Data Mining

Theory, Methodology, Techniques, and Applications

Author: Graham J. Williams,Simeon J. Simoff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540325475

Category: Computers

Page: 329

View: 5050

This volume provides a snapshot of the current state of the art in data mining, presenting it both in terms of technical developments and industrial applications. The collection of chapters is based on works presented at the Australasian Data Mining conferences and industrial forums. Authors include some of Australia's leading researchers and practitioners in data mining. The volume also contains chapters by regional and international authors.

Searching Multimedia Databases by Content

Author: Christos Faloutsos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461314453

Category: Computers

Page: 155

View: 9435

Searching Multimedia Databases by Content bridges the gap between the database and signal processing communities by providing the necessary background information for the reader and presenting it along with the intuition and mechanics of the best existing tools in each area. The first half of Searching Multimedia Databases by Content reviews the most successful database access methods, in increasing complexity, reaching up to spatial access methods and text retrieval. In all cases, the emphasis is on practical approaches that have been incorporated in commercial systems, or that seem very promising. The second half of the book uses the above access methods to achieve fast searching in a database of signals. A general methodology is presented, which suggests extracting a few good features from each multimedia object, thus mapping objects into points in a metric space. Finally, the book concludes by presenting some recent successful applications of the methodology on time series and color images. Searching Multimedia Databases by Content is targeted towards researchers and developers of multimedia systems. The book can also serve as a textbook for a graduate course on multimedia searching, covering both access methods as well as the basics of signal processing.

Smart Computing and Informatics

Proceedings of the First International Conference on SCI 2016

Author: Suresh Chandra Satapathy,Vikrant Bhateja,Swagatam Das

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811055440

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 755

View: 2368

This volume contains 74 papers presented at SCI 2016: First International Conference on Smart Computing and Informatics. The conference was held during 3-4 March 2017, Visakhapatnam, India and organized communally by ANITS, Visakhapatnam and supported technically by CSI Division V – Education and Research and PRF, Vizag. This volume contains papers mainly focused on applications of advanced intelligent techniques to video processing, medical imaging, machine learning, sensor technologies, and network security.

The Intervertebral Disc

Molecular and Structural Studies of the Disc in Health and Disease

Author: Irving M. Shapiro,Makarand V. Risbud

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709115353

Category: Medical

Page: 446

View: 587

The intervertebral disc is a complex structure that separates opposing vertebrae, permits a wide range of motion, and accommodates high biomechanical forces. Disc degeneration leads to a loss of function and is often associated with excruciating pain. Written by leading scientists and clinicians, the first part of the book provides a review of the basic biology of the disc in health and disease. The second part considers strategies to mitigate the effects of disc degeneration and discusses the possibility of engineering replacement tissues. The final section is devoted to approaches to model normal development and elucidate the pathogenesis of degenerative disc disease using animal, organ and cell culture techniques. The book bridges the gap between the basic and clinical sciences; the target audience includes basic scientists, orthopaedists and neurologists, while at the same time appealing to the needs of graduate students, medical students, interns and fellows.

The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks

Author: Michael A. Arbib,Fletcher Jones Professor of Computer Science and Professor of Biological Sciences Biomedical Engineering Neuroscience and Psychology Michael A Arbib,Prudence H. Arbib

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262011972

Category: Computers

Page: 1290

View: 7597

This second edition presents the enormous progress made in recent years in the many subfields related to the two great questions: how does the brain work? and, How can we build intelligent machines? This second edition greatly increases the coverage of models of fundamental neurobiology, cognitive neuroscience, and neural network approaches to language. (Midwest).

Breast Cancer

A Lobar Disease

Author: Tibor Tot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781849963145

Category: Medical

Page: 216

View: 4158

The theory of the sick lobe states that breast carcinoma is a lobar disease developing most often within a single lobe, meaning that, at an early stage, breast carcinoma occupies a limited, anatomically well-defined portion of the breast. This theory unites observed patterns from the genetic, developmental and morphological perspectives, into an overall concept. Breast Cancer: A Lobar Disease, presents this hypothesis and its consequences. The body of evidence, pro and contra, generated in recent years will be presented in this volume. The chapters, all authored by leading experts in their respective areas, gather evidence from the perspectives of epidemiology, genetics, radiology, anatomy, developmental biology, morphology, endoscopy, ultrasound and therapeutics to give the reader a full picture of recent developments regarding the sick lobe hypothesis. Tibor Tot, MD PhD is Head of the Pathology and Clinical Cytology Department at the Central Hospital of Falun, in Sweden; breast cancer expert of the National Board of Health and Welfare in Sweden; and regular Course Director of the breast pathology program, the official educational program for Swedish residents in clinical pathology, oncology, radiology and surgery.

