The Surprising Payoff of Trial-and-Error for Business, Politics, and Society

Author: Jim Manzi

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0465029310

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6894

How do we know which social and economic policies work, which should be continued, and which should be changed? Jim Manzi argues that throughout history, various methods have been attempted—except for controlled experimentation. Experiments provide the feedback loop that allows us, in certain limited ways, to identify error in our beliefs as a first step to correcting them. Over the course of the first half of the twentieth century, scientists invented a methodology for executing controlled experiments to evaluate certain kinds of proposed social interventions. This technique goes by many names in different contexts (randomized control trials, randomized field experiments, clinical trials, etc.). Over the past ten to twenty years this has been increasingly deployed in a wide variety of contexts, but it remains the red-haired step child of modern social science. This is starting to change, and this change should be encouraged and accelerated, even though the staggering complexity of human society creates severe limits to what social science could be realistically expected to achieve. Randomized trials have shown, for example, that work requirements for welfare recipients have succeeded like nothing else in encouraging employment, that charter school vouchers have been successful in increasing educational attainment for underprivileged children, and that community policing has worked to reduce crime, but also that programs like Head Start and Job Corps, which might be politically attractive, fail to attain their intended objectives. Business leaders can also use experiments to test decisions in a controlled, low-risk environment before investing precious resources in large-scale changes – the philosophy behind Manzi's own successful software company. In a powerful and masterfully-argued book, Manzi shows us how the methods of science can be applied to social and economic policy in order to ensure progress and prosperity.

Uncontrolled Experiments in Freedom

Author: Brian Ellis

Publisher: Write Bloody Publishing

ISBN: 0981521339

Category: Poetry

Page: 76

View: 3594

Uncontrolled Experiments In Freedom is a poetically manic and shimmering account of the life of Brian Stephen Ellis. His words shiver, rant and constantly threaten to fall apart under the weight of their own gravity. His narratives come from and carry the images of a world where many believe no poetry to exist. His voice is a second-hand microscope examining the fuzzy science of survival. Ellis' colorful voice is a strong addition to the Boston spoken word tradition

Arms Uncontrolled

Author: Frank Barnaby,Ronald Huisken,Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674046559

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 6148

The arms race has become a global phenomenon. Each year the world spends a staggering sum on armaments; total military expenditure is almost equal to the entire national income of the poorer half of mankind; aid given underdeveloped countries is a mere 5 percent of money spent for military purposes; resources devoted to medical research are less than a quarter of those devoted to military research and development.

Uncontrolled Spin

The Power and Danger of Spin

Author: Jerry Summers

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1514407973

Category: Fiction

Page: 216

View: 9997

Sean Green, the spin doctor for many multimillion dollar companies, becomes infatuated with the idea of helping a beautiful woman take her apparel business to the next level. During the process, his best friend, biggest client, and mentor is murdered at one of Seans homes. Through Brazilian connections, lessons in using the power of sex, international marketing, and police investigations, the writer develops an array of characters and plot twists that keep you turning the pages. With knowledgeable research, straightforward language, and the ability to draw the reader into the current situation, you will lose yourself in the characters Jerry Summers has created and brought to life (and death) in his first novel in a series of unmissable books. Cover photo and design credit to Daniel Cameron Photography.

Uncontrolled Substance

The Solution

Author: Kenneth Foust

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1434349519

Category: Fiction

Page: 240

View: 5361

This book which I am introducing to you, is the mirror on the early life of the author, and chronicles the path that was taken by one sister who is the product of the Jamaican Diaspora. Habibah had her early beginnings in the Parish of St. Thomas, and was educated in a number of local schools. Her life skills were honed both in and out of the classroom. This enabled her to have great strength, determination, and courage to be victorious in the many trials she has encountered. As a child, she experience a very austere lifestyle, and as such, she lacked many social amenities. She was exposed to abject poverty, and was given laborious chores which should have been done by those many years her senior Her parents would often dispense punitive control as a way of maintaining discipline. And as such, Habibah came to accept the abuse overtime as a integral part of her childhood and adolescent life. She was also the product of incest and other sexual abuse, perpetrated by a family member and friends. This reinforced in her childlike mind at the time, just like her unkempt appearance, she was less than acceptable even in her own social circle. From a very early age she has been involved in different aspects of church life. This has culminated in her displaying a very strong spiritual pose today. Because of her great love and trust in God, she has grown to become a spiritual warrior, which places her on a high dimensional level, with the ability to reach down to help others with love and compassion. Her dynamic experiences have shone light into many dark corners and has steered her life along the path, which mark the beginning of her discovery, and today it has culminated in the book, Living through the Worst of it.' Jamal.

