The United Nations, Peace and Security

From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect

Author: Ramesh Thakur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316828522

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3525

Ending humanitarian atrocities has become as important for the United Nations as preventing interstate war. This book examines the transformation of UN operations, analysing its changing role and structure. Ramesh Thakur asks why, when and how force may be used, and argues that the growing gulf between legality and legitimacy is evidence of an eroded sense of international community. He considers the tension between the United States, with its capacity to use force and project power, and the United Nations, as the centre of the international law enforcement system. He asserts the central importance of the rule of law and a rules-based order focused on the United Nations as the foundation of a civilised system of international relations. This book will be of interest to students of the United Nations and international organisations in politics, law and international relations departments, as well as policymakers in governmental and non-governmental international organisations.

The United Nations, Peace and Security

From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect

Author: Ramesh Thakur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107176948

Category: Political Science

Page: 444

View: 1633

Explains the United Nations' key roles in underwriting international security, humanitarian protection and the international rule of law.

The United Nations, Peace and Security

From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect

Author: Ramesh Thakur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139456946

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1817

Preventing humanitarian atrocities is becoming as important for the United Nations as dealing with inter-state war. In this book, Ramesh Thakur examines the transformation in UN operations, analysing its changing role and structure. He asks why, when and how force may be used and argues that the growing gulf between legality and legitimacy is evidence of an eroded sense of international community. He considers the tension between the US, with its capacity to use force and project power, and the UN, as the centre of the international law enforcement system. He asserts the central importance of the rule of law and of a rules-based order focused on the UN as the foundation of a civilised system of international relations. This book will be of interest to students of the UN and international organisations in politics, law and international relations departments, as well as policymakers in the UN and other NGOs.

Keeping the Peace

The United Nations and the Maintenance of International Peace and Security

Author: N. D. White

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719048555

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 3952

When it was first published in 1993, Keeping the Peace quickly became the definitive legal and political analysis of the powers and practices of the UN in the field of collective security. Fully updated and extensively revised to reflect the changes in the international system since 1993, the new edition includes an expanded discussion of international criminal tribunals, the development of the Security Council's powers and the huge expansion in the number of peace-keeping forces authorized by the UN. N. D. White also includes an extensive discussion of the structure of the UN, so that readers can get a sense of what the UN does and how it does it.

UN-Tied Nations

The United Nations, Peacekeeping and Global Governance

Author: Kate Seaman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317004183

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5644

With the recent developments in Syria the United Nations is once again making headlines. The failure to reach an agreement on a Security Council resolution demonstrates the continued problems in forging a coherent international response to crisis situations. This lack of coherence continues despite recognition of the need for more cooperation to solve the growing list of global problems. With the relative success of global governance initiatives in relation to the environment, health issues, and economic problems, the focus has increasingly shifted to the problems of international security. This timely and important book represents a response to that shift and the implications this has for the wider international system. Using a number of relevant case studies (including the UN interventions in Bosnia, Somalia, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo and East Timor) it examines the securitisation of global governance through the prism of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and demonstrates that the development of both global governance and global security governance have transformed the environment in which international organisations, such as the United Nations, are operating. Moreover this book brings together a number of the key academic debates surrounding both global security governance and peacekeeping. It combines an examination of the power relations of global security governance, with the changing nature of peacekeeping operations. By bringing the two areas together the book for the first time bridges existing literatures and debates, from theoretical discussions of global governance, to practical examinations of peacekeeping operations. UN-Tied Nations provides a concise and analytical introduction to the ongoing debates around the development of global governance, global security governance, and the continuous impact these are having on the ability of the United Nations to act as an international peacekeeper.

The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

Author: Joachim Koops,Joachim Alexander Koops,Norrie MacQueen,Paul D. Williams,Thierry Tardy

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199686041

Category: Political Science

Page: 908

View: 9522

The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations offers for the first time a comprehensive overview and assessment of all 67 United Nations peacekeeping operations conducted between 1948 and 2013. Written by leading scholars and senior practitioners the handbook presents a chapter-by-chapter chronological analysis of the historical background, major development and overall effectiveness of each UN peacekeeping operation. In addition, the handbook includes a collection of thematic chapters that examine key issues such as 'major trends of peace operations', 'the link between peacekeeping, humanitarian interventions and the responsibility to protect', 'peacekeeping and international law', 'the UN's inter-organizational partnerships' and 'how to evaluate success or failure'. This handbook brings together leading scholars and senior practitioners in order to provide a comprehensive assessment of the successes, failures and lessons learned of UN peacekeeping since 1948. This is a unique reference book for scholars and practitioners working in the field of international relations, international security, peacekeeping and global governance.

