The Welfare State in Britain since 1945

Author: Rodney Lowe

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 9781403911933

Category: History

Page: 455

View: 6056

Since the 1970s, welfare reform has been a political priority throughout the western world. In Britain, it has dominated New Labour under Tony Blair as much as it did the Conservatives under Margaret Thatcher. More generally, globalization has raised fears that national governments will dismantle their welfare states and, as in the 1930s, expose their citizens to the danger of mass unemployment and poverty. The Welfare State in Britain since 1945 examines key questions such as: - Why were welfare states created after the Second World War? - Did the 'classic' welfare state in Britain create a more fair and efficient society as its creators such as Beveridge hoped; or did it stifle initiative and enterprise, thereby accelerating economic decline? - Since the 1970s, has the introduction of greater market discipline into economic and social policy resulted in the dismantling of the welfare state; or has it been effectively restructured to satisfy old, and meet new, needs? - Is there a new 'Thatcherite' consensus? - Has Britain become once again, as in the 1940s, a welfare leader? This new edition of a well-established text has been enlarged to provide full coverage of the Thatcher years and New Labour. Rodney Lowe incorporates the latest research as well as an appreciation of variations in national policy, particularly in the aftermath of devolution. In so doing, Lowe provides the fullest range of available evidence on which to base informed judgements on the past record, and future direction, of welfare policy in Britain.

Housing and the Welfare State

The Development of Housing Policy in Britain

Author: Peter Malpass

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780333962091

Category: Housing

Page: 241

View: 7207

This new analysis of housing policy in Britain since 1945 challenges conventional notions of the relationship between housing and the welfare state. It argues that housing policy in the years after the Second World War is better understood in terms of market restructuring. However, in more recent years housing has been at the forefront of changes that have drawn it closer to other welfare state services, and the modernisation of public services is continuing the trend.

Inside the Welfare State

Foundations of Policy and Practice in Post-War Britain

Author: Virginia Noble

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113599093X

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 7280

By moving beyond consideration of the welfare legislation enacted in the 1940s, this book explains how government aid was actually provided in the new British welfare state created just after World War II. Revealing dimensions of social policy that have been neglected by scholars, this study uncovers the practices of the officials who decided how welfare would be distributed. Between 1945 and 1965, social policy was in a state of flux, as officials sought to reconcile the new welfare state’s message of unqualified inclusion with deeply ingrained norms that militated against providing state aid to working-age men, to women who had even a tenuous connection to a male wage-earner, or to black and Asian immigrants who lacked an authentic "British" identity. Fusing the rationales of the poor law and the technologies of the modern bureaucratic state, various government branches tried to shape the behavior and attitudes of those seeking benefits. These mechanisms of welfare distribution created a bureaucratic language and logic that foreshadowed the more publicized, politicized anxieties that would surface as the welfare state itself came under attack later in the 20th century.

A Historical Guide to NGOs in Britain

Charities, Civil Society and the Voluntary Sector since 1945

Author: M. Hilton,N. Crowson,J. Mouhot,J. McKay

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137029021

Category: History

Page: 399

View: 885

Aiming to furnish the reader with the historical data to engage with the debates surrounding the Cameron government's 'Big Society' and civil society, this book gives the reader a greater and more informed historical consciousness of how the NGO sector has grown and influenced.

British Social Policy

1945 to the Present

Author: Howard Glennerster

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405152443

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 6269

This is a new edition of one of the most widely used texts on the history of social policy in Britain. Covering the period from the end of the Second World War to the present day, Howard Glennerster focuses on the Welfare State to explore the myths that have shaped popular conceptions of social policy, and which continue to dominate current debates. From the earliest days of the Welfare State, to New Labour's reform commitments for the new century, Glennerster concludes that social policy can only ever be understood in the context of the political and economic concerns of the time. For this third edition the author provides a new final chapter covering New Labour's policy in the twenty-first century and updates the book's earlier chapters, tables, charts, and select bibliography.

Sociology in Perspective

Author: Mark Kirby

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435331603

Category: Sociology

Page: 831

View: 4398

This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

Austerity in Britain

Rationing, Controls, and Consumption, 1939-1955

Author: Ina Zweiniger-Bargielowska

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191542245

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 8784

Austerity in Britain is the first book to explore the entire episode of rationing, austerity, and fair shares from 1939 until 1955. These policies were central to the British war effort and to post-war reconstruction. The book analyses the connections between government policy, consumption, gender, and party politics during and after the Second World War. The economic background to austerity, the policy's administration, and changes in consumption standards are examined. Rationing resulted in at times extensive black markets and popular attitudes to the policy ranged from wartime acquiescence to post-war discontent. Austerity in Britain qualifies the myth of common sacrifice on the home front and highlights the limitations of the fair-shares policy which failed to achieve genuine equality between classes or between men and women. The continuation of rationing and austerity policies after 1945 was central to party politics. Disaffection, particularly among women, undermined Labour's popularity while the Conservatives' critique of austerity was instrumental to the party's victories at the general elections of 1951 and 1955.

Britain since 1945

A Political History

Author: David Childs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136322655

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 1027

Britain since 1945 is the established textbook on contemporary British political history since the end of the Second World War. David Childs' authoritative chronological survey discusses domestic policy and politics in particular, but also covers external and international relations. This new and improved seventh edition of this important book brings the picture to the present by including the following additions: Tony Blair's resignation and Gordon Brown's accession to power immigration the financial crisis from 2007: the first bank run in Britain since 1866 the 'Special-relationship' with the US and Obama the 2010 General elcetion and the first coalition government since 1945 'Broken Britain' and Crime the era of ‘owned by China' and Britain’s place in a turbulent world. Britain since 1945 is essential reading for any student of contemporary British history and politics.

