Theory of Dislocations

Author: Peter M. Anderson,John P. Hirth,Jens Lothe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521864364

Category: Science

Page: 950

View: 7220

Originally published: New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967. Editions published: New York: Wiley, 1982, and Malabar, FL: Krieger, 1992.

Classical Theory Of Crystal Dislocations: From Iron To Gallium Nitride

Author: Saka Hiroyasu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814749184

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 4972

The book consists of two parts: Part 1 is a standard text of dislocation theory. Mathematics is avoided as much as possible. Part 2 describes application of dislocation theory, which includes mechanical properties (including the inverse temperature dependence of strength) and dislocations in functional materials such as Si, GaN and SiC and dislocations in a thin crystal such as an epitaxial layer. This is what has been long anticipated among researchers in industry.The book contains about 330 illustrations (mostly originals by the author) and the pictures obtained by the author by means of in-situ experiment in a transmission electron microscope over the past 50 years.This book includes many exercises, which the author found useful when he was teaching in Department of Materials Science and Engineering of Nagoya University to stimulate their interests in dislocation theory.

Nonlinear Theory of Dislocations and Disclinations in Elastic Bodies

Author: Leonid M. Zubov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540684301

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 2271

The author applies methods of nonlinear elasticity to investigate the defects in the crystal structure of solids such as dislocations and disclinations that characterize the plastic and strength properties of many materials. Contrary to the geometrically motivated nonlinear theory of dislocations continuously distributed over the body, nonlinear analysis of isolated dislocations and disclinations is less developed; it is given for the first time in this book, and in a form accessible to both students and researchers. The general theory of Volterra's dislocations in elastic media under large deformations is developed. A number of exact solutions are found. The nonlinear approach to investigating the isolated defects produces results that often differ qualitatively from those of the linear theory.

Imperfections in Crystalline Solids

Author: Wei Cai,William D. Nix

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316571718

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 2027

This textbook provides students with a complete working knowledge of the properties of imperfections in crystalline solids. Readers will learn how to apply the fundamental principles of mechanics and thermodynamics to defect properties in materials science, gaining all the knowledge and tools needed to put this into practice in their own research. Beginning with an introduction to defects and a brief review of basic elasticity theory and statistical thermodynamics, the authors go on to guide the reader in a step-by-step way through point, line, and planar defects, with an emphasis on their structural, thermodynamic, and kinetic properties. Numerous end-of-chapter exercises enable students to put their knowledge into practice, and with solutions for instructors and MATLAB® programs available online, this is an essential text for advanced undergraduate and introductory graduate courses in crystal defects, as well as being ideal for self-study.

Dislocations and Plastic Deformation

International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy

Author: I. Kovács,L. Zsoldos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483146189

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 3430

Dislocations and Plastic Deformation deals with dislocations and plastic deformation, and specifically discusses topics ranging from deformation of single crystals and dislocations in the lattice to the fundamentals of the continuum theory, the properties of point defects in crystals, multiplication of dislocations, and partial dislocations. The effect of lattice defects on the physical properties of metals is also considered. Comprised of nine chapters, this book begins by providing a short and, where possible, precise explanation of dislocation theory. The first six chapters discuss the properties of dislocations and point defects both in crystals and in an elastic continuum. The reader is then introduced to some applications of dislocation theory that show, for instance, the difficulties involved in understanding the hardening of alloys and the work-hardening of pure metals. This book concludes by analyzing the effect of heat treatment on the defect structure in metals. This text will be of interest to students and practitioners in the field of physics.

Introduction to Dislocations

Author: Derek Hull,D. J. Bacon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080966731

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 3154

In materials science, dislocations are irregularities within the crystal structure or atomic scale of engineering materials, such as metals, semi-conductors, polymers, and composites. Discussing this specific aspect of materials science and engineering, Introduction to Dislocations is a key resource for students. The book provides students and practitioners with the fundamental principles required to understand dislocations. Comprised of 10 chapters, the text includes advanced computer modeling and very high-resolution electron microscopy to help readers better understand the structure of atoms close to the core of dislocations. It shows that atomic arrangement has a significant effect on the formation of dislocations and thereby on the properties of solids. The first two chapters of the book present an overview of dislocations. The crystal structures and the various defects and dislocations are discussed, and methods of observation and diagnosis of dislocations are covered. Chapters 3 to 5 discuss the behavior of dislocations and explain how changes in the structure and arrangement of atoms can affect the behavior of dislocations. The three chapters also discuss the mechanical properties of dislocations. The remaining chapters offer a detailed discussion of the mechanisms of dislocations and the mechanical strength of crystalline solids. The book is written for undergraduate- and graduate-level students in both materials science and mechanical engineering. Non-experts and novices working on mechanical properties, mechanisms of deformation and fracture, and properties of materials, as well as industrial and academic researchers, will find this book invaluable. Long-established academic reference by an expert author team, highly regarded for their contributions to the field. Uses minimal mathematics to present theory and applications in a detailed yet easy-to-read manner, making this an understandable introduction to a complex topic. Unlike the main competition, this new edition includes recent developments in the subject and up-to-date references to further reading and research sources.

