The White Man's Burden

Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good

Author: William Easterly

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101218129

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 8122

From one of the world’s best-known development economists—an excoriating attack on the tragic hubris of the West’s efforts to improve the lot of the so-called developing world In his previous book, The Elusive Quest for Growth, William Easterly criticized the utter ineffectiveness of Western organizations to mitigate global poverty, and he was promptly fired by his then-employer, the World Bank. The White Man’s Burden is his widely anticipated counterpunch—a brilliant and blistering indictment of the West’s economic policies for the world’s poor. Sometimes angry, sometimes irreverent, but always clear-eyed and rigorous, Easterly argues that we in the West need to face our own history of ineptitude and draw the proper conclusions, especially at a time when the question of our ability to transplant Western institutions has become one of the most pressing issues we face.

Wo liegt die "Humanitäre Schweiz"?

Eine Spurensuche in 10 Episoden

Author: Miriam Baumeister,Thomas Brückner,Patrick Sonnack

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3593509571

Category:

Page: 241

View: 7808

Die Schweiz rühmt sich gern mit ihrer humanitären Tradition. Doch diese Meistererzählung verhaftet oft noch an altbekannten Zeugnissen: Sie erzählen über die Hilfe in den Weltkriegen und das großzügige Schweizer Spendenverhalten, sie verweisen auf die langjährigen Aktivitäten Schweizer humanitärer Institutionen. Was fehlt, sind neue Perspektiven auf das humanitäre Handeln der Schweizerinnen und Schweizer in transnationalen Kontexten, die die Rede von einer "humanitären Tradition" erst resonanzfähig machen. Gibt es Muster des Helfens? Wem dient die Rede von einer "humanitären Tradition" der Schweiz? Eingeteilt in fünf Epochen vom 19. Jahrhundert bis heute, geht dieses Buch der Genese der humanitären Hilfe der Schweiz nach. Dabei lässt es Historiker mit Autorinnen und Autoren in einen Dialog treten, die ausserhalb der Geschichtswissenschaft stehen.

Europa auf der Suche nach Zusammenhalt und Sicherheit

Ausgewählte Beiträge zum Globalisierungsforum 2016-17

Author: Biffl, Gudrun,Pfeffer, Thomas

Publisher: Edition Donau-Universität Krems

ISBN: 3903150371

Category:

Page: 163

View: 7162

Dieser zweite Band der Reihe "Europa und Globalisierung" liefert Einblick in Weichenstellungen der EU in der Sicherheits-, Verteidigungs- und Migrationspolitik, aber auch in der Kohäsions- und der europäischen Nachbarschaftspolitik. Der Band skizziert damit das breite Spannungsfeld der EU zwischen der Förderung des inneren Zusammenhalts und dem Auftritt als globaler Player.

Interventionskultur

Zur Soziologie von Interventionsgesellschaften

Author: Thorsten Bonacker,Michael Daxner,Jan H. Free,Christoph Zürcher

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531163024

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 2739

Sicherheit, Demokratie, Wiederaufbau, Rechtstaat – all das erhoffen sich Menschen von Interventionen. Seit dem Kalten Krieg kommen humanitäre Interventionen häufig vor. Sie verändern die gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen in den Zielländern erheblich, doch oft können die Politik und Militärstrategie diese sozialen Verschiebungen nur schwer begreifen. Dann wird es aber schwieriger, friedensschaffende und stabilisierende Maßnahmen umzusetzen. Die Soziologie dieser Gesellschaften konzentriert sich auf die Beziehungen zwischen den Intervenierenden und denen, die von den Interventionen betroffen sind, den „Intervenierten“. Im Zentrum der Überlegungen stehen vor allem die neue Kultur und die Interaktionsformen, die sich zwischen beiden Gruppen entwickeln, sowie die gesellschaftliche Dynamik, die von der Intervention und dem anschließenden Wiederaufbau ausgelöst wird. Auch werden die Rückwirkungen der Intervention auf die Intervenierenden, d.h. vor allem auf die westlichen Gesellschaften, untersucht.

