Die Fahrt der Beagle

Tagebuch mit Erforschungen der Naturgeschichte und Geologie der Länder, die auf der Fahrt von HMS Beagle unter dem Kommando von Kapitän Fitz Roy, RN, besucht wurden

Author: Charles Darwin,Eike Schönfeld

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596175895

Category: Beagle Schiff - Forschungsreise - Weltumsegelung - Geschichte 1831-1836

Page: 687

View: 5000


Reise um die Welt

Aus dem Bordbuch der H.M.S. Beagle 1831-1836

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Edition Erdmann in der marixverlag GmbH

ISBN: 3843800715

Category: Travel

Page: 384

View: 7277

Die Aufzeichnungen von Charles Darwin (1809-1882) über seine Weltumsegelung mit der "Beagle" gehören zu den klassischen Reisewerken des 19. Jahrhunderts. Auf dieser Expedition lassen sich seine epochemachenden Ideen und Theorien, die später die viktorianische Gesellschaft in ihren Grundfesten erbeben ließen, gleichsam im Augenblick des Entstehens beobachten.Doch nicht nur die naturwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse, sondern vor allem die Schilderungen der ethnischen, sozialen und politischen Zustände und Ereignisse in den Ländern der südlichen Hemisphäre machen die Einzigartigkeit seines Berichtes aus.Nicht ohne Anteilnahme beschreibt er z.B. das Treiben der Soldateska des späteren argentinischen Diktators Rosas und die schrecklichen Gemetzel, die die gefürchteten Indianer unter der weißen Bevölkerung anrichten, berichtet von den barbarischen Bräuchen der kannibalischen Feuerländer, von denen man kaum glauben könne, dass sie "unsere Mitgeschöpfe und Bewohner derselben Welt" seien, beklagt die schnell fortschreitende Ausrottung der Ureinwohner Australiens durch die Europäer und fügt die Vielzahl seiner Beobachtungen zu einem Resümee zusammen, das Geschichte machte und seinen Zeitgenossen mit einem Schlag absolut neue Welten erschloss.Aus den umfangreichen Aufzeichnungen des jungen Forschers sind für diese Ausgabe – dem Charakter der Reihe entsprechend – die für den heutigen Leser besonders interessanten Teile seines Journals zusammengefasst, die Darwin vor allem als Entdeckungsreisenden zeigen und seine abenteuerlichen Erkundungen in zwei Kontinenten und der Inselwelt des Stillen Ozeans beinhalten. Daneben treten seine naturwissenschaftlichen Detailuntersuchungen zwangsläufig ein wenig zurück. Gewonnen wurde dadurch ein Lese-Abenteuer, dessen unmittelbare Frische und Spannung ihres gleichen suchen.

The Voyage of the Beagle

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141906618

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 7568

When HMS Beagle sailed out of Devonport on 27 December 1831, Charles Darwin was twenty-two and setting off on the voyage of a lifetime. His journal, here reprinted in a shortened form, shows a naturalist making patient observations concerning geology, natural history, people, places and events. Volcanoes in the Galapagos, the Gossamer spider of Patagonia and the Australasian coral reefs – all are to be found in these extraordinary writings. The insights made here were to set in motion the intellectual currents that led to the most controversial book of the Victorian age: The Origin of Species.

Literature, Science, Psychoanalysis, 1830-1970

Essays in Honour of Gillian Beer

Author: Gillian Beer,Helen Small,Trudi Tate

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199266678

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 255

View: 1431

The interactions between literature and science and between literature and psychoanalysis have been among the most thriving areas for interdisciplinary study in recent years. Work in these 'open fields' has taught us to recognize the interdependence of different cultures of knowledge and experience, revealing the multiple ways in which science, literature, and psychoanalysis have been mutually enabling and defining, as well as corrective and contestatory of each other. Inspired by GillianBeer's path-breaking work on literature and science, this volume presents fourteen new essays by leading American and British writers. They focus on the evolutionary sciences in the nineteeth-century; the early years of psychoanalysis, from Freud to Ella Freeman Sharpe; and the modern development of the physical sciences. Drawing on recent debates within the history of science, psychoanalytic literary criticism, intellectual history, and gender studies, the volume makes a major contribution to our understanding of the formation of knowledge. Among its recurrent themes are: curiosity and epistemology; 'growth', 'maturity', and 'coming of age' as structuring metaphors (several essays focus especially on childhood); taxonomy; sleep and dreaming and elusive knowledge; the physiology of truth; and the gender politics of scientific theory and practice. The essays also reflect Beer's extensive influence as a literary critic, with close readings of works by Charlotte Bronte, Alfred Lord Tennyson, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Henry James, Oscar Wilde, H. G. Wells, Edith Ayrton Zangwill, Charlotte Haldane, Virginia Woolf, George Orwell, and Karin Boye.

