The Oxford Illustrated History of the First World War

New Edition

Author: Hew Strachan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191640417

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 368

The First World War, now a century ago, still shapes the world in which we live, and its legacy lives on, in poetry, in prose, in collective memory and political culture. By the time the war ended in 1918, millions lay dead. Three major empires lay shattered by defeat, those of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottomans. A fourth, Russia, was in the throes of a revolution that helped define the rest of the twentieth century. The Oxford History of the First World War brings together in one volume many of the most distinguished historians of the conflict, in an account that matches the scale of the events. From its causes to its consequences, from the Western Front to the Eastern, from the strategy of the politicians to the tactics of the generals, they chart the course of the war and assess its profound political and human consequences. Chapters on economic mobilization, the impact on women, the role of propaganda, and the rise of socialism establish the wider context of the fighting at sea and in the air, and which ranged on land from the trenches of Flanders to the mountains of the Balkans and the deserts of the Middle East. First published for the 90th anniversary of the 1918 Armistice, this highly illustrated revised edition contains significant new material to mark the 100th anniversary of the war's outbreak.

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Holy Land

Author: Robert G. Hoyland,H. G. M. Williamson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191036471

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 3688

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Holy Land covers the 3,000 years which saw the rise of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—and relates the familiar stories of the sacred texts with the fruits of modern scholarship. Beginning with the origins of the people who became the Israel of the Bible, it follows the course of the ensuing millennia down to the time when the Ottoman Empire succumbed to British and French rule at the end of the First World War. Parts of the story, especially as known from the Bible, will be widely familiar. Less familiar are the ways in which modern research, both from archaeology and from other ancient sources, sometimes modify this story historically. Better understanding, however, enables us to appreciate crucial chapters in the story of the Holy Land, such as how and why Judaism developed in the way that it did from the earlier sovereign states of Israel and Judah and the historical circumstances in which Christianity emerged from its Jewish cradle. Later parts of the story are vital not only for the history of Islam and its relationships with the two older religions, but also for the development of pilgrimage and religious tourism, as well as the notions of sacred space and of holy books with which we are still familiar today. From the time of Napoleon on, European powers came increasingly to develop both cultural and political interest in the region, culminating in the British and French conquests which carved out the modern states of the Middle East. Sensitive to the concerns of those for whom the sacred books of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are of paramount religious authority, the authors all try sympathetically to show how historical information from other sources, as well as scholarly study of the texts themselves, enriches our understanding of the history of the region and its prominent position in the world's cultural and intellectual history.

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Royal Navy

Author: J. R. Hill,Bryan Ranft

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198605270

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 4728

Britain is an island nation and throughout history its navy has been of great importance for its defence. As a consequence it has always had a special significance and has over the centuries entrenched itself in the national psyche, making itself manifest not only through the hero-worship of its principal characters such as Horatio Nelson and Sir Francis Drake but also finding expression through art, music, and literature. Like any great national institution, the navy is a complex webof interconnected histories - operational, strategic, political, economic, administrative, technological, and social. Now updated for its paperback edition, The Oxford Illustrated History of the Royal Navy, in a series of fourteen chapters, provides a thorough and engaging treatment of these histories, covering every aspect of naval history from the Anglo-Saxon period to the dawn of the new millennium. The book explores: Major action and campaigns - the defeat of the Spanish Armada, the Anglo-Dutch Wars, the Battle of Trafalgar, the Battle of Jutland, the Atlantic Campaign of 1939-45, the Falklands conflict, the Gulf War, and attacks on terrorist bases in Afghanistan in 2001. Developments in naval history and technology - navigational advances, surveying, constructional developments, disaster relief, the suppression of the slave trade, and the Strategic Defence Review of 1998. Key personalities - Drake and Nelson, Samuel Pepys, Francis Beaufort, Jackie Fisher, Lord Charles Beresford, Lord Jellicoe. Naval life - recruitment (press gangs, training, education, discipline), tactics, gunnery and armaments, amphibious operations, wages and conditions, victualling and supply. How and when did Britain's perception of the sea change from a thing of fear to a 'moat defence' (in the words of Shakespeare)? How did the navy's administrative systems develop during the Tudor period? During the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, its greatest period of expansion, how didthe navy develop strategically and operationally? How successfully did the navy defend the British Empire during the nineteenth century? What role did the navy play in Victorian Britain's thirst for exploring of the world? What technical developments have been important to the navy? What effect did two world wars have on the role of the Royal Navy? What does the modern navy look like now and what about the future? With a full chronology, which has been brought up to date to the end of 2001, an extensive list of further reading, 16 pages of colour plates, 23 maps, 6 special Action Station diagram 'box' features, and around 200 black-and-white integrated illustrations, this is an authoritative and highly readable account of a unique fighting service and its people.

The Cambridge History of the First World War: Volume 1, Global War

Author: Jay Winter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316025527

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6839

This first volume of The Cambridge History of the First World War provides a comprehensive account of the war's military history. An international team of leading historians charts how a war made possible by globalization and imperial expansion unfolded into catastrophe, growing year by year in scale and destructive power far beyond that which anyone had anticipated in 1914. Adopting a global perspective, the volume analyses the spatial impact of the war and the subsequent ripple effects that occurred both regionally and across the world. It explores how imperial powers devoted vast reserves of manpower and material to their war efforts and how, by doing so, they changed the political landscape of the world order. It also charts the moral, political and legal implications of the changing character of war and, in particular, the collapse of the distinction between civilian and military targets.