Fair Trade

Agenda für einen gerechten Welthandel

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz,Andrew Charlton

Publisher: Murmann Verlag DE

ISBN: 9783938017630

Category:

Page: 374

View: 9783


Der große Verbrauch

Warum das Überleben unseres Planeten von den Wirtschaftsmächten Asiens abhängt

Author: Chandran Nair

Publisher: Riemann Verlag

ISBN: 3641063353

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4062

Konsumieren wir unseren Planeten zu Tode? Kann Asien den globalen Ökokollaps verhindern? Eine überraschende Lösung für ein hochbrisantes Thema Die Weltbevölkerung wird im Jahr 2050 auf 9 Milliarden Menschen angewachsen sein – die meisten davon Asiaten. Was würde geschehen, wenn alle Menschen Asiens nach westlichem Lebensstandard streben und diesen auch erreichen würden? Wäre unser Planet überhaupt noch bewohnbar? Chandran Nair beschreibt den rasanten Aufstieg Indiens, Chinas, Japans und Südostasiens als globale Wirtschaftsmächte und das Dilemma, das damit verbunden ist. Fraglos wäre es gerecht, wenn sich Asien denselben Luxus hemmungslosen Konsums leisten dürfte wie der Westen. Für das globale Ökosystem zöge das jedoch dramatische Konsequenzen nach sich: rasante Klimaveränderungen und verheerende Naturkatastrophen wären unausweichlich. Chandran Nair begnügt sich nicht mit der Analyse der Situation, er wagt die Vision einer wünschenswerten Zukunft und entwickelt realistische Lösungsvorschläge auf den gebieten Wirtschaftswachstum, Konsum, Eigentum, Finanzarchitektur, Besteuerung, Arbeit und Leben. Seine überraschende These lautet: gerade weil Asien dem westlichen Vorbild nicht folgen darf, besitzt es das Potenzial, den Kapitalismus neu zu erfinden und ihm ein nachhaltiges Gesicht zu geben. Für jeden erkennbar neigt sich die amerikanisch-europäische Dominanz ihrem Ende zu. Wir sollten daher einer visionären Stimme aus Asien Gehör schenken.

Das Ende der Armut

ein ökonomisches Programm für eine gerechtere Welt

Author: Jeffrey Sachs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570550120

Category: Armut - Bekämpfung

Page: 476

View: 7041


The Handbook of Community Practice

Author: Marie Weil,Michael S. Reisch,Mary L. Ohmer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289972

Category: Social Science

Page: 968

View: 4302

The Second Edition of The Handbook of Community Practice is expanded and updated with a major global focus and serves as a comprehensive guidebook of community practice grounded in social justice and human rights. It utilizes community and practice theories and encompasses community development, organizing, planning, social change, policy practice, program development, service coordination, organizational cultural competency, and community-based research in relation to global poverty and community empowerment. This is also the first community practice text to provide combined and in-depth treatment of globalization and international development practice issues—including impacts on communities in the United States and on international development work. The Handbook is grounded in participatory and empowerment practices, including social change, social and economic development, feminist practice, community-collaborative, and engagement in diverse communities. It utilizes the social development perspective and employs analyses of persistent poverty, asset development, policy practice, and community research approaches as well as providing strategies for advocacy and social and legislative action. The handbook consists of forty chapters which challenge readers to examine and assess practice, theory, and research methods. As it expands on models and approaches, delineates emerging issues, and connects policy and practice, the book provides vision and strategies for local to global community practice in the coming decades. The handbook will continue to stand as the central text and reference for comprehensive community practice, and will be useful for years to come as it emphasizes direction for positive change, new developments in community approaches, and focuses attention on globalization, human rights, and social justice. It will continue to be used as a core text for multiple courses within programs, will have long term application for students of community practice, and will provide practitioners with new grounding for development, planning, organizing, and empowerment and social change work.

Can Emerging Technologies Make a Difference in Development?

Author: Rachel A. Parker,Richard P. Appelbaum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136485015

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3636

In this innovative and entirely original text, which has been thoughtfully edited to ensure coherence and readability across disciplines, scientists and practitioners from around the world provide evidence of the opportunities for, and the challenges of, developing collaborative approaches to bringing advanced and emerging technology to poor communities in developing countries in a responsible and sustainable manner. This volume will stimulate and satisfy readers seeking to engage in a rich and challenging discussion, integrating many strands of social thought and physical science. For those also seeking to creatively engage in the great challenges of our times for the benefit of struggling farmers, sick children, and people literally living in the dark around the world, may this volume also spark imagination, inspire commitment, and provoke collaborative problem solving.