The United Nations and Global Security

Author: R. Price,M. Zacher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 140398090X

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2016

Many have proclaimed the fundamentals of global security were altered by the September 11 terrorist attacks. Do these changes undercut or enhance the role of the United Nations? What do events like the role of the UN in the crisis over Iraq tell us? Here top scholars examine the role of the UN in preventing international and civil violence, arms control, deterring and reversing aggression, and addressing humanitarian crises. The chapters are concise while providing depth of understanding of the issues, positions and problems facing the United Nations and its member states in grappling with increased opportunities and threats. Their lively presentations of the drama of UN debates establish the contributions and shortcomings of global multilateralism in an era of U.S. hegemony and unilateralism.

The United Nations, Intra-state Peacekeeping and Normative Change

Author: Esref Aksu

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 184779596X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7333

This study, available for the first time in paperback, explores the normative dimension of the evolving role of the United Nations in peace and security and, ultimately, in governance. What is dealt with here is both the UN's changing raison d'être and the wider normative context within which the organisation is located. The study looks at the UN through the window of one of its most contentious, yet least understood, practices: active involvement in intra-state conflicts as epitomised by UN peacekeeping. Drawing on the conceptual tools provided by the 'historical structural' approach, this study seeks to understand how and why the international community continuously reinterprets or redefines the UN's role with regard to intra-state conflicts. The study concentrates on intra-states 'peacekeeping environments', and examines what changes, if any, have occurred to the normative basis of UN peacekeeping in intra-state conflicts from the early 1960s to the early 1990s. One of the original aspects of the study is its analytical framework, where the conceptualisation of 'normative basis' revolves around objectives, functions and authority, and is closely connected with the institutionalised values in the UN Charter such as state sovereignty, human rights and socio-economic development. This book is essential reading for postgraduate students of IR and international peacekeeping organisations.

Maintaining Peace and Security?

The United Nations in a Changing World

Author: Trudy Fraser

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137032162

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5368

A readable assessment of the evolution, role, limitations and potential of the United Nations and the key challenges it faces in the 21st century.

The United Nations and Collective Security

Author: Gary Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136028242

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 8499

The role of the United Nations in collective security has been evolving since its inception in 1945. This book explores collective security as practiced within the legal framework provided by the United Nations Charter, with a particular focus upon activity undertaken under the auspices of the UN Security Council, the body conferred by the Charter with the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Although the book is primarily grounded in international law, where appropriate it also draws upon relevant political insights in order to present a clear picture of the UN collective security system in operation and the factors which impact upon the way in which it functions. Offering a comprehensive analysis it considers the full range of measures which can be utilised by the UN in the performance of its collective security remit including military enforcement action, peacekeeping, non-military sanctions and diplomacy. The book considers each of these measures in detail, assessing the legal framework applicable to the form of action, the main legal controversies which arise in respect of their appropriate utilisation, and the UN’s use of this collective security ‘tool’ in practice. The book draws conclusions about the main strengths and shortcomings of the various means through which the UN can attempt to prevent, minimise or end conflict.

United Nations

A History

Author: Stanley Meisler

Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic

ISBN: 0802194990

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 2718

“This is a definitive account of the United Nations for a general audience, told by a master.” —Jim Hoagland, chief foreign correspondent, The Washington Post United Nations: A History begins with its creation in 1945. Although the organization was created to prevent war, many conflicts have arisen, ranging from The Korean War, to The Six Day War, to genocide in Bosnia and Rwanda. Stanley Meisler’s in-depth research examines the crises and many key political leaders. In this second edition, Meisler brings his popular history up to date with accounts of the power struggles of the last fifteen years, specifically spotlighting the terms of secretaries-general Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Kofi Annan and Ban Ki-moon. This is an important, riveting, and impartial guide through the past and recent events of the sixty-five-year history of the United Nations. “Balanced and insightful, this book is a must for anyone who wants to understand where the U.N. has been and, more importantly, how we might best use its potential for the future.” —Thomas R. Pickering, former US ambassador to the UN

The United Nations and the Maintenance of International Peace and Security

Author: N. D. White

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719032271

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 1457

Distributed in the US and Canada by St. Martin's Press, this study examines from a legal and political perspective, the powers, practices and effectiveness of the UN. It focuses on the role of the Security Council, the General Assembly, and the peacekeeping forces authorized by the UN, exploring the political constraints that limit the UN's effectiveness and the evolving division of responsibility between the Council and the Assembly. The book went to press before the Aug. 1990 invasion of Kuwait. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The United Nations and Changing World Politics