Life in the United Kingdom

A Journey to Citizenship

Author: N.A

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0113413025

Category: Social Science

Page: 146

View: 9692

This compendium of information aims primarily to assist teachers of English as a second language, mentors and others helping immigrants to integrate, It will also help immigrants who have workable English and who are required to take a citizenship test if they apply for naturalisation as Briitsh citizens. Sections include: the making of the United Kingdom (history); a changing society; a profile of Britain today; how Britain is governed; everyday needs (housing, health, education, money, leisure etc); employment; sources of help; knowing the law.

Britain Since 1945

Author: Jonathan Hollowell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470758171

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 3830

This book offers a comprehensive overview of Britain's development since the end of the Second World War. It comprises 23 contributions from leading authorities and newer scholars, set in context with a foreword by Raymond Seitz. A comprehensive and fascinating introduction to Britain from the end of the Second World War Draws together the themes that have dominated discussion amongst scholars and media commentators The chapters are set in context with a foreword by Raymond Seitz Covers topics such as foreigh policy, political parties, the media, race relations, women and social change, science and IT, culture, industrial relations, the welfare state, and political and economic issues in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

Negotiating Boundaries in the City

Migration, Ethnicity, and Gender in Britain

Author: Dr Joanna Herbert

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491080

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3552

Using in-depth life-story interviews and oral history archives, this book explores the impact of South Asian migration from the 1950s onwards on both the local white, British-born population and the migrants themselves. Taking Leicester as a main case study – identified as a European model of multicultural success – Negotiating Boundaries in the City offers a historically grounded analysis of the human experiences of migration. Joanna Herbert shows how migration created challenges for both existing residents and newcomers – for both male and female migrants – and explores how they perceived and negotiated boundaries within the local contexts of their everyday lives. She explores the personal and collective narratives of individuals who might not otherwise appear in the historical records, highlighting the importance of subjective, everyday experiences. The stories provide valuable insights into the nature of white ethnicity, inter-ethnic relations and the gendered nature of experiences, and offer rich data lacking in existing theoretical accounts. This book provides a radically different story about multicultural Britain and reveals the nuances of modern urban experiences which are lost in prevailing discourses of multiculturalism.

A History of Doughty's Hospital, Norwich, 1687-2009

Author: Nigel Goose,Leanne Moden

Publisher: Univ of Hertfordshire Press

ISBN: 9781905313938

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 6053

Based on primary resources and interviews with current residents and recent trustees, this well researched history traces the growth and progress of Doughty’s Hospital, an almshouse in Norwich, England, while examining the various philanthropic initiatives and social policies in Britain as a whole. From the hospital’s foundation at the bequest of the departed William Doughty in 1687 to its present condition, this record considers key aspects of the hospital’s development, including its residents, staff, financial management, and rules and regulations. With chapters on the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, this account makes a valuable contribution to the history of social welfare.

Mental Health Care in Modern England

The Norfolk Lunatic Asylum/St. Andrew's Hospital C. 1810-1998

Author: Steven Cherry

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 9780851159201

Category: Medical

Page: 335

View: 5712

This history of one particular place for "madness" covers changing approaches to insanity and treatments over two centuries.

Der Weg nach Wigan Pier

Author: George Orwell

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 3257602510

Category: Fiction

Page: 240

View: 1667

Im Jahr 1936 geht George Orwell in die Industriestädte Nordenglands, um an Ort und Stelle zu beobachten, wie Bergleute im Alltag arbeiten und wohnen. Er steigt mit in die Gruben hinunter und berichtet aufmerksam, sachlich, genau, mit Einfühlung und Gespür für die vielfachen Zusammenhänge. Diese Erfahrung führt zu Reflexionen über den Sozialismus als umsichtigen, schwierigen Weg zu Gerechtigkeit und Freiheit.

No Turning Back

The Peacetime Revolutions of Post-War Britain

Author: Paul Addison

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019102984X

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 4404

In No Turning Back, Paul Addison takes the long view, charting the vastly changing character of British society since the end of the Second World War. As he shows, in this period a series of peaceful revolutions has completely transformed the country so that, with the advantage of a longer perspective, the comparative peace and growing prosperity of the second half of the twentieth century appear as more powerful solvents of settled ways of life than the Battle of the Somme or the Blitz. We have come to take for granted a welfare state which would have seemed extraordinary to our forebears in the first decades of the century, based upon the achievement of a hitherto undreamed of mass prosperity. Much of the sexual morality preached if not practised for centuries has been dismantled with the creation of a 'permissive society'. The employment and career chances of women have been revolutionized. A white nation has been transformed into a multiracial one. An economy founded on manufacturing under the watchful eye of the 'gentlemen in Whitehall' has morphed into a free market system, heavily dependent on finance, services, and housing, while a predominantly working class society has evolved into a predominantly middle class one. And the United Kingdom, which once looked as solid as the rock of Gibraltar, now looks increasingly fragile, as Wales and especially Scotland have started to go their separate ways. The book ends with an assessment of the gains and losses that have resulted. As this makes clear, this is not a story of progress pure and simple, it is a story of fundamental transformation in which much has been gained and much also lost, perhaps above all a sense of the ties that used to bind people together. Paul Addison brings to it the personal point of view of someone who has lived through it all and seen the Britain of his youth turn into a very different country, but who in the final reckoning still prefers the present to the past.

Social Policy

Issues and Developments

Author: Hugh M. Bochel

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780130870094

Category: Political Science

Page: 388

View: 2575

This text is an accessible introduction to social policy. It provides comprehensive coverage of a wide range of major topics, including health, housing, work, education, crime and criminal justice, ethics, 'new' social policy, neo-liberalism and New Labour.