Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology

A Practical Introduction

Author: Jeremy Miles,Philip Banyard

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1848604599

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 7833

`There are few people who can write about research methods in a lively and engaging way, but Miles and Banyard are amongst them. As well as being an exceptionally clear introduction to research methods, it is full of amusing asides and anecdotes that make you want to read more. A hugely enjoyable book' - Dr Andy Field, University of Sussex Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology takes the fear out of psychological statistics to help students understand why statistics are carried out, how to choose the best test and how to carry out the tests and understand them. Taking a non-technical approach, it encourages the reader to understand why a particular test is being used and what the results mean in the context of a psychological study, focusing on meaning and understanding rather than mindless numerical calculation. Key features include: - A light and accessible style - Descriptions of the most commonly used statistical tests and the principles that underlie them - Real world examples to aid the understanding of why statistics are valuable - Boxes on common errors, tips and quotes - Test yourself questions The perfect introductory resource, Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology will guide any student new to statistics effortlessly through the process of test selection and analysis. (Read Jeremy Miles's blog and access other useful information on statistics now at www.jeremymiles.co.uk)

A Practical Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology

Author: Eugene B. Zechmeister,John J. Shaughnessy,Jeanne S. Zechmeister

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social

ISBN: 9780070727052

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 7668

This workbook designed to accompany Shaughnessy/Zechmeister, RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 4/e provides students with concrete examples of abstract ideas and gives students the kinds of practical experiences that aid understanding of research methods. The workbook offers instructors brief descriptions of published research in psychology related to the methods covered in each chapter of the text. The brief descriptions are then used as the basis for related questions, problems, and exercises. Instructors can use these exercises as homework assignments or as the basis for in-class discussion.

Understanding Psychological Bonds between Individuals and Organizations

The Coalescence Model of Organizational Identification

Author: S. Fuchs

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137033975

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 661

In Understanding Psychological Bonds between Individuals and Organizations the author integrates different theoretical perspectives on how individuals form deep, meaningful, and self-defining relationships with their employing organization and proposes a novel and comprehensive take on key triggers and processes associated with such relationships.

Interpreting and Using Statistics in Psychological Research

Author: Andrew N. Christopher

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506304184

Category: Psychology

Page: 584

View: 5995

This practical, conceptual introduction to statistical analysis by award-winning teacher Andrew N. Christopher uses published research with inherently interesting social sciences content to help students make clear connections between statistics and real life. Using a friendly, easy-to-understand presentation, Christopher walks students through the hand calculations of key statistical tools and provides step-by-step instructions on how to run the appropriate analyses for each type of statistic in SPSS and how to interpret the output. With the premise that a conceptual grasp of statistical techniques is critical for students to truly understand why they are doing what they are doing, the author avoids overly formulaic jargon and instead focuses on when and how to use statistical techniques appropriately.

Understanding and Using Advanced Statistics

A Practical Guide for Students

Author: Jeremy J Foster,Emma Barkus,Christian Yavorsky

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412900131

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 8178

The spread of sophisticated computer packages and the machinery on which to run them has meant that procedures which were previously only available to experienced researchers with access to expensive machines and research students can now be carried out in a few seconds by almost every undergraduate. Understanding and Using Advanced Statistics provides the basis for gaining an understanding of what these analytic procedures do, when they should be used, and what the results provided signify. This comprehensive textbook guides students and researchers through the transition from simple statistics to more complex procedures with accessible language and illustration.

Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R

Author: Rand R. Wilcox

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119061393

Category: Mathematics

Page: 504

View: 3766

Features a straightforward and concise resource for introductory statistical concepts, methods, and techniques using R Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R uniquely bridges the gap between advances in the statistical literature and methods routinely used by non-statisticians. Providing a conceptual basis for understanding the relative merits and applications of these methods, the book features modern insights and advances relevant to basic techniques in terms of dealing with non-normality, outliers, heteroscedasticity (unequal variances), and curvature. Featuring a guide to R, the book uses R programming to explore introductory statistical concepts and standard methods for dealing with known problems associated with classic techniques. Thoroughly class-room tested, the book includes sections that focus on either R programming or computational details to help the reader become acquainted with basic concepts and principles essential in terms of understanding and applying the many methods currently available. Covering relevant material from a wide range of disciplines, Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R also includes: Numerous illustrations and exercises that use data to demonstrate the practical importance of multiple perspectives Discussions on common mistakes such as eliminating outliers and applying standard methods based on means using the remaining data Detailed coverage on R programming with descriptions on how to apply both classic and more modern methods using R A companion website with the data and solutions to all of the exercises Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R is an ideal textbook for an undergraduate and graduate-level statistics courses in the science and/or social science departments. The book can also serve as a reference for professional statisticians and other practitioners looking to better understand modern statistical methods as well as R programming. Rand R. Wilcox, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Southern California, Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, and an associate editor for four statistics journals. The author of more than 320 articles published in a variety of statistical journals, he is also the author eleven other books on statistics. Dr. Wilcox is creator of WRS (Wilcox’ Robust Statistics), which is an R package for performing robust statistical methods. His main research interest includes statistical methods, particularly robust methods for comparing groups and studying associations.