IDRC

40 Years of Ideas, Innovation, and Impact

Author: Bruce Muirhead,Ronald N. Harpelle

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554587573

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 3908

The book focuses on the International Development Research Centre as a unique institution that has funded research in the developing South—research proposed and undertaken by Southern researchers—and how, as a result, it has had tremendous impact despite a relatively small budget. The IDRC is much better known in the developing South than in Canada; in many of the roughly 150 countries in which it has provided research funding it has contributed to creating a very positive image of Canada. The centre’s arms-length relationship with Canadian government assistance provides it with enormous freedom and flexibility—it was established in 1970 with its own act under the Trudeau government. The IDRC board is one-half international and one-half Canadian and is the only governmental agency in the world that has this structure, giving them unique insight into Southern development issues. One of the IDRC’s founding principles was its insistence on having Southern researchers decide which projects would be put forward for possible funding, and much care has been taken to avoid “research imperialism” or “colonialism.” An analysis of the path less travelled, but which IDRC found amenable, is fundamental to this history of the centre, and the book highlights the decisions, ideas, and practices that flow from this basic premise.

Technology in Postwar America

A History

Author: Carroll Pursell

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511892

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 6675

Carroll Pursell tells the story of the evolution of American technology since World War II. His fascinating and surprising history links pop culture icons with landmarks in technological innovation and shows how postwar politics left their mark on everything from television, automobiles, and genetically engineered crops to contraceptives, Tupperware, and the Veg-O-Matic. Just as America's domestic and international policies became inextricably linked during the Cold War, so did the nation's public and private technologies. The spread of the suburbs fed into demands for an interstate highway system, which itself became implicated in urban renewal projects. Fear of slipping into a postwar economic depression was offset by the creation of "a consumers' republic" in which buying and using consumer goods became the ultimate act of citizenship and a symbol of an "American Way of Life." Pursell begins with the events of World War II and the increasing belief that technological progress and the science that supported it held the key to a stronger, richer, and happier America. He looks at the effect of returning American servicemen and servicewomen and the Marshall Plan, which sought to integrate Western Europe into America's economic, business, and technological structure. He considers the accumulating "problems" associated with American technological supremacy, which, by the end of the 1960s, led to a crisis of confidence. Pursell concludes with an analysis of how consumer technologies create a cultural understanding that makes political technologies acceptable and even seem inevitable, while those same political technologies provide both form and content for the technologies found at home and at work. By understanding this history, Pursell hopes to advance a better understanding of the postwar American self.

Security, Development and the Fragile State

Bridging the Gap between Theory and Policy

Author: David Carment,Stewart Prest,Yiagadeesen Samy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135257051

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 7169

This book provides theoretical clarity about the concepts of failed and fragile states, which have emerged strongly since the 9/11 attacks. Recent contributions often see the fragile state as either a problem of development or of security. This volume argues that that neither perspective on its own is a sufficient basis for good policy. In a wide-ranging treatment, drawing on large samples as well as case studies, the authors create an alternative model of the fragile state emphasizing the multidimensional, multifaceted nature of the "fragile state problematique". On the basis of their model and empirical evidence, they then derive a number of policy-relevant insights regarding the need for contextualized and ongoing country analysis, the perils and pitfalls of unstructured development assistance, and the need to move whole-of-government approaches from the realm of rhetoric to reality. In offering both a synthesis of existing research and an innovative approach to understanding the fragile state, this volume will be of great interest to students of war and conflict studies, risk, conflict management, and international relations in general. It will also be of use to practitioners in policy circles and to NGOs.

Heaven on Earth

The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Author: Richard Landes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199831815

