The Politics of Maternity Care

Services for Childbearing Women in Twentieth-century Britain

Author: Jo Garcia,Robert Kilpatrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Medical

Page: 346

View: 1801

This concise volume examines the maternity care of British women, in both historical and social contexts. It includes authoritative information on such issues as the mother's control over childbirth, the changing role of the father, the development of midwifery, and the relationship between doctors and midwives.

The Politics of Maternity

Author: Rosemary Mander,Jo Murphy-Lawless

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136737073

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 240

View: 7085

The evidence surrounding the skills and approaches to support good birth has grown exponentially over the last two decades, but so too have the obstacles facing women and midwives who strive to achieve good birth. This new book critically explores the complex issues surrounding contemporary childbirth practices in a climate which is ever more medicalised amidst greater insecurity at broad social and political levels. The authors offer a rigorous, and thought-provoking, analysis of current clinical, managerial and policy-making environments, and how they have prevented sustaining the kind of progress we need. The Politics of Maternity explores the most hopeful developments such as the abundant evidence for one-to-one care for women, and sets these accounts against the background of changes in health service organisation and provision that block these approaches from becoming an everyday occurrence for women giving birth. The book sets out the case for renewed attention to the politics of childbirth and what this politics must entail if we are to give birth back to women. Designed to help professionals cope with the transition from education to the reality of the system within which they learn and practise, this inspiring book will help to assist them to function and care effectively in a changing health care environment.

The Politics of Pregnancy

Adolescent Sexuality and Public Policy

Author: Annette Lawson,Deborah L. Rhode

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300065480

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 8083

Teenage pregnancy is widely viewed as a significant social problem. This book argues that much of the problem stems from inaccurate perceptions of what the problem is. The problem, according to the text, is not teenagers who want sex too soon but a society that offers too little, too late.

The Politics of Pregnancy

Policy Dilemmas in the Maternal-Fetal Relationship

Author: Janna C Merrick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317952790

Category: Law

Page: 262

View: 5696

Here is a comprehensive overview and analysis of issues concerning the maternal-fetal relationship, from abortion to surrogate motherhood. Unlike many books which cover reproductive issues in general, this book focuses in-depth on one aspect of reproduction--the maternal-fetal relationship--to give readers a detailed study of the many issues involved. The Politics of Pregnancy discusses public policy dimensions of this relationship and posits new, critical political dilemmas. Many chapters in this unique book also provide significant clinical information as well as conceptual analysis. The Politics of Pregnancy offers great diversity in terms of the disciplinary backgrounds of the authors and their ideological perspectives. Authors come from many fields, including sociology, political science, pediatrics, ethics, and psychiatry, and provide diverse, sometimes opposing, analytical positions. Some of the topics they debate include: maternal substance use during pregnancy prenatal technology pregnancy and workplace hazards court-ordered obstetrical intervention fetal experimentation Readers interested in public and health care policy, nursing, feminism, pediatrics, or ethics, will find The Politics of Pregnancy to be a stimulating and thought-provoking book. This volume also makes an excellent discussion tool for graduate courses in these areas.

Race, Maternity, and the Politics of Birth Control in South Africa, 1910-39

Author: S. Klausen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230511252

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1350

Using original primary sources, this book uncovers and analyzes for the first time the politics of fertility and the battle over birth control in South Africa from 1910 (the year the country was formed) to 1945. It examines the nature and achievements of the South African birth-control movement in pre-apartheid South Africa, including the establishment of voluntary birth-control organizations in urban centres, the national birth-control coalition, and the clinic practices of the country's first birth-control clinics. The book spotlights important actors such as the birth controllers themselves, the women of all 'races' who utilized the clinics' services and the Department of Public Health, placing these within an international as well as national context.

The Politics of Motherhood

British Writing and Culture, 1680-1760

Author: Toni Bowers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521551748

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 262

View: 7654

Through detailed examination of a wide variety of novels, plays, sermons, songs, popular engravings, portraiture, and propaganda from the period, Toni Bowers examines the eighteenth-century social and cultural struggle to develop new ideals for virtuous motherhood. She shows how popular representations of mothers codified and enforced a private and domestic model of maternal excellence, and argues that contemporary Western culture is still limited by its commitment to the contradictory maternal ideals established in early-eighteenth-century discourse.

