Trustworthy Reconfigurable Systems

Enhancing the Security Capabilities of Reconfigurable Hardware Architectures

Author: Thomas Feller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658070056

Category: Computers

Page: 212

View: 4276

​Thomas Feller sheds some light on trust anchor architectures for trustworthy reconfigurable systems. He is presenting novel concepts enhancing the security capabilities of reconfigurable hardware. Almost invisible to the user, many computer systems are embedded into everyday artifacts, such as cars, ATMs, and pacemakers. The significant growth of this market segment within the recent years enforced a rethinking with respect to the security properties and the trustworthiness of these systems. The trustworthiness of a system in general equates to the integrity of its system components. Hardware-based trust anchors provide measures to compare the system configuration to reference measurements. Reconfigurable architectures represent a special case in this regard, as in addition to the software implementation, the underlying hardware architecture may be exchanged, even during runtime.

Reconfigurable Computing: Architectures, Tools and Applications

9th International Symposium, ARC 2013, Los Angeles, CA, USA, March 25-27, 2013, Proceedings

Author: Philip Brisk,José Gabriel de Figueiredo Coutinho,Pedro C. Diniz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642368123

Category: Computers

Page: 238

View: 3204

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed conference proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Reconfigurable Computing: Architectures, Tools and Applications, ARC 2013, held in Los Angeles, CA, USA, in March 2013. The 28 revised papers presented, consisting of 20 full papers and 11 poster papers were carefully selected from 41 submissions. The topics covered are applications, arithmetic, design optimization for FPGAs, architectures, place and routing.

Design Methodologies for Secure Embedded Systems

Festschrift in Honor of Prof. Dr.-Ing. Sorin A. Huss

Author: Alexander Biedermann,Gregor H Molter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642167675

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 207

View: 5078

Embedded systems have been almost invisibly pervading our daily lives for several decades. They facilitate smooth operations in avionics, automotive electronics, or telecommunication. New problems arise by the increasing employment, interconnection, and communication of embedded systems in heterogeneous environments: How secure are these embedded systems against attacks or breakdowns? Therefore, how can embedded systems be designed to be more secure? How can embedded systems autonomically react to threats? Facing these questions, Sorin A. Huss is significantly involved in the exploration of design methodologies for secure embedded systems. This Festschrift is dedicated to him and his research on the occasion of his 60th birthday.

Cryptographic Algorithms on Reconfigurable Hardware

Author: Francisco Rodriguez-Henriquez,N.A. Saqib,Arturo Díaz Pérez,Cetin Kaya Koc

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387366822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 362

View: 2923

Software-based cryptography can be used for security applications where data traffic is not too large and low encryption rate is tolerable. But hardware methods are more suitable where speed and real-time encryption are needed. Until now, there has been no book explaining how cryptographic algorithms can be implemented on reconfigurable hardware devices. This book covers computational methods, computer arithmetic algorithms, and design improvement techniques needed to implement efficient cryptographic algorithms in FPGA reconfigurable hardware platforms. The author emphasizes the practical aspects of reconfigurable hardware design, explaining the basic mathematics involved, and giving a comprehensive description of state-of-the-art implementation techniques.

Reconfigurable Computing

The Theory and Practice of FPGA-Based Computation

Author: Scott Hauck,André DeHon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556017

Category: Computers

Page: 944

View: 7797

Reconfigurable Computing marks a revolutionary and hot topic that bridges the gap between the separate worlds of hardware and software design— the key feature of reconfigurable computing is its groundbreaking ability to perform computations in hardware to increase performance while retaining the flexibility of a software solution. Reconfigurable computers serve as affordable, fast, and accurate tools for developing designs ranging from single chip architectures to multi-chip and embedded systems. Scott Hauck and Andre DeHon have assembled a group of the key experts in the fields of both hardware and software computing to provide an introduction to the entire range of issues relating to reconfigurable computing. FPGAs (field programmable gate arrays) act as the “computing vehicles to implement this powerful technology. Readers will be guided into adopting a completely new way of handling existing design concerns and be able to make use of the vast opportunities possible with reconfigurable logic in this rapidly evolving field. Designed for both hardware and software programmers Views of reconfigurable programming beyond standard programming languages Broad set of case studies demonstrating how to use FPGAs in novel and efficient ways

Network and System Security

9th International Conference, NSS 2015, New York, NY, USA, November 3-5, 2015, Proceedings

Author: Meikang Qiu,Shouhuai Xu,Moti Yung,Haibo Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319256459

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 1332

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Network and System Security, NSS 2015, held in New York City, NY, USA, in November 2015. The 23 full papers and 18 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 110 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on wireless security and privacy; smartphone security; systems security; applications security; security management; applied cryptography; cryptosystems; cryptographic mechanisms; security mechanisms; mobile and cloud security; applications and network security.

