The Vitreous and Vitreoretinal Interface

Author: Charles L. Schepens,Adolphe Neetens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475719019

Category: Medical

Page: 315

View: 7730

Ophthalmic researchers and clinicians alike increasingly are recognizing the importance of the vitreous body in the physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of the inner eye. The Vitreous and Vitreoretinal Interface, with contributions by vitreoretinal surgeons and laboratory eye researchers, presents the most up-to-date clinically relevant data. This book provides evidence of the vitreous body's significant role in preserving retinal homeostasis, as well as the close connection between vitreous traction and such conditions as retinal inflammation, retinal vascular occlusions, macular edema, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and giant retinal tears. The particular vitreal changes that occur in aphakia, myopia, retinitis pigmentosa, and idiopathic giant retinal breaks, as well as recent advances in open-sky vitreous surgery and in the search for useful vitreous substitutes are discussed.

Pathologie des Auges

Author: G.O.H. Naumann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642965008

Category: Medical

Page: 994

View: 3409

Entscheidendes Anliegen dieses Standardwerkes ist die klinisch-pathologische Korrelation: Bereits klinisch sichtbare, strukturelle Veränderungen am Auge werden den entsprechenden mikroskopischen Schnitten in über 1000 Abbildungen und schematischen Skizzen gegenübergestellt. Außerdem wird die Differentialdiagnose definierter Befunde in 188 Tabellen erläutert. Nach einleitenden Kapiteln über die Anatomie und einer Übersicht des Untersuchungsmaterials in einem ophthalmologischen Labor folgen Kapitel über Mißbildungen, intraokulare Entzündungen, Folgen von Trauma und chirurgischen Eingriffen sowie Glaukome. Anschließend werden die einzelnen Gewebeabschnitte systematisch abgehandelt: Konjunktiva, Kornea, Uvea, Linse, Glaskörper, Retina, Optikus und kursorisch die okulären Adnexe. Die Voraussetzungen für die Leitstrukturen und Elemente des ophthalmoskopischen Bildes werden getrennt erörtert. Abschließend folgt eine Übersicht der morphologischen Augenveränderungen bei Allgemeinerkrankungen und als Therapie-Folge. 4500 Literaturstellen erleichtern den Einstieg in vorhandenes Schrifttum.

Pharmacology and Vitreoretinal Surgery

Author: Arnd Gandorfer

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805590296

Category: Medical

Page: 101

View: 2973

Since the advent of pars plana vitrectomy, immense technical advances in the treatment of retinal diseases have been made. However, some mechanically based limitations of vitreoretinal surgery may result in incomplete removal of the vitreous, especially at the vitreoretinal interface and at the vitreous base. Here, pharmacology can be of assistance. For instance, enzymes that cleave the vitreoretinal junction without damaging the retina or which induce liquefaction may be applied. Neuroprotective and antiproliferative agents may hold the promise of preserving neuronal function when the retina is detached or when proliferative vitreoretinopathy or proliferative diabetic retinopathy has developed. Earlier intervention is possible and can save visual function before the retinal cytoarchitecture is destroyed. Consequently, pharmacologic vitreolysis will change the current concepts of treating retinal and macular diseases.This volume is the first comprehensive up-date on pharmacology-assisted vitreoretinal surgery. Researchers in the fields of medical and surgical retina as well as retinal specialists and vitreoretinal surgeons in clinics will benefit from this topical summary.


in Health and Disease

Author: J. Sebag

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493910868

Category: Medical

Page: 925

View: 6131

The vitreous body long has been the most mysterious of all ocular structures, owing perhaps to its seeming simplicity. There have been few concerted, sustained efforts to unravel the mysteries of how vitreous is composed and what role it plays in normal physiology as well as pathology. Over the years, however, many studies have produced important findings concerning vitreous biochemistry, structure, physiology, and pathobiology. Published on the 25th anniversary of Sebag's first book on Vitreous, this second installment is nearly five times longer than its predecessor, reflecting how much has been learned in the past quarter century. This well-constructed compendium not only addresses the most current scientific knowledge, but also reviews clinical perspectives in a manner that lends richness to the scope of the book. Written by 90 authors, this book has 56 chapters organized into 7 sections: Biochemistry; Anatomy, Development, and Aging; Pathology/Pathobiology; Physiology and Phamacotherapy; Posterior Vitreo-Retinal Surgery; Peripheral Vitreo-Retinal Surgery; and Pharmacologic Vitreolysis. With a foreword by Coleman & Lincoff and an introduction by Wallace Foulds, Sebag's latest tome on vitreous is destined to be the authoritative text for years to come.