Russlands Krieg

1941 - 1945

Author: R.J. Overy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783498050320

Category: Soviet Union

Page: 553

View: 1172


Lenin, Stalin und Hitler

Drei Diktatoren, die Europa in den Abgrund führten

Author: Robert Gellately

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 9783785723494

Category: History

Page: 920

View: 2867

Zwei Weltkriege, die russische Revolution, Aufstieg und Fall des "Dritten Reichs", der Holocaust - zwischen 1914 und 1945 brechen große politische Katastrophen über Europa herein und verändern die Gesellschaft von Grund auf. Im Zentrum der Katastrophen stehen drei Diktatoren: Lenin, Stalin und Hitler. Während über die Verbrechen und Grausamkeit der Letztgenannten Einigkeit besteht, wird Lenin bisweilen als "guter Gründungsvater" eingeschätzt. Zu unrecht. Der renommierte Historiker Robert Gellately beweist in seiner Studie Lenins verheerende Rolle für die jüngere Geschichte und liefert damit den Schlüssel zu einem besseren Verständnis des großen Weltenbrands.

Justifying War

Propaganda, Politics and the Modern Age

Author: D. Welch,J. Fox

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230393292

Category: Political Science

Page: 397

View: 7121

A new assessment of the debates about Just War in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, from the imperial wars of the nineteenth century through the age of total war, the evolution of human rights discourse and international law, to proportionality during the Cold War and the redefinition of authority with the ascendancy of terror groups.

The Oxford Illustrated History of New Zealand

Author: Keith Sinclair

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195582093

Category: History

Page: 389

View: 1424

A thousand years ago, Polynesian islanders on canoes washed ashore on two large, ruggedly beautiful islands east of Australia. They became the Maori people. In 1642, the islands were visited by the Dutch sailor Abel Tasman, and in 1770 they were charted by Captain James Cook. British whalers, sealers, traders, farmers, and missionaries followed, joining the Maori in the land we now know as New Zealand. Written by a team of noted historians, The Oxford Illustrated History of New Zealand takes us on a beautifully illustrated tour though the past of this unique land. In these pages we see how the Maori established a highly cultivated society among New Zealand's moutains and waters, developing an uneasy relationship with the first European settlers. The British government eventually signed the Treaty of Waitangi with the Maori in 1848, opening the way for mass colonization, even as private speculators tricked, bribed, and brutalized the tribesmen into surrendering their lands. But the Maori flocked to anti-Western cults like Pia Marire and Ringatu, until their resistance was finally shattered in open war with the British in the 1860s. The authors show how the colony of New Zealand flourished in the years that followed, developing a growing sense of nationalism and political maturity. Women won the vote in 1893, decades before they did in Britain or the U.S., and pensions for the elderly followed soon after. New Zealand's soldiers shouldered the unsung burden of defending the British empire, dying for England in the Boer War, in the Gallipoli fiasco and in France during the First World War, and in North Africa, Crete, and Italy in the Second. The text addresses New Zealand's changing role in international affairs after 1945, as it moved from faithful membership in the Australia-New Zealand-United States (ANZUS) defense pact to its independent stand against allowing nuclear-armed American ships into its harbors, despite tremendous U.S. pressure. The authors also examine how New Zealand's politics and society have changed over the last century, from the welfare programs of the late 1930s, to the National party governments of the postwar decades, to the drift of the Maori into the cities, to the rise of the Young Maori Party. A fascinating, beautiful, and complex country, New Zealand has had a colorful and eventful past. Now The Oxford Illustrated History of New Zealand brings it to life, in a handsome and distinguished volume that will be treasured by anyone interested in New Zealand, the South Pacific, or the British Commonwealth.

Life, Death, and Growing Up on the Western Front

Author: Anthony Fletcher

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300198566

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3856

DIV This book was inspired by the author’s discovery of an extraordinary cache of letters from a soldier who was killed on the Western Front during the First World War. The soldier was his grandfather, and the letters had been tucked away, unread and unmentioned for many decades. Intrigued by the heartbreak and history of these family letters, Fletcher sought out the correspondence of other British soldiers who had volunteered for the fight against Germany. This resulting volume offers a vivid account of the physical and emotional experiences of seventeen British soldiers whose letters survive. Drawn from different regiments, social backgrounds, and areas of England and Scotland, they include twelve officers and five ordinary “Tommies.”/div DIV /div DIV The book explores the training, journey to France, fear, shellshock, and life in the trenches as well as the leisure, love, and home leave the soldiers dreamed of. Fletcher discusses the psychological responses of 17- and 18-year-old men facing appalling realities and considers the particular pressures on those who survived their fallen comrades. While acknowledging the horror and futility the soldiers of the Great War experienced, the author shows another side to the story, focusing new attention on the loyal comradeship, robust humor, and strong morale that uplifted the men at the Front and created a powerful bond among them./div