Maternal Transition

A North-South Politics of Pregnancy and Childbirth

Author: Candace Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317704592

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 5884

What are the political dimensions that are revealed in women’s preferences for health care during pregnancy and childbirth? The answers to this question vary from one community to the next, and often from woman to the next, although the trends in the Global North and South are strikingly different. Employing three conceptual frames; medicalization, the public-private distinction, and intersectionality, Candace Johnson examines these differences through the narratives of women in Canada, the United States, Cuba, and Honduras. In Canada and the United States, women from privileged and marginalized social groups demonstrate the differences across the North-South divide, and women in Cuba and Honduras speak to the realities of severely constrained decision-making in developing countries. Each case study includes narratives drawn from in-depth interviews with women who were pregnant or who had recently had children. Johnson argues that women’s expressed preferences in different contexts reveal important details about the inequality that they experience in that context, in addition to as various elements of identity. Both inequality and identity are affected by the ways in which women experience the division between public and private lives – the life of the community and the life of the home and family – as well as the consequences of intersectionality – the combinations of various sources of disadvantage and women’s reactions to these, either in the form of resistance or compliance. The rigorous and highly original cross cultural and comparative research on health, gender, poverty and social context makes Maternal Transition an excellent contribution to global maternal health policy debates.

The Politics of Parental Leave Policies

Children, Parenting, Gender and the Labour Market

Author: Sheila B. Kamerman,Peter Moss

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847429033

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 2428

The politics of parental leave policies addresses how and why, and by whom, particular policies are created and subsequently developed in particular countries. It examines the factors that bring about variations in leave policy, covering fifteen countries in Europe and beyond, and the European Union.

The Organization of Maternity Care

A Guide to Evaluation

Author: Rona Campbell,Jo Garcia

Publisher: Books for Midwives Press


Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 4504

Accurate evaluation is an essential tool for the continuous improvement of midwifery services. This unique book provides comprehensive guidance on planning and carrying out research to generate valuable results. The difficult processes of economic evaluation and audit are explained in detail, with supporting case histories.

Home Birth

The Politics of Difficult Choices

Author: Mary L. Nolan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136865136

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 160

View: 7710

The rhetoric of choice is much used in UK health policy and home birth is one of the three options that women are entitled to choose between when deciding where to have their baby. However, many women making this choice run into considerable opposition from the maternity service. Home Birth: the politics of difficult choices focuses on the experiences of women whose choices were opposed by health professionals during their pregnancy journey. It confronts why and how women are being denied home birth and raises some challenging issues for current midwifery practice. Using ten women’s narratives, this important volume explores why women might want to give birth at home and considers ideas of risk and informed choice in pregnancy and birth. The book includes chapters on communication and language; fear and stress; advocacy and autonomy; fathers’ experience of contested place of birth and free birthing. Pointers to best practice are presented whilst the text incorporates women’s narratives throughout, making this a practical and relevant read for midwifery students as well as practising midwives and childbirth educators, all of whom have a duty to make home birth a real option for women.

The Politics of Motherhood

Author: Jadwiga Pieper Mooney

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822973618

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4355

With the 2006 election of Michelle Bachelet as the first female president and women claiming fifty percent of her cabinet seats, the political influence of Chilean women has taken a major step forward. Despite a seemingly liberal political climate, Chile has a murky history on women's rights, and progress has been slow, tenuous, and in many cases, non-existent. Chronicling an era of unprecedented modernization and political transformation, Jadwiga E. Pieper Mooney examines the negotiations over women's rights and the politics of gender in Chile throughout the twentieth century. Centering her study on motherhood, Pieper Mooney explores dramatic changes in health policy, population paradigms, and understandings of human rights, and reveals that motherhood is hardly a private matter defined only by individual women or couples. Instead, it is intimately tied to public policies and political competitions on nation-state and international levels. The increased legitimacy of women's demands for rights, both locally and globally, has led to some improvements in gender equity. Yet feminists in contemporary Chile continue to face strong opposition from neoconservatism in the Catholic Church and a mixture of public apathy and legal wrangling over reproductive rights and health.

Material Discourses of Health and Illness

Author: Lucy Yardley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134773811

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 7292

Material Discourses of Health and Illness applies discursive approaches to the field of health psychology, in stark contrast to the bio-medical model of health and illness. The discursive approach uses the person's experience and feelings as the central focus of interest, whereas the more traditional models regarded these as coincidental and relatively unimportant. The book provides an accessible and compelling introduction to social constructionist and discursive approaches to those with limited previous knowledge of socio-linguistic theory and research. It provides practical examples of how these approaches can be applied to the field of health psychology with a collection of sophisticated discursive analyses which demonstrate the distinctive contribution that can be made by psychologists to a field that has been largely dominated by sociologists and anthropologists.

The Wages of Sickness

The Politics of Health Insurance in Progressive America

Author: Beatrix Hoffman

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807860727

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 280

View: 8915

The Clinton administration's failed health care reform was not the first attempt to establish government-sponsored medical coverage in the United States. From 1915 to 1920, Progressive reformers led a spirited but ultimately unsuccessful crusade for compulsory health insurance in New York State. Beatrix Hoffman argues that this first health insurance campaign was a crucial moment in the creation of the American welfare state and health care system. Its defeat, she says, gave rise to an uneven and inegalitarian system of medical coverage and helped shape the limits of American social policy for the rest of the century. Hoffman examines each of the major combatants in the battle over compulsory health insurance. While physicians, employers, the insurance industry, and conservative politicians forged a uniquely powerful coalition in opposition to health insurance proposals, she shows, reformers' potential allies within women's organizations and the labor movement were bitterly divided. Against the backdrop of World War I and the Red Scare, opponents of reform denounced government-sponsored health insurance as "un-American" and, in the process, helped fashion a political culture that resists proposals for universal health care and a comprehensive welfare state even today.

