The Politics

Author: Aristotle,Sir Ernest Barker,R. F. Stalley

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 0192833936

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 423

View: 7581

The Politics is one of the most influential texts in the history of political thought, and it raises issues which still confront anyone who wants to think seriously about the ways in which human societies are organized and governed. The work of one of the world's greatest philosophers, it draws on Aristotle's own great knowledge of the political and constitutional affairs of the Greek cities. By examining the way societies are run - from households to city states - Aristotle establishes how successful constitutions can best be initiated and upheld. For this edition Sir Ernest Barker's fine translation, which has been widely used for nearly half a century, has been extensively revised to meet the needs of the modern reader. The accessible introduction and clear notes by R F Stalley examine the historical and philosophical background of the work and discuss its significance for modern political thought.

A History of Psychology

From Antiquity to Modernity

Author: Thomas Hardy Leahey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317228480

Category: Psychology

Page: 542

View: 958

A History of Psychology places social, economic, and political forces of change alongside psychology’s internal theoretical and empirical arguments, illuminating how the external world has shaped psychology’s development, and, in turn, how the late twentieth century’s psychology has shaped society. Featuring extended treatment of important movements such as the Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution, the textbook approaches the material from an integrative rather than wholly linear perspective. The text carefully examines how issues in psychology reflect and affect concepts that lie outside the field of psychology’s technical concerns as a science and profession. This new edition features expanded attention on psychoanalysis after its founding as well as new developments in cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and behavioral economics. Throughout, the book strengthens its exploration of psychological ideas and the cultures in which they developed and reinforces the connections between psychology, modernism, and postmodernism. The textbook covers scientific, applied, and professional psychology, and is appropriate for higher-level undergraduate and graduate students.


Tracing the History of a Transformative Term

Author: Robin E. Jensen

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271078197

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6074

This book explores the arguments, appeals, and narratives that have defined the meaning of infertility in the modern history of the United States and Europe. Throughout the last century, the inability of women to conceive children has been explained by discrepant views: that women are individually culpable for their own reproductive health problems, or that they require the intervention of medical experts to correct abnormalities. Using doctor-patient correspondence, oral histories, and contemporaneous popular and scientific news coverage, Robin Jensen parses the often thin rhetorical divide between moralization and medicalization, revealing how dominating explanations for infertility have emerged from seemingly competing narratives. Her longitudinal account illustrates the ways in which old arguments and appeals do not disappear in the light of new information, but instead reemerge at subsequent, often seemingly disconnected moments to combine and contend with new assertions. Tracing the transformation of language surrounding infertility from “barrenness” to “(in)fertility,” this rhetorical analysis both explicates how language was and is used to establish the concept of infertility and shows the implications these rhetorical constructions continue to have for individuals and the societies in which they live.

Patriots and Redeemers in Japan

Motives in the Meiji Restoration

Author: George M. Wilson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226900926

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 7762

Like the French Revolution, the Meiji Restoration transformed a whole society. Japan was never the same after 1868. The meaning of the events that led to the restoration has therefore profoundly concerned historians, but most Western accounts probe only the dimension of political leadership, largely ignoring the common people. In this book, George Wilson argues that the restoration was a total national event--a revolution to redeem the whole realm of Japan--accomplished by samurai and commoners alike. This study foregrounds the classic contest of agency versus structure, focusing on the actors in Meiji Restoration history rather than the institutions through which they acted. Wilson argues that the samurai who triumphed sought not only the patriotic goal of defending the realm against the external threat of Western imperialism but also the redemptive goal of rescuing the realm from the bakufu's failures. The common people no less than the samurai elite wanted to save Japan in its time of troubles. According to Wilson, redemption complemented patriotism as a motive for both the elite and the general public, contributing a double force to Japan's rising nationalism.

Hegel and the Metaphysical Frontiers of Political Theory

Author: Eric Lee Goodfield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317665236

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1358

For over one hundred and fifty years G.W.F. Hegel’s ghost has haunted theoretical understanding and practice. His opponents first, and later his defenders, have equally defined their programs against and with his. In this way Hegel’s political thought has both situated and displaced modern political theorizing. This book takes the reception of Hegel’s political thought as a lens through which contemporary methodological and ideological prerogatives are exposed. It traces the nineteenth century origins of the positivist revolt against Hegel’s legacy forward to political science’s turn away from philosophical tradition in the twentieth century. The book critically reviews the subsequent revisionist trend that has eliminated his metaphysics from contemporary considerations of his political thought. It then moves to re-evaluate their relation and defend their inseparability in his major work on politics: the Philosophy of Right. Against this background, the book concludes with an argument for the inherent metaphysical dimension of political theorizing itself. Goodfield takes Hegel’s reception, representation, as well as rejection in Anglo-American scholarship as a mirror in which its metaphysical presuppositions of the political are exceptionally well reflected. It is through such reflection, he argues, that we may begin to come to terms with them. This book will be of great interest to students, scholars, and readers of political theory and philosophy, Hegel, metaphysics and the philosophy of the social sciences.

