Topics in Matroid Theory

Author: Leonidas S. Pitsoulis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461489571

Category: Mathematics

Page: 127

View: 5152

Topics in Matroid Theory provides a brief introduction to matroid theory with an emphasis on algorithmic consequences.Matroid theory is at the heart of combinatorial optimization and has attracted various pioneers such as Edmonds, Tutte, Cunningham and Lawler among others. Matroid theory encompasses matrices, graphs and other combinatorial entities under a common, solid algebraic framework, thereby providing the analytical tools to solve related difficult algorithmic problems. The monograph contains a rigorous axiomatic definition of matroids along with other necessary concepts such as duality, minors, connectivity and representability as demonstrated in matrices, graphs and transversals. The author also presents a deep decomposition result in matroid theory that provides a structural characterization of graphic matroids, and show how this can be extended to signed-graphic matroids, as well as the immediate algorithmic consequences.

Matroid Theory

Author: J. G. Oxley

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199202508

Category: Mathematics

Page: 532

View: 1469

The study of matroids is a branch of discrete mathematics with basic links to graphs, lattices, codes, transversals, and projective geometries. Matroids are of fundamental importance in combinatorial optimization and their applications extend into electrical engineering and statics. This new in paperback version of the classic "Matroid Theory" by James Oxley provides a comprehensive introduction to matroid theory, covering the very basics to more advanced topics. With over 500 exercisesand proofs of major theorems, this book is the ideal reference and class text for academics and graduate students in mathematics and computer science. The final chapter lists sixty unsolved problems and describes progress towards their solutions.

Selected topics in discrete mathematics: Proceedings of the Moscow Discrete Mathematics Seminar, 1972-1990

Author: Alexander K. Kelmans

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821895924

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5531

This is a collection of translations of a variety of papers on discrete mathematics by members of the Moscow Seminar on Discrete Mathematics. This seminar, begun in 1972, was marked by active participation and intellectual ferment. Mathematicians in the USSR often encountered difficulties in publishing, so many interesting results in discrete mathematics remained unknown in the West for some years, and some are unknown even to the present day. To help fill this communication gap, this collection offers papers that were obscurely published and very hard to find. Among the topics covered here are: graph theory, network flow and multicommodity flow, linear programming and combinatorial optimization, matroid theory and submodular systems, matrix theory and combinatorics, parallel computing, complexity of algorithms, random graphs and statistical mechanics, coding theory, and algebraic combinatorics and group theory.

Matroid Theory

AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory, July 2-6, 1995, University of Washington, Seattle

Author: Joseph Edmond Bonin

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821805088

Category: Mathematics

Page: 418

View: 7031

This volume contains the proceedings of the 1995 AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory held at the University of Washington, Seattle. The book features three comprehensive surveys that bring the reader to the forefront of research in matroid theory. Joseph Kung's encyclopedic treatment of the critical problem traces the development of this problem from its origins through its numerous links with other branches of mathematics to the current status of its many aspects. James Oxley's survey of the role of connectivity and structure theorems in matroid theory stresses the influence of the Wheels and Whirls Theorem of Tutte and the Splitter Theorem of Seymour. Walter Whiteley's article unifies applications of matroid theory to constrained geometrical systems, including the rigidity of bar-and-joint frameworks, parallel drawings, and splines. These widely accessible articles contain many new results and directions for further research and applications. The surveys are complemented by selected short research papers. The volume concludes with a chapter of open problems. Features self-contained, accessible surveys of three active research areas in matroid theory; many new results; pointers to new research topics; a chapter of open problems; mathematical applications; and applications and connections to other disciplines, such as computer-aided design and electrical and structural engineering.

Nonnegative Matrices and Applications

Author: R. B. Bapat,T. E. S. Raghavan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521571678

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 473

This book provides an integrated treatment of the theory of nonnegative matrices (matrices with only positive numbers or zero as entries) and some related classes of positive matrices, concentrating on connections with game theory, combinatorics, inequalities, optimisation and mathematical economics. The wide variety of applications, which include price fixing, scheduling and the fair division problem, have been carefully chosen both for their elegant mathematical content and for their accessibility to students with minimal preparation. Many results in matrix theory are also presented. The treatment is rigorous and almost all results are proved completely. These results and applications will be of great interest to researchers in linear programming, statistics and operations research. The minimal prerequisites also make the book accessible to first-year graduate students.

Matroid Theory

Author: D. J. A. Welsh

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486474399

Category: Mathematics

Page: 433

View: 6268

The theory of matroids connects disparate branches of combinatorial theory and algebra such as graph and lattice theory, combinatorial optimization, and linear algebra. This text describes standard examples and investigation results, and it uses elementary proofs to develop basic matroid properties before advancing to a more sophisticated treatment. 1976 edition.