Darwin's Dice

The Idea of Chance in the Thought of Charles Darwin

Author: Curtis Johnson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199361436

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 9989

For evolutionary biologists, the concept of chance has always played a significant role in the formation of evolutionary theory. As far back as Greek antiquity, chance and "luck" were key factors in understanding the natural world. Chance is not just an important concept; it is an entire way of thinking about nature. And as Curtis Johnson shows, it is also one of the key ideas that separates Charles Darwin from other systematic biologists of his time. Studying the concept of chance in Darwin's writing reveals core ideas in his theory of evolution, as well as his reflections on design, purpose, and randomness in nature's progression over the course of history. In Darwin's Dice: The Idea of Chance in the Thought of Charles Darwin, Curtis Johnson examines Darwin's early notebooks, his collected correspondence (now in 19 volumes), and most of his published writing to trace the evolution of his ideas about chance in evolution. This proved to be one of Darwin's most controversial ideas among his reading public, so much so that it drew hostile reactions even from Darwin's scientific friends, not to mention the more general reader. The firestorm of criticism forced Darwin to forge a retreat, not in terms of removing chance from his theory--his commitment to it was unshakable--but in terms of how he chose to present his theory. Briefly, by changing his wording and by introducing metaphors and images (the stone-house metaphor, the evolution of giraffes, and others), Darwin succeeded in making his ideas seem less threatening than before without actually changing his views. Randomness remained a focal point for Darwin throughout his life. Through the lens of randomness, Johnson reveals implications of Darwin's views for religion, free will, and moral theory. Darwin's Dice presents a new way to look at Darwinist thought and the writings of Charles Darwin.

Mein Leben

1809 - 1882

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783458350705

Category:

Page: 279

View: 6301


Reise um die Welt

Erlebnisse und Forschungen in den Jahren 1832–1836

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3111546373

Category: History

Page: 614

View: 9247


CultureShock! Chile

A Survival Guide to Customs and Etiquette

Author: Susan Roraff,Laura Camacho

Publisher: Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd

ISBN: 9814435309

Category: Travel

Page: 278

View: 9242


Über Die Entstehung der Arten (Großdruck)

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781532849770

Category:

Page: 624

View: 4053

Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten Lesefreundlicher Großdruck in 16-pt-Schrift Edition Holzinger. Großformat, 216 x 279 mm Berliner Ausgabe, 2016 Vollständiger, durchgesehener Neusatz bearbeitet und eingerichtet von Michael Holzinger Erstdruck: London 1859. Erste deutsche Übersetzung von Heinrich Georg Bronn unter dem Titel »Über die Entstehung der Arten im Thier- und Pflanzenreich durch natürliche Züchtung, oder Erhaltung der vervollkommneten Rassen im Kampf ums Daseyn«, Stuttgart 1860. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung der sechsten Auflage, London 1872, durch Julius Victor Carus von 1884. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigten Rassen im Kampfe um's Dasein. Nach der letzten englischen Ausgabe wiederholt durchgesehen von J. Victor Carus, 9. Auflage, Stuttgart: Schweitzerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1899. Herausgeber der Reihe: Michael Holzinger Reihengestaltung: Viktor Harvion Umschlaggestaltung unter Verwendung des Bildes: Charles Darwin auf einem Aquarell von George Richmond (1809-1896) aus dem Jahr 1840 Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 16 pt.

A Brief Guide to Charles Darwin

Author: Cyril Aydon

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1472107535

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 1828

Charles Darwin has become one of the most important men in history. The quiet, unsure polymath who avoided confrontation, ensconced in his family home at Down House in Kent, was also a revolutionary who developed his idea of Natural Selection in isolation. Cyril Aydon's short biography is considered one of the best introductions to the life and ideas of Darwin. With Darwin's legacy still in contention and the forthcoming anniversary of the publication of The Origins Species, Aydon's book is a perfect guide to the ideas as well as the man who was recently voted one of the greatest Britons of all time, and certainly one of the most influential thinkers ever.