Reconfigurable Computing: Architectures, Tools, and Applications

4th International Workshop, ARC 2008, London, UK, March 26-28, 2008, Proceedings

Author: Roger Woods,Katherine Compton,Christos Bourganis,Pedro C. Diniz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540786104

Category: Computers

Page: 346

View: 8276

Coverage in this proceedings volume includes DNA and string processing applications, reconfigurable computing hardware and systems, image processing, run-time behavior, instruction set extension, as well as random number generation and financial computation.

Security Basics for Computer Architects

Author: Ruby B. Lee

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1627051562

Category: Computers

Page: 111

View: 2721

Design for security is an essential aspect of the design of future computers. However, security is not well understood by the computer architecture community. Many important security aspects have evolved over the last several decades in the cryptography, operating systems, and networking communities. This book attempts to introduce the computer architecture student, researcher, or practitioner to the basic concepts of security and threat-based design. Past work in different security communities can inform our thinking and provide a rich set of technologies for building architectural support for security into all future computers and embedded computing devices and appliances. I have tried to keep the book short, which means that many interesting topics and applications could not be included. What the book focuses on are the fundamental security concepts, across different security communities, that should be understood by any computer architect trying to design or evaluate security-aware computer architectures.

Introduction to Hardware Security and Trust

Author: Mohammad Tehranipoor,Cliff Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441980809

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 427

View: 9165

This book provides the foundations for understanding hardware security and trust, which have become major concerns for national security over the past decade. Coverage includes security and trust issues in all types of electronic devices and systems such as ASICs, COTS, FPGAs, microprocessors/DSPs, and embedded systems. This serves as an invaluable reference to the state-of-the-art research that is of critical significance to the security of, and trust in, modern society’s microelectronic-supported infrastructures.

Reconfigurable Architectures and Design Automation Tools for Application-Level Network Security

Author: Sascha Mühlbach

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 3832539557

Category:

Page: 219

View: 6313

The relevance of the Internet has dramatically grown in the past decades. However, the enormous financial impact attracts many types of criminals. Setting up proper security mechanisms (e.g., Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS)) has therefore never been more important than today. To further compete with today's data transfer rates (10 to 100 Gbit/s), dedicated hardware accelerators have been proposed to offload compute intensive tasks from general purpose processors. As one key technology, reconfigurable hardware architectures, e.g., the Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA), are of particular interest to this end. This work addresses the use of such FPGAs in the context of interactive communication applications, which goes beyond the regular packet level operations often seen in this area. To support rapid prototyping, a novel FPGA platform (NetStage) has been designed and developed, which provides a communication core for Internet communication and a flexible connection bus for attaching custom applications modules. A hardware honeypot (the MalCoBox) has been set up as a proof-of-concept application. Furthermore, to address the ongoing issue of hardware programming complexity, the domain-specific Malacoda language for abstractly formulating honeypot packet communication dialogs is presented and discussed. An associated compiler translates Malacoda into high-performance hardware modules for NetStage. Together, NetStage and Malacoda address some of the productivity deficiencies often recognized as major hindrances for the more widespread use of reconfigurable computing in communications applications. Finally, the NetStage platform has been evaluated in a real production environment.

Partial Reconfiguration on FPGAs

Architectures, Tools and Applications

Author: Dirk Koch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461412250

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 5826

This is the first book to focus on designing run-time reconfigurable systems on FPGAs, in order to gain resource and power efficiency, as well as to improve speed. Case studies in partial reconfiguration guide readers through the FPGA jungle, straight toward a working system. The discussion of partial reconfiguration is comprehensive and practical, with models introduced together with methods to implement efficiently the corresponding systems. Coverage includes concepts for partial module integration and corresponding communication architectures, floorplanning of the on-FPGA resources, physical implementation aspects starting from constraining primitive placement and routing all the way down to the bitstream required to configure the FPGA, and verification of reconfigurable systems.

Security Trends for FPGAS

From Secured to Secure Reconfigurable Systems

Author: Benoit Badrignans,Jean-Luc Danger,Viktor Fischer,Guy Gogniat,Lionel Torres

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400713383

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 196

View: 1383

In Security Trends for FPGA's the authors present an analysis of current threats against embedded systems and especially FPGAs. They discuss about requirements according to the FIPS standard in order to build a secure system. This point is of paramount importance as it guarantees the level of security of a system. Also highlighted are current vulnerabilities of FPGAs at all the levels of the security pyramid. It is essential from a design point of view to be aware of all the levels in order to provide a comprehensive solution. The strength of a system is defined by its weakest point; there is no reason to enhance other protection means, if the weakest point remains untreated. Many severe attacks have considered this weakness in order not to face brute force attack complexity. Several solutions are proposed in Security Trends for FPGA's especially at the logical, architecture and system levels in order to provide a global solution.