Introduction to SPSS in Psychology

For Version 16 and Earlier

Author: Dennis Howitt,Duncan Cramer

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780132051644

Category: Psychology

Page: 377

View: 9187

Introduction to SPSS in Psychology 4/e, makes using SPSS for the analysis of data quick and simple. This student-friendly text offers the most comprehensive coverage of statistical techniques and how SPSS can handle and manipulate all kinds of data. The fourth edition provides new and extended coverage of what needs to be known about each statistical and data analysis procedure. The user is given a step-by-step guide through what kinds of data to enter and how; the SPSS steps needed to complete the analysis; and how to understand and write-up the results of the analysis. In no time, users will gain confidence that they understand a full range of statistical techniques and how to use them in practice. This book is accompanied by a CD containing datasets, worked examples and exercises to allow practice and revision of techniques covered in the book.

Statistical Analysis for Education and Psychology Researchers

Tools for Researchers in Education and Psychology

Author: Ian Peers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135717524

Category: Education

Page: 436

View: 565

Basic statistical concepts such as probability, estimation and inference, and their role in research design and analysis are presented in this volume. The author demonstrates which statistical test to use in given circumstances and how to use it, drawing on data from psychology and education.; Written for those without a strong mathematical background, the book's examples can be worked using a pocket calculator. "Real life" data are analyzed using statistical software (SAS), output is interpreted, and a decision chart is presented which summarizes considerations when choosing a statistical test.

Understanding and Evaluating Research in Applied and Clinical Settings

Author: George A. Morgan,Jeffrey A. Gliner,Robert J. Harmon

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135604533

Category: Education

Page: 382

View: 8266

Clinically oriented professionals and students need to understand and evaluate the research and statistics in professional articles, especially given today's emphasis on evidence-based practice. This book demonstrates how the research approach and design help determine the appropriate statistical analysis. Understanding and Evaluating Research in Applied and Clinical Settings features: *short, independent, chapters that do not have to be read in order; *a guide to understanding why a particular statistic was selected; *an emphasis on effects sizes including measures of risk potency; *numerous cross-disciplinary examples to illustrate the material; and *methods to help determine practical and clinical significance and their relation to meta-analysis and evidence-based practice. This book is intended for practitioners and students in psychology, education, counseling, mental and allied health, nursing, and medicine, and as a text for courses on understanding research methods and statistics.

Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology

Author: Darren Langdridge,Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131982031

Category: Psychology

Page: 558

View: 2556

This is a comprehensive introduction to research methods and data analysis. The book assumes no previous knowledge of research methods or psychology and provides an accessible and jargon-free way into this frequently difficult topic area.

Handbook of Psychology, Research Methods in Psychology

Author: Irving B. Weiner,John A. Schinka,Wayne F. Velicer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118282035

Category: Psychology

Page: 800

View: 4781

Psychology is of interest to academics from many fields, as well as to the thousands of academic and clinical psychologists and general public who can't help but be interested in learning more about why humans think and behave as they do. This award-winning twelve-volume reference covers every aspect of the ever-fascinating discipline of psychology and represents the most current knowledge in the field. This ten-year revision now covers discoveries based in neuroscience, clinical psychology's new interest in evidence-based practice and mindfulness, and new findings in social, developmental, and forensic psychology.

Research Methods in Psychology

A Practical Introduction

Author: R. A. McQueen,Christina Knussen

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Psychology

Page: 284

View: 9241

This text follows the basic structure underlying any research project, starting with decisions about topic choice and progessing the competent handling of complex data, to using the SPSS statistical package. The emphasis is on understanding the concepts of any analysis undertaken, rather than knowing precisely how to do correct mathematical calculations. Features include: quotations from students reflecting their fears and concerns; illustrative boxes showing relevant examples; and a flowchart and navigation guide to individual chapter contents allowing students to access material easily at any point in the text.