Category: Religion

Page: 520

View: 2466

Millennialists through the ages have looked forward to the apocalyptic moment that will radically transform society into heaven on earth. They have delivered withering critiques of their own civilizations and promised both the impending annihilation of the forces of evil and the advent of a perfect society. And all their promises have invariably failed. We tend, therefore, to dismiss these prophets of doom and salvation as crackpots and madmen, and not surprisingly historians of our secular era have tended to underestimate their impact on our modern world. Now, Richard Landes offers a lucid and ground-breaking analysis of this widely misunderstood phenomenon. This long-awaited study shows that many events typically regarded as secular--including the French Revolution, Marxism, Bolshevism, Nazism--not only contain key millennialist elements, but follow the apocalyptic curve of enthusiastic launch, disappointment and (often catastrophic) re-entry into "normal time." Indeed, as Landes examines the explicit millennialism behind such recent events as the emergence of Global Jihad since 1979, he challenges the common notion that modern history is largely driven by secular interests. By focusing on ten widely different case studies, none of which come from Judaism or Christianity, he shows that millennialism is not only a cultural universal, but also an extremely adaptive social phenomenon that persists across the modern and post-modern divides. At the same time, he also offers valuable insight into the social and psychological factors that drive such beliefs. Ranging from ancient Egypt to modern-day UFO cults and global Jihad, Heaven on Earth both delivers an eye-opening revisionist argument for the significance of millennialism throughout history and alerts the reader to the alarming spread of these ideologies in our world today.

Innovating for the Global South

Towards an Inclusive Innovation Agenda

Author: Dilip Soman,Janice Gross Stein,Joseph Wong

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 144266648X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 5668

Despite the vast wealth generated in the last half century, in today’s world inequality is worsening and poverty is becoming increasingly chronic. Hundreds of millions of people continue to live on less than $2 per day and lack basic human necessities such as nutritious food, shelter, clean water, primary health care, and education. Innovating for the Global South offers fresh solutions for reducing poverty in the developing world. Highlighting the multidisciplinary expertise of the University of Toronto’s Global Innovation Group, leading experts from the fields of engineering, medicine, management, and global public policy examine the causes and consequences of endemic poverty and the challenges of mitigating its effects from the perspective of the world’s poorest of the poor. Can we imagine ways to generate solar energy to run essential medical equipment in the countryside? Can we adapt information and communication technologies to provide up-to-the-minute agricultural market prices for remote farming villages? How do we create more inclusive innovation processes to hear the voices of those living in urban slums? Is it possible to reinvent a low-cost toilet that operates beyond the water and electricity grids? Motivated by the imperatives of developing, delivering, and harnessing innovation in the developing world, Innovating for the Global South is essential reading for managers, practitioners, and scholars of development, business, and policy.

Social Entrepreneurship

What Everyone Needs to Know?

Author: David Bornstein,Susan Davis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199746079

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 6755

In development circles, there is now widespread consensus that social entrepreneurs represent a far better mechanism to respond to needs than we have ever had before--a decentralized and emergent force that remains our best hope for solutions that can keep pace with our problems and create a more peaceful world. David Bornstein's previous book on social entrepreneurship, How to Change the World, was hailed by Nicholas Kristof in the New York Times as "a bible in the field" and published in more than twenty countries. Now, Bornstein shifts the focus from the profiles of successful social innovators in that book--and teams with Susan Davis, a founding board member of the Grameen Foundation--to offer the first general overview of social entrepreneurship. In a Q & A format allowing readers to go directly to the information they need, the authors map out social entrepreneurship in its broadest terms as well as in its particulars. Bornstein and Davis explain what social entrepreneurs are, how their organizations function, and what challenges they face. The book will give readers an understanding of what differentiates social entrepreneurship from standard business ventures and how it differs from traditional grant-based non-profit work. Unlike the typical top-down, model-based approach to solving problems employed by the World Bank and other large institutions, social entrepreneurs work through a process of iterative learning -- learning by doing--working with communities to find unique, local solutions to unique, local problems. Most importantly, the book shows readers exactly how they can get involved. Anyone inspired by Barack Obama's call to service and who wants to learn more about the essential features and enormous promise of this new method of social change, Social Entrepreneurship: What Everyone Needs to Know? is the ideal first place to look. What Everyone Needs to Know? is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

Burma Redux

Global Justice and the Quest for Political Reform in Myanmar

Author: Ian Holliday

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231504241

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3678

Contemporary Myanmar faces a number of political challenges, and it is unclear how other nations should act in relation to the country. Prioritizing the opinions of local citizens and reading them against the latest scholarship on this issue, Ian Holliday affirms the importance of foreign interests in Myanmar's democratic awakening, yet only through committed, grassroots strategies of engagement encompassing foreign states, international aid agencies, and global corporations. Holliday supports his argument by using multiple sources and theories, particularly ones that take historical events, contemporary political and social investigations, and global justice literature into account, as well as studies that focus on the effects of democratic transition, the aid industry, and socially responsible corporate investing and sanctions. One of the only volumes to apply broad-ranging global justice theories to a real-world nation in flux, Burma Redux will appeal to professionals researching Burma/Myanmar; political advisers and advocacy groups; nonspecialists interested in Southeast Asian politics and society and the local and international problems posed by pariah states; general readers who seek a richer understanding of the country beyond journalistic accounts; and the Burmese people themselves—both within the country and in diaspora. Burma Redux is also the first book-length study on the nation to be completed after the contentious general elections of 2010.

