Understanding Deviance

A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-Breaking

Author: David Downes,Paul Rock,Eugene McLaughlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198747349

Category:

Page: 424

View: 8197

In Understanding Deviance, Seventh Edition, leading experts David Downes, Paul Rock, and Eugene McLaughlin examine the major sociological theories behind crime and deviance, covering their development, recent research, and varying perspectives on their explanations of criminality. The authors discuss key debates in depth, challenging students to question assumptions and explore new avenues of scholarship. An extensive bibliography provides references to a wide range of both classic and lesser-known texts.

Understanding Deviance

A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking

Author: David M. Downes,Paul Rock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199569835

Category: Social Science

Page: 409

View: 4451

'Understanding Deviance' provides an indispensable guide to the major themes and theories which have come to form the sociology of crime and deviance, from their origins in the research of the University of Chicago sociology department in the 1920s to the most recent work in cultural criminology.

Understanding Deviance

A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking

Author: David M. Downes,Paul Elliott Rock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199278282

Category: Law

Page: 374

View: 6862

Downes and Rock's popular textbook, Understanding Deviance provides the reader with an indispensable guide to criminological theory. It sympathetically outlines the principal theories of crime and rule-breaking, discussing them chronologically, and placing them in their European and NorthAmerican contexts, confronting major criticisms that have been voiced against them, and constructing defences where appropriate. The book has been thoroughly revised and brought up to date to include new issues of crime, deviance and theory in the early twenty-first century, and includes summaries of cultural criminology and the work of Laub and Sampson, and Gottfredson and Hirschi, on control theory.

Understanding Deviance

Author: David M. Downes,Paul Rock,Chris McCormick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195425673

Category: Law

Page: 461

View: 8694

Understanding Deviance is an essential guide to criminological theory framed in a Canadian context. Prominent theorists such as Durkheim, Merton, and Thrasher are used to highlight the roots of the discipline, while the likes of Cicourel, Matza and Garland show how early approaches can be revised for the present-day. Some of the topics covered include juvenile deviance, street crime, aboriginal poverty, global capitalism, environmental crime, and living in a risk society. To ensure a balanced perspective, the major sociological theories of deviance are coupled with any important criticisms that have been voiced against them. Critical thinking questions and other pedagogical features showcase interesting issues that reflect the complex character of deviance in the modern world and act as a springboard for student exploration. This text offers students and instructors alike an excellent resource for studying deviance from a fresh new standpoint.

Shades of Deviance

A Primer on Crime, Deviance and Social Harm

Author: Rowland Atkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317907221

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 4861

Written in a unique format, Shades of Deviance is a turbo-driven guide to crime and deviance, offering 56 politically engaged, thought-provoking and accessibly written accounts of a wide range of socially and legally prohibited acts. This book will be essential reading for undergraduate students in the fields of criminology and sociology and those preparing to embark on degree courses in these fields, as well as general readers. Written by field-leading experts from across the globe and designed for those who want a clear and exciting introduction to the complex areas of crime and deviance, this book provides a large number of short overviews of a wide range of social problems, harms and criminal acts. Offering a series of cutting-edge and critical treatments of issues such as war and murder, paedophilia, ecocide, human experimentation, stalking and sexting, this book also gives a guide to further readings and suggestions for other media to develop the reader’s understanding of these issues. Shades of Deviance requires readers to critically reconsider their ideas about what is right and wrong, about what is socially harmful and which problems we should focus our attention on. It also provides careful analysis and reasoned explanation of complex issues in a world in which sensationalist headlines, anxiety and fear about crime permeate our lives - read it to be prepared!

Understanding Criminological Research

A Guide to Data Analysis

Author: John Martyn Chamberlain

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446291138

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 9014

Criminological research lies at the heart of criminological theory, influences social policy development, as well as informs criminal justice practice. The ability to collect, analyse and present empirical data is a core skill every student of criminology must learn. Written as an engaging step-by-step guide and illustrated by detailed case studies, this book guides the reader in how to analyse criminological data. Key features of the book include: o Guidance on how to identify a research topic, designing a research study, accounting for the role of the researcher and writing up and presenting research findings. o A thorough account of the development of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and data analysis within the field of criminology. o Relevant and up-to-date case studies, drawn from internationally published criminological research sources. o Clear and accessible chapter content supported by helpful introductions, concise summaries, self-study questions and suggestions for further reading. Understanding Criminological Research: A Guide to Data Analysis in invaluable reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in criminology and criminal justice.

Social Deviance

Author: Stuart Henry

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745643035

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 3469

This engaging introduction explores the meaning of social deviance in contemporary society, from criminal activity to alternative lifestyle choices. Stuart Henry traces the path by which we create deviance: how we single out behavior and appearances that differ from the ‘norm’, label them as offensive or unacceptable, and condemn them. It explains what kinds of behaviors are banned and who bans them, as well as exposing the important political influences on the social codes that lead to some people’s behavior being sanctioned and others’ being celebrated. Ultimately Social Deviance reveals the underlying process by which some people get sucked into deviant lifestyles from which there appears to be no escape, highlighting the central role of social stigma on a person’s identity. At its core this book looks at who becomes deviant and why. It delves into the multiple motives that cause rule breakers to behave badly, at least in the eyes of those they offend, and it reveals the way deviants think about their actions, their moral identity and their fellow moral outcasts.