First Steps In Research and Statistics

A Practical Workbook for Psychology Students

Author: Dennis Howitt,Duncan Cramer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134635494

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 6598

First Steps in Research and Statistics is a new, very accessible approach to learning about quantitative methods. No previous knowledge or experience is assumed and every stage of the research process is covered. Key topics include: * Formulating your research questions * How to choose the right statistical test for your research design * Important research issues, such as questionnaire design, ethics, sampling, reliability and validity * Conducting simple statistics to explore relationships and differences in your data * Using statistics to explore relationships and differences in your data * Writing up your research report and presenting statistics Simple and helpful worksheets and flow diagrams guide you through the research stages. Each chapter contains exercises with answers to check whether you've understood.

Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Gillian Butler,Freda McManus

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191649236

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 8801

Psychology is part of everyone's experience: it influences the way we think about everything from education and intelligence, to relationships and emotions, advertising and criminality. People readily behave as amateur psychologists, offering explanations for what people think, feel, and do. But what exactly are psychologists trying to do? What scientific grounding do they have for their approach? This Very Short Introduction explores some of psychology's leading ideas and their practical relevance. In this new edition, Gillian Butler and Freda McManus explore a variety of new topics and ways of studying the brain. Until recently it was not possible to study the living human brain directly, so psychologists studied our behaviour, and used their observations to derive hypotheses about what was going on inside. Now - through neuroscience - our knowledge of the workings of the brain has increased and improved technology provides us with a scientific basis on which to understand the structure and workings of the brain, and allows brain activity to be observed and measured. Exploring some of the most important advances and developments in psychology - from evolutionary psychology and issues surrounding adolescence and aggression to cognitive psychology - this is a stimulating introduction for anyone interested in understanding the human mind. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Research Methods for Clinical Therapists E-Book

Applied Project Design and Analysis

Author: Carolyn M. Hicks

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702041882

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 6256

Struggling to do a project or dissertation, evaluate published research or conduct your own research? Help is at hand with this 5th edition of Research Methods for Clinical Therapists, which explains, in a clear and simple manner, how to evaluate existing research and how to conduct your own research. Aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as the practising health care professional, the focus of the text is the design and analysis of experimental studies. These are vital to the effectiveness studies that are central to the work of the healthcare professional. Specific examples from different areas of healthcare are used to explain the core research concepts and relate them to clinical situations. Statistical theory and jargon are kept to a minimum. 'Key concept' boxes to explain technical research terms Activities and exercises (with answers provided in an appendix) to reinforce learning Sample critique of a published research article Comprehensive coverage of the key components of a robust research study Explanation of basic mathematical concepts Extended section on calculating sample sizes Guidelines on the preparation of posters Calculation of Inter-rater reliability measures, including Cohen’s Kappa, ICC (interclass correlation) and Bland-Altman graphs of inter-rater agreement Introduction to Receiver Operating Characteristics, for use in screening and diagnostic testing against gold-standards The Thurstone Paired Comparison Technique, valuable in capturing the user voice on a variety of service planning, design and development issues Undertaking Systematic Reviews Relevant further reading for each chapter to support readers in their work.

Understanding The New Statistics

Effect Sizes, Confidence Intervals, and Meta-Analysis

Author: Geoff Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136659188

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 4216

This is the first book to introduce the new statistics - effect sizes, confidence intervals, and meta-analysis - in an accessible way. It is chock full of practical examples and tips on how to analyze and report research results using these techniques. The book is invaluable to readers interested in meeting the new APA Publication Manual guidelines by adopting the new statistics - which are more informative than null hypothesis significance testing, and becoming widely used in many disciplines. Accompanying the book is the Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals (ESCI) package, free software that runs under Excel and is accessible at www.thenewstatistics.com. The book’s exercises use ESCI's simulations, which are highly visual and interactive, to engage users and encourage exploration. Working with the simulations strengthens understanding of key statistical ideas. There are also many examples, and detailed guidance to show readers how to analyze their own data using the new statistics, and practical strategies for interpreting the results. A particular strength of the book is its explanation of meta-analysis, using simple diagrams and examples. Understanding meta-analysis is increasingly important, even at undergraduate levels, because medicine, psychology and many other disciplines now use meta-analysis to assemble the evidence needed for evidence-based practice. The book’s pedagogical program, built on cognitive science principles, reinforces learning: Boxes provide "evidence-based" advice on the most effective statistical techniques. Numerous examples reinforce learning, and show that many disciplines are using the new statistics. Graphs are tied in with ESCI to make important concepts vividly clear and memorable. Opening overviews and end of chapter take-home messages summarize key points. Exercises encourage exploration, deep understanding, and practical applications. This highly accessible book is intended as the core text for any course that emphasizes the new statistics, or as a supplementary text for graduate and/or advanced undergraduate courses in statistics and research methods in departments of psychology, education, human development , nursing, and natural, social, and life sciences. Researchers and practitioners interested in understanding the new statistics, and future published research, will also appreciate this book. A basic familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.

