The Right to the City

Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space

Author: Don Mitchell

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1462505872

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 4682

Includes a 2014 Postscript addressing Occupy Wall Street and other developments. Efforts to secure the American city have life-or-death implications, yet demands for heightened surveillance and security throw into sharp relief timeless questions about the nature of public space, how it is to be used, and under what conditions. Blending historical and geographical analysis, this book examines the vital relationship between struggles over public space and movements for social justice in the United States. Don Mitchell explores how political dissent gains meaning and momentum--and is regulated and policed--in the real, physical spaces of the city. A series of linked cases provides in-depth analyses of early twentieth-century labor demonstrations, the Free Speech Movement and the history of People's Park in Berkeley, contemporary anti-abortion protests, and efforts to remove homeless people from urban streets.

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602123

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

View: 6074

In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.

Das Recht auf Stadt

Nautilus Flugschrift

Author: Henri Lefebvre

Publisher: Edition Nautilus

ISBN: 3960540078

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 6351

Das unumstrittene Grundlagenwerk für die moderne Stadt - Henri Lefebvres Recht auf Stadt endlich in deutscher Übersetzung Allerorten wird in den letzten Jahren ein »Recht auf Stadt« eingefordert - von sozialen Protestbewegungen gegen Gentrifizierung weltweit. NGOs und UN-Organisationen postulieren es gleichermaßen. Kritische Stadtforscher wie David Harvey, Peter Marcuse oder Niels Boeing beziehen sich in ihrer radikalen Gesellschaftskritik auf Henri Lefebvre, der das Konzept 1968 entworfen hat - in einer Schrift, die hier nun zum ersten Mal in deutscher Übersetzung vorliegt. »Recht auf Stadt« ist mehr als die individuelle Freiheit, auf städtische Ressourcen zugreifen zu können. Es ist das Recht auf ein erneuertes urbanes Leben. Angesichts der sozialen Probleme in den desolaten Hochhaus-Vorstädten und anderer Folgen des rasanten Städtewachstums nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg stellte Lefebvre schon in den sechziger Jahren fest, dass der Urbanisierungsprozess einhergeht mit einem Verlust der Stadt als Ort der kreativen Schöpfung, zugunsten einer bloßen industriellen Verwertungslogik. Er postuliert aber keine Abkehr von der Stadt - etwa in die zeitgleich entstehenden amerikanischen Mittelklasse-Vororte -, sondern macht in der Stadt ein enormes Potenzial aus, das zu einer emanzipierten urbanen Gesellschaft führen kann. Das Recht auf Stadt ist ein gesamtgesellschaftliches Anrecht auf Begegnung, Teilhabe, Austausch, das große Fest und einen kollektiv gestalteten und genutzten städtischen Raum. Zum selben Thema sind erschienen: Niels Boeing VON WEGEN. Überlegungen zur freien Stadt der Zukunft Christoph Twickel GENTRIFIDINGSBUMS oder EINE STADT FÜR ALLE

The People's Property?

Power, Politics, and the Public.

Author: Lynn Staeheli,Donald Mitchell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135917086

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 928

The People’s Property? is the first book-length scholarly examination of how negotiations over the ownership, control, and peopling of public space are central to the development of publicity, citizenship, and democracy in urban areas. The book asks the questions: Why does it matter who owns public property? Who controls it? Who is in it? Donald Mitchell and Lynn A. Staeheli answer the questions by focusing on the interplay between property (in its geographical sense, as a parcel of owned space) and people. Property rights are often defined as the "right to exclude." It is important, therefore, to understand who (what individual and corporate entities, governed by what kinds of regulations and restrictions) owns publicly accessible property. It is likewise important to understand the changing bases for excluding some people and classes of people from otherwise publicly accessible property. That is to say, it is important to understand how modes of access and possibilities for association in publicly accessible space vary for different individuals and different classes of people, if we are to understand the role public spaces play in shaping democratic possibilities. In what ways are urban public spaces "the people’s property" – and in what ways are they not? What does this mean for citizenship and the constitution of an inclusive, democratic polity? The book develops its argument through five case studies: protest in Washington DC; struggles over the Plaza of Santa Fe, NM; homelessness and property redevelopment in San Diego, CA; the enclosure of public space in a mall in Syracuse, NY; and community gardens in New York City. Though empirically focused on the US, the book is of broader interests as publics in all liberal democracies are under-going rapid reconsideration and transformation.