Climate Justice

A Voice for the Future

Author: T. Thorp

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137394641

Category: Social Science

Page: 439

View: 2924

In this ground-breaking work, Teresa Thorp tackles the causes and effects of climate injustice by methodically mapping out an approach by which to reach a negotiatedconsensus with legal force to protect present and future generations. Using the law and policy of climate change as a vehicle for illustrating how to shape our future,she comprehensively overturns the widely held contemporary view of climate justice as inconstant charitable acts, relative systemic notions and static concepts isolatedfrom the common good and a congruent rule of law. Responding to the adverse impacts of climate change (heat waves, extended drought, severe flooding anddesertification), which represent an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to human societies and the planet, requires a new and cohesive way of thinking aboutglobal policy and the law. The mission of guaranteeing and realising human dignity, human security and human rights is multi-fold. Looking through the lens of kaleidoscopic normativity, anextensible language anchored in common juridical elements should facilitate how norms enter the socio-legal frame and interact within it. Users need to be able todisplay and interpret the congruent legal norm in order to obey and apply it. Galvanising this process by constitutionalising first principles and consequential normsis vital for attaining fraternity between nations and among all people. divClimate Justice – A Voice for the Future is an essential read for scholars, practitioners and all those genuinely interested in reaching consensus on a post-2015 global climate accord, a unified development agenda and a cohesive pact for disaster-risk reduction.

George Gemistos Plethon

The Last of the Hellenes

Author: Christopher Montague Woodhouse,George Gemistus Plethon

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: Electronic books

Page: 391

View: 391

This study of the Byzantine philosopher George Gemistos Plethon includes the first complete translation of his treatise, On the Differences of Aristotle from Plato, and summarizes all his other works. Woodhouse emphasizes Plethon's controversy with George Scholarios on the respective merits of Plato and Aristotle and his important impact on the Italian humanists during the Council of Union at Ferrara and Florence in 1438-9. Though Plethon's ambition to create a new religion based on Neoplatonism was never realized, his ideas had a significant influence on the western Renaissance.


Author: Platon

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849618021


Page: 33

View: 4028

Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Der Theages (Über die Philosophie) ist ein für unecht gehaltener Dialog Platons, der höchstwahrscheinlich in der platonischen Akademie verfasst wurde und versucht die Anklage gegen Sokrates zu widerlegen. Er gehört zusammen mit den Dialogen Charmides, Laches und dem Lysis zur fünften Tetralogie der platonischen Werke. Der Text lässt sich grundlegend in zwei Teile einteilen. Von denen der erste das sokratische mit dem sophistischen politischen Bildungskonzept kontrastiert und der zweite vom sokratischen Daimonion handelt. Das Hauptthema ist das sokratische Erziehungskonzept. Theages soll sich zwischen sophistisch politischer und philosophischer Lebensweise entscheiden. (aus


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 1522

Das Schauspiel des Denkens

neurowissenschaftliche Erkundungen

Author: Bernard J. Baars

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783608919448

Category: Cognition

Page: 310

View: 5482

Inhaltsübersicht: Vorwort, Im Theater des Bewusstseins, 1. Bewusstsein als Variable, 2. Die Theaterbühne besitzt begrenzte Kapazität, ermöglicht aber grenzenlosen Zugang, 3. Auf der Bühne: Empfindungen, Vorstellungen und Ideen, 4. Der Scheinwerfer: Aufmerksamkeit, Absorption und Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit, 5. Hinter den Kulissen: Die Kontexte, die unsere Erfahrung prägen, 6. Der Wille: bewusste Handlungskontrolle, 7. Der Regisseur: das Selbst als der vereinheitlichende Bewusstseinskontext, 8. Wozu nützt das alles? Die Funktion des Bewusstseins, 9. Epilog: Ein klein bisschen Philosophie, Anhang, Ausgewählte Literatur, Bildnachweis, Register.