Performing Maternity in Early Modern England

Author: Kathryn M. Moncrief,Kathryn Read McPherson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754661177

Category: History

Page: 247

View: 901

The essays in Performing Maternity in Early Modern England explore maternity's textual and cultural representation, performative aspects and practical consequences from 1540-1690. They emphasize that the embodied, repeated and public nature of maternity defines it as inherently performative and ultimately central to the production of gender identity in the period.

Mainstreaming Midwives

The Politics of Change

Author: Robbie Davis-Floyd,Christine Barbara Johnson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415931517

Category: Social Science

Page: 559

View: 8835

Providing insights into midwifery, a team of reputable contributors describe the development of nurse- and direct-entry midwifery in the United States, including the creation of two new direct-entry certifications, the Certified Midwife and the Certified Professional Midwife, and examine the history, purposes, complexities, and the political strife that has characterized the evolution of midwifery in America. Including detailed case studies, the book looks at the efforts of direct-entry midwives to achieve legalization and licensure in seven states: New York, Florida, Michigan, Iowa, Virginia, Colorado, and Massachusetts with varying degrees of success.

Amid Social Contradictions

Towards a History of Social Work in Europe

Author: Gisela Hauss

Publisher: Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3866491506

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 4164

How does social work keep its balance between the requirements of its clients and its role as an agency of state and society? In historical analyses from various countries, international experts show how social work has succeeded in keeping conflicting demands at bay. Their contributions look at historical situations in Finland, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, the Republic of Ireland, Russia, the former Soviet Union, Switzerland, and the former Yugoslavia.òTable of contents include: Youth Care in Austria: The Politics of Child Removal * Professional Social Work after the Second World War Finland * Republic of Ireland * Hungarian Settlements * City Welfare and Eugenics: Case Studies from Switzerland * Care and Control in Soviet Social Policy in 1917-1930s * Helping the Mother to be "Soviet" * The Tradition of Social Work in Poland in the First Half of the 20th Century * Towards the History of Social Work Training in Germany * The Development of Professional Social Work in Switzerland * Professionalization of Social Work in Yugoslavia * A Communist World Organization in the Force Field between Governmental Oppression and Social Work for Political Prisoners * Power in Social Work in Socialism * Local Charity and Social Work in the Netherlands.

The Politics of Birth

Author: Sheila Kitzinger

Publisher: Books for Midwives Press

ISBN: 9780750688765

Category: Medical

Page: 235

View: 4099

Explores ways in which we learn about birth, how we talk and feel about it, assumptions that professional caregivers may make, and the roles and skills of midwives.

Inventing Maternity

Politics, Science, and Literature, 1650-1865

Author: Susan C. Greenfield,Carol Barash

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813158982

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 256

View: 5369

Not until the eighteenth century was the image of the tender, full-time mother invented. This image retains its power today. Inventing Maternity demonstrates that, despite its association with an increasingly standardized set of values, motherhood remained contested terrain. Drawing on feminist, cultural, and postcolonial theory, Inventing Maternity surveys a wide range of sources--medical texts, political tracts, religious doctrine, poems, novels, slave narratives, conduct books, and cookbooks. The first half of the volume, covering the mid-seventeenth to the late eighteenth centuries, considers central debates about fetal development, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and childbearing. The second half, covering the late eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth centuries, charts a historical shift to the regulation of reproduction as maternity is increasingly associated with infanticide, population control, poverty, and colonial, national, and racial instability. In her introduction, Greenfield provides a historical overview of early modern interpretations of maternity. She concludes with a consideration of their impact on current debates about reproductive rights and technologies, child custody, and the cycles of poverty.

Born at Home: The Biological, Cultural and Political Dimensions of Maternity Care in the United States

Author: Melissa Cheyney

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495793663

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 1134

This is a book about women who choose to give birth at home against the wishes and indeed the interests of established medicine. It focuses on conditions in the US. It places the issue within the context of the continuing health care crisis in this country and poses surprisingly traditional alternatives to the mechanized and impersonal care delivery that accompanies that crisis and indeed arises from it. BORN AT HOME is brief and inexpensive indeed free when bundled- and designed to be used in an introductory Anthropology class with a core textbook or in an upper division course alongside additional readings. It offers an intimate look at an emerging movement that runs counter to established medical practice and yet poses a viable alternative to that practice. The writing is direct and personal and filed with numerous individual accounts. It is designed to inspire discussion indeed to provoke controversy and yet set on sound scholarly principles. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.