A Source Book in Matroid Theory

Author: KUNG

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468491997

Category: Mathematics

Page: 413

View: 2228

by Gian-Carlo Rota The subjects of mathematics, like the subjects of mankind, have finite lifespans, which the historian will record as he freezes history at one instant of time. There are the old subjects, loaded with distinctions and honors. As their problems are solved away and the applications reaped by engineers and other moneymen, ponderous treatises gather dust in library basements, awaiting the day when a generation as yet unborn will rediscover the lost paradise in awe. Then there are the middle-aged subjects. You can tell which they are by roaming the halls of Ivy League universities or the Institute for Advanced Studies. Their high priests haughtily refuse fabulous offers from eager provin cial universities while receiving special permission from the President of France to lecture in English at the College de France. Little do they know that the load of technicalities is already critical, about to crack and submerge their theorems in the dust of oblivion that once enveloped the dinosaurs. Finally, there are the young subjects-combinatorics, for instance. Wild eyed individuals gingerly pick from a mountain of intractable problems, chil dishly babbling the first words of what will soon be a new language. Child hood will end with the first Seminaire Bourbaki. It could be impossible to find a more fitting example than matroid theory of a subject now in its infancy. The telltale signs, for an unfailing diagnosis, are the abundance of deep theorems, going together with a paucity of theories.

Matroid Applications

Author: Neil White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521381659

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 1847

This volume, the third in a sequence that began with The Theory of Matroids and Combinatorial Geometries, concentrates on the applications of matroid theory to a variety of topics from engineering (rigidity and scene analysis), combinatorics (graphs, lattices, codes and designs), topology and operations research (the greedy algorithm).

Linear Programming Duality

An Introduction to Oriented Matroids

Author: Achim Bachem,Walter Kern

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642581528

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 1570

This book presents an elementary introduction to the theory of oriented matroids. The way oriented matroids are intro- duced emphasizes that they are the most general - and hence simplest - structures for which linear Programming Duality results can be stated and proved. The main theme of the book is duality. Using Farkas' Lemma as the basis the authors start withre- sults on polyhedra in Rn and show how to restate the essence of the proofs in terms of sign patterns of oriented ma- troids. Most of the standard material in Linear Programming is presented in the setting of real space as well as in the more abstract theory of oriented matroids. This approach clarifies the theory behind Linear Programming and proofs become simpler. The last part of the book deals with the facial structure of polytopes respectively their oriented matroid counterparts. It is an introduction to more advanced topics in oriented matroid theory. Each chapter contains suggestions for furt- herreading and the references provide an overview of the research in this field.

Topics in Combinatorics and Graph Theory

Essays in Honour of Gerhard Ringel

Author: Rainer Bodendiek,Rudolf Henn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642469086

Category: Mathematics

Page: 792

View: 1224

Graph Theory is a part of discrete mathematics characterized by the fact of an extremely rapid development during the last 10 years. The number of graph theoretical paper as well as the number of graph theorists increase very strongly. The main purpose of this book is to show the reader the variety of graph theoretical methods and the relation to combinatorics and to give him a survey on a lot of new results, special methods, and interesting informations. This book, which grew out of contributions given by about 130 authors in honour to the 70th birthday of Gerhard Ringel, one of the pioneers in graph theory, is meant to serve as a source of open problems, reference and guide to the extensive literature and as stimulant to further research on graph theory and combinatorics.

Combinatorial Geometries

Author: Neil White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521333399

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 9800

This book is a continuation of Theory of Matroids and again consists of a series of related surveys.

Theory of Matroids

Author: Neil White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521309379

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 3206

The theory of matroids is unique in the extent to which it connects such disparate branches of combinatorial theory and algebra as graph theory, lattice theory, design theory, combinatorial optimization, linear algebra, group theory, ring theory and field theory. Furthermore, matroid theory is alone among mathematical theories because of the number and variety of its equivalent axiom systems. Indeed, matroids are amazingly versatile and the approaches to the subject are varied and numerous. This book is a primer in the basic axioms and constructions of matroids. The contributions by various leaders in the field include chapters on axiom systems, lattices, basis exchange properties, orthogonality, graphs and networks, constructions, maps, semi-modular functions and an appendix on cryptomorphisms. The authors have concentrated on giving a lucid exposition of the individual topics; explanations of theorems are preferred to complete proofs and original work is thoroughly referenced. In addition, exercises are included for each topic.

Graphs

Theory and Algorithms

Author: K. Thulasiraman,M. N. S. Swamy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118030257

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 9746

This adaptation of an earlier work by the authors is a graduate text and professional reference on the fundamentals of graph theory. It covers the theory of graphs, its applications to computer networks and the theory of graph algorithms. Also includes exercises and an updated bibliography.

