a political history since 1945
Author: Michael James Hill
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Political Science
This new analysis of housing policy in Britain since 1945 challenges conventional notions of the relationship between housing and the welfare state. It argues that housing policy in the years after the Second World War is better understood in terms of market restructuring. However, in more recent years housing has been at the forefront of changes that have drawn it closer to other welfare state services, and the modernisation of public services is continuing the trend.
The Development of Housing Policy in Britain
Author: Peter Malpass
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
By moving beyond consideration of the welfare legislation enacted in the 1940s, this book explains how government aid was actually provided in the new British welfare state created just after World War II. Revealing dimensions of social policy that have been neglected by scholars, this study uncovers the practices of the officials who decided how welfare would be distributed. Between 1945 and 1965, social policy was in a state of flux, as officials sought to reconcile the new welfare state’s message of unqualified inclusion with deeply ingrained norms that militated against providing state aid to working-age men, to women who had even a tenuous connection to a male wage-earner, or to black and Asian immigrants who lacked an authentic "British" identity. Fusing the rationales of the poor law and the technologies of the modern bureaucratic state, various government branches tried to shape the behavior and attitudes of those seeking benefits. These mechanisms of welfare distribution created a bureaucratic language and logic that foreshadowed the more publicized, politicized anxieties that would surface as the welfare state itself came under attack later in the 20th century.
Foundations of Policy and Practice in Post-War Britain
Author: Virginia Noble
zur Soziologie des Wohlfahrtsstaates
Author: Thomas Humphrey Marshall
Aiming to furnish the reader with the historical data to engage with the debates surrounding the Cameron government's 'Big Society' and civil society, this book gives the reader a greater and more informed historical consciousness of how the NGO sector has grown and influenced.
Charities, Civil Society and the Voluntary Sector since 1945
Author: M. Hilton,N. Crowson,J. Mouhot,J. McKay
This is a new edition of one of the most widely used texts on the history of social policy in Britain. Covering the period from the end of the Second World War to the present day, Howard Glennerster focuses on the Welfare State to explore the myths that have shaped popular conceptions of social policy, and which continue to dominate current debates. From the earliest days of the Welfare State, to New Labour's reform commitments for the new century, Glennerster concludes that social policy can only ever be understood in the context of the political and economic concerns of the time. For this third edition the author provides a new final chapter covering New Labour's policy in the twenty-first century and updates the book's earlier chapters, tables, charts, and select bibliography.
1945 to the Present
Author: Howard Glennerster
Austerity in Britain is the first book to explore the entire episode of rationing, austerity, and fair shares from 1939 until 1955. These policies were central to the British war effort and to post-war reconstruction. The book analyses the connections between government policy, consumption, gender, and party politics during and after the Second World War. The economic background to austerity, the policy's administration, and changes in consumption standards are examined. Rationing resulted in at times extensive black markets and popular attitudes to the policy ranged from wartime acquiescence to post-war discontent. Austerity in Britain qualifies the myth of common sacrifice on the home front and highlights the limitations of the fair-shares policy which failed to achieve genuine equality between classes or between men and women. The continuation of rationing and austerity policies after 1945 was central to party politics. Disaffection, particularly among women, undermined Labour's popularity while the Conservatives' critique of austerity was instrumental to the party's victories at the general elections of 1951 and 1955.
Rationing, Controls, and Consumption, 1939-1955
Author: Ina Zweiniger-Bargielowska
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This compendium of information aims primarily to assist teachers of English as a second language, mentors and others helping immigrants to integrate, It will also help immigrants who have workable English and who are required to take a citizenship test if they apply for naturalisation as Briitsh citizens. Sections include: the making of the United Kingdom (history); a changing society; a profile of Britain today; how Britain is governed; everyday needs (housing, health, education, money, leisure etc); employment; sources of help; knowing the law.
