The Thinking Eye, the Seeing Brain

Explorations in Visual Cognition

Author: James T. Enns

Publisher: W W Norton & Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9780393977219

Category: Psychology

Page: 402

View: 5776

The Thinking Eye, the Seeing Brain is the first modern visual cognition survey text written especially for undergraduates, available now at a uniquely affordable price.

Visualization in Mathematics, Reading and Science Education

Author: Linda M. Phillips,Stephen P. Norris,John S. Macnab

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048188161

Category: Science

Page: 106

View: 5602

Science education at school level worldwide faces three perennial problems that have become more pressing of late. These are to a considerable extent interwoven with concerns about the entire school curriculum and its reception by students. The rst problem is the increasing intellectual isolation of science from the other subjects in the school curriculum. Science is too often still taught didactically as a collection of pre-determined truths about which there can be no dispute. As a con- quence, many students do not feel any “ownership” of these ideas. Most other school subjects do somewhat better in these regards. For example, in language classes, s- dents suggest different interpretations of a text and then debate the relative merits of the cases being put forward. Moreover, ideas that are of use in science are presented to students elsewhere and then re-taught, often using different terminology, in s- ence. For example, algebra is taught in terms of “x, y, z” in mathematics classes, but students are later unable to see the relevance of that to the meaning of the universal gas laws in physics, where “p, v, t” are used. The result is that students are c- fused and too often alienated, leading to their failure to achieve that “extraction of an education from a scheme of instruction” which Jerome Bruner thought so highly desirable.

Tactile Sensing and Displays

Haptic Feedback for Minimally Invasive Surgery and Robotics

Author: Javad Dargahi,Saeed Sokhanvar,Siamak Najarian,Siamak Arbatani

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118357973

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7274

Comprehensively covers the key technologies for the development of tactile perception in minimally invasive surgery Covering the timely topic of tactile sensing and display in minimally invasive and robotic surgery, this book comprehensively explores new techniques which could dramatically reduce the need for invasive procedures. The tools currently used in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) lack any sort of tactile sensing, significantly reducing the performance of these types of procedures. This book systematically explains the various technologies which the most prominent researchers have proposed to overcome the problem. Furthermore, the authors put forward their own findings, which have been published in recent patents and patent applications. These solutions offer original and creative means of surmounting the current drawbacks of MIS and robotic surgery. Key features:- Comprehensively covers topics of this ground-breaking technology including tactile sensing, force sensing, tactile display, PVDF fundamentals Describes the mechanisms, methods and sensors that measure and display kinaesthetic and tactile data between a surgical tool and tissue Written by authors at the cutting-edge of research into the area of tactile perception in minimally invasive surgery Provides key topic for academic researchers, graduate students as well as professionals working in the area

Psychology: Themes and Variations, Briefer Edition

Author: Wayne Weiten

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495100587

Category: Psychology

Page: 631

View: 5344

Shorter than Weiten's big book by almost 200 pages, PSYCHOLOGY: THEMES AND VARIATIONS, BRIEFER VERSION, SEVENTH EDITION offers a superb thematic organization together with practical applications and examples that help students see beyond research to big-picture concepts. Often described as a challenging book that is easy to learn from, PSYCHOLOGY: THEMES AND VARIATIONS surveys psychology's broad range of content with three aims: to illuminate the process of research and its intrinsic relationship to application (Themes); to show both the unity and diversity of the subject (Variations), and to invite students to the study of psychology by respecting their ability to master its fundamental concepts. Weiten's themes and variations provide unifying threads across chapters that help students to see the connections among different research areas in psychology. Integrative themes-including empiricism, theoretical diversity, socio-historical contexts, multi-factorial causation, cultural heritage, heredity and environment, and subjectivity of experience-are woven throughout the text to provide connections among the different areas of research in psychology. The book's dynamic, teaching-oriented illustration program further enhances these themes. Weiten reinforces concepts through exercises that appear at the end of every chapter. At the same time, the author presents topics in a hierarchical manner, giving students handles they can use to prioritize concepts within the chapter. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Computer Science

Notable Research and Discoveries

Author: Kyle Kirkland

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 0816074410

Category: Computers

Page: 208

View: 8267

Presents recent research and discoveries in the field of computer science, including information on artificial intelligence networks, bioinformatics, and encryption.