The Columbia History of Post-World War II America

Author: Mark C Carnes

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511809

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 2819

Beginning with an analysis of cultural themes and ending with a discussion of evolving and expanding political and corporate institutions, The Columbia History of Post-World War II America addresses changes in America's response to the outside world; the merging of psychological states and social patterns in memorial culture, scandal culture, and consumer culture; the intersection of social practices and governmental policies; the effect of technological change on society and politics; and the intersection of changing belief systems and technological development, among other issues. Many had feared that Orwellian institutions would crush the individual in the postwar era, but a major theme of this book is the persistence of individuality and diversity. Trends toward institutional bigness and standardization have coexisted with and sometimes have given rise to a countervailing pattern of individualized expression and consumption. Today Americans are exposed to more kinds of images and music, choose from an infinite variety of products, and have a wide range of options in terms of social and sexual arrangements. In short, they enjoy more ways to express their individuality despite the ascendancy of immense global corporations, and this volume imaginatively explores every facet of this unique American experience.

Law and Global Health

Current Legal Issues

Author: Michael Freeman,Sarah Hawkes,Belinda Bennett

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191003468

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 8062

Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems (now available in journal format), is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Global Health, the sixteenth volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the scholarship examining the relationship between global health and the law. Covering a wide range of areas from all over the world, articles in the volume look at areas of human rights, vulnerable populations, ethical issues, legal responses and governance.

Young People and the Shaping of Public Space in Melbourne, 1870–1914

Author: Dr Simon Sleight

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472402898

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 1568

Baby booms have a long history. In 1870, colonial Melbourne was ‘perspiring juvenile humanity’ with an astonishing 42 per cent of the city’s inhabitants aged 14 and under - a demographic anomaly resulting from the gold rushes of the 1850s. Within this context, Simon Sleight enters the heated debate concerning the future prospects of ‘Young Australia’ and the place of the colonial child within the incipient Australian nation. Looking beyond those institutional sites so often assessed by historians of childhood, he ranges across the outdoor city to chart the relationship between a discourse about youth, youthful experience and the shaping of new urban spaces. Play, street work, consumerism, courtship, gang-related activities and public parades are examined using a plethora of historical sources to reveal a hitherto hidden layer of city life. Capturing the voices of young people as well as those of their parents, Sleight alerts us to the ways in which young people shaped the emergent metropolis by appropriating space and attempting to impress upon the city their own desires. Here a dynamic youth culture flourished well before the discovery of the ‘teenager’ in the mid-twentieth century; here young people and the city grew up together.

Federalism and Subsidiarity

NOMOS LV

Author: James E. Fleming,Jacob T Levy

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479875554

Category: Law

Page: 464

View: 2066

In Federalism and Subsidiarity, a distinguished interdisciplinary group of scholars in political science, law, and philosophy address the application and interaction of the concept of federalism within law and government. What are the best justifications for and conceptions of federalism? What are the most useful criteria for deciding what powers should be allocated to national governments and what powers reserved to state or provincial governments? What are the implications of the principle of subsidiarity for such questions? What should be the constitutional standing of cities in federations? Do we need to “remap” federalism to reckon with the emergence of translocal and transnational organizations with porous boundaries that are not reflected in traditional jurisdictional conceptions? Examining these questions and more, this latest installation in the NOMOS series sheds new light on the allocation of power within federations.

Transcultural Cities

Border-Crossing and Placemaking

Author: Jeffrey Hou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135122040

Category: Architecture

Page: 336

View: 2714

Transcultural Cities uses a framework of transcultural placemaking, cross-disciplinary inquiry and transnational focus to examine a collection of case studies around the world, presented by a multidisciplinary group of scholars and activists in architecture, urban planning, urban studies, art, environmental psychology, geography, political science, and social work. The book addresses the intercultural exchanges as well as the cultural trans-formation that takes place in urban spaces. In doing so, it views cultures not in isolation from each other in today’s diverse urban environments, but as mutually influenced, constituted and transformed. In cities and regions around the globe, migrations of people have continued to shape the makeup and making of neighborhoods, districts, and communities. For instance, in North America, new immigrants have revitalized many of the decaying urban landscapes, creating renewed cultural ambiance and economic networks that transcend borders. In Richmond, BC Canada, an Asian night market has become a major cultural event that draws visitors throughout the region and across the US and Canadian border. Across the Pacific, foreign domestic workers in Hong Kong transform the deserted office district in Central on weekends into a carnivalesque site. While contributing to the multicultural vibes in cities, migration and movements have also resulted in tensions, competition, and clashes of cultures between different ethnic communities, old-timers, newcomers, employees and employers, individuals and institutions. In Transcultural Cities Jeffrey Hou and a cross-disciplinary team of authors argue for a more critical and open approach that sees today’s cities, urban places, and placemaking as vehicles for cross-cultural understanding.

