy processes surrounding plastic shopping bags litter and waste regulation and how these influenced developments in South Africa; (2) identify actors, actants and actor/actant-networks that shaped and were being transformed by South Africa s Plastic Bags Regulations and explain the tensions, debates and responses arising in the policy processes; (3) identify environmental policy outputs and assess outcomes emerging from the formulation and implementation of South Africa s Plastic Bags Regulations; and (4) establish patterns in environmental policy process reforms around South Africa s Plastic Bags Regulations. The language of actors (human), actants (non-human) and actor/actant-networks brings to the fore the aspects of processes and relationships that exist around them. As such, insights from the actor/actant-network theory (AANT) were drawn upon to inform the research. AANT enquiry framework collapses binaries such as nature/society, art/science, structure/agency and global/local historically associated with a particular type of social theory. AANT also denies that purely technical, scientific or social relations are possible (the notion of quasi-objects or token). Data sets were generated following the Plastic Bags Regulations as token actant with time frames ranging from prior to, during and after the formulation of the regulations. Similarly, data analysis drew insights from AANT s four moments of translation namely problematisation, interessement, enrolment and mobilisation, with the intervention theory providing an evaluative perspective that complemented AANT. The findings were that after the promulgation of the first draft of the Plastic Bags Regulations in May 2000, tensions emerged around the nature of regulation (whether command and control preferred by government or self regulation preferred by industry and labour). In this regard the latter group raised concerns about jobs, income and equipment loss as well as the need to have a holistic approach to waste management rather than targeting a single product at a time whilst the former maintained that this would not be so. As such, education, awareness and stringent antilitter penalties were proposed by industry and labour as sustainable responses to the problem of plastic shopping bags waste rather than regulation. These debates continued and resulted in minor amendments to the original regulations as finalised by Government in May 2002. However, industry and labour continued lobbying government resulting in the conclusion of the Plastic Bags Agreement in September 2002 and the ultimate repulsion of the May 2002 regulations in May 2003. As revealed by this research, these responses led to broader social responses and further tensions as demand for plastic shopping bags went down by about 80% although an estimated 1000 jobs were lost and a number of companies lost equipment and business (with some closing down) following the implementation of

Understanding Environmental Issues

Author: Susan Buckingham,Mike Turner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446239537

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8505

"Understanding Environmental Issues provides an excellent foundation for developing critical thinking about contemporary environmental concerns and the ways in which these are debated, represented and managed. The book should achieve its aim of stimulating students to engage with how ideas of sustainability and environmental justice can be applied both in policy and in practical action." - Gordon Walker, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University "The arena of environmental issues is a minefield for undergraduate students seeking clarity about key problems and solutions. This is where Understanding Environmental Issues will play a major role, providing a stimulating guide through the wealth of material and complex ideas. In particular the unification of social and physical science in the case studies provides a holistic approach to the subject that is essential for students and a refreshing innovation for environmental textbooks." - Anna R. Davies, Trinity College, University of Dublin There is now an unprecedented interest in, and concern about, environmental problems. Understanding Environmental Issues explains the science behind these problems, as well as the economic, political, social, and cultural factors which produce and reproduce them. This book: Explains, clearly and concisely, the science and social science necessary to understand environmental issues. Describes - in section one - the philosophies, values, politics, and technologies which contribute to the production of environmental issues. Uses cases on climate change, waste, food, and natural hazards in section two to provide detailed illustration and exemplification of the ideas described in section one. The conclusion, a case study of Mexico City, draws together the key themes Vivid, accessible and pedagogically informed, Understanding Environmental Issues will be a key resource for undergraduate and taught postgraduate students in Geography, Environment, and Ecology; as well as students of the social sciences with an interest in environmental issues.