Psychology of Science

Implicit and Explicit Processes

Author: Robert W. Proctor,E.J. Capaldi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199753628

Category: Medical

Page: 523

View: 8614

Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.

An Introduction to Statistical Concepts

Third Edition

Author: Debbie L Hahs-Vaughn,Richard G Lomax

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136490124

Category: Psychology

Page: 840

View: 7713

This comprehensive, flexible text is used in both one- and two-semester courses to review introductory through intermediate statistics. Instructors select the topics that are most appropriate for their course. Its conceptual approach helps students more easily understand the concepts and interpret SPSS and research results. Key concepts are simply stated and occasionally reintroduced and related to one another for reinforcement. Numerous examples demonstrate their relevance. This edition features more explanation to increase understanding of the concepts. Only crucial equations are included. In addition to updating throughout, the new edition features: New co-author, Debbie L. Hahs-Vaughn, the 2007 recipient of the University of Central Florida's College of Education Excellence in Graduate Teaching Award. A new chapter on logistic regression models for today's more complex methodologies. More on computing confidence intervals and conducting power analyses using G*Power. Many more SPSS screenshots to assist with understanding how to navigate SPSS and annotated SPSS output to assist in the interpretation of results. Extended sections on how to write-up statistical results in APA format. New learning tools including chapter-opening vignettes, outlines, and a list of key concepts, many more examples, tables, and figures, boxes, and chapter summaries. More tables of assumptions and the effects of their violation including how to test them in SPSS. 33% new conceptual, computational, and all new interpretative problems. A website that features PowerPoint slides, answers to the even-numbered problems, and test items for instructors, and for students the chapter outlines, key concepts, and datasets that can be used in SPSS and other packages, and more. Each chapter begins with an outline, a list of key concepts, and a vignette related to those concepts. Realistic examples from education and the behavioral sciences illustrate those concepts. Each example examines the procedures and assumptions and provides instructions for how to run SPSS, including annotated output, and tips to develop an APA style write-up. Useful tables of assumptions and the effects of their violation are included, along with how to test assumptions in SPSS. 'Stop and Think' boxes provide helpful tips for better understanding the concepts. Each chapter includes computational, conceptual, and interpretive problems. The data sets used in the examples and problems are provided on the web. Answers to the odd-numbered problems are given in the book. The first five chapters review descriptive statistics including ways of representing data graphically, statistical measures, the normal distribution, and probability and sampling. The remainder of the text covers inferential statistics involving means, proportions, variances, and correlations, basic and advanced analysis of variance and regression models. Topics not dealt with in other texts such as robust methods, multiple comparison and nonparametric procedures, and advanced ANOVA and multiple and logistic regression models are also reviewed. Intended for one- or two-semester courses in statistics taught in education and/or the behavioral sciences at the graduate and/or advanced undergraduate level, knowledge of statistics is not a prerequisite. A rudimentary knowledge of algebra is required.

Understanding Statistical Concepts Using S-plus

Author: Randall E. Schumacker,Allen Akers

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135657033

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 6180

Written as a supplemental text for an introductory or intermediate statistics course, this book is organized along the lines of many popular statistics texts. The chapters provide a good conceptual understanding of basic statistics and include exercises that use S-PLUS simulation programs. Each chapter lists a set of objectives and a summary. The book offers a rich insight into how probability has shaped statistical procedures in the behavioral sciences, as well as a brief history behind the creation of various statistics. Computational skills are kept to a minimum by including S-PLUS programs that run the exercises in the chapters. Students are not required to master the writing of S-PLUS programs, but explanations of how the programs work and program output are included in each chapter. S-PLUS is an advanced statistical package that has an extensive library of functions, which offer flexibility in writing customized routines. The S-PLUS functions provide the capability of programming object and dialog windows, which are commonly used in Windows software applications. The S-PLUS program also contains pull-down menus for the statistical analysis of data. A ZIP file containing programs that work in S-PLUS 6.2 for use with this book is available for download from http://www.psypress.com/resources/9780805836233.zip - please note that these scripts will only run in S-PLUS 6.2 and not later versions due to changes in the programming language syntax.