High-Value Natural Resources and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

Author: Päivi Lujala,Siri Aas Rustad

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136536698

Category: Law

Page: 704

View: 786

For most post-conflict countries, the transition to peace is daunting. In countries with high-value natural resources – including oil, gas, diamonds, other minerals, and timber –the stakes are unusually high and peacebuilding is especially challenging. Resource-rich post-conflict countries face both unique problems and opportunities. They enter peacebuilding with an advantage that distinguishes them from other war-torn societies: access to natural resources that can yield substantial revenues for alleviating poverty, compensating victims, creating jobs, and rebuilding the country and the economy. Evidence shows, however, that this opportunity is often wasted. Resource-rich countries do not have a better record in sustaining peace. In fact, resource-related conflicts are more likely to relapse. Focusing on the relationship between high-value natural resources and peacebuilding in post-conflict settings, this book identifies opportunities and strategies for converting resource revenues to a peaceful future. Its thirty chapters draw on the experiences of forty-one researchers and practitioners – as well as the broader literature – and cover a range of key issues, including resource extraction, revenue sharing and allocation, and institution building. The book provides a concise theoretical and practical framework that policy makers, researchers, practitioners, and students can use to understand and address the complex interplay between the management of high-value resources and peace. High-Value Natural Resources and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding is part of a global initiative led by the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University to identify and analyze lessons in natural resource management and post-conflict peacebuilding. The project has generated six edited books of case studies and analyses, with contributions from practitioners, policy makers, and researchers. Other books in the series address land; water; livelihoods; assessing and restoring natural resources; and governance.

Globalization

A Basic Text

Author: George Ritzer,Paul Dean

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687132

Category: Political Science

Page: 552

View: 8507

Updated to reflect recent global developments, the second edition of Globalization: A Basic Text presents an up-to-date introduction to major trends and topics relating to globalization studies. Features updates and revisions in its accessible introduction to key theories and major topics in globalization Includes an enhanced emphasis on issues relating to global governance, emerging technology, global flows of people, human trafficking, global justice movements, and global environmental sustainability Utilizes a unique set of metaphors to introduce and explain the highly complex nature of globalization in an engaging and understandable manner Offers an interdisciplinary approach to globalization by drawing from fields that include sociology, global political economy, political science, international relations, geography, and anthropology Written by an internationally recognized and experienced author team

The Twilight of Human Rights Law

Author: Eric Posner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199313466

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 3088

Countries solemnly intone their commitment to human rights, and they ratify endless international treaties and conventions designed to signal that commitment. At the same time, there has been no marked decrease in human rights violations, even as the language of human rights has become the dominant mode of international moral criticism. Well-known violators like Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan have sat on the U.N. Council on Human Rights. But it's not just the usual suspects that flagrantly disregard the treaties. Brazil pursues extrajudicial killings. South Africa employs violence against protestors. India tolerate child labor and slavery. The United States tortures. In The Twilight of Human Rights Law--the newest addition to Oxford's highly acclaimed Inalienable Rights series edited by Geoffrey Stone--the eminent legal scholar Eric A. Posner argues that purposefully unenforceable human rights treaties are at the heart of the world's failure to address human rights violations. Because countries fundamentally disagree about what the public good requires and how governments should allocate limited resources in order to advance it, they have established a regime that gives them maximum flexibility--paradoxically characterized by a huge number of vague human rights that encompass nearly all human activity, along with weak enforcement machinery that churns out new rights but cannot enforce any of them. Posner looks to the foreign aid model instead, contending that we should judge compliance by comprehensive, concrete metrics like poverty reduction, instead of relying on ambiguous, weak, and easily manipulated checklists of specific rights. With a powerful thesis, a concise overview of the major developments in international human rights law, and discussions of recent international human rights-related controversies, The Twilight of Human Rights Law is an indispensable contribution to this important area of international law from a leading scholar in the field.