Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology

A Practical Introduction

Author: Jeremy Miles,Philip Banyard

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1848604599

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 8303

`There are few people who can write about research methods in a lively and engaging way, but Miles and Banyard are amongst them. As well as being an exceptionally clear introduction to research methods, it is full of amusing asides and anecdotes that make you want to read more. A hugely enjoyable book' - Dr Andy Field, University of Sussex Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology takes the fear out of psychological statistics to help students understand why statistics are carried out, how to choose the best test and how to carry out the tests and understand them. Taking a non-technical approach, it encourages the reader to understand why a particular test is being used and what the results mean in the context of a psychological study, focusing on meaning and understanding rather than mindless numerical calculation. Key features include: - A light and accessible style - Descriptions of the most commonly used statistical tests and the principles that underlie them - Real world examples to aid the understanding of why statistics are valuable - Boxes on common errors, tips and quotes - Test yourself questions The perfect introductory resource, Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology will guide any student new to statistics effortlessly through the process of test selection and analysis. (Read Jeremy Miles's blog and access other useful information on statistics now at www.jeremymiles.co.uk)

Interpreting and Using Statistics in Psychological Research

Author: Andrew N. Christopher

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506304184

Category: Psychology

Page: 584

View: 7240

This practical, conceptual introduction to statistical analysis by award-winning teacher Andrew N. Christopher uses published research with inherently interesting social sciences content to help students make clear connections between statistics and real life. Using a friendly, easy-to-understand presentation, Christopher walks students through the hand calculations of key statistical tools and provides step-by-step instructions on how to run the appropriate analyses for each type of statistic in SPSS and how to interpret the output. With the premise that a conceptual grasp of statistical techniques is critical for students to truly understand why they are doing what they are doing, the author avoids overly formulaic jargon and instead focuses on when and how to use statistical techniques appropriately.

Discovering Statistics Using R

Author: Andy Field,Jeremy Miles,Zoë Field

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446200450

Category: Social Science

Page: 957

View: 6912

The R version of Andy Field's hugely popular Discovering Statistics Using SPSS takes students on a journey of statistical discovery using the freeware R. Like its sister textbook, Discovering Statistics Using R is written in an irreverent style and follows the same ground-breaking structure and pedagogical approach. The core material is enhanced by a cast of characters to help the reader on their way, hundreds of examples, self-assessment tests to consolidate knowledge, and additional website material for those wanting to learn more.

Understanding and Using Advanced Statistics

A Practical Guide for Students

Author: Jeremy J Foster,Emma Barkus,Christian Yavorsky

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412900140

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 3528

The spread of sophisticated computer packages and the machinery on which to run them has meant that procedures which were previously only available to experienced researchers with access to expensive machines and research students can now be carried out in a few seconds by almost every undergraduate. Understanding and Using Advanced Statistics provides the basis for gaining an understanding of what these analytic procedures do, when they should be used, and what the results provided signify. This comprehensive textbook guides students and researchers through the transition from simple statistics to more complex procedures with accessible language and illustration.

A Practical Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology

Author: Eugene B. Zechmeister,John J. Shaughnessy,Jeanne S. Zechmeister

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social

ISBN: 9780070727052

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 4404

This workbook designed to accompany Shaughnessy/Zechmeister, RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 4/e provides students with concrete examples of abstract ideas and gives students the kinds of practical experiences that aid understanding of research methods. The workbook offers instructors brief descriptions of published research in psychology related to the methods covered in each chapter of the text. The brief descriptions are then used as the basis for related questions, problems, and exercises. Instructors can use these exercises as homework assignments or as the basis for in-class discussion.

Research Methods in Psychology

A Practical Introduction

Author: R. A. McQueen,Christina Knussen

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 284

View: 1097

This text follows the basic structure underlying any research project, starting with decisions about topic choice and progessing the competent handling of complex data, to using the SPSS statistical package. The emphasis is on understanding the concepts of any analysis undertaken, rather than knowing precisely how to do correct mathematical calculations. Features include: quotations from students reflecting their fears and concerns; illustrative boxes showing relevant examples; and a flowchart and navigation guide to individual chapter contents allowing students to access material easily at any point in the text.