Retina E-Book

Author: Stephen J. Ryan,Andrew P. Schachat,Charles P. Wilkinson,David R. Hinton,SriniVas R. Sadda,Peter Wiedemann

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455737801

Category: Medical

Page: 2564

View: 7942

Unequalled in scope, depth, and clinical precision, Retina, 5th Edition keeps you at the forefront of today’s new technologies, surgical approaches, and diagnostic and therapeutic options for retinal diseases and disorders. Comprehensively updated to reflect everything you need to know regarding retinal diagnosis, treatment, development, structure, function, and pathophysiology, this monumental ophthalmology reference work equips you with expert answers to virtually any question you may face in practice. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader with intuitive search tools and adjustable font sizes. Elsevier eBooks provide instant portable access to your entire library, no matter what device you're using or where you're located. Examine and evaluate the newest diagnostic technologies and approaches that are changing the management of retinal disease, including future technologies which will soon become the standard. Put the very latest scientific and genetic discoveries, diagnostic imaging methods, drug therapies, treatment recommendations, and surgical techniques to work in your practice. Benefit from the extensive knowledge and experience of esteemed editor Dr. Stephen Ryan, five expert co-editors, and a truly global perspective from 358 other world authorities across Europe, Asia, Australasia, and the Americas. Make the best use of new technologies with expanded and updated coverage of optical coherence tomography (OCT), fundus imaging, and autofluorescence imaging. Apply the latest knowledge on anti-VEGF therapy for age related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and vein disease. Learn about artificial vision, drug delivery to the posterior segment, advances in macular surgery, vitrectomy, and complex retinal detachment, with updates on tumors, retinal genetics, cell biology, important basic science topics, and much more. Get the most out of new pharmacologic approaches in the management of age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. In your practice, diagnostic evaluations, and now even treatments, will be influenced by recent scientific discoveries such as in the areas of nanotechnology, neuro protection, stem cells and gene therapy, among other scientific contributions. View videos of surgical procedures and access the complete contents of Retina, 5th Edition online at, fully searchable, with regular updates and a downloadable image gallery.

Medical Retina

Focus on Retinal Imaging

Author: Frank G Holz,Richard F. Spaide

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540855408

Category: Medical

Page: 227

View: 846

Recent advances in ophthalmic imaging technology have revolutionized fundus examination and contributed significantly in elucidating the pathophysiology of retinal diseases and improving their diagnosis and treatment. It is therefore fitting that this detailed full-color textbook in the Medical Retina series is devoted to ocular imaging. The volume reviews in detail the role of both established and novel forms of imaging, and is designed to be of benefit to clinicians and researchers alike. All of the chapters have been written by internationally recognized experts at the forefront of their fields. The result is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of retinal imaging that should prove informative and useful for everyone interested in the retina. Topics include: •Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) of macular diseases •Comparison of OCT equipment •Simultaneous SD-OCT and confocal SLO imaging •Ultra-widefield imaging °Autofluorescence imaging •Near-infrared imaging •Macular pigment imaging •Metabolic mapping •Imaging of the choroid •Imaging the vitreous and the vitreoretinal interface with SD-OCT •New developments in OCT technology •Molecular imaging

New Trends in Ophthalmology: Medical and Surgical Management

Author: Samuel Boyd,Benjamin F Boyd

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9962678625

Category: Medical

Page: 334

View: 9769

New Trends in Ophthalmology presents ophthalmologists with the most recent technological developments in this rapidly advancing field. Each chapter explains current diagnosis and medical and surgical management of different ocular disorders and diseases, including cataract surgery, glaucoma treatment and lens implant surgery. Presented in an easy to follow format, this comprehensive manual is enhanced by nearly 400 clinical photographs, diagrams and tables. Key points Comprehensive guide to latest technological developments in ophthalmology Presents medical and surgical management of numerous ocular diseases and disorders Internationally recognised author and editor team, predominantly from Europe and the USA Includes nearly 400 full colour clinical photographs, diagrams and tables