Elastic Strain Fields and Dislocation Mobility

Author: V.L. Indenbom,J. Lothe

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444600426

Category: Science

Page: 792

View: 1042

This volume aims to provide a thorough treatment of the phenomena of elastic anisostropy and a discussion on dislocation mobilities. The book presents a wide treatment of these topics, and includes descriptions of detailed theoretical models to describe dislocations and cracks, and moving dislocations. An overview is given of the physical behaviour resulting from dislocation mobility in materials, such as glide and climb, interactions with point defects and the behaviour of dislocations under radiation such as creep and swelling.


International Series of Monographs on Solid State Physics

Author: J. Friedel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483135926

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 6207

Dislocations deals with the main properties of dislocations, including motion, climb, and vacancies. Topics covered include the elastic theory of dislocations, imperfect dislocations, and crystal growth, along with dislocation networks, annealing, and grain boundaries. The interaction of dislocations with other defects is also discussed. This book is comprised of 17 chapters and begins with an overview of the general properties of dislocations, with emphasis on perfect and real crystals and the general case for translation dislocations. The reader is then introduced to the motion of dislocations, including glide; vacancies and interstitial atoms; dislocation climb; imperfect dislocations and surfaces of misfit; and crystal growth, including growth from a liquid phase. The next section is devoted to the more or less complex networks of dislocations that can be formed in crystals, and to the plastic properties corresponding to these arrays. The remaining chapters explore the interactions of dislocations with other crystalline defects, primarily impurity atoms. This monograph is intended for physicists, metallurgists, materials scientists, research and engineering students, and research engineers.

Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Interactions

Low-Energy Dislocation Structures III

Author: G. Kostorz,H. A. Calderon,J. L. Martin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483274926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 470

View: 4198

Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Interactions: Low-Energy Dislocation Structures III covers the papers presented at a European Research Conference on Plasticity of Materials-Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Interactions: Low-Energy Dislocation Structures III, held on August 30-September 4, 1992 in Ascona, Switzerland. The book focuses on the processes, technologies, reactions, transformations, and approaches involved in dislocation interactions. The selection first offers information on work softening and Hall-Petch hardening in extruded mechanically alloyed alloys and dynamic origin of dislocation structures in deformed solids. Discussions focus on stress-strain behavior in relation to composition, structure, and annealing; comparison of stress-strain curves with work softening theory; sweeping and trapping mechanism; and model of dipolar wall structure formation. The text then ponders on plastic instabilities and their relation to fracture and dislocation and kink dynamics in f.c.c. metals studied by mechanical spectroscopy. The book takes a look at misfit dislocation generation mechanisms in heterostructures and evolution of dislocation structure on the interfaces associated with diffusionless phase transitions. Discussions focus on dislocation representation of a wall of elastic domains; equation of equilibrium of an elastic domain; transformation of dislocations; and theoretical and experimental background. The selection is a valuable reference for readers interested in dislocation interactions.

Natural Focusing and Fine Structure of Light

Caustics and Wave Dislocations

Author: J.F Nye

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750306102

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 9841

A new kind of optics has grown up during the last 25 years. Geometrical optics has been studied for centuries (the law of reflection was known to the ancient Greeks) and wave optics (heralded by Huygens' Treatise on Light) has been studied for more than 300 years. But in the mid 1970s it began to be understood that when natural processes focus light, as when sunlight is reflected from the sea at sunset, the light caustics that are produced have a systematic behavior previously unrecognized. Natural Focusing and Fine Structure of Light: Caustics and Wave Dislocations provides a definitive account of how classical optics has been reconstructed in a modern way by emphasizing the hierarchy of singularities that exists in light fields. The book discusses the singularities of geometrical optics and their systematization by catastrophe theory. It explores the diffraction patterns associated with caustics that are dominated by wave dislocations, line singularities of the phase, and analogous to crystal dislocations. The book is a perfect blend of mathematics and physics, combining theory, computer simulation, and beautiful experimental photographs of the phenomena studied.