Voice of a Voyage

Rediscovering the World During a Ten-year Circumnavigation

Author: Doann Houghton-Alico

Publisher: Sunstone Press

ISBN: 0865349908

Category: Travel

Page: 274

View: 6285

In 2001, sixty-year old author Doann Houghton-Alico and her husband embarked on a ten-year sailing circumnavigation visiting forty-one countries and sailing over 43,000 nautical miles. As an award-winning author of both technical books and poetry, she brings her love of research into the tangents of the stories she encountered and her lyrical voice to create a picture of the world few of us know. The author, an adept observer and an enthusiastic participant in what life has to offer, writes of her love of the sea at night far away from land, but she also describes such exotic places as remote islands of the South Pacific where black magic and wives bought for three boar tusks are the norm. She evokes the spirit of people and places by revisiting their cultural and natural history and exploring beneath the surface. Her portrayals are riveting, drawing the reader quickly into an intimate chronicle of tragedy and beauty. Doann’s poetry and photographs add additional dimensions to her evocative writing. Doann relishes places like the sandy, forbidding, uninterrupted views of the Sudanese desert from the marsas—inlets of the Red Sea, where flamingoes and camels abound—but also addresses the more serious issues she witnessed such as survival in areas of exploding populations, decreasing food supplies, climate change, and the impact of war. She describes both in a visceral, yet insightful way. Her inquisitiveness, the allure of exploration, and a strong curiosity about the world inspire her writing. Whether floating in the sea eye-to-eye with a humpback whale, escaping pirates, or drinking tea in a bombed-out Eritrean alley with refugees, Doann takes you there. Visit her website at www.doannhoughton.com.

Penguin Classics

A Complete Annotated Listing of Penguin Classics, Twentieth-century Classics, Nature Classics, and the Pelican Shakespeare Series

Author: Penguin (Firm)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780147715975

Category: Literature

Page: 285

View: 1708


The Heretic in Darwin’s Court

The Life of Alfred Russel Wallace

Author: Ross A. Slotten

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231503563

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 640

View: 9233

During their lifetimes, Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Darwin shared credit and fame for the independent and near-simultaneous discovery of natural selection. Together, the two men spearheaded one of the greatest intellectual revolutions in modern history, and their rivalry, usually amicable but occasionally acrimonious, forged modern evolutionary theory. Yet today, few people today know much about Wallace. The Heretic in Darwin's Court explores the controversial life and scientific contributions of Alfred Russel Wallace—Victorian traveler, scientist, spiritualist, and co-discoverer with Charles Darwin of natural selection. After examining his early years, the biography turns to Wallace's twelve years of often harrowing travels in the western and eastern tropics, which place him in the pantheon of the greatest explorer-naturalists of the nineteenth century. Tracing step-by-step his discovery of natural selection—a piece of scientific detective work as revolutionary in its implications as the discovery of the structure of DNA—the book then follows the remaining fifty years of Wallace's eccentric and entertaining life. In addition to his divergence from Darwin on two fundamental issues—sexual selection and the origin of the human mind—he pursued topics that most scientific figures of his day conspicuously avoided, including spiritualism, phrenology, mesmerism, environmentalism, and life on Mars. Although there may be disagreement about his conclusions, Wallace's intellectual investigations into the origins of life, consciousness, and the universe itself remain some of the most inspired scientific accomplishments in history. This authoritative biography casts new light on the life and work of Alfred Russel Wallace and the importance of his twenty-five-year relationship with Charles Darwin.