Loose Space

Possibility and Diversity in Urban Life

Author: Karen Franck,Quentin Stevens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135993173

Category: Architecture

Page: 320

View: 8025

In cities around the world people use a variety of public spaces to relax, to protest, to buy and sell, to experiment and to celebrate. Loose Space explores the many ways that urban residents, with creativity and determination, appropriate public space to meet their own needs and desires. Familiar or unexpected, spontaneous or planned, momentary or long-lasting, the activities that make urban space loose continue to give cities life and vitality. The book examines physical spaces and how people use them. Contributors discuss a wide range of recreational, commercial and political activities; some are conventional, others are more experimental. Some of the activities occur alongside the intended uses of planned public spaces, such as sidewalks and plazas; other activities replace former uses, as in abandoned warehouses and industrial sites. The thirteen case studies, international in scope, demonstrate the continuing richness of urban public life that is created and sustained by urbanites themselves Presents a fresh way of looking at urban public space, focusing on its positive uses and aspects. Comprises 13 detailed, well-illustrated case studies based on sustained observation and research by social scientists, architects and urban designers. Looks at a range of activities, both everyday occurrences and more unusual uses, in a variety of public spaces -- planned, leftover and abandoned. Explores the spatial and the behavioral; considers the wider historical and social context. Addresses issues of urban research, architecture, urban design and planning. Takes a broad international perspective with cases from New York, London, Berlin, Amsterdam, Rome, Guadalajara, Athens, Tel Aviv, Melbourne, Bangkok, Kandy, Buffalo, and the North of England.

Leading the inclusive city

Place-based innovation for a bounded planet

Author: Hambleton, Robin

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144731185X

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 8143

Cities are often seen as helpless victims in a global flow of events and many view growing inequality in cities as inevitable. This engaging book rejects this gloomy prognosis and argues that imaginative place-based leadership can enable citizens to shape the urban future in accordance with progressive values – advancing social justice, promoting care for the environment and bolstering community empowerment. This international and comparative book, written by an experienced author, shows how inspirational civic leaders are making a major difference in cities across the world. The analysis provides practical lessons for local leaders and a significant contribution to thinking on public service innovation for anyone who wants to change urban society for the better.

The End of Protest

How Free-Market Capitalism Learned to Control Dissent

Author: Alasdair Roberts

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 080147003X

Category: Political Science

Page: 97

View: 1611

The United States has just gone through the worst economic crisis in a generation. Why was there not more protest, as there was in other countries? During the United States’ last great era of free-market policies, before World War II, economic crises were always accompanied by unrest. “The history of capitalism,” the economist Joseph Schumpeter warned in 1942, “is studded with violent bursts and catastrophes.” In The End of Protest, Alasdair Roberts explains how, in the modern age, governments learned to unleash market forces while also avoiding protest about the market’s failures. Roberts argues that in the last three decades, the two countries that led the free-market revolution—the United States and Britain—have invented new strategies for dealing with unrest over free market policies. The organizing capacity of unions has been undermined so that it is harder to mobilize discontent. The mobilizing potential of new information technologies has also been checked. Police forces are bigger and better equipped than ever before. And technocrats in central banks have been given unprecedented power to avoid full-scale economic calamities. Tracing the histories of economic unrest in the United States and Great Britain from the nineteenth century to the present, The End of Protest shows that governments have always been preoccupied with the task of controlling dissent over free market policies. But today’s methods pose a new threat to democratic values. For the moment, advocates of free-market capitalism have found ways of controlling discontent, but the continued effectiveness of these strategies is by no means certain.