Retinal Pharmacotherapy E-Book

Author: Quan Dong Nguyen,Eduardo Buchele Rodrigues,Michel Eid Farah,William F. Mieler

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702047406

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 4201

Retinal Pharmacotherapy is the first comprehensive book devoted to pharmacologic agents and their rationale and mechanisms of action in selected retinal and uveitic diseases. Drs. Quan Dong Nguyen, Eduardo Buchele Rodrigues, Michel Eid Farah, and William F. Mieler lead an international team of expert contributors to present up-to-date knowledge of new drugs on the market, the science behind the drugs, evidence of how the drugs work, and the reasons why they are effective or not. This user-friendly, all-in-one reference provides you with easy access to practical information on the effective and appropriate use of pharmacologic agents in the management of retinal diseases. Covers all new and existing retinal drugs to keep you current in this expanding area of the treatment of retinal diseases. Discusses the background behind retinal drugs and the various pathways of how they work so you can make thoroughly informed clinical decisions. Presents 400 color photographs and line drawings that illustrate disease appearance before and after treatment and clarify difficult key concepts. Features contributors from Europe, North America, South America, the Middle East, Asia, and Australia for an international approach. Identifies and emphasizes key points clearly in each chapter to improve comprehension and make finding information easier.

Diseases of the Vitreo-Macular Interface

Author: Aniz Girach,Marc D. de Smet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642400345

Category: Medical

Page: 122

View: 8705

This clinically oriented book is the first to be devoted wholly to the diagnosis and treatment of vitreo-macular interface disease, characterized by a combination of vitreo-macular adhesion (VMA) and vitreo-macular traction (VMT) that is implicated in a variety of disorders. World-renowned experts in the field discuss epidemiologic, anatomic, and physiologic aspects, document the findings obtained with newer imaging techniques, such as spectral domain optical coherence tomography, describe the treatment options, and report on the results of preclinical and clinical trials, including some previously unpublished findings. This book will prove invaluable for ophthalmologists as we advance toward a future in which treatments of diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy will likely require adjunctive therapy to tackle VMA/VMT concurrently.

Vital Dyes in Vitreoretinal Surgery


Author: Carsten H. Meyer

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805585519

Category: Medical

Page: 164

View: 1465

Chromovitrectomy is a novel approach to visualize the vitreous or retinal surface during vitreoretinal surgery. In recent years, the widely used indocyanine green (ICG) has made the surgical maneuver of inner limiting membrane peeling tremendously safer and efficient. Also, numerous dyes have been applied in experimental settings with promising or devastating results. This volume highlights the major clinical and experimental results of currently used novel vital dyes. The first chapters describe the transparent structure of the vitreous body and summarize historical considerations to visualize its structure by optical coherence tomography, dye injections or autologous cells during surgery and for diagnostic purposes. The following contributions describe the advantages and disadvantages of ICG during vitreoretinal surgery and experimental applications. Alternative approaches by recently approved vital dyes such as trypan blue, patent blue and brilliant blue are evaluated in the subsequent chapters. Finally the last few chapters give an outlook on novel vital dyes, which are currently under evaluation, as well as alternative enzymatic approaches to remove the vitreous from the retinal surface. Being a timely update this publication will be indispensable reading for vitreoretinal surgeons and ophthalmic researchers.

Clinical Eye Atlas

Author: Daniel H. Gold,Richard Alan Lewis

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195342178

Category: Medical

Page: 1078

View: 4775

Designed for the busy clinician, the Clinical Eye Atlas briefly summarizes the key features of the many different disorders encountered in daily practice. This distillation of essential knowledge provides the information necessary to secure a diagnosis, select targeted tests, and initiate effective management. Color illustrations complement the comprehensive topic outlines, giving the clinician a straightforward reference to turn to when confronting both common and uncommon disorders of the eye.