The Uncontrolled

Author: Zachary Astrowsky

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781986532563


Page: 328

View: 2711

The robotic way people smile is John's first inclination that things are not quite as they seem in Grand Siles. Attending his last year of middle school, the boy's parents are forced to tell him about a plot so abominable that it upends John's world. At the age of fourteen, everyone is brainwashed with a tracking device by a society called Tracker for Globe "T.F.G." John, and his friends, Chase and Hazel, become aware of this hidden society tracking and controlling people when it is their turn to be implanted with the device. Over time plot twists come into play as John starts seeing visions of the future and a second secret group, the Renegades, work with John to fight the T.F.G. While hope of winning the war is right within their grasp, John realizes he might not be the only with special abilities. With a creative use of holograms and plotting, John and his friends, along with the Renegades, take on the T.F.G. in an exciting and unexpected battle.

The Flight of Uncontrolled Rockets

International Series of Monographs on Aeronautics and Astronautics

Author: F. R. Gantmakher,L. M. Levin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483164942

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 932

International Series of Monographs on Aeronautics and Astronautics, Division VII, Volume 5: The Flight of Uncontrolled Rockets focuses on external ballistics of uncontrolled rockets. The book first discusses the equations of motion of rockets. The rocket as a system of changing composition; application of solidification principle to rockets; rotational motion of rockets; and equations of motion of the center of mass of rockets are described. The text looks at the calculation of trajectory of rockets and the fundamentals of rocket dispersion. The selection further focuses on the dispersion of finned rockets. Topics include the critical section of the trajectory; standard formula for calculating angular deviation; dispersion of actual rockets; and effective launcher length. The text also describes the dispersion of finned rotated rockets and of finned anti-tank rockets. The book also examines the effect of wind on the flight of rockets. Topics include correction to the coordinates of the point of impact for finned rockets; general effect of wind on dispersion; and general treatment of powered flight in the presence of wind. The text is important for readers interested in the ballistics of uncontrolled rockets.

Selection of Pedestrian Crossing Treatments at Controlled and Uncontrolled

Author: Suleiman Ashur,Mohammad Alhassan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781622603428


Page: N.A

View: 7019

Designers and traffic engineers have to make decisions on selecting a pedestrian treatment whenever designing a new pedestrian facility or retrofitting an existing one. The goal is either to provide or improve pedestrian safety at pedestrian crossing facilities, including controlled locations of signalized intersections and approaches with stop and yield signs, and uncontrolled locations of intersections and midblock sites. Currently, the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) has limited resources on pedestrian treatment selection that does not take into consideration key elements such as number of lanes and the existence of a raised median. Therefore, there is a need to find a more detailed and comprehensive approach to providing guidelines when deciding on a pedestrian crossing treatment. The approach has to be practical and can be easily utilized by traffic and design engineers, planners, and other constituents.Most of the State DOTs developed their guidelines on pedestrian crossing treatment based on several resources. However, the 2002 FHWA-RD-01-075 study titled "Safety Effects of Marked Vs. Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations" was adopted by several states either "as is," with some modifications, or referenced as a source on pedestrian crosswalk selection. State DOTs mainly use standards and guidelines from the National MUTCD, Part 3 and NCHRP Report 672 for roundabout crosswalk markings. In general, there are no clear warrants for grade separation treatment. In addition, there is a need for a national and comprehensive study to develop practical guidelines on pedestrian crossing treatments, especially on multilane roadways, complex intersections, and when the speed is 45 mph or more.This study proposed guidelines on crosswalk markings and treatment selection of pedestrian crossings based on a synthesis of federal and state reports, guidelines, design manuals, polices, and other relevant publications. It is recommended to adopt these guidelines as a reference for pedestrian treatment selection at INDOT.

Perioperative Fluid Therapy

Author: Robert G. Hahn,Donald S. Prough,Christer H. Svensen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420016680

Category: Medical

Page: 554

View: 6122

Perioperative fluid therapy requires the correct selection, amount, and composition of fluids based on the patient's underlying pathology, state of hydration, and type and duration of surgical stress. Filling a gap in the literature, this source provides a solid foundation to practical perioperative fluid management, fluid solutions, and the utilization of fluids in clinical and surgical environments, and analyzes the composition of body compartments, the regulation of water and electrolytes, and bodily response to traumatic and surgical conditions.

Success Power 19

How Uncontrolled Passions Ruin Mind and Body

Author: Frank Channing Haddock

Publisher: Wildside Press LLC

ISBN: 1434453723

Category: Self-Help

Page: 64

View: 4091

Includes: "How Uncontrolled Passions Ruin Mind and Body," "How the Sex-force Builds Strong Manhood," and "New Psychic Laws for Perfection of Body."

The Race To The Bottom

Why A Worldwide Worker Surplus And Uncontrolled Free Trade Are Sinking American Living Standards

Author: Alan Tonelson

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 078673079X

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 6882

With the end of the 1990s economic boom, The Race to the Bottom deftly explores how the United States has entered a no-win global competition in which the countries with the lowest wages, weakest workplace safety laws, and toughest repression of unions win investment from the U.S. and Europe. Tonelson analyzes how the entry of such population giants as China, India, and Mexico into the global market has accelerated the erosion of wages and labor standards around the world. And he describes how an ever-larger share of this low-wage competition is hitting not just sectors like apparel and toys, but also many of America's highest wage industries like aerospace and software. Tonelson explains why the re-education and retraining programs touted by many political leaders offer little but false hopes to most U.S. workers as he outlines the real decisions Washington needs to make to ensure long-term prosperity for the U.S. and the rest of the world. Updated with a new prologue from the author.