The Neoliberal City

Governance, Ideology, and Development in American Urbanism

Author: Jason Hackworth

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801470048

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4530

The shift in the ideological winds toward a "free-market" economy has brought profound effects in urban areas. The Neoliberal City presents an overview of the effect of these changes on today's cities. The term "neoliberalism" was originally used in reference to a set of practices that first-world institutions like the IMF and World Bank impose on third-world countries and cities. The support of unimpeded trade and individual freedoms and the discouragement of state regulation and social spending are the putative centerpieces of this vision. More and more, though, people have come to recognize that first-world cities are undergoing the same processes. In The Neoliberal City, Jason Hackworth argues that neoliberal policies are in fact having a profound effect on the nature and direction of urbanization in the United States and other wealthy countries, and that much can be learned from studying its effect. He explores the impact that neoliberalism has had on three aspects of urbanization in the United States: governance, urban form, and social movements. The American inner city is seen as a crucial battle zone for the wider neoliberal transition primarily because it embodies neoliberalism's antithesis, Keynesian egalitarian liberalism. Focusing on issues such as gentrification in New York City; public-housing policy in New York, Chicago, and Seattle; downtown redevelopment in Phoenix; and urban-landscape change in New Brunswick, N.J., Hackworth shows us how material and symbolic changes to institutions, neighborhoods, and entire urban regions can be traced in part to the rise of neoliberalism.

Die Entscheidung

Kapitalismus vs. Klima

Author: Naomi Klein

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031452

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 5562

***JETZT ODER NICHTS – der provokante Gesellschaftsentwurf der international bekannten Bestsellerautorin Naomi Klein (›NoLogo‹ und ›Die Schock-Strategie‹)*** Vergessen Sie alles, was Sie über den Klimawandel zu wissen meinten: Es geht nicht nur um CO2-Emissionen, es geht um den Kapitalismus! Die weltbekannte Aktivistin Naomi Klein weckt uns aus der kollektiven Ohnmacht angesichts der Klimakatastrophe. In einer packenden Vision zeigt sie, dass wir uns dieser existentiellen Herausforderung stellen können. Wir müssen unser Wirtschaftssystem des Immer-mehr aufgeben und etwas radikal Neues wagen. Denn überall auf der Welt gibt es bereits überraschende und inspirierende Alternativen. Brillant gedacht, fundiert recherchiert, hoffnungsvoll und spannend. Ein Buch, das aufrüttelt und Lust auf die Zukunft macht. »Die Klimakatastrophe kann die Welt zum Besseren ändern.« — Naomi Klein »Naomi Klein befasst sich in ihrer unbestechlichen, leidenschaftlichen und akribischen Art mit den größten und drängendsten Fragen unserer Zeit. Ihr Werk hat die Spielregeln der Debatte verändert. Für mich zählt sie zu den inspirierendsten politischen Vordenkern der Welt von heute.« — Arundhati Roy »Zweifellos eines der wichtigsten Bücher des Jahrzehnts.« — Amitav Ghosh »Naomi Klein ist ein Genie. Sie hat für das Feld der Politik das geleistet, was Jared Diamond für die Erforschung der Geschichte des Menschen getan hat. Meisterhaft verwebt sie politische, ökonomische und historische Fakten und verdichtet sie zu einfachen und mächtigen Wahrheiten mit universeller Anwendbarkeit.« — Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. »Naomi Kleins klare Sprache und ihr Scharfsinn, machen Lust auf Veränderung und verdeutlichen die Notwendigkeit zum sofortigen Handeln.« — Charlize Theron »Eine mitreißende Pflichtlektüre!« — Michael E. Mann, Direktor des Earth System Science Center an der Pennsylvania State University

The Handbook of Interior Architecture and Design

Author: Graeme Brooker,Lois Weinthal

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472539044

Category: Design

Page: 672

View: 6441

The Handbook of Interior Architecture and Design offers a compelling collection of original essays that seek to examine the shifting role of interior architecture and interior design, and their importance and meaning within the contemporary world. Interior architecture and interior design are disciplines that span a complexity of ideas, ranging from human behaviour and anthropology to history and the technology of the future. Approaches to designing the interior are in a constant state of flux, reflecting and adapting to the changing systems of history, culture and politics. It is this process that allows interior design to be used as evidence for identifying patterns of consumption, gender, identity and social issues. The Handbook of Interior Architecture and Design provides a pioneering overview of the ideas and arrangements within the two disciplines that make them such important platforms from which to study the way humans interact with the space around them. Covering a wide range of thought and research, the book enables the reader to investigate fully the changing face of interior architecture and interior design, while offering questions about their future trajectory.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141297464X

Category: Science

Page: 883

View: 5265

This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Key Thinkers on Space and Place

Author: Phil Hubbard,Rob Kitchin,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761949633

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 9745

A comprehensive guide to the latest work on space. Each entry is a short interpretative essay, outlining the contributions made by the key theorists.