Author: Thomas G. Weiss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429973942

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 1502

This completely revised and updated eighth edition serves as the definitive text for courses in which the United Nations is either the focus or a central component. Built around three critical themes in international relations?peace and security, human rights and humanitarian affairs, and sustainable human development?the eighth edition of The United Nations and Changing World Politics guides students through the seven turbulent decades of UN politics.This new edition is fully revised to incorporate recent developments on the international stage, including new peace operations in Mali and the Central African Republic; ongoing UN efforts to manage the crises in Libya, Syria, and Iraq; the Iran Nuclear Deal; and the new Sustainable Development Goals. The authors discuss how international law frames the controversies at the UN and guides how the UN responds to violence and insecurity, gross violations of human rights, poverty, underdevelopment, and environmental degradation. Students of all levels will learn that the UN is a complex organization, comprised of three interactive entities that cooperate and also compete with each other to define and advance the UN's principles and purposes.

Human Rights Functions of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

Author: Mari Katayanagi

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041119100

Category: Law

Page: 316

View: 4286

The United Nations peacekeeping has evolved as a practical measure for preserving international peace and security. Recent peacekeeping has two important features: the use of force which arguably exceeds self-defence on the one hand, and multifunctional operations on the other. The Security Council has started considering a wide range of factors including serious human rights violations as threats to international peace and security. Recognising the UN's principle to seek peaceful settlement which underlies the legality of peacekeeping, this research focuses on the human rights functions of multifunctional peacekeeping operations. Such functions have immense potential for enhancing conflict resolution through peaceful means. In order to illustrate these issues and the diverse practice of UN peacekeeping, the author of this book has dealt with four detailed case studies on El Salvador, Cambodia, Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia. The achievements, problems and defects experienced by different operations are analysed using the insights of the author's own experience in a peacekeeping operation.

Waging Peace

The United Nations Security Council and Transnational Armed Conflicts

Author: Max Hilaire

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 3832540008

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 2337

The United Nations Security Council has, since 1945, formed the core of an international security regime devoted to maintaining or restoring international peace and security. During and since the Cold War, the world has seen a progressive reduction in inter-state warfare, an evolution in which the Council has played its part. But the Council has also seen its share of failures, both in domestic wars involving non-state groups, and in matters of legitimacy, seen as it is as a vehicle for the interests of the three western permanent members. Never provided with a standing military force to implement enforcement actions, the Security Council instead developed a formula for the use of international peacekeeping forces; it has often delegated enforcement powers to coalitions of states or to regional alliances; and it has advanced the use of mechanisms not anticipated by the original framers of the UN Charter, such as international criminal tribunals and post-conflict transitional administrations. Increasingly involved in matters traditionally considered the domestic preserve of nation states, the Council's agenda is ever more dominated by issues related to economic disparity, internal political repression, corruption, insurgency, and struggles over natural resources. This book examines the actions -- and sometimes the failure to act -- of the Security Council over the past seven decades. Professor Max Hilaire has provided a comprehensive analysis of the role of the Security Council in transnational armed conflicts from UN and normative frameworks. Waging Peace is a valuable addition to the literature of international law and international relations, and of the history of what remains a uniquely idealistic experiment in creating an institution to safeguard peace and security globally.

The United Nations and Peacekeeping

Results, Limitations and Prospects - The Lessons of 40 Years of Experience

Author: Indar Jit Rikhye,Kjell Skjelsbaek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349208086

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 1293

The 1988 Nobel Peace Prize has thrown into sharp relief the significant role United Nations' peacekeepers have played on the international stage since the first operation 40 years ago. This volume takes stock of our peacekeeping past and present and considers its future. It gives an insider's look at management and financing issues, the views of troop-contributing countries and the effect of operations on peacekeepers and local populations. This volume strengthens the case for peacekeeping in a viable system for international peace and security.

The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations

Author: Thomas G. Weiss,Sam Daws

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192524658

Category: Political Science

Page: 816

View: 4845

This Handbook provides in one volume an authoritative and independent treatment of the UN's seventy-year history, written by an international cast of more than 50 distinguished scholars, analysts, and practitioners. It provides a clear and penetrating examination of the UN's development since 1945 and the challenges and opportunities now facing the organization. It assesses the implications for the UN of rapid changes in the world - from technological innovation to shifting foreign policy priorities - and the UN's future place in a changing multilateral landscape. Citations and additional readings contain a wealth of primary and secondary references to the history, politics, and law of the world organization. This key reference also contains appendices of the UN Charter, the Statute of the International Court of Justice, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.