Philosophie und die Potenziale der Gender Studies

Peripherie und Zentrum im Feld der Theorie

Author: Hilge Landweer,Catherine Newmark,Christine Kley,Simone Miller

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839421527

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 3254

Der Band möchte der Debatte um feministische Theorie neue Impulse geben, vor allem in der Philosophie. »Geschlecht« wird hier zwar ähnlich wie in den Naturwissenschaften noch immer weitgehend ausgeschlossen oder marginalisiert. Stellt man diesen Begriff aber ins Zentrum des Denkens, kann er neue Perspektiven auf grundlegende philosophische Probleme öffnen: auf Vernunft, Macht, Handeln, Gerechtigkeit, Demokratie. Die Texte zur politischen Theorie, Ethik, Anthropologie und Metaphilosophie, die der Band vereint, wollen in diesem Sinne das kritische Potenzial der Gender Studies für die Philosophie nutzen.

Platon: Politeia

Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050089938

Category: Philosophy

Page: 310

View: 3541

Platons "Politeia" gehört zu den bedeutendsten und wirkungsreichsten Texten der Philosophiegeschichte. Unter der Leitfrage nach der Gerechtigkeit weist Platon traditionelle Auffassungen zurück und leistet eine Sophistenkritik; im Anschluss daran entwickelt er seine Lehre von den drei Seelenteilen und die Lehre von den vier Kardinaltugenden. Er skizziert eine Erziehungstheorie, eine Staatsphilosophie mit der Lehre von der Philosophenherrschaft, eine Erkenntnistheorie und die Ideenlehre. Vor allem aber enthält die "Politeia" Platons bekannteste Gleichnisse: von der Sonne, der Linie und der Höhle. In Form eines kooperativen Kommentars führen anerkannte Platon-Interpreten, der Gliederung des Werkes folgend, in die Hauptthemen der "Politeia" und die wichtigsten Forschungsprobleme ein.

Über die Zukunft unserer Bildungs-Anstalten

Author: Friedrich Nietzsche

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 374372152X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 92

View: 652

Friedrich Nietzsche: Über die Zukunft unserer Bildungs-Anstalten Vortragsreihe an der Universität Basel: 16.1.1872 (1. Vortrag), 6.2.1872 (2. Vortrag), 27.2.1872 (3. Vortrag), 5.3.1872 (4. Vortrag), 23.3.1872 (5. Vortrag). Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2017. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Geschichte der ökonomischen Analyse

Author: Joseph A. Schumpeter

Publisher: Vandehoeck & Rupprecht

ISBN: 9783825284114


Page: 1520

View: 9112

Joseph Schumpeters "Geschichte der ökonomischen Analyse" gilt als Meilenstein einer dogmenhistorischen Aufarbeitung wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Denkens. Schumpeters Studie reicht von den Anfängen ökonomischer Analyse im antiken Wirtschaftsdenken bis hin zur modernen keynesianischen Makroökonomik. Neben dem einzigartigen enzyklopädischen Charakter der dogmenhistorischen Ausführungen basiert die analytische Bedeutung dieses Werks auf wissenschaftsphilosophischen Ausführungen, die die Diskussion zur Entwicklung der Wirtschaftstheorie methodologisch anreichern und dazu beitragen, sie in ihrem historisch-politischen Kontext einzubetten. Die Neuausgabe dieser lange vergriffenen deutschen Ausgabe wird erweitert um eine wirkungsgeschichtliche Einführung von Alexander Ebner.

Verletzende Worte

Die Grammatik sprachlicher Missachtung

Author: Steffen Kitty Herrmann,Sybille Krämer,Hannes Kuch

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839405653

Category: Philosophy

Page: 372

View: 7082

Worte verletzen und kränken. Woher aber kommt diese Verletzungsmacht? Während in der deutschsprachigen Philosophie Sprache meist als Gegenmittel zur Gewalt begriffen wird, hat die US-amerikanische Debatte um 'hate speech' gezeigt, dass das Sprechen Gewalt nicht nur androhen oder verhindern, sondern selbst eine Form von Gewaltausübung sein kann. Wie nun sind sprachliche Verletzung, Ausgrenzung und Missachtung zu erklären und zu verstehen? Aus der Sicht verschiedener Disziplinen untersuchen die Beiträge dieses Bandes, welcher Logik, Grammatik und Rhetorik unser verletzendes Sprechen gehorcht. Mit Beiträgen von u.a. Pierre Bourdieu, Penelope Brown/Stephen Levinson, Harold Garfinkel und Rae Langton.