Altersabhängige Makuladegeneration

Author: Frank G. Holz,Daniel Pauleikhoff,R.F. Spaide,A.C. Bird

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642208703

Category: Medical

Page: 324

View: 3256

In den Industrieländern ist die altersabhängige Makuladegeneration (AMD) die häufigste Ursache für schweren Sehverlust. Sie trifft vor allem Menschen jenseits des 60. Lebensjahres. Die demographische Entwicklung lässt eine deutliche Zunahme von Betroffenen erwarten. Mit dieser Erkrankung verbundene Fragen erlangen daher eine immer größere Relevanz. In den letzten Jahren ist auf dem Gebiet der AMD erfreulicherweise ein erheblicher Wissenszuwachs in allen Bereichen zu verzeichnen inkl. Ursachen, Risikofaktoren sowie diagnostische und therapeutische Möglichkeiten. Dies spiegelt sich auch im Inhalt der vorliegenden 3. Auflage des AMD-Buches wider. So wurde diese neu strukturiert, vollständig überarbeitet und aktualisiert. Wieder werden alle relevanten Aspekte der Erkrankung von national and international renommierten Autoren in sehr gut lesbarer und verständlicher Weise dargestellt. Neben den aktuellen und zukünftigen Behandlungsansätzen für die feuchte neovaskuläre Form der AMD werden auch die trockenen Früh- und Spätstadien erörtert, inklusive Behandlungsansätzen für die geographische Atrophie. Die neuesten Erkenntnisse zur Rolle des Komplementsystems und der genetischen Faktoren werden vermittelt. Die besondere Rolle der hochauflösenden optischen Kohärenztomographie wird mit hervorragendem Bildmaterial adressiert. Daneben wird in der Neuauflage auch auf Kombinationstherapien, die Rolle der Mikroperimetrie sowie Ernährung und Supplemente eingegangen. Eine Vielzahl von Farbabbildungen, Tabellen und Zusammenfassungen komplettieren das vorliegende Werk. Neue Kapitel finden sich zu folgenden Themen: - Rolle des Komplementsystem - Optische Kohärenztomographie - Bedeutung beim Patientenmanagement - Befunde und Aussagekraft der Mikroperimetrie - Stellenwert der Ernährung und von Supplementen - Neue Theapieansätze - Kombinationstherapie neovaskulärer AMD - Behandlung trockener AMD

Pathologic Myopia

Author: Richard F. Spaide,Kyoko Ohno-Matsui,Lawrence A. Yannuzzi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461483387

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 9503

Pathological Myopia is a major cause of severe vision loss worldwide. The mechanisms for vision loss include cataract, glaucoma, retinal detachment, and above all, degeneration of the macula within the posterior staphyloma. Pathological Myopia is one of the only current books to specifically address this disease and discusses recent developments in imaging technologies and various approaches to treatments, such as laser photocoagulation, photodynamic therapy, pharmaco-therapeutic injections in the vitreous, and surgery. Complete with high-quality color images, this book is written and edited by leaders in the field and is geared towards ophthalmologists, including residents and fellows in training, glaucoma and cataract specialists, and vitreoretinal macula experts.

Handbook of Pediatric Retinal Disease

Author: Kenneth W. Wright,Peter H. Spiegel,Lisa Thompson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387279334

Category: Medical

Page: 494

View: 3537

Based on Dr. Wright’s classic major reference, Handbook of Pediatric Retinal Disease outlines the latest findings in diagnosing retinal disorders in children's and the best available treatment options. Distilling the essentials of these somewhat uncommon discorders and diseases into a portable, complete and authorative pocket reference, this handbook offers a complete picture of how to best treat pediatric patients. Specifically, the introductory chapters on the specifics of pediatric ophthalmology (embryology, post-natal development and the pediatric exam) will help newcomers to pediatric practice fully grasp the subtle differences in pediatric care. The chapters are written by leading experts in the field and are presented in a user-friendly format, relying on heavily illustrated in color plates, clincally helpful tables, charts, and decision-making guidelines. This approach will enable the practitioner (whether specialist or generalist) to make the most accurate diagnosis and choose the most effective treatment option.