Der Vierfarbensatz

Geschichte, topologische Grundlagen, und Beweisidee

Author: Rudolf Fritsch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783411151417

Category: Four-color problem

Page: 251

View: 9864


Matroid Theory

AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory, July 2-6, 1995, University of Washington, Seattle

Author: AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid, Theory,Joseph Edmond Bonin,AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory,Professor of Mathematics Mathematics Department James G Oxley

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821805084

Category: Mathematics

Page: 418

View: 3453

This volume contains the proceedings of the 1995 AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory held at the University of Washington, Seattle. The book features three comprehensive surveys that bring the reader to the forefront of research in matroid theory. Joseph Kung's encyclopedic treatment of the critical problem traces the development of this problem from its origins through its numerous links with other branches of mathematics to the current status of its many aspects. James Oxley's survey of the role of connectivity and structure theorems in matroid theory stresses the influence of the Wheels and Whirls Theorem of Tutte and the Splitter Theorem of Seymour. Walter Whiteley's article unifies applications of matroid theory to constrained geometrical systems, including the rigidity of bar-and-joint frameworks, parallel drawings, and splines. These widely accessible articles contain many new results and directions for further research and applications. The surveys are complemented by selected short research papers. The volume concludes with a chapter of open problems. Features self-contained, accessible surveys of three active research areas in matroid theory; many new results; pointers to new research topics; a chapter of open problems; mathematical applications; and applications and connections to other disciplines, such as computer-aided design and electrical and structural engineering.

Pattern Recognition on Oriented Matroids

Author: Andrey O. Matveev

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110531143

Category: Mathematics

Page: 231

View: 5671

Pattern Recognition on Oriented Matroids covers a range of innovative problems in combinatorics, poset and graph theories, optimization, and number theory that constitute a far-reaching extension of the arsenal of committee methods in pattern recognition. The groundwork for the modern committee theory was laid in the mid-1960s, when it was shown that the familiar notion of solution to a feasible system of linear inequalities has ingenious analogues which can serve as collective solutions to infeasible systems. A hierarchy of dialects in the language of mathematics, for instance, open cones in the context of linear inequality systems, regions of hyperplane arrangements, and maximal covectors (or topes) of oriented matroids, provides an excellent opportunity to take a fresh look at the infeasible system of homogeneous strict linear inequalities – the standard working model for the contradictory two-class pattern recognition problem in its geometric setting. The universal language of oriented matroid theory considerably simplifies a structural and enumerative analysis of applied aspects of the infeasibility phenomenon. The present book is devoted to several selected topics in the emerging theory of pattern recognition on oriented matroids: the questions of existence and applicability of matroidal generalizations of committee decision rules and related graph-theoretic constructions to oriented matroids with very weak restrictions on their structural properties; a study (in which, in particular, interesting subsequences of the Farey sequence appear naturally) of the hierarchy of the corresponding tope committees; a description of the three-tope committees that are the most attractive approximation to the notion of solution to an infeasible system of linear constraints; an application of convexity in oriented matroids as well as blocker constructions in combinatorial optimization and in poset theory to enumerative problems on tope committees; an attempt to clarify how elementary changes (one-element reorientations) in an oriented matroid affect the family of its tope committees; a discrete Fourier analysis of the important family of critical tope committees through rank and distance relations in the tope poset and the tope graph; the characterization of a key combinatorial role played by the symmetric cycles in hypercube graphs. Contents Oriented Matroids, the Pattern Recognition Problem, and Tope Committees Boolean Intervals Dehn–Sommerville Type Relations Farey Subsequences Blocking Sets of Set Families, and Absolute Blocking Constructions in Posets Committees of Set Families, and Relative Blocking Constructions in Posets Layers of Tope Committees Three-Tope Committees Halfspaces, Convex Sets, and Tope Committees Tope Committees and Reorientations of Oriented Matroids Topes and Critical Committees Critical Committees and Distance Signals Symmetric Cycles in the Hypercube Graphs

Kombinatorische Optimierung

Theorie und Algorithmen

Author: Bernhard Korte,Jens Vygen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642254012

Category: Mathematics

Page: 696

View: 3406

Das umfassende Lehrbuch zur Kombinatorischen Optimierung beruht auf Vorlesungen, die die Autoren an der Universität Bonn gehalten haben. Sie geben den neuesten Stand des Fachgebiets wieder – mit Schwerpunkt auf theoretischen Resultaten und Algorithmen mit guten Laufzeiten und Ergebnissen. Der Band enthält vollständige Beweise, einige davon wurden bisher nicht in der Lehrbuchliteratur publiziert. Die deutschsprachige Neuauflage enthält alle Ergänzungen und Aktualisierungen der 5. englischsprachigen Auflage, darunter mehr als 60 neue Übungsaufgaben.

Topics in Algebra

Author: Jan Krempa,Stanisław Balcerzyk,Daniel Simson,Wolfgang Vogel,International Conference on Representations of Algebras

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788301095796

Category: Rings (Algebra)

Page: N.A

View: 5195