The PLO and Israel

From Armed Conflict to Political Solution, 1964-1994

Author: Avraham Sela,Moshe Maʻoz

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312129064

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 9844

With daily changes in the headlines, it has become more important than ever to understand the history of the problems between Israelis and Palestinians. This unusual attempt to bridge a gap over national historical narratives presents an Israeli-Palestinian dialogue about a common past and offers hope for a keeper understanding in the future.

Dynamics of the Arab-Israel Conflict

Past and Present: Intellectual Odyssey II

Author: Michael Brecher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319475754

Category: Political Science

Page: 410

View: 7597

This book comprises findings from the author's wide-ranging research since 1948 on the unresolved Arab/Israel protracted conflict. Brecher reflects back on his detailed analysis of the UN Commission created in November 1947, and his near-seven decades of research and publications on this complex protracted conflict continued since the first of nine Arab/Israeli wars. The book includes an analysis of the crucial early phase of the unresolved struggle for control of Jerusalem in 1948-49 and beyond, based on extensive interviews with Israel’s leaders and prominent Egyptian senior officials, journalists and academics. It addresses the many diverse attempts at conflict resolution, including a peace plan to resolve the Arab/Israel conflict of the author's own design. It concludes with historical reflections about Israel’s behavior, domestically and externally, in 1948-1949 and 2008 and beyond. No other book on this protracted conflict contains so many important interviews with the first two generations of Israeli leaders and Egyptian officials and academics, and no other author can speak from such a deep and prolonged engagement.

The World of Protracted Conflicts

Author: Michael Brecher

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498531881

Category: Political Science

Page: 412

View: 4265

The World of Protracted Conflicts analyzes interstate protracted conflict, a widespread phenomenon in the global system and regional subsystems during the past near-century. It describes the content of a protracted conflict, explains the cause-effect linkages in this multi-dimensional phenomenon, and explores models to forecast protracted conflict./span

Paths to State Repression

Human Rights Violations and Contentious Politics

Author: Christian Davenport

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461640598

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 4971

In the last ten years, there has been a resurgence of interest in repression and violence within states. Paths to State Repression improves our understanding of why states use political repression, highlighting its relationship to dissent and mass protest. The authors draw upon a wide variety of political-economic contexts, methodological approaches, and geographic locales, including Cuba, Nicaragua, Peru, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Israel, Eastern Europe, and Africa.


Die Palästinapolitik des SED-Staates

Author: Lutz Maeke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110548151

Category: History

Page: 559

View: 8433

Die SED suggerierte über Jahrzehnte hinweg, sie sei ein enges Bündnis mit der Palästinensischen Befreiungsorganisation unter Führung Jassir Arafats eingegangen, das auf gemeinsamen Werten und geteilten politischen Überzeugungen beruhte. Ost-Berlin war demnach ein einflussreicher Partner der PLO, der uneingeschränkt für die legitimen Rechte der Palästinenser und ihren eigenen Staat an der Seite Israels eintrat. Aber was bedeutete dies konkret? Wie substanziell war die PLO- und Palästinapolitik der DDR? Inwiefern griff Ost-Berlin in die Machtkämpfe um den Vorsitz der PLO ein? Von welchen Faktoren wurde die Haltung des SED-Regimes gegenüber Jassir Arafat bestimmt? Wie verhielt sich Honecker, als Syrien - einer der wichtigsten Verbündeten der DDR - immer wieder gegen die Palästinenser im Libanon Krieg führte? Wie beurteilte die SED die Westpolitik der PLO und Arafats Kampf um die politische Anerkennung der Bonner Regierung? Welches Konzept stand hinter Arafats doppelter Deutschlandpolitik? Diesen Fragen geht Lutz Maeke in seiner quellengesättigten Studie nach.

State of Failure

Yasser Arafat, Mahmoud Abbas, and the Unmaking of the Palestinian State

Author: Jonathan Schanzer

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1137365641

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7140

The biggest obstacle to Palestinian statehood may not be Israel In September 2011, president Mahmoud Abbas stood before the United Nations General Assembly and dramatically announced his intention to achieve recognition of Palestinian statehood. The United States roundly opposed the move then, but two years later, Washington revived dreams for Palestinian statehood through bilateral diplomacy with Israel. But are the Palestinians prepared for the next step? In State of Failure, Middle East expert Jonathan Schanzer argues that the reasons behind Palestine's inertia are far more complex than we realize. Despite broad international support, Palestinian independence is stalling because of internal mismanagement, not necessarily because of Israeli intransigence. Drawing on exclusive sources, the author shows how the PLO under Yasser Arafat was ill prepared for the task of statebuilding. Arafat's successor, Mahmoud Abbas, used President George W. Bush's support to catapult himself into the presidency. But the aging leader, now four years past the end of his elected term, has not only failed to implement much needed reforms but huge sums of international aid continue to be squandered, and the Palestinian people stand to lose everything as a result. Supporters of Palestine and Israel alike will find Schanzer's narrative compelling at this critical juncture in Middle Eastern politics.