Handbook of Missing Persons

Author: Stephen J. Morewitz,Caroline Sturdy Colls

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319401998

Category: Psychology

Page: 585

View: 1480

This ambitious multidisciplinary volume surveys the science, forensics, politics, and ethics involved in responding to missing persons cases. International experts across the physical and social sciences offer data, case examples, and insights on best practices, new methods, and emerging specialties that may be employed in investigations. Topics such as secondary victimization, privacy issues, DNA identification, and the challenges of finding victims of war and genocide highlight the uncertainties and complexities surrounding these cases as well as possibilities for location and recovery. This diverse presentation will assist professionals in accessing new ideas, collaborating with colleagues, and handling missing persons cases with greater efficiency—and potentially greater certainty. Among the Handbook’s topics: ·A profile of missing persons: some key findings for police officers. ·Missing persons investigations and identification: issues of scale, infrastructure, and political will. ·Pregnancy and parenting among runaway and homeless young women. ·Estimating the appearance of the missing: forensic age progression in the search for missing persons. ·The use of trace evidence in missing persons investigations. ·The Investigation of historic missing persons cases: genocide and “conflict time” human rights abuses. The depth and scope of its expertise make the Handbook of Missing Persons useful for criminal justice and forensic professionals, health care and mental health professionals, social scientists, legal professionals, policy leaders, community leaders, and military personnel, as well as for the general public.

Memory 101

Author: James Michael Lampinen, PhD,Denise R. Beike, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610925X

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 7026

Contemporary research has found that memory is much more than the process for recalling information that has been learned and retainedóit is a rich, nuanced process that is an important part of every human activity. This highly readable foundational text provides an overview of the theories and research on human memory from a psychological perspective. Grounded in the premise that all psychological processes depend on memory, and that memory is shaped by the functions it serves, the authors look at a wide range of memory processes and discuss the major theories that have been developed to explain how it functions. This book describes the major structural and functional theories that guide our understanding of memory. The authors then focus on everyday functions of memory, including memorizing things, remembering to do things (prospective memory), and recalling how to do things, such as skills, procedures, and navigation. Disorders of memory including Alzheimer's and amnesia are examined along with exceptional memory skills, such as the phenomenon of individuals with highly superior autobiographical memory. The book also addresses the intriguing and controversial topics of repressed and recovered memories, the validity of memory in courtroom testimony, and the effects of remembering traumatic events. Illustrative examples, metaphors, and humor make for a text that is engaging and entertaining, resulting in a valuable, concise introduction for students. Key Features: Provides a concise, easy-to-read, yet scientifically based survey of theory and current research on memory Grounded in the concept that memory is foundational to all psychological processes and human experience Covers controversial and intriguing topics including repressed and recovered memories, memory in legal testimony, amnesia, and the phenomenon of super memory Explores the myths and realities surrounding memory loss The Psych 101 Series Short, reader-friendly introductions to cutting-edge topics in psychology. With key concepts, controversial topics, and fascinating accounts of up-to-the-minute research, The Psych 101 Series is a valuable resource for all students of psychology and anyone interested in the field.

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 6475

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Author: Irving B. Weiner,W. Edward Craighead

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470170263

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 5769

Psychologists, researchers, teachers, and students need complete and comprehensive information in the fields of psychology and behavioral science. The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology, Volume Two has been the reference of choice for almost three decades. This indispensable resource is updated and expanded to include much new material. It uniquely and effectively blends psychology and behavioral science. The Fourth Edition features over 1,200 entries; complete coverage of DSM disorders; and a bibliography of over 10,000 citations. Readers will benefit from up-to-date and authoritative coverage of every major area of psychology.

Hidden in Plain Sight

The Social Structure of Irrelevance

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199366632

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9894

Many of us take for granted that what we perceive is a completely accurate representation of the world around us. Yet we have all had the experience of suddenly realizing that the keys or glasses that we had been looking for in vain were right in front of us the whole time. The capacity of our sense organs far exceeds our mental capabilities, and as such, looking at something does not guarantee that we will notice it. Our minds constantly prioritize and organize the information we take in, bringing certain things to the foreground, while letting others - that which we deem irrelevant - recede into the background. What ultimately determines what we perceive, and what we do not? In this fascinating book, noted sociologist Eviatar Zerubavel argues that we perceive things not just as human beings but as social beings. Drawing on fascinating examples from science, the art world, optical illusions, and all walks of life, he shows that what we notice or ignore varies across cultures and throughout history, and illustrates how our environment and our social lives - everything from our lifestyles to our professions to our nationalities - play a role in determining how we actually use our senses to access the world. A subtle yet powerful examination of one of the central features of our conscious life, this book offers a way to think about all that might otherwise remain hidden in plain sight.