Dark Vanishings

Discourse on the Extinction of Primitive Races, 1800-1930

Author: Patrick Brantlinger

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801468671

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 260

View: 6767

Patrick Brantlinger here examines the commonly held nineteenth-century view that all "primitive" or "savage" races around the world were doomed sooner or later to extinction. Warlike propensities and presumed cannibalism were regarded as simultaneously noble and suicidal, accelerants of the downfall of other races after contact with white civilization. Brantlinger finds at the heart of this belief the stereotype of the self-exterminating savage, or the view that "savagery" is a sufficient explanation for the ultimate disappearance of "savages" from the grand theater of world history. Humanitarians, according to Brantlinger, saw the problem in the same terms of inevitability (or doom) as did scientists such as Charles Darwin and Thomas Henry Huxley as well as propagandists for empire such as Charles Wentworth Dilke and James Anthony Froude. Brantlinger analyzes the Irish Famine in the context of ideas and theories about primitive races in North America, Australia, New Zealand, and elsewhere. He shows that by the end of the nineteenth century, especially through the influence of the eugenics movement, extinction discourse was ironically applied to "the great white race" in various apocalyptic formulations. With the rise of fascism and Nazism, and with the gradual renewal of aboriginal populations in some parts of the world, by the 1930s the stereotypic idea of "fatal impact" began to unravel, as did also various more general forms of race-based thinking and of social Darwinism.

The Galapagos Affair

Author: John E Treherne

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446467880

Category: Travel

Page: 256

View: 9096

Over half-a-century ago fanciful and exotic stories began to appear in the world's press about settlers on the remote Galapagos island of Floreana. The tales were of nudism, free love communes, stainless steel dentures - a latter-day Garden of Eden. But the truth was even stranger. Friedrich Ritter, an eccentric German intellectual, and his long-suffering companion Dora Strauch, were the first arrivals. Once established, they were soon joined by others. Most bizarre and dangerous was the self-styled Baroness Wagner-Bosquet. She ruled her three young male lovers with a riding crop, a pearl-handled revolver and insatiable sexual demands - terrorising other settlers. Her mysterious disappearance and the discovery of unidentified bodies on a nearby island perplexed the world. Now The Galapagos Affair unravels the whole incredible story.

The View from the Masthead

Maritime Imagination and Antebellum American Sea Narratives

Author: Hester Blum

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469606550

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 4087

With long, solitary periods at sea, far from literary and cultural centers, sailors comprise a remarkable population of readers and writers. Although their contributions have been little recognized in literary history, seamen were important figures in the nineteenth-century American literary sphere. In the first book to explore their unique contribution to literary culture, Hester Blum examines the first-person narratives of working sailors, from little-known sea tales to more famous works by Herman Melville, James Fenimore Cooper, Edgar Allan Poe, and Richard Henry Dana. In their narratives, sailors wrote about how their working lives coexisted with--indeed, mutually drove--their imaginative lives. Even at leisure, they were always on the job site. Blum analyzes seamen's libraries, Barbary captivity narratives, naval memoirs, writings about the Galapagos Islands, Melville's sea vision, and the crisis of death and burial at sea. She argues that the extent of sailors' literacy and the range of their reading were unusual for a laboring class, belying the popular image of Jack Tar as merely a swaggering, profane, or marginal figure. As Blum demonstrates, seamen's narratives propose a method for aligning labor and contemplation that has broader applications for the study of American literature and history.

Evolutionary Writings

Including the Autobiographies

Author: Charles Darwin,James A. Secord

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199208638

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 485

View: 1227

Excerpts from some of the naturalist's most revolutionary works, including Origin of Species and Descent of Man, are compiled in this autobiographical account of the ideas and thoughts that shaped his thinking, scientific studies, and writings.

Rhetorical Style

The Uses of Language in Persuasion

Author: Jeanne Fahnestock

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199764123

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 449

View: 5882

A comprehensive guide to the language of argument, Rhetorical Style offers a renewed appreciation of the persuasive power of the English language. Drawing on key texts from the rhetorical tradition, as well as on newer approaches from linguistics and literary stylistics, Fahnestock demonstrates how word choice, sentence form, and passage construction can combine to create effective spoken and written arguments. With examples from political speeches, non-fiction works, and newspaper reports, Rhetorical Style surveys the arguer's options at the word, sentence, interactive, and passage levels, and illustrates the enduring usefulness of rhetorical stylistics in analyzing and constructing arguments.

Penguin classics

a complete annotated listing of Penguin classics and twentieth-century classics

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780147710901

Category: Literature

Page: 233

View: 5084


Annies Schatulle

Charles Darwin, seine Tochter und die menschliche Evolution

Author: Randal Keynes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783870244996

Category:

Page: 399

View: 4028