Clinical Ophthalmology: Contemporary Perspectives - E-Book

Author: A.K. Gupta

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 8131231658

Category: Medical

Page: 842

View: 6459

Many new developments have taken place in ophthalmology since the publication of the last edition. It therefore became mandatory to revise and update the present edition. To accomplish this many new chapters have been added and the existing ones revised. Thoroughly revised and updated chapters Recent Advances in Lamellar Keratoplasty Principles of Molecular Genetics Intraocular Tumours Recent Advances in Oculoplastic Surgery Ophthalmic Electrodiagnostic Techniques Ultrasonography in Ophthalmology Ocular Coherence Tomography Anterior Segment Trauma Corneal Topography and Wavefront Sensing

Ophthalmic Surgery: Principles and Practice

Author: George L. Spaeth,Helen Danesh-Meyer,Ivan Goldberg,Anselm Kampik

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455712337

Category: Medical

Page: 696

View: 8086

Ophthalmic Surgery, edited by Drs. George Spaeth, Helen Danesh-Meyer, Ivan Goldberg, and Anselm Kampik, provides the detailed, full-color, step-by-step guidance you need to master essential ophthalmic surgery procedures. The international team of expert editors and contributors present coverage of the latest surgical developments and video demonstrations of key techniques across subspecialties, including cataract, cornea, refractive, glaucoma, oculoplastic, extra-ocular muscle, vitreoretinal, and ocular tumor procedures. What’s more, the fully searchable text, procedural videos, and a downloadable image gallery are all online at, making this multimedia resource the key to performing confidently in the operating room. Refer to the most important steps in each procedure quickly and easily with an appendix of step-by-step hand notes. Perform a wide variety of procedures with confidence using the focused coverage that pinpoints essential information and avoids extraneous details. Get comprehensive coverage across key subspecialties—oculoplastic, strabismus, cornea, refractive, cataract, glaucoma, ocular tumors, and vitreoretinal—and master the basics for every common procedure. Access the fully searchable contents online at, along with procedural videos and a downloadable image gallery. Apply the latest advances in laser surgery that have become standard practice with the new section on refractive surgery. Master key techniques thanks to more than four hours of narrated online videos that demonstrate procedures across eight subspecialties. Gain a more nuanced visual understanding through a new full-color art program with over 800 illustrations, updated and revised drawings, color images, and step-by-step illustrated procedures. Tap into the expertise of leading authorities in the field with a brand new editorial team from North America, Europe, and Australasia, as well as international contributors who provide global perspectives across all subspecialties in ophthalmic surgery.

Vitreoretinal Surgery

Author: Thomas H. Williamson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364231872X

Category: Medical

Page: 429

View: 4871

This is the second edition of a highly successful textbook that in many areas has become the preferred manual of vitreoretinal surgery. It provides a complete guide to all common vitreoretinal surgical procedures and also covers diagnosis and other aspects of management. The book is designed to allow a trainee or professional vitreoretinal surgeon to determine the best methodology in individual cases. In order to acquaint the reader with different opinions, “surgical pearls” have been contributed by other international experts in the field. These have proved popular in the past as an illustration of alternative methods, without detracting from the overall method described by the main author. Vitreoretinal Surgery will continue to prove particularly popular amongst trainees, but will also be of value to practicing professionals who need help in the management of difficult and rare cases. The text is backed up by the provision of videos of some aspects of the surgery.

Retinal Vascular Disease

Author: A.M. Joussen,T.W. Gardner,B. Kirchhof,S.J. Ryan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540295429

Category: Medical

Page: 779

View: 6950

Vascular diseases of the retina are a major cause of blindness among all age groups. Edited and written by internationally well-known experts, this state-of-the-art comprehensive overview of basic and clinical science will enhance the understanding of retinal vascular disease and help in the evaluation of current and future treatment approaches for the clinician. The well-structured and highly illustrated text is divided into three easy-to-follow sections. This unique textbook-atlas also includes topics which are not currently found in other retinal disease textbooks, such as case reports and clinical follow-ups.