The Moundbuilders

Ancient Peoples of Eastern North America

Author: George R. Milner

Publisher: London : Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 9780500284681

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 7351

Hailed by Bruce D. Smith, Curator of North American Archaeology at the Smithsonian Institution, as without question the best available book on the pre-Columbian Indian societies of eastern North America, this wide-ranging and copiously illustrated volume covers the entire sweep of Eastern Woodlands prehistory, with an emphasis on how these societies developed from hunter-gatherers to village farmers and town-dwellers.

History's Mysteries

People, Places, and Oddities Lost in the Sands of Time

Author: Brian Haughton

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 1601631073

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 287

View: 2284

History's Mysteries is an absorbing and meticulously researched exploration of the archaeology, history, and mysteries of 35 ancient places worldwide. Haughton's book takes the reader on an unforgettable journey, from the 8,000-year-old stone circle of Nabta Playa to India's magical Taj Mahal; from Rhode Island's controversial Newport Tower to the enigmatic Royston Cave in the UK; from the strange medieval castle-village of Rennes-le-Ch�teau to the massive ancient walled city of Great Zimbabwe. Using the latest archaeological evidence, History's Mysteries explores: The incredible archaeological discoveries at the 11,000 year-old sanctuary of G�bekli Tepe in Turkey. The heated debate over the 47-million-year-old 'Ida Fossil'--could it be the missing link in our evolutionary history? The reality behind controversial ancient artifacts such as the Iron Pillar of Delhi, the Oak Island Treasure, and Egypt's "Dendera Lamps." What really happened to the Neanderthals? With 36 photographs and illustrations, this is the perfect reference work for those fascinated by the great mysteries of ancient history.

The Mound-Builders

Author: Henry Shetrone

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817350861

Category: History

Page: 508

View: 6081

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication A classic resource on early knowledge of prehistoric mounds and the peoples who constructed them in the eastern United States. With this accessible volume, Henry Clyde Shetrone made available to general readers the archaeological research data and conclusions concerning the ancient mounds and earthworks that dot the landscape of eastern North America. Dismissing popularly held theories of mysterious giants who built these structures, he explained that their purposes were defensive and ceremonial, that they had been used for habitation, burial, and worship. Their builders were antecedents of the native peoples of present-day America and had been skilled artisans and engineers with successful agricultural practices and structured leadership. Twenty chapters discuss aspects of mound-builder cultures: quarrying of flint and obsidian for knapping into points; mining of copper and iron and its fashioning into tools and ceremonial objects; spinning and weaving materials and methods; smoking customs; carving of calumets and their use in ceremony; freshwater pearls and other items for body ornamentation; and the use of stone burial vaults, cremation basins, and concepts of an afterlife. Data is presented from excavations ranging broadly from Massachusetts to Florida and from Texas to North Dakota. As Bradley Lepper points out in his new introduction, "The Mound-Builders is a testament to Shetrone's success at working towards 'correlation and systematization' of data, as well as public education. . . . Shetrone was no armchair popularizer. His work was based on years of excavation and first-hand familiarity with much of the data. His popularizations [still] echo with the ring of the shovel and trowel in gravelly soil."

Die Natur der Gefahr

Überschwemmungen am Ohio River im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert

Author: Uwe Lübken

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647317063

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 1159

An kaum einem anderen Fluss der Vereinigten Staaten trafen natürliche und gesellschaftliche Dynamik so drastisch aufeinander wie am Ohio River. Der Fluss war als Kommunikations- und Transportachse von überragender Bedeutung für das rapide Wachstum im Ohio Valley im 19. Jahrhundert. An seinen Ufern entstanden innerhalb kürzester Zeit Handelszentren und industrielle Metropolen wie Pittsburgh und Louisville oder wie die zeitweise am dichtesten besiedelte Stadt der USA Cincinnati. Der Ohio versorgte die Menschen mit Trinkwasser, er diente als Abwasserkanal und als infrastrukturelle Arterie des Ohio Valley. Dieses scheinbar harmonische Verhältnis von Natur und Gesellschaft wurde jedoch von Überschwemmungen immer wieder in Frage gestellt. Uwe Lübken zeichnet die »Invasion« der Überschwemmungsgebiete des Ohio River vom späten 18. bis weit ins 20. Jahrhundert nach. Er macht deutlich, wie sich die Vulnerabilitäts- und Resilienzmuster der betroffenen Gesellschaften über Generationen hinweg verändert und wie einzelne Flutkatastrophen sozial, ökonomisch und kulturell verarbeitet worden sind. Darüber hinaus beschreibt er den Wandel des Risikomanagements von den ersten Deichen und Dämmen über ausgeklügelte Systeme von Staubecken bis hin zum »poststrukturellen« Hochwasserschutz, wie er etwa im floodplain management oder in Überschwemmungsversicherungen zum Ausdruck kommt. Lübken schreibt die Geschichte von Überschwemmungen am Ohio River nicht als Problem-, sondern als Risikogeschichte, in der die gesellschaftliche Anfälligkeit gegenüber hydrologischen Extremereignissen eng mit den positiven Effekten der Nutzung der Überschwemmungsgebiete verknüpft ist.