Understanding Psychological Bonds between Individuals and Organizations

The Coalescence Model of Organizational Identification

Author: S. Fuchs

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137033975

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 9344

In Understanding Psychological Bonds between Individuals and Organizations the author integrates different theoretical perspectives on how individuals form deep, meaningful, and self-defining relationships with their employing organization and proposes a novel and comprehensive take on key triggers and processes associated with such relationships.

Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology

Author: Darren Langdridge,Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131982031

Category: Psychology

Page: 558

View: 7607

This is a comprehensive introduction to research methods and data analysis. The book assumes no previous knowledge of research methods or psychology and provides an accessible and jargon-free way into this frequently difficult topic area.

Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Practical Introduction, Second Edition

Author: Rand Wilcox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 149879680X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 706

View: 4015

Requiring no prior training, Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences provides a two-semester, graduate-level introduction to basic statistical techniques that takes into account recent advances and insights that are typically ignored in an introductory course. Hundreds of journal articles make it clear that basic techniques, routinely taught and used, can perform poorly when dealing with skewed distributions, outliers, heteroscedasticity (unequal variances) and curvature. Methods for dealing with these concerns have been derived and can provide a deeper, more accurate and more nuanced understanding of data. A conceptual basis is provided for understanding when and why standard methods can have poor power and yield misleading measures of effect size. Modern techniques for dealing with known concerns are described and illustrated. Features: Presents an in-depth description of both classic and modern methods Explains and illustrates why recent advances can provide more power and a deeper understanding of data Provides numerous illustrations using the software R Includes an R package with over 1300 functions Includes a solution manual giving detailed answers to all of the exercises This second edition describes many recent advances relevant to basic techniques. For example, a vast array of new and improved methods is now available for dealing with regression, including substantially improved ANCOVA techniques. The coverage of multiple comparison procedures has been expanded and new ANOVA techniques are described. Rand Wilcox is a professor of psychology at the University of Southern California. He is the author of 13 other statistics books and the creator of the R package WRS. He currently serves as an associate editor for five statistics journals. He is a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute.

Understanding and Evaluating Research in Applied and Clinical Settings

Author: George A. Morgan,Jeffrey A. Gliner,Robert J. Harmon

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135604533

Category: Education

Page: 382

View: 7254

Clinically oriented professionals and students need to understand and evaluate the research and statistics in professional articles, especially given today's emphasis on evidence-based practice. This book demonstrates how the research approach and design help determine the appropriate statistical analysis. Understanding and Evaluating Research in Applied and Clinical Settings features: *short, independent, chapters that do not have to be read in order; *a guide to understanding why a particular statistic was selected; *an emphasis on effects sizes including measures of risk potency; *numerous cross-disciplinary examples to illustrate the material; and *methods to help determine practical and clinical significance and their relation to meta-analysis and evidence-based practice. This book is intended for practitioners and students in psychology, education, counseling, mental and allied health, nursing, and medicine, and as a text for courses on understanding research methods and statistics.

Statistical Analysis for Education and Psychology Researchers

Tools for Researchers in Education and Psychology

Author: Ian Peers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135717524

Category: Education

Page: 436

View: 2309

Basic statistical concepts such as probability, estimation and inference, and their role in research design and analysis are presented in this volume. The author demonstrates which statistical test to use in given circumstances and how to use it, drawing on data from psychology and education.; Written for those without a strong mathematical background, the book's examples can be worked using a pocket calculator. "Real life" data are analyzed using statistical software (SAS), output is interpreted, and a decision chart is presented which summarizes considerations when choosing a statistical test.

Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R

Author: Rand R. Wilcox

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119061393

Category: Mathematics

Page: 504

View: 2838

Features a straightforward and concise resource for introductory statistical concepts, methods, and techniques using R Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R uniquely bridges the gap between advances in the statistical literature and methods routinely used by non-statisticians. Providing a conceptual basis for understanding the relative merits and applications of these methods, the book features modern insights and advances relevant to basic techniques in terms of dealing with non-normality, outliers, heteroscedasticity (unequal variances), and curvature. Featuring a guide to R, the book uses R programming to explore introductory statistical concepts and standard methods for dealing with known problems associated with classic techniques. Thoroughly class-room tested, the book includes sections that focus on either R programming or computational details to help the reader become acquainted with basic concepts and principles essential in terms of understanding and applying the many methods currently available. Covering relevant material from a wide range of disciplines, Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R also includes: Numerous illustrations and exercises that use data to demonstrate the practical importance of multiple perspectives Discussions on common mistakes such as eliminating outliers and applying standard methods based on means using the remaining data Detailed coverage on R programming with descriptions on how to apply both classic and more modern methods using R A companion website with the data and solutions to all of the exercises Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R is an ideal textbook for an undergraduate and graduate-level statistics courses in the science and/or social science departments. The book can also serve as a reference for professional statisticians and other practitioners looking to better understand modern statistical methods as well as R programming. Rand R. Wilcox, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Southern California, Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, and an associate editor for four statistics journals. The author of more than 320 articles published in a variety of statistical journals, he is also the author eleven other books on statistics. Dr. Wilcox is creator of WRS (Wilcox’ Robust Statistics), which is an R package for performing robust statistical methods. His main research interest includes statistical methods, particularly robust methods for comparing groups and studying associations.

Understanding The New Statistics

Effect Sizes, Confidence Intervals, and Meta-Analysis

Author: Geoff Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136659188

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 6429

This is the first book to introduce the new statistics - effect sizes, confidence intervals, and meta-analysis - in an accessible way. It is chock full of practical examples and tips on how to analyze and report research results using these techniques. The book is invaluable to readers interested in meeting the new APA Publication Manual guidelines by adopting the new statistics - which are more informative than null hypothesis significance testing, and becoming widely used in many disciplines. Accompanying the book is the Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals (ESCI) package, free software that runs under Excel and is accessible at www.thenewstatistics.com. The book’s exercises use ESCI's simulations, which are highly visual and interactive, to engage users and encourage exploration. Working with the simulations strengthens understanding of key statistical ideas. There are also many examples, and detailed guidance to show readers how to analyze their own data using the new statistics, and practical strategies for interpreting the results. A particular strength of the book is its explanation of meta-analysis, using simple diagrams and examples. Understanding meta-analysis is increasingly important, even at undergraduate levels, because medicine, psychology and many other disciplines now use meta-analysis to assemble the evidence needed for evidence-based practice. The book’s pedagogical program, built on cognitive science principles, reinforces learning: Boxes provide "evidence-based" advice on the most effective statistical techniques. Numerous examples reinforce learning, and show that many disciplines are using the new statistics. Graphs are tied in with ESCI to make important concepts vividly clear and memorable. Opening overviews and end of chapter take-home messages summarize key points. Exercises encourage exploration, deep understanding, and practical applications. This highly accessible book is intended as the core text for any course that emphasizes the new statistics, or as a supplementary text for graduate and/or advanced undergraduate courses in statistics and research methods in departments of psychology, education, human development , nursing, and natural, social, and life sciences. Researchers and practitioners interested in understanding the new statistics, and future published research, will also appreciate this book. A basic familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.

Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Gillian Butler,Freda McManus

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191649236

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 9072

Psychology is part of everyone's experience: it influences the way we think about everything from education and intelligence, to relationships and emotions, advertising and criminality. People readily behave as amateur psychologists, offering explanations for what people think, feel, and do. But what exactly are psychologists trying to do? What scientific grounding do they have for their approach? This Very Short Introduction explores some of psychology's leading ideas and their practical relevance. In this new edition, Gillian Butler and Freda McManus explore a variety of new topics and ways of studying the brain. Until recently it was not possible to study the living human brain directly, so psychologists studied our behaviour, and used their observations to derive hypotheses about what was going on inside. Now - through neuroscience - our knowledge of the workings of the brain has increased and improved technology provides us with a scientific basis on which to understand the structure and workings of the brain, and allows brain activity to be observed and measured. Exploring some of the most important advances and developments in psychology - from evolutionary psychology and issues surrounding adolescence and aggression to cognitive psychology - this is a stimulating introduction for anyone interested in understanding the human mind. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Statistics Without Maths for Psychology

Author: Christine Dancey,John Reidy

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 1292128895

Category: Psychology

Page: 640

View: 7028

Highly praised for its clear, straightforward approach, Statistics without Maths 7th edition provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to statistics and SPSS. This widely used and trusted textbook is packed with examples, activities and questions to help you to test your learning and deepen your understanding in a practical and manageable way. Statistics without Maths for Psychology, 7e, will help you to gain the confidence to apply statistical concepts and use SPSS to analyse data within your studies and future independent research.