Textbook on Criminology

Author: Katherine S. Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199592705

Category: Social Science

Page: 660

View: 4273

This text offers an engaging and wide-ranging account of crime and criminology. It provides a clear and comprehensive consideration of the theoretical, practical, and political aspects of the subject, including the influence of physical, biological, psychological, and social factors on criminality.

Crime, Social Control and Human Rights

From Moral Panics to States of Denial, Essays in Honour of Stanley Cohen

Author: David Downes,Paul Rock,Christine Chinkin,Conor Gearty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134006020

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 3198

The work of Stanley Cohen over four decades has come to acquire a classical status in the fields of criminology, sociology and human rights. His writing, research, teaching and practical engagement in these fields have been at once rigorously analytical and intellectually inspiring. It amounts to a unique contribution, immensely varied yet with several unifying themes, and it has made, and continues to make, a lasting impact around the world. His work thus has a protean character and scope which transcend time and place. This book of essays in Stanley Cohen's honour aims to build on and reflect some of his many-sided contributions. It contains chapters by some of the world's leading thinkers as well as the rising generation of scholars and practitioners whose approach has been shaped in significant respects by his own.

An introduction to critical criminology

Author: Ugwudike, Pamela

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447309618

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 6085

Critical criminological theories and perspectives are typically major components of Criminology degree courses. An Introduction to Critical Criminology is the first accessible text on these topics for students of criminology, sociology and social policy. Written by an experienced lecturer who specialises in the topic, it offers an in-depth but accessible introduction to foundational and contemporary theories and perspectives in critical criminology. In doing so, it introduces students to theories and perspectives that challenge mainstream criminological theories about the causes of crime, and the operation of the criminal justice system. With the inclusion of boxed examples, key points and sample essay questions An Introduction to Critical Criminology is ideal for students of Criminology because it explores in detail a vast array of critical criminological theories and perspectives.

Deviance

Social Constructions and Blurred Boundaries

Author: Leon Anderson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520292375

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 7191

"This sociology of deviance textbook draws on up-to-date scholarship across a spectrum of deviance categories, providing a symbolic interactionist analysis of the deviance process. The book addresses positivistic theories of deviant behavior within a more encompassing description of the deviance process that includes the work of deviance claims-makers, rule-breakers, and social control agents. Cross-cultural and historical treatment of deviance categories provides background for understanding current conceptions of, and responses to, deviance. The book is divided into four parts. Section One introduces students to the sociology of deviance. A sociological approach to deviance is contrasted with popular views of deviants as demonic, mentally ill, and culturally exotic. Sociological methods for studying deviance are described, with particular emphasis on deviance ethnography. Classic positivistic theories of deviant behavior are presented with critique and discussion of revised formulations of the theories. The symbolic interactionist/constructionist approach is presented as a recursive set of processes involving deviance claims-making by moral entrepreneurs, rule-breaking, actions of social control, and stigma management and resistance by those labelled as deviant. Section Two focuses on high consensus criminal deviance, with chapters on murder, rape, street-level property crime, and white collar crime. Chapters in Section Three addresses various forms of lifestyle deviance, including alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and sex work. Section Four examines three categories of status deviance: mental illness, obesity and eating disorders, and LGBTQ identities."--Provided by publisher.

Women, Crime and Criminology

A Feminist Critique

Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203079676

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 5741

First published in 1977, Women, Crime and Criminology presents a feminist critique of classical and contemporary theories of female criminality. It addresses the issue that criminology literature has, throughout history, been predominantly male-oriented, always treating female criminality as marginal to the 'proper' study of crime in society. Carol Smart explores a new direction in criminology, and the sociology of deviance, by investigating female crime from a committed feminist position. Examining the types of offences committed by female offenders, Smart points to the fallacies inherent in a reliance on official statistics and shows the deficiencies of the popular argument that female emancipation has caused an increase in female crime rates. She deals with studies of prostitution and rape and considers the treatment of women - as offenders and victims - by the criminal law, the police and courts, and the penal system. Particular attention is given to the question of lenient treatment for female offenders with the conclusion that women and girls are, in some important instances, actually discriminated against in our legal and penal systems. The relationship between female criminality and mental illness is discussed and the author concludes by dealing with some of the problems inherent in developing a feminist criminology.

Theorizing Crime and Deviance

A New Perspective

Author: Steve Hall

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1848606729

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 333

This sophisticated, original book investigates the motivations behind crime and deviance. Steve Hall uses cutting-edge philosophy and social theory to analyze empirical work on patterns of crime and illuminate contemporary criminological issues. He provides a fresh, relevant critique of the philosophical and political underpinnings of criminological theory and the theoretical canon’s development during the twentieth century. Presenting harm as a universal means of understanding crime and deviance, Theorizing Crime and Deviance draws on dialectics, transcendental materialism and psychosocial history to construct an alternative perspective for criminological thought in the twenty-first century.