The Diversity, Complexity, and Evolution of High Tech Capitalism

Author: Sten A. Thore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792396390

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 5791

In his book "Jurassic Park" (and in the movie based on the book), Michael Crichton describes a crazed professor who through techniques of genetic engineering manages to recreate the dinosaurs and giant ferns of 65 million years past. Once the giant Tyrannosaurus Rex is brought to life. a powerful dynamics sets in: evolution. The prehistoric world embarks on a collision course with man. Researching his book, Crichton had been reading up on paleontology and on the mathematical theory of evolution, catastrophes, and chaos. Crichton explains some of the twists of nonlinear mathematics that are rewriting not only thermodynamics, physics, and chemistry (that all grapple with evolving and turbulent processes) but also paleontology, genetics, medicine and even anthropology. Collapse and chaos is not limited to prehistoric animal kingdoms and ancient civilizations. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the political and economic chaos in its aftermath demonstrate that modern civilizations are just as vulnerable. This book aims at reexamining some main portions of the discipline of economics from the point of view of economic change and creativity. There are two aspects to this perspective. First, diversity and complexity. The range of different kinds of high technology products available to consumers and producers increases rapidly. Each product is the result of a long and complex production hierarchy. As these hierarchies grow, they deliver ever more diversified and complex high tech goods. Other hierarchies fall by the wayside.

Painted Wood

History and Conservation

Author: Valerie Dorge,F. Carey Howlett

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 0892365013

Category: Art

Page: 552

View: 8215

The function of the painted wooden object ranges from the practical to the profound. These objects may perform utilitarian tasks, convey artistic whimsy, connote noble aspirations, and embody the highest spiritual expressions. This volume, illustrated in color throughout, presents the proceedings of a conference organized by the Wooden Artifacts Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC) and held in November 1994 at the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation in Williamsburg, Virginia. The book includes 40 articles that explore the history and conservation of a wide range of painted wooden objects, from polychrome sculpture and altarpieces to carousel horses, tobacconist figures, Native American totems, Victorian garden furniture, French cabinets, architectural elements, and horse-drawn carriages. Contributors include Ian C. Bristow, an architect and historic-building consultant in London; Myriam Serck-Dewaide, head of the Sculpture Workshop, Institut Royal du Patrimoine Artistique, Brussels; and Frances Gruber Safford, associate curator of American decorative arts at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. A broad range of professionals—including art historians, curators, scientists, and conservators—will be interested in this volume and in the multidisciplinary nature of its articles.

Computer Applications in Pharmaceutical Research and Development

Author: Sean Ekins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470037229

Category: Medical

Page: 805

View: 8388

A unique, holistic approach covering all functions and phases of pharmaceutical research and development While there are a number of texts dedicated to individual aspects of pharmaceutical research and development, this unique contributed work takes a holistic and integrative approach to the use of computers in all phases of drug discovery, development, and marketing. It explains how applications are used at various stages, including bioinformatics, data mining, predicting human response to drugs, and high-throughput screening. By providing a comprehensive view, the book offers readers a unique framework and systems perspective from which they can devise strategies to thoroughly exploit the use of computers in their organizations during all phases of the discovery and development process. Chapters are organized into the following sections: * Computers in pharmaceutical research and development: a general overview * Understanding diseases: mining complex systems for knowledge * Scientific information handling and enhancing productivity * Computers in drug discovery * Computers in preclinical development * Computers in development decision making, economics, and market analysis * Computers in clinical development * Future applications and future development Each chapter is written by one or more leading experts in the field and carefully edited to ensure a consistent structure and approach throughout the book. Figures are used extensively to illustrate complex concepts and multifaceted processes. References are provided in each chapter to enable readers to continue investigating a particular topic in depth. Finally, tables of software resources are provided in many of the chapters. This is essential reading for IT professionals and scientists in the pharmaceutical industry as well as researchers involved in informatics and ADMET, drug discovery, and technology development. The book's cross-functional, all-phases approach provides a unique opportunity for a holistic analysis and assessment of computer applications in pharmaceutics.

Caenorhabditis Elegans

Cell Biology and Physiology

Author: Joel H. Rothman,Andrew Singson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123946204

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 9862

The second part of an updated edition of the classic Methods in Cell Biology, Volume 48, this book emphasizes diverse methods and technologies needed to investigate C. elegans, both as an integrated organism and as a model system for research inquiries in cell, developmental, and molecular biology, as well as in genetics and pharmacology. By directing its audience to tried-and-true and cutting-edge recipes for research, this comprehensive collection is intended to guide investigators of C. elegans for years to come. Diverse, up-to-date techniques covered will be useful to the broadening community of C. elegans researchers for years to come Chapters written by leaders in the field Tried and true methods deliver busy researchers a one-stop compendium of essential protocols

Annals of Theoretical Psychology

Author: Leendert Mos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461564506

Category: Psychology

Page: 326

View: 1952

Some one hundred years ago the founding fathers optimistically launched psychology as a science. The premise was that the new science must break away from its parental ties to philosophy and confine itself to gathering data, preferably in the psychology laboratory. There is little doubt that this early commitment to an "observation and accumulation of data only" policy was helpful in the launching of the new science. Some idea of how critical this move to empiricism was can be gathered from the following quotation taken from Wolman (1973, p. 32): It was not an easy task to transform the old "mental philosophy" into a natural science. Natural science used observation and experimentation; they observed their subject matter, as it were, from without. Wundt's psychology was supposed to study observable stimuli and responses, but there was so much that was unobservable in psychology. Although the launching was eventually a success, there is little doubt that the high hopes of the founding fathers have not materialized.