Elementary Dislocation Theory

Author: Johannes Weertman,Julia Randall Weertman

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195069006

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 213

View: 4891

This classic text of elementary dislocation theory has been reprinted to fulfill persistent demand. Because it approaches elementary dislocation theory from its most basic level, the material contained in the volume is as up-to-date as when it was first published. The text addresses many aspects of dislocation theory, including the nature of dislocations, Burgers vectors, motion and its impact on dislocations, internal stresses of dislocations, and multiplication of dislocations. The topics of this text are fundamental to the theory of dislocation behavior. Because dislocation is now widely recognized as a key factor determining the behavior of crystalline solids, specialists in electronics materials, as well as fracture mechanics, and materials science and engineering should have a solid grounding in this field. A large number of problems is provided in the text.

Mechanics of Generalized Continua

Proceedings of the IUTAM-Symposium on The Generalized Cosserat Continuum and the Continuum Theory of Dislocations with Applications, Freudenstadt and Stuttgart (Germany) 1967

Author: E. Kröner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662302578

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 4128

5 The symposium was held in Freudenstadt from 28\h to 31 \ ofAugust st nd 1967 and in Stuttgart from 1 to 2 of September 1967. The proposal to hold this symposium originated with the German Society of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM) late in 1964 and was examined by a committee of IUTAM especially appointed for this purpose. The basis of this examination was a report in which the present situation in the field and the possible aims of the symposium were surveyed. Briefly, the aims of the symposium were stated to be 1. the unification of the various approaches developed in recent years with the aim of penetrating into the microscopic world of matter by means of continuum theories; 2. the bridging of the gap between microscopic (or atomic) research on mechanics on one hand, and the phenomenological (or continuum mechanical) approach on the other hand; 3. the physical interpretation and the relation to actual material behaviour of the quantities and laws introduced into the new theories, together with applications; 4. the further development of the theories, where necessary, and the clarification of open questions; 5. a stocktaking of present achievements and the prognosis for future developments. The committee agreed unanimously that the topic of the symposium represented an important phase of current developments in continuum mechanics, from the purely theoretical point of view as well as in connection with possible applications to actual materials.

Generalized Continua and Dislocation Theory

Theoretical Concepts, Computational Methods and Experimental Verification

Author: Carlo Sansour,Sebastian Skatulla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709112222

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 2015

Defects, dislocations and the general theory.- Approaches to generalized continua.- Generalized continuum modelling of crystal plasticity.- Introduction to discrete dislocation dynamics. The book contains four lectures on generalized continua and dislocation theory, reflecting the treatment of the subject at different scales. G. Maugin provides a continuum formulation of defects at the heart of which lies the notion of the material configuration and the material driving forces of in-homogeneities such as dislocations, disclinations, point defects, cracks, phase-transition fronts and shock waves. C. Sansour and S. Skatulla start with a compact treatment of linear transformation groups with subsequent excursion into the continuum theory of generalized continua. After a critical assessment a unified framework of the same is presented. The next contribution by S. Forest gives an account on generalized crystal plasticity. Finally, H. Zbib provides an account of dislocation dynamics and illustrates its fundamental importance at the smallest scale. In three contributions extensive computational results of many examples are presented.

Continuum Theory of Plasticity

Author: Akhtar S. Khan,Sujian Huang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471310433

Category: Science

Page: 421

View: 1383

The only modern, up-to-date introduction to plasticity Despite phenomenal progress in plasticity research over the past fifty years, introductory books on plasticity have changed very little. To meet the need for an up-to-date introduction to the field, Akhtar S. Khan and Sujian Huang have written Continuum Theory of Plasticity--a truly modern text which offers a continuum mechanics approach as well as a lucid presentation of the essential classical contributions. The early chapters give the reader a review of elementary concepts of plasticity, the necessary background material on continuum mechanics, and a discussion of the classical theory of plasticity. Recent developments in the field are then explored in sections on the Mroz Multisurface model, the Dafalias and Popov Two Surface model, the non-linear kinematic hardening model, the endochronic theory of plasticity, and numerous topics in finite deformation plasticity theory and strain space formulation for plastic deformation. Final chapters introduce the fundamentals of the micromechanics of plastic deformation and the analytical coupling between deformation of individual crystals and macroscopic material response of the polycrystal aggregate. For graduate students and researchers in engineering mechanics, mechanical, civil, and aerospace engineering, Continuum Theory of Plasticity offers a modern, comprehensive introduction to the entire subject of plasticity.