Criminology

Author: Stephen Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199651841

Category: Law

Page: 457

View: 3149

The fifth edition of Criminology offers updated coverage of the main criminological theories. An engaging read for students of criminology, it traces the history and development of these key theories, and provides full references to guide the reader in their further criminological studies.

Crime and Criminology

Author: Rob White,Fiona Haines

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195551563

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 6979

Crime and Criminology, Fourth Edition, analyzes the causes of crime, while exploring the major theories and perspectives that attempt to explain criminal behavior in society. The fourth edition of this popular book provides an accessible and engaging introduction to all the major theories and approaches to crime, including classic theory, biological and psychological positivism, strain theory, labelling, Marxism, feminism, left realism, republicanism, and critical theory. NEW TO THIS EDITION * New real-life, contemporary case studies, with a particular focus on the role of media representations and other important concepts * New "Then and Now" boxes analyzing the evolution of criminological theories * Revised and updated chapters

His Bloody Project

Documents Relating to the Case of Roderick Macrae (Man Booker Prize Finalist 2016)

Author: Graeme MaCrae Burnet

Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1510719229

Category: Fiction

Page: 300

View: 3831

Man Booker Prize Finalist, LA Times Book Prize Finalist, New York Times Editor’s Choice, and an American Booksellers Association National Indie Bestseller! Named a Best Book of 2016 by Newsweek, NPR, The Guardian, The Telegraph, and The Sunday Times! In the smash hit historical thriller that the New York Times Book Review calls “thought provoking fiction,” a brutal triple murder in a remote Scottish farming community in 1869 leads to the arrest of seventeen-year-old Roderick Macrae. There is no question that Macrae committed this terrible act. What would lead such a shy and intelligent boy down this bloody path? And will he hang for his crime? Presented as a collection of documents discovered by the author, His Bloody Project opens with a series of police statements taken from the villagers of Culdie, Ross-shire. They offer conflicting impressions of the accused; one interviewee recalls Macrae as a gentle and quiet child, while another details him as evil and wicked. Chief among the papers is Roderick Macrae’s own memoirs where he outlines the series of events leading up to the murder in eloquent and affectless prose. There follow medical reports, psychological evaluations, a courtroom transcript from the trial, and other documents that throw both Macrae’s motive and his sanity into question. Graeme Macrae Burnet’s multilayered narrative—centered around an unreliable narrator—will keep the reader guessing to the very end. His Bloody Project is a deeply imagined crime novel that is both thrilling and luridly entertaining from an exceptional new voice.

Contexts of Deviance

Statuses, Institutions, and Interactions

Author: J. William Spencer

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199973571

Category: Social Science

Page: 511

View: 683

While most readers are more about deviance than sociology, this reader brings sociology front and center by studying deviance and social control in their social contexts. When we do this, sociologists go about using what we know, for example, about race or gender or the family or mass media or social movements to study and understand deviance and control. The reader is divided into six parts: 1) theory, 2) social control, 3) statuses and identities, 4) institutions, 5) social movements, and 6) subcultures. Readings range from classics to contemporary pieces, from macro-level studies to studies of face-to-face encounters. A wide range of theoretical traditions are represented - from functionalist and critical to post-modern and interactionist. Introductions help students see all of these connections: what it means to study deviance and control in a social context; to appreciate research questions at different levels of analysis; to understand how a positivist orientation is different from a subjectivist orientation. An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank authored by Dr. Thomas Ratliff (Arkansas State University) are available to qualified instructors via the Ancillary Resource Center (ARC) at www.oup-arc.com.

Deviance, Crime, and Control

Beyond the Straight and Narrow

Author: Lorne Tepperman,Alex Tepperman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780195447439

Category: Criminology

Page: 443

View: 408

With thorough coverage of historical developments, major theories, and contemporary concerns, Deviance, Crime, and Control uses a broad theoretical approach to explore the main theories of deviance, conformity, and social control and the specific types of behaviours that are considered deviant, focusing on appearance, sexuality, mental illness, substance abuse, adolescent risk-taking, street crime, terrorism, corporate theft, and religious and political fanaticism.

The Witch of Edmonton

Author: William Rowley,Peter Corbin,Thomas Dekker,John Ford

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719052477

Category: Drama

Page: 149

View: 7291

The Witch of Edmonton has received considerable attention recently both from scholars and critics interested in witchcraft practices and also from the directors in the theatre. The play, based on a sensational witchcraft trial of 1621, presents Mother Sawyer and her local community in the grip of a witch-mania reflecting popular belief and superstition of the time. This edition offers a thorough reconsideration of the text with a complete transcription of the original pamphlet by Henry Goodcole. This edition will be of particular interest not only to students of Renaissance Drama but also of the cultural history of the seventeenth century. Open University adopted text (for their new Renaissance Drama module).