Fatah and the politics of violence

the institutionalization of a popular struggle

Author: Anat N. Kurz

Publisher: Sussex Academic Pr


Category: History

Page: 228

View: 1130

The institutionalisation of Fatah mirrors the evolution of the PLO and the Palestinian national cause generally. Understanding the factors that have influenced Fatah's politics of violence, and its political path -- and the balance between the two -- help to explain the political history of the Middle East in recent decades. Fatah's institutionalisation is marked by alternating bases of the organisation's legitimacy: organisational, communal, and external. Transformations from one phase to another are distinguished by the shifts in relative importance assigned to the different sources of legitimacy, which in turn dictated different courses of action for the organisation.

Israel's Foreign Policy Towards the PLO

The Impact of Globalization

Author: Amnon Aran

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 176

View: 4093

This detailed examination of Israeli foreign policy towards the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) between the 1967 war and the 2005 withdrawal from the Gaza Strip focuses on the impact and process of globalisation on the Israeli state's politics, economy, society and culture. In order to determine how interfacing developed between foreign policy and globalisation a theoretical framework is presented that brings together two established approaches that hitherto have advanced in parallel: foreign policy analysis and globalisation theory. This is the first attempt within the discipline of International Relations to theorise the relationships between foreign policy and globalisation. Causal relationships underpinning Israeli foreign policy -- involving government, the state, the economy, social stratification, and the media -- are linked to globalisation by specific example. Conventional accounts of this relationship strip military and political factors of any significance in terms of the conceptualisation of globalisation and its causes, in favour of spatio-temporal and economic dimensions. The state is viewed as being compelled to transform in response to the pressures of globalisation. But in the case of Israel the state acted proactively by using foreign policy towards the PLO as a key site of action to capture the opportunities and cope with the challenges presented by globalisation. To date there have been only partial historical accounts of Israeli foreign policy towards the PLO in the context of globalisation. It is generally understood that foreign policy towards the PLO became entangled with globalisation due to the socio-economic and cultural globalisation of Israel in the mid-1980s, but this study shows that the increasing impact of military and political globalisation during the Cold War on the Arab-Israeli conflict resulted in Israeli foreign policy towards the PLO, and globalisation effects in Israel, becoming entwined from the early 1970s.

The Global Offensive

The United States, the Palestine Liberation Organization, and the Making of the Post-Cold War Order

Author: Paul Thomas Chamberlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199977119

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 1001

On March 21, 1968, Yasir Arafat and his guerrillas made the fateful decision to break with conventional guerrilla tactics, choosing to stand and fight an Israeli attack on the al-Karama refugee camp in Jordan. They suffered terrible casualties, but they won a stunning symbolic victory that transformed Arafat into an Arab hero and allowed him to launch a worldwide campaign, one that would reshape Cold War diplomacy and revolutionary movements everywhere. In The Global Offensive, historian Paul Thomas Chamberlin offers new insights into the rise of the Palestine Liberation Organization in its full international context. After defeat in the 1967 war, the crushing of a guerrilla campaign on the West Bank, and the attack on al-Karama, Arafat and his fellow guerilla fighters opened a global offensive aimed at achieving national liberation for the Palestinian people. In doing so, they reinvented themselves as players on the world stage, combining controversial armed attacks, diplomacy, and radical politics. They forged a network of nationalist revolutionaries, making alliances with South African rebels, Latin American insurrectionists, and Vietnamese Communists. They persuaded the United Nations to take up their agenda, and sent Americans and Soviets scrambling as these stateless forces drew new connections across the globe. "The Vietnamese and Palestinian people have much in common," General Vo Nguyen Giap would tell Arafat, "just like two people suffering from the same illness." Richard Nixon's views mirrored Giap's: "You cannot separate what happens to America in Vietnam from the Mideast or from Europe or any place else." Deftly argued and based on extensive new research, The Global Offensive will change the way we think of the history of not only the PLO, but also the Cold War and international relations since.