Transfer Pricing and Corporate Taxation

Problems, Practical Implications and Proposed Solutions

Author: Elizabeth King

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387781838

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 7179

National tax authorities individually determine multinational ?rms’ country-speci?c tax liabilities by applying one or more sanctioned transfer pricing methodologies. These methodologies are founded on basic assumptions about market structure and ?rm behavior that are rarely empirically valid. Moreover, for the most part, the transfer pricing methodologies now in vogue were developed before the Internet became a dominant factor in the world economy, and hedge and private equity funds transformed ?nancial and commodities markets. For these reasons, multinational ?rms are unable to accurately anticipate their tax liabilities in individual countries, and remain at risk of double taxation. Uncertainties in corporate tax liability are extremely costly, both for individual corporations and from an economy-wide perspective. Firms pay exorbitant fees to have tax attorneys, accountants and economists prepare the documentation required by tax authorities to substantiate their intercompany pricing practices and defend their tax positions on audit. Corporate tax liabilities are also potentially much higher than they would be under a more transparent and predictable transfer pricing regime (due to the potential for double taxation and penalties), and investors’ returns are reduced accordingly. The FASB’s Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (released on July 13, 2006), has motivated multinational ?rms to increase their reserves substantially (in many cases at the insistence of their au- tors), reducing the total funds available for productive investment. 1 The current transfer pricing regimes are embodied in the OECD Guidelines, individual OECD member countries’ interpretations thereof, the U. S.

Kinetic Control - E-Book

The Management of Uncontrolled Movement

Author: Mark Comerford,Sarah Mottram

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729579077

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 3290

This text is designed as clinical reference to develop knowledge of the examination, diagnosis and classification of uncontrolled movement (motor control dysfunction) and the management of movement dysfunction. It will help the therapist: Develop clinical skills in the assessment and retraining of movement control To use movement control tests to identify uncontrolled movement To classify uncontrolled movement into diagnostic subgroups Access a large range of motor control and movement retraining strategies Develop an assessment framework that will provide a diagnosis of dysfunction, pain sensitive tissues and pain mechanisms Use a clinical reasoning framework to prioritise clinical decision making Provides detailed explanation of evidence and research underpinning motor control dysfunction and movement retraining Unique subclassification system of musculoskeletal disorders and pain Region specific testing -step by step instructions for assessment, diagnosis, classification and treatment using Movement Performance Solutions unique system Highly illustrated with clear step by step instructions for treatment of Lumbar, Cervical and Thoracic Spine, Shoulder and Hip

Public Relations Cases

Author: Jerry Hendrix,Darrell Hayes

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495567787

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 3639

Primarily using Public Relations Society of America award-winning cases, PUBLIC RELATIONS CASES, Eighth Edition, presents a clear theoretical grounding in the major areas of public relations. Using the ROPE process model (Research, Objectives, Programming, and Evaluation), the authors keep students focused on the strategic elements of exemplary communications campaigns. The case studies provide glimpses into best practices for public relations campaigns as recognized by professionals in the field. The cases all use a strategic communications model, where clearly defined objectives are based on sound research and good audience analysis, followed by creative tactics that are evaluated for their effectiveness. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Uncontrolled Pain

Ukraine's Obligation to Ensure Evidence-based Palliative Care

Author: Diederik Lohman,Human Rights Watch (Organization)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781564327680

Category: Evidence-based medicine

Page: 93

View: 8148

"Every year, tens of thousands of people in Ukraine develop severe, chronic pain due to cancer, HIV/AIDS, and other health conditions. Most do not have access to adequate strong pain medications, even though morphine--the medication of choice for severe pain--is effective, safe, and inexpensive. Like Vlad Zhukovsky, many of these patients face unbearable suffering, often for extended periods of time. The World Health Organization holds that "[m]ost, if not all, pain due to cancer could be relieved if we implemented existing medical knowledge and treatments." Yet, the Ukrainian government has done little to ensure that patients who face severe pain have access to appropriate treatment, including morphine. Unnecessarily onerous drug regulations and lack of oral morphine make strong pain medications inaccessible to large swaths of the population. Even patients who can access them suffer since most doctors are not adequately trained in managing pain, and drug regulations interfere with evidence-based medical care. The lack of government action to address this situation violates the right to health and, in some cases, the prohibition of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment. It also causes enormous pain to patients with pain and their families. Uncontrolled Pain: Ukraine's Obligation to Ensure Palliative Care calls on Ukraine's government to take immediate steps to ensure all patients with pain can access appropriate health services."--P. [4] of cover.