Southeastern Geographer

Summer 2013 Issue

Author: David M. Cochran Jr.,Carl A. Reese

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469609010

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 1416

Table of Contents for Volume 53, Number 2 (Summer 2013) Cover Art Sleeping Kudzu J. O. Joby Bass Introduction to Southeastern Geographer, Volume 53, Number 2 David M. Cochran and Carl A. Reese Part I: Papers Recovering Destination from Devastation: Tourism, Image, and Economy Along the Hurricane Coasts Ronald L. Schumann, III Foreign-born Latino Labor Market Concentration in Six Metropolitan Areas in the U.S. South Sara Gleave and Qingfang Wang Downstream Trends in Grain Size, Angularity, and Sorting of Channel-Bed and Bank Deposits in a Coastal Plain Sand-Bed River: the Pascagoula River System, Mississippi, USA Zachary A. Musselman and Allison M. Tarbox Displacement and the Racial State in Olympic Atlanta, 1990–1996 Seth Gustafson Pentagon Contracts and Dixie Barney Warf Part II: Reviews Swamplife: People, Gators, and Mangroves Entangled in the Everglades Laura A. Ogden Reviewed by Scott H. Markwith Cahokia: Ancient America's Great City on the Mississippi Timothy R. Pauketat Reviewed by William I. Woods

Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-between

Author: Dr Andrea Mubi Brighenti

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472410033

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 3430

Bringing together a team of international scholars with an interest in urban transformations, spatial justice and territoriality, this volume questions how the interstice is related to the emerging processes of partitioning, enclave-making and zoning, showing how in-between spaces are intimately related to larger flows, networks, territories and boundaries. Illustrated with a range of case studies from places such as the US, Quebec, the UK, Italy, Gaza, Iraq, India, and South-east Asia, the volume analyses the place and function of interstitial locales in both a ‘disciplined’ urban space and a disordered space conceptualized through the notions of ‘excess’, ‘danger’ and ‘threat’. Warning not to romanticize the interstice, the book invites us to study it as not simply a place but also a set of phenomena, events and social interactions. How are interstices perceived and represented? What is the politics of visibility that is applied to them? How to capture their peculiar rhythms, speeds and affects? On the one hand, interstices open up venues for informality, improvisation, challenge, and bricolage, playful as well as angry statements on the neoliberal city and enhanced urban inequalities. On the other hand, they also represent a crucial site of governance (even governance by withdrawal) and urban management, where an array of techniques ranging from military urbanism to new forms of value extraction are experimented. At the point of convergence of all these tensions, interstices appear as veritable sites of transformation, where social forces clash and mesh prefiguring our urban future. The book interrogates these territories, proposing new ways to explore the dynamics, events and visibilities that define them.

The God of Second Chances

Finding Hope through the Prophets of Exile

Author: Ron Clark

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1621894479

Category: Religion

Page: 188

View: 1677

When the people of Judah were taken captive by the Babylonians, their world was drastically changed. While in exile they experienced shame, guilt, fear, and displacement. However, their God had been traumatized by their behavior and also grieved with them. Yet, Yahweh gave them a second chance by forgiving them and bringing them home. God offered them hope, mercy, and love. The prophets were God's chosen messengers, not only to provide a new vision of what could be, but to suffer with the people. These servants were caught in the middle between a passionate God and traumatized people. As the people returned to Jerusalem to rebuild their city and their lives, the prophets were with them to remind them that God had not abandoned them. The author suggests that the prophets live on today through the church as those who engage their community, fight for people's hearts, and remind others that God gives second chances. Clark shares stories from his personal ministry to the marginalized in Portland, Oregon, who seek relief from shame, suffering, and hopelessness. In this hope our community receives new vision through a loving God and persistent prophets.