Joe Garba's Legacy

Thirty-Two Selected Speeches and Lectures on National Governance, Confronting Apartheid and Foreign Policy

Author: Fatima Nduka-Eze

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469194139

Category: Political Science

Page: 479

View: 5006

Joe Garbas Legacy Selected Speeches and Lectures On National Governance, Confronting Apartheid and Foreign Policy Joseph Nanven Garba came to international attention in July 1975, as a member of Supreme Military Council in Nigerias new military government. Then a Colonel, the commander of the Brigade of Guards and a distinguished career officer, fate, which some call luck, thrust upon him the role of Commissioner (Minister) for External Affairs, after initially being slotted for the Transport portfolio. A diplomatic neophyte, Garba, who characterized himself as the most undiplomatic soldier there was, would learn the finer points and also the caprices of international diplomacy on the job. He did well, serving as Nigerias foreign minister, from 1975-1978 and consequently holding key diplomatic, academic and political positions - all which offered him the unfettered pulpit to speak assertively on national and international issues within his remit. When Garba spoke, people listened; for he was eloquent, had the personality and did not dodge heady issues. He had gone from an unknown quantity, whose appointment as Foreign Minister, had elicited from the Nigerian intelligentsia the terse reaction, Garba Who? to become a skillful and renowned diplomat and an assured voice of Nigeria. The thirty-two speeches and lectures in this volume represent just a fraction of the many he delivered. They are presented in remembrance and as a befitting legacy on the tenth anniversary of his passing.

Der Judenstaat

Grundlagen des zionistischen Denkens

Author: Theodor Herzl

Publisher: Musaicum Books

ISBN: 8027211182

Category: Social Science

Page: 89

View: 9790

Der Judenstaat. Versuch einer modernen Lösung der Judenfrage ist ein Buch von Theodor Herzl, mit dem er versuchte, eine jüdische Antwort auf die damals so genannte Judenfrage aufzuzeigen. Herzl schrieb es unter dem Eindruck der Dreyfus-Affäre; er beendete das Manuskript am 17. Juni 1895. Den Grund für den seiner Ansicht nach wachsenden Antisemitismus sieht er in der mangelnden sozialen Mobilität, die durch Benachteiligungen der Juden entsteht. Eine totale soziologische Assimilation lehnt Herzl jedoch ab, da die jüdische Volkspersönlichkeit geschichtlich zu berühmt und trotz aller Erniedrigungen zu hoch sei. Sie sei zu wertvoll für den Untergang. Davon abgesehen sei eine Assimilation nur dann möglich, wenn man die Juden einmal für zwei Generationen in Ruhe ließe. Dies würde aber nicht passieren, worauf der Druck sie wieder an den alten Stamm presse, der Hass ihrer Umgebung mache sie wieder zu Fremden. Theodor Herzl (1860-1904) war ein österreichisch-ungarischer Schriftsteller jüdischer Herkunft, Publizist und Journalist und der Begründer des modernen politischen Zionismus. Er gilt deshalb als der zentrale Vordenker und zugleich als aktiver Wegbereiter eines modernen Judenstaats, der später in Form des modernen Staates Israel Realität wurde.

Armed Political Organizations

From Conflict to Integration

Author: Benedetta Berti

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421409755

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 482

Many armed-political movements such as Hezbollah, Hamas, and the Irish Republican Army (IRA) have their roots in insurrection and rebellion. In Armed Political Organizations, Benedetta Berti seeks to understand when and why violent actors in a political organization choose to vote rather than bomb their way to legitimacy. Berti argues that the classic theory of the democratization process, which sees violence and elections at opposite ends of the political spectrum, is too simplistic and wholly inadequate for understanding the negotiation and disarmament work that is necessary for peaceful resolution of armed conflicts and movement toward electoral options. In this comparative study, she develops an alternative cyclical model that clarifies why armed groups create a political wing and compete in elections, and how this organizational choice impacts subsequent decisions to relinquish armed struggle. In her conclusion, Berti draws out what the implications are for a government’s ability to engage armed political groups to improve the chances of political integration. Berti’s innovative framework and careful choice of case studies, presented in a jargon-free, accessible style, will make this book attractive to not only scholars and students of democratization processes but also policymakers interested in conflict resolution and peacekeeping efforts. -- Daniel L. Byman, Georgetown University

News Watch

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Nigeria

Page: N.A

View: 4613