A Journey to Citizenship
Publisher: The Stationery Office
Category: Social Science
This book offers a comprehensive overview of Britain's development since the end of the Second World War. It comprises 23 contributions from leading authorities and newer scholars, set in context with a foreword by Raymond Seitz. A comprehensive and fascinating introduction to Britain from the end of the Second World War Draws together the themes that have dominated discussion amongst scholars and media commentators The chapters are set in context with a foreword by Raymond Seitz Covers topics such as foreigh policy, political parties, the media, race relations, women and social change, science and IT, culture, industrial relations, the welfare state, and political and economic issues in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland
Author: Jonathan Hollowell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Using in-depth life-story interviews and oral history archives, this book explores the impact of South Asian migration from the 1950s onwards on both the local white, British-born population and the migrants themselves. Taking Leicester as a main case study – identified as a European model of multicultural success – Negotiating Boundaries in the City offers a historically grounded analysis of the human experiences of migration. Joanna Herbert shows how migration created challenges for both existing residents and newcomers – for both male and female migrants – and explores how they perceived and negotiated boundaries within the local contexts of their everyday lives. She explores the personal and collective narratives of individuals who might not otherwise appear in the historical records, highlighting the importance of subjective, everyday experiences. The stories provide valuable insights into the nature of white ethnicity, inter-ethnic relations and the gendered nature of experiences, and offer rich data lacking in existing theoretical accounts. This book provides a radically different story about multicultural Britain and reveals the nuances of modern urban experiences which are lost in prevailing discourses of multiculturalism.
Migration, Ethnicity, and Gender in Britain
Author: Dr Joanna Herbert
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Social Science
Based on primary resources and interviews with current residents and recent trustees, this well researched history traces the growth and progress of Doughty’s Hospital, an almshouse in Norwich, England, while examining the various philanthropic initiatives and social policies in Britain as a whole. From the hospital’s foundation at the bequest of the departed William Doughty in 1687 to its present condition, this record considers key aspects of the hospital’s development, including its residents, staff, financial management, and rules and regulations. With chapters on the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, this account makes a valuable contribution to the history of social welfare.
Author: Nigel Goose,Leanne Moden
Publisher: Univ of Hertfordshire Press
This history of one particular place for "madness" covers changing approaches to insanity and treatments over two centuries.
The Norfolk Lunatic Asylum/St. Andrew's Hospital C. 1810-1998
Author: Steven Cherry
Publisher: Boydell Press
Im Jahr 1936 geht George Orwell in die Industriestädte Nordenglands, um an Ort und Stelle zu beobachten, wie Bergleute im Alltag arbeiten und wohnen. Er steigt mit in die Gruben hinunter und berichtet aufmerksam, sachlich, genau, mit Einfühlung und Gespür für die vielfachen Zusammenhänge. Diese Erfahrung führt zu Reflexionen über den Sozialismus als umsichtigen, schwierigen Weg zu Gerechtigkeit und Freiheit.
Author: George Orwell
Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG
In No Turning Back, Paul Addison takes the long view, charting the vastly changing character of British society since the end of the Second World War. As he shows, in this period a series of peaceful revolutions has completely transformed the country so that, with the advantage of a longer perspective, the comparative peace and growing prosperity of the second half of the twentieth century appear as more powerful solvents of settled ways of life than the Battle of the Somme or the Blitz. We have come to take for granted a welfare state which would have seemed extraordinary to our forebears in the first decades of the century, based upon the achievement of a hitherto undreamed of mass prosperity. Much of the sexual morality preached if not practised for centuries has been dismantled with the creation of a 'permissive society'. The employment and career chances of women have been revolutionized. A white nation has been transformed into a multiracial one. An economy founded on manufacturing under the watchful eye of the 'gentlemen in Whitehall' has morphed into a free market system, heavily dependent on finance, services, and housing, while a predominantly working class society has evolved into a predominantly middle class one. And the United Kingdom, which once looked as solid as the rock of Gibraltar, now looks increasingly fragile, as Wales and especially Scotland have started to go their separate ways. The book ends with an assessment of the gains and losses that have resulted. As this makes clear, this is not a story of progress pure and simple, it is a story of fundamental transformation in which much has been gained and much also lost, perhaps above all a sense of the ties that used to bind people together. Paul Addison brings to it the personal point of view of someone who has lived through it all and seen the Britain of his youth turn into a very different country, but who in the final reckoning still prefers the present to the past.
The Peacetime Revolutions of Post-War Britain
Author: Paul Addison
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This text is an accessible introduction to social policy. It provides comprehensive coverage of a wide range of major topics, including health, housing, work, education, crime and criminal justice, ethics, 'new' social policy, neo-liberalism and New Labour.
Issues and Developments
Author: Hugh M. Bochel
Publisher: Pearson Education
Category: Political Science