Foundations of Psychological Testing

A Practical Approach

Author: Leslie A. Miller,Robert L. Lovler

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483369277

Category: Psychology

Page: 640

View: 6204

Offering a clear introduction to the basics of psychological testing as well as to psychometrics and statistics, Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach, Fifth Edition by Leslie A. Miller and Robert L. Lovler is a practical book that includes discussion of foundational concepts and issues, using real-life examples and situations that students will easily recognize, relate to, and find interesting. A variety of pedagogical tools further the conceptual understanding needed for effective use of tests and test scores. Now aligned with the 2014 Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, the Fifth Edition offers new and expanded content throughout.

Approaching Multivariate Analysis, 2nd Edition

A Practical Introduction

Author: Pat Dugard,John Todman,Harry Staines

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415645911

Category: Psychology

Page: 440

View: 4917

This edition has been expanded to include new chapters describing methods and examples of particular interest to medical researchers It takes a very practical approach, aimed at enabling readers to begin using the methods to tackle their own problems.

A Conceptual Guide to Statistics Using SPSS

Author: Elliot T. Berkman,Steven P. Reise

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483342123

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 8584

Bridging an understanding of Statistics and SPSS. This unique text helps students develop a conceptual understanding of a variety of statistical tests by linking the ideas learned in a statistics class from a traditional statistics textbook with the computational steps and output from SPSS. Each chapter begins with a student-friendly explanation of the concept behind each statistical test and how the test relates to that concept. The authors then walk through the steps to compute the test in SPSS and the output, clearly linking how the SPSS procedure and output connect back to the conceptual underpinnings of the test. By drawing clear connections between the theoretical and computational aspects of statistics, this engaging text aids students' understanding of theoretical concepts by teaching them in a practical context.

Single-case and Small-n Experimental Designs

A Practical Guide To Randomization Tests, Second Edition

Author: Pat Dugard,Portia File,Jonathan Todman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136588477

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 4732

This practical guide explains the use of randomization tests and provides example designs and macros for implementation in IBM SPSS and Excel. It reviews the theory and practice of single-case and small-n designs so readers can draw valid causal inferences from small-scale clinical studies. The macros and example data are provided on the book’s website so that users can run analyses of the text data as well as data from their own studies. The new edition features: More explanation as to why randomization tests are useful and how to apply them. More varied and expanded examples that demonstrate the use of these tests in education, clinical work and psychology. A website with the macros and datasets for all of the text examples in IBM SPSS and Excel. Exercises at the end of most chapters that help readers test their understanding of the material. A new glossary that defines the key words that appear in italics when they are first introduced. A new appendix that reviews the basic skills needed to do randomization tests. New appendices that provide annotated SPSS and Excel macros to help readers write their own or tinker with the ones provided in the book. The book opens with an overview of single case and small n designs -- why they are needed and how they differ from descriptive case studies. Chapter 2 focuses on the basic concepts of randoization tests. Next how to choose and implement a randomization design is reviewed including material on how to perform the randomizations, how to select the number of observations, and how to record the data. Chapter 5 focuses on how to analyze the data including how to use the macros and understand the results. Chapter 6 shows how randomization tests fit into the body of statistical inference. Chapter 7 discusses size and power. The book concludes with a demonstration of how to edit or modify the macros or use parts of them to write your own. Ideal as a text for courses on single-case, small n design, and/or randomization tests taught at the graduate level in psychology (especially clinical, counseling, educational, and school), education, human development, nursing, and other social and health sciences, this inexpensive book also serves as a supplement in statistics or research methods courses. Practitioners and researchers with an applied clinical focus also appreciate this book’s accessible approach. An introduction to basic statistics, SPSS, and Excel is assumed.

First Steps In Research and Statistics

A Practical Workbook for Psychology Students

Author: Dennis Howitt,Duncan Cramer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134635494

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 5159

First Steps in Research and Statistics is a new, very accessible approach to learning about quantitative methods. No previous knowledge or experience is assumed and every stage of the research process is covered. Key topics include: * Formulating your research questions * How to choose the right statistical test for your research design * Important research issues, such as questionnaire design, ethics, sampling, reliability and validity * Conducting simple statistics to explore relationships and differences in your data * Using statistics to explore relationships and differences in your data * Writing up your research report and presenting statistics Simple and helpful worksheets and flow diagrams guide you through the research stages. Each chapter contains exercises with answers to check whether you've understood.