Mound Sites of the Ancient South

A Guide to the Mississippian Chiefdoms

Author: Eric E. Bowne

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820344982

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3117

From approximately AD 900 to 1600, ancient Mississippian culture dominated today’s southeastern United States. These Native American societies, known more popularly as moundbuilders, had populations that numbered in the thousands, produced vast surpluses of food, engaged in longdistance trading, and were ruled by powerful leaders who raised large armies. Mississippian chiefdoms built fortified towns with massive earthen structures used as astrological monuments and burial grounds. The remnants of these cities—scattered throughout the Southeast from Florida north to Wisconsin and as far west as Texas—are still visible and awe-inspiring today. This heavily illustrated guide brings these settlements to life with maps, artists’ reconstructions, photos of artifacts, and historic and modern photos of sites, connecting our archaeological knowledge with what is visible when visiting the sites today. Anthropologist Eric E. Bowne discusses specific structures at each location and highlights noteworthy museums, artifacts, and cultural features. He also provides an introduction to Mississippian culture, offering background on subsistence and settlement practices, political and social organization, warfare, and belief systems that will help readers better understand these complex and remarkable places. Sites include Cahokia, Moundville, Etowah, and many more.

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: 9783805339483

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 8199

Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)

The Mound Builders of Ancient North America

4000 Years of American Indian Art, Science, Engineering, & Spirituality Reflected in Majestic Earthworks & Artifacts

Author: E. Barrie Kavasch

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 059530561X

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 6148

Ancient Mound Builders created thousands of sacred earthen structures all across America. These native Indian cultures flourished for 4000 years before the first settlers came, creating mysterious giant earthen shapes of birds, bears, snakes, and alligator mounds, along with great conical mounds that held the bones of their leaders and loved ones. Who were these sophisticated and spiritual ancient people? They were talented shamans, farmers, hunters, fishermen, artists, and midwives who held special reverence for Mother Earth. Learn more about them and see some of their amazing artistic achievements inside "The Mound Builders of Ancient North America." Study a detailed TimeLine that helps to place everything in exact perspective. See what was also happening elsewhere in the world during the Mound Builders heydays. Surprising fetes of engineering and geographic earthworks remind us that these ancient cultures held impressive worldviews.

The First North Americans

An Archaeological Journey

Author: Brian M. Fagan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500021200

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 2868

Presents a history of North American settlement, from the first settlers over 15,000 years ago to the arrival of the Europeans in the fifthteenth century.

ANTIQUITY

Author: Martin Carver

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1106


Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia [4 volumes]

An Encyclopedia

Author: Linda S. Cordell,Kent Lightfoot,Francis McManamon,George Milner

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313021899

Category: Social Science

Page: 1488

View: 9489

The greatness of America is right under our feet. The American past—the people, battles, industry and homes—can be found not only in libraries and museums, but also in hundreds of archaeological sites that scientists investigate with great care. These sites are not in distant lands, accessible only by research scientists, but nearby—almost every locale possesses a parcel of land worthy of archaeological exploration. Archaeology in America is the first resource that provides students, researchers, and anyone interested in their local history with a survey of the most important archaeological discoveries in North America. Leading scholars, most with an intimate knowledge of the area, have written in-depth essays on over 300 of the most important archaeological sites that explain the importance of the site, the history of the people who left the artifacts, and the nature of the ongoing research. Archaeology in America divides it coverage into 8 regions: the Arctic and Subarctic, the Great Basin and Plateau, the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains, the Midwest, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the West Coast. Each entry provides readers with an accessible overview of the archaeological site as well as books and articles for further research.

CRM

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cultural property

Page: N.A

View: 9700


Early North America (eBook)

Author: Tim McNeese

Publisher: Lorenz Educational Press

ISBN: 0787781940

Category: History

Page: 120

View: 1505

This book provides a detailed and richly illustrated overview of the lives of the first Americans from their earliest migrations over the Bering land bridge to their initial encounters with European explorers. It traces the settlement of these early nomadic peoples across North America—the evolution of tools, the establishment of agriculture, and the rise of elaborate regional cultures. Styles of shelter, modes of travel and transport, and the prevalence of art and ornamentation suggest remarkable creativity and human ingenuity. Tribal beliefs, habits, practices, and unique structures of various tribal societies are discussed. The last third of the book documents European "discovery" of the New World, the often brutal rivalries among European colonizers, and the savage treatment of native peoples. Challenging review questions encourage meaningful reflection and historical analysis. Maps, tests, answer key, extensive bibliography, and bonus timeline are included.

Annals of Iowa

A historical quarterly

Author: Iowa. Division of Historical Museum and Archives,State Historical Society of Iowa,Iowa. Historical Dept

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Iowa

Page: N.A

View: 497


The Cahokia Chiefdom

The Archaeology of a Mississippian Society

Author: George R. Milner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813029818

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 5294

First published in 1998 by Smithsonian Institution Press, The Cahokia Chiefdom surveys one of North America's great archaeological sites that includes more than one hundred earthen mounds constructed between the 11th and 14th centuries. Milner paints a vivid picture of the site and its environs while arguing that the regional system was not as powerful and all-encompassing as commonly thought, but was instead a collection of semi-autonomous districts with far fewer people than previously assumed. This detailed study of Cahokia research history documents environmental conditions that affected prehistoric peoples, such as river channels, flooding, and plant and animal life. In addition, he summarizes evidence of the region's food, the remains of houses and other buildings, stone tools, ceramics, crafts, population figures, the distribution of power, and labor and economics, including exchange with other societies. The author attributes the region's growth to a complex interplay of cultural, demographic, and environmental factors, including the advantages of its location and rich resources, and its decline to a reorganization of social relations across the region that involved the emergence of competing centers. This reprint edition features a new preface by the author updating archaeological evidence through 2005.