Dynamically Reconfigurable Systems

Architectures, Design Methods and Applications

Author: Marco Platzner,Norbert Wehn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048134854

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 441

View: 7478

Dynamically Reconfigurable Systems is the first ever to focus on the emerging field of Dynamically Reconfigurable Computing Systems. While programmable logic and design-time configurability are well elaborated and covered by various texts, this book presents a unique overview over the state of the art and recent results for dynamic and run-time reconfigurable computing systems. Reconfigurable hardware is not only of utmost importance for large manufacturers and vendors of microelectronic devices and systems, but also a very attractive technology for smaller and medium-sized companies. Hence, Dynamically Reconfigurable Systems also addresses researchers and engineers actively working in the field and provides them with information on the newest developments and trends in dynamic and run-time reconfigurable systems.

Reconfigurable Computing

Accelerating Computation with Field-Programmable Gate Arrays

Author: Maya B. Gokhale,Paul S. Graham

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387261060

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 238

View: 5960

A one-of-a-kind survey of the field of Reconfigurable Computing Gives a comprehensive introduction to a discipline that offers a 10X-100X acceleration of algorithms over microprocessors Discusses the impact of reconfigurable hardware on a wide range of applications: signal and image processing, network security, bioinformatics, and supercomputing Includes the history of the field as well as recent advances Includes an extensive bibliography of primary sources

The Design of Rijndael

AES - The Advanced Encryption Standard

Author: Joan Daemen,Vincent Rijmen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662047225

Category: Computers

Page: 238

View: 5715

An authoritative and comprehensive guide to the Rijndael algorithm and Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). AES is expected to gradually replace the present Data Encryption Standard (DES) as the most widely applied data encryption technology. This book, written by the designers of the block cipher, presents Rijndael from scratch. The underlying mathematics and the wide trail strategy as the basic design idea are explained in detail and the basics of differential and linear cryptanalysis are reworked. Subsequent chapters review all known attacks against the Rijndael structure and deal with implementation and optimization issues. Finally, other ciphers related to Rijndael are presented.

Functional Verification of Dynamically Reconfigurable FPGA-based Systems

Author: Lingkan Gong,Oliver Diessel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319068385

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 3068

This book analyzes the challenges in verifying Dynamically Reconfigurable Systems (DRS) with respect to the user design and the physical implementation of such systems. The authors describe the use of a simulation-only layer to emulate the behavior of target FPGAs and accurately model the characteristic features of reconfiguration. Readers are enabled with this simulation-only layer to maintain verification productivity by abstracting away the physical details of the FPGA fabric. Two implementations of the simulation-only layer are included: Extended Re Channel is a System C library that can be used to check DRS designs at a high level; ReSim is a library to support RTL simulation of a DRS reconfiguring both its logic and state. Through a number of case studies, the authors demonstrate how their approach integrates seamlessly with existing, mainstream DRS design flows and with well-established verification methodologies such as top-down modeling and coverage-driven verification.

New Algorithms, Architectures and Applications for Reconfigurable Computing

Author: Patrick Lysaght,Wolfgang Rosenstiel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402031274

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 314

View: 5270

New Algorithms, Architectures and Applications for Reconfigurable Computing consists of a collection of contributions from the authors of some of the best papers from the Field Programmable Logic conference (FPL’03) and the Design and Test Europe conference (DATE’03). In all, seventy-nine authors, from research teams from all over the world, were invited to present their latest research in the extended format permitted by this special volume. The result is a valuable book that is a unique record of the state of the art in research into field programmable logic and reconfigurable computing. The contributions are organized into twenty-four chapters and are grouped into three main categories: architectures, tools and applications. Within these three broad areas the most strongly represented themes are coarse-grained architectures; dynamically reconfigurable and multi-context architectures; tools for coarse-grained and reconfigurable architectures; networking, security and encryption applications. Field programmable logic and reconfigurable computing are exciting research disciplines that span the traditional boundaries of electronic engineering and computer science. When the skills of both research communities are combined to address the challenges of a single research discipline they serve as a catalyst for innovative research. The work reported in the chapters of this book captures that spirit of that innovation.

Embedded Multimedia Security Systems

Algorithms and Architectures

Author: Amit Pande,Joseph Zambreno

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447144597

Category: Computers

Page: 146

View: 497

Opening with a detailed review of existing techniques for selective encryption, this text then examines algorithms that combine both encryption and compression. The book also presents a selection of specific examples of the design and implementation of secure embedded multimedia systems. Features: reviews the historical developments and latest techniques in multimedia compression and encryption; discusses an approach to reduce the computational cost of multimedia encryption, while preserving the properties of compressed video; introduces a polymorphic wavelet architecture that can make dynamic resource allocation decisions according to the application requirements; proposes a light-weight multimedia encryption strategy based on a modified discrete wavelet transform; describes a reconfigurable hardware implementation of a chaotic filter bank scheme with enhanced security features; presents an encryption scheme for image and video data based on chaotic arithmetic coding.