Von der Kunst, die Welt mit anderen Augen zu sehen

Elf Spaziergänge und das Vergnügen der Aufmerksamkeit

Author: Alexandra Horowitz

Publisher: Springer Spektrum

ISBN: 9783642377440

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 7136

Eine charmante Anregung zum bewussteren Hinschauen Alexandra Horowitz, Autorin des New York Times-Bestsellers Was denkt der Hund? (Inside of a Dog), legt nun ein zweites, ebenso kluges, unterhaltsames und überraschendes Sachbuch vor. Von der Kunst, die Welt mit anderen Augen zu sehen öffnet unseren Blick für Dinge, die wir erst sehen, wenn wir uns die Zeit dafür nehmen und wenn wir die Perspektive eines anderen zu unserer eigenen machen. Das Buch verdeutlicht, wie selektiv wir gewöhnlich die Welt wahrnehmen und wie wir sie immer wieder neu entdecken können. [Horowitz], die sich als charmante Begleiterin erweist, nimmt den Leser mit auf eine Reihe von wunderbar frischen und erhellenden Spaziergängen mit ihren Experten: einem Geologen, einem Typographen, einer Illustratorin, einem Naturliebhaber, einem Wildtierforscher, einem Stadtsoziologen, einer blinden Frau, einem Arzt, einem Soundtechniker, ihrem Kindergartenkind und ihrem Hund Finn ... Die Seiten klingen und leuchten geradezu und spiegeln die tiefe Begeisterung der Autorin für ihre Arbeit und deren Ergebnisse wieder. USA Today Ein unerwarteter und entspannender Trost für unsere erhitzten Gemüter ... eine erfrischende Hommage an den Lohn des Versuchs, die Welt einmal mit den Augen eines anderen zu sehen. Chicago Tribune _____ In diesem glänzend geschriebenen Werk zeigt uns die Autorin, wie wir das Alltägliche anders sehen können, indem wir – in den Worten von Sir Arthur Conan Doyle – „Kleinigkeiten beachten“. Sie schildert elf Spaziergänge, die sie – meist in ihrer Nachbarschaft in Manhattan – mit Experten verschiedenster Gebiete unternommen hat, darunter einem Stadtsoziologen, einer Künstlerin, einem Geologen, einem Arzt und einem Sounddesigner. Auch mit einem Kind und mit einem Hund geht sie eine Runde um den Block, um herauszufinden, wie diese Wesen die Welt wahrnehmen. Indem sie schildert, was all ihre Begleiter sehen, wie sie es sehen und warum die meisten von uns nicht dieselben Dinge sehen, offenbart sie die erstaunliche Macht unserer Aufmerksamkeit wie auch die psychologisch-neurobiologischen Grundlagen fachkundigen Beobachtens. Versuchen Sie es einmal selbst: Schalten Sie, wenn Sie das nächste Mal zu einem Spaziergang aufbrechen, Ihr Handy aus und seien Sie einmal ganz in der realen Welt, in der man Schatten hören kann, in der Fremde mithilfe von Geometrie miteinander kommunizieren, während sie aufeinander zugehen, in der Haltung Bescheidenheit ausdrücken und in der sich unter einem Blatt ein winziges Universum verbergen kann – und in der wahrhaftig Welten stecken, die in Welten stecken, die in Welten stecken.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 9672

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

The Writer's mind

writing as a mode of thinking

Author: Janice N. Hays

Publisher: Natl Council of Teachers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 1612


Functional Neurology for Practitioners of Manual Medicine E-Book

Author: Randy W. Beck

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702051047

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 5708

Fuctional Neurology for Practitioners of Manual Medicine takes the reader from the embryonic beginnings of the nervous system, through the biochemistry of receptor activation and on to the functional systems of the nervous system. Concepts, relationships and scientific mechanisms of the nervous system function are covered, and this aids the practitioner in developing their clinical approach to a wide variety of patient presentations. The text is fully referenced, which allows the reader to immediately apply the concepts to practice situations. New for this edition are new chapters on pain (including headache) and theoretical evidence, plus extensive electronic resources supporting the text. Utilizes our understanding of how the nervous system works in the treatment of a variety of clinical conditions Demystifies the clinical results seen in the practice of Functional Neurology and scientifically validates its clinical success Addresses function rather than pathology, allowing the reader to gain a firm understanding of the neurological processes seen in health and disease Contains clinical cases which are designed to be read and answered before starting the chapter to allow the reader to gauge their current state of knowledge ‘Quick Facts’ introduce new concepts or allow rapid review of information already presented in the text in a brief and succinct manner Contains a detailed overview of the concepts relating to our understanding of the development of emotion to demonstrate the link between physical health and the mind Contains abundant references to support controversial concepts Contains new chapters on theoretical evidence and the management of pain (including headache) Contains a wide range of additional case studies, ‘clinical conundrums’ and key questions and answers for each topic Bonus DVD contains fully searchable text, a downloadable image bank, brain dissection and video clips of the manipulative techniques and examination procedures found within the volume plus 200 multiple choice questions

Inkognito

Die geheimen Eigenleben unseres Gehirns

Author: David Eagleman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570552230

Category:

Page: 329

View: 9418