BPR

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 7135


Recent Developments in Braiding and Narrow Weaving

Author: Yordan Kyosev

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319299328

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 175

View: 2438

This book discusses the latest developments in narrow fabrics from research institutions, machinery building companies and producers of such products, presented during the International Week of Narrow Fabrics in March 2016 in Mönchengladbach, Germany. It also demonstrates different applications of braided and woven fabrics. Braided and woven narrow products are produced using completely different techniques, but have a lot of similarities in their applications – they are used as belts, ropes and tubes in areas ranging from medical textiles, cables, technical and home applications to large-scale transport belts and long tubes for transporting oil from the bottom of the ocean.

Pharmaceutical Data Mining

Approaches and Applications for Drug Discovery

Author: Konstantin V. Balakin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470567616

Category: Medical

Page: 528

View: 2613

Leading experts illustrate how sophisticated computational data mining techniques can impact contemporary drug discovery and development In the era of post-genomic drug development, extracting and applying knowledge from chemical, biological, and clinical data is one of the greatest challenges facing the pharmaceutical industry. Pharmaceutical Data Mining brings together contributions from leading academic and industrial scientists, who address both the implementation of new data mining technologies and application issues in the industry. This accessible, comprehensive collection discusses important theoretical and practical aspects of pharmaceutical data mining, focusing on diverse approaches for drug discovery—including chemogenomics, toxicogenomics, and individual drug response prediction. The five main sections of this volume cover: A general overview of the discipline, from its foundations to contemporary industrial applications Chemoinformatics-based applications Bioinformatics-based applications Data mining methods in clinical development Data mining algorithms, technologies, and software tools, with emphasis on advanced algorithms and software that are currently used in the industry or represent promising approaches In one concentrated reference, Pharmaceutical Data Mining reveals the role and possibilities of these sophisticated techniques in contemporary drug discovery and development. It is ideal for graduate-level courses covering pharmaceutical science, computational chemistry, and bioinformatics. In addition, it provides insight to pharmaceutical scientists, principal investigators, principal scientists, research directors, and all scientists working in the field of drug discovery and development and associated industries.

Paradigms Lost

Images of Man in the Mirror of Science

Author: John L. Casti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780349105444

Category: Science

Page: 565

View: 8605

Intended for both the layman and the scientist, this book presents an overview of some of today's great scientific questions, from the way in which we acquire language and the fundamental nature of our thinking processes, to the possible existence of life elsewhere in the universe. Each chapter is constructed in the form of a trial, with the conventional scientific wisdom presented by the prosecution and alternative views put forward by the defence . The author, who aims to be both informative and entertaining, subsequently steps in to act as juror , offering explanations of his verdicts.

Algorithms on Strings, Trees and Sequences

Computer Science and Computational Biology

Author: Dan Gusfield

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139811002

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 1118

String algorithms are a traditional area of study in computer science. In recent years their importance has grown dramatically with the huge increase of electronically stored text and of molecular sequence data (DNA or protein sequences) produced by various genome projects. This 1997 book is a general text on computer algorithms for string processing. In addition to pure computer science, the book contains extensive discussions on biological problems that are cast as string problems, and on methods developed to solve them. It emphasises the fundamental ideas and techniques central to today's applications. New approaches to this complex material simplify methods that up to now have been for the specialist alone. With over 400 exercises to reinforce the material and develop additional topics, the book is suitable as a text for graduate or advanced undergraduate students in computer science, computational biology, or bio-informatics. Its discussion of current algorithms and techniques also makes it a reference for professionals.

Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing, Binder Ready Version

Materials, Processes, and Systems

Author: Mikell P. Groover

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119128692

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 944

View: 9775

Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing: Materials, Processes, and Systems, 6th Edition, is designed for a first course or two-course sequence in Manufacturing at the junior level in Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering curricula. As in preceding editions, the author's objective is to provide a treatment of manufacturing that is modern and quantitative. The book's modern approach is based on balanced coverage of the basic engineering materials, the inclusion of recently developed manufacturing processes and comprehensive coverage of electronics manufacturing technologies. The quantitative focus of the text is displayed in its emphasis on manufacturing science and its greater use of mathematical models and quantitative end-of-chapter problems. This text is an unbound, three hole punched version.

Morphological Productivity

Author: Laurie Bauer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139428729

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 7052

Why are there more English words ending in -ness than ending in -ity? What is it about some endings that makes them more widely usable than others? Can we measure the differences in the facility with which the various affixes are used? Does the difference in facility reflect a difference in the way we treat words containing these affixes in the brain? These are the questions examined in this book. Morphological productivity has, over the centuries, been a major factor in providing the huge vocabulary of English and remains one of the most contested areas in the study of word-formation and structure. This book takes an eclectic approach to the topic, applying the findings for morphology to syntax and phonology. Bringing together the results of twenty years' work in the field, it provides new insights and considers a wide range of linguistic and psycholinguistic evidence.