The Moundbuilders

Ancient Peoples of Eastern North America

Author: George R. Milner

Publisher: London : Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 9780500284681

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 7276

Hailed by Bruce D. Smith, Curator of North American Archaeology at the Smithsonian Institution, as without question the best available book on the pre-Columbian Indian societies of eastern North America, this wide-ranging and copiously illustrated volume covers the entire sweep of Eastern Woodlands prehistory, with an emphasis on how these societies developed from hunter-gatherers to village farmers and town-dwellers.

The Mound Builders of Ancient North America

4000 Years of American Indian Art, Science, Engineering, & Spirituality Reflected in Majestic Earthworks & Artifacts

Author: E. Barrie Kavasch

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 059530561X

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 5827

Ancient Mound Builders created thousands of sacred earthen structures all across America. These native Indian cultures flourished for 4000 years before the first settlers came, creating mysterious giant earthen shapes of birds, bears, snakes, and alligator mounds, along with great conical mounds that held the bones of their leaders and loved ones. Who were these sophisticated and spiritual ancient people? They were talented shamans, farmers, hunters, fishermen, artists, and midwives who held special reverence for Mother Earth. Learn more about them and see some of their amazing artistic achievements inside "The Mound Builders of Ancient North America." Study a detailed TimeLine that helps to place everything in exact perspective. See what was also happening elsewhere in the world during the Mound Builders heydays. Surprising fetes of engineering and geographic earthworks remind us that these ancient cultures held impressive worldviews.

Mound Sites of the Ancient South

A Guide to the Mississippian Chiefdoms

Author: Eric E. Bowne

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820345776

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 6837

From approximately AD 900 to 1600, ancient Mississippian culture dominated today’s southeastern United States. These Native American societies, known more popularly as moundbuilders, had populations that numbered in the thousands, produced vast surpluses of food, engaged in longdistance trading, and were ruled by powerful leaders who raised large armies. Mississippian chiefdoms built fortified towns with massive earthen structures used as astrological monuments and burial grounds. The remnants of these cities—scattered throughout the Southeast from Florida north to Wisconsin and as far west as Texas—are still visible and awe-inspiring today. This heavily illustrated guide brings these settlements to life with maps, artists’ reconstructions, photos of artifacts, and historic and modern photos of sites, connecting our archaeological knowledge with what is visible when visiting the sites today. Anthropologist Eric E. Bowne discusses specific structures at each location and highlights noteworthy museums, artifacts, and cultural features. He also provides an introduction to Mississippian culture, offering background on subsistence and settlement practices, political and social organization, warfare, and belief systems that will help readers better understand these complex and remarkable places. Sites include Cahokia, Moundville, Etowah, and many more.

Indian Mounds of Wisconsin

Author: Robert A. Birmingham,Amy L. Rosebrough

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299313646

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 4332

Wisconsin's thousands of effigy mounds and other ancient earthworks are a treasure of world civilization. This popular introduction for general readers, updated throughout with new archaeological findings and satellite imagery, answers the questions, Who built the mounds? When and why were they built? Where can they be viewed?

Cahokia

Ancient America's Great City on the Mississippi

Author: Timothy R. Pauketat

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101105178

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 1223

The fascinating story of a lost city and an unprecedented American civilization While Mayan and Aztec civilizations are widely known and documented, relatively few people are familiar with the largest prehistoric Native American city north of Mexico-a site that expert Timothy Pauketat brings vividly to life in this groundbreaking book. Almost a thousand years ago, a city flourished along the Mississippi River near what is now St. Louis. Built around a sprawling central plaza and known as Cahokia, the site has drawn the attention of generations of archaeologists, whose work produced evidence of complex celestial timepieces, feasts big enough to feed thousands, and disturbing signs of human sacrifice. Drawing on these fascinating finds, Cahokia presents a lively and astonishing narrative of prehistoric America.

Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley

A Guide to Mounds and Earthworks of the Adena, Hopewell, Cole, and Fort Ancient People

Author: Susan L. Woodward,Jerry N. McDonald

Publisher: McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 8386

Mounds and earthworks are the most conspicuous elements of prehistoric American Indian culture to be found on the landscape of eastern North America. Some of the largest, most elaborate, and best known of these structures were built by the Woodland and Late Prehistoric Indians of the middle Ohio Valley. This second edition of the popular Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley identifies, describes, and provides access information for more than 70 mound and earthwork sites that are open to visitation by the public or that can be seen from public space. In addition, this book provides an overview of the culture of the mound building Indians and the fate of their mounds during the Historic period, and identifies numerous sources of additional information about the subject.

Mound Builders

Edgar Cayce's Forgotten Record of Ancient America

Author: Gregory L. Little,John Van Auken

Publisher: Eagle Wing Books Incorporated

ISBN: 9780940829367

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 3433


The First North Americans

An Archaeological Journey

Author: Brian M. Fagan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500021200

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 5177

Presents a history of North American settlement, from the first settlers over 15,000 years ago to the arrival of the Europeans in the fifthteenth century.

Native Americans Before 1492: Moundbuilding Realms of the Mississippian Woodlands

Moundbuilding Realms of the Mississippian Woodlands

Author: Lynda N. Shaffer,Thomas Reilly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315288478

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 7420

The pre-Columbian culture of the Mississippi woodlands has received surprisingly little attention from historians. Studying this culture, which was in many respects highly advanced, opens an entirely new perspective on what we are used to thinking of as "American" history. This essay by a distinguished historian and teacher is aimed at world history classes and other classes that cover the Americas before the arrival of the Europeans.

Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes of Ohio

More Than Mounds and Geometric Earthworks

Author: Mark Lynott

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782977546

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 9559

Nearly 2000 years ago, people living in the river valleys of southern Ohio built earthen monuments on a scale that is unmatched in the archaeological record for small-scale societies. The period from c. 200 BC to c. AD 500 (Early to Middle Woodland) witnessed the construction of mounds, earthen walls, ditches, borrow pits and other earthen and stone features covering dozen of hectares at many sites and hundreds of hectares at some. The development of the vast Hopewell Culture geometric earthwork complexes such as those at Mound City, Chilicothe; Hopewell; and the Newark earthworks was accompanied by the establishment of wide-ranging cultural contacts reflected in the movement of exotic and strikingly beautiful artefacts such as elaborate tobacco pipes, obsidian and chert arrowheads, copper axes and regalia, animal figurines and delicately carved sheets of mica. These phenomena, coupled with complex burial rituals, indicate the emergence of a political economy based on a powerful ideology of individual power and prestige, and the creation of a vast cultural landscape within which the monument complexes were central to a ritual cycle encompassing a substantial geographical area. The labour needed to build these vast cultural landscapes exceeds population estimates for the region, and suggests that people from near (and possibly far) travelled to the Scioto and other river valleys to help with construction of these monumental earthen complexes. Here, Mark Lynott draws on more than a decade of research and extensive new datasets to re-examine the spectacular and massive scale Ohio Hopewell landscapes and to explore the society that created them.

People of the River

Author: W. Michael Gear,Kathleen O'Neal Gear

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 0765364492

Category: Fiction

Page: 544

View: 377

All the Gears' previous titles in the First North American series have been national bestsellers. Now, People of the River is finally available in mass-market. This gripping saga tells of the Mound Builders of the Mississippi Valley. In a time of many troubles, a warchief and his people have lost all hope. But hope is revived with a young girl learning to Dream of Power.

A Serpent's Tale

Discovering America's Ancient Mound Builders

Author: Lorett Treese

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781594162633

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 5041

When American settlers first crossed the Appalachian Mountains they were amazed to discover that the wilderness beyond contained ancient ruins large man-made mounds and enclosures, and impressive earthen sculptures, such as a gigantic serpent. Reports trickled back to the eager ears of President Thomas Jefferson and others. However, most did not believe these earthworks had anything to do with Native Americans; rather, given the intense interest in the history of Western Civilization at the time, it became popular to speculate that the ruins had been built by refugees from Greece, Rome, Egypt or even the lost continent of Atlantis. As Lorett Treese explains in her fascinating history "A Serpent s Tale: Discovering America s Ancient Mound Builders," the enigmatic nature of these antiquities fueled both fanciful claims and scientific inquiry. Early on, the earthworks began to fall to agricultural and urban development. Realizing that only careful on-site investigation could reveal the mysteries of the mounds, scholars hastened to document and classify them, giving rise to American archaeology as a discipline."

Ancient North America

The Archaeology of a Continent

Author: Brian M. Fagan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500285329

Category: History

Page: 568

View: 7826

An authoritative synthesis of North American archaeology provides coverage of every major culture area, placing the continent in a wider context of human prehistory while providing in the revised fourth edition ethnographic illustrations of key sites and artifacts. Original.

In the Footsteps of King David: Revelations from an Ancient Biblical City

Author: Yosef Garfinkel,Saar Ganor,Michael G. Hasel

Publisher: Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 0500774285

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1286

The remarkable excavation of a previously unidentified city in Israel from the time of King David, shedding new light on the link between the bible and history King David is a pivotal figure in the Bible, which tells his life story in detail and gives stirring accounts of his deeds, including the slaying of the Philistine giant Goliath and the founding of his capital in Jerusalem. But no certain archaeological finds from the period of his reign or of the kingdom he ruled over have ever been uncovered—until now. In this groundbreaking account, the excavators of Khirbet Qeiyafa in the Valley of Elah, where the Bible says David fought Goliath, reveal how seven years of exhaustive investigation have uncovered a city dating to the time of David— the late eleventh and early tenth century BCE—surrounded by massive fortifications with impressive gates and a clear urban plan, as well as an abundance of finds that tell us much about the inhabitants. Discussing the link between the Bible, archaeology, and history In the Footsteps of King David explains the significance of these discoveries and how they shed new light on David’s kingdom. The topic is at the center of a controversy that has raged for decades, but these findings successfully challenge scholars disputing the historicity of the Bible and the chronology of the events recounted in it.

The Ancient Giants Who Ruled America

The Missing Skeletons and the Great Smithsonian Cover-Up

Author: Richard J. Dewhurst

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1591437520

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 368

View: 1739

A study of the substantial evidence for a former race of giants in North America and its 150-year suppression by the Smithsonian Institution • Shows how thousands of giant skeletons have been found, particularly in the Mississippi Valley, as well as the ruins of the giants’ cities • Explores 400 years of giant finds, including newspaper articles, first person accounts, state historical records, and illustrated field reports • Reveals the Stonehenge-era megalithic burial complex on Catalina Island with over 4,000 giant skeletons, including kings more than 9 feet tall • Includes more than 100 rare photographs and illustrations of the lost evidence Drawing on 400 years of newspaper articles and photos, first person accounts, state historical records, and illustrated field reports, Richard J. Dewhurst reveals not only that North America was once ruled by an advanced race of giants but also that the Smithsonian has been actively suppressing the physical evidence for nearly 150 years. He shows how thousands of giant skeletons have been unearthed at Mound Builder sites across the continent, only to disappear from the historical record. He examines other concealed giant discoveries, such as the giant mummies found in Spirit Cave, Nevada, wrapped in fine textiles and dating to 8000 BCE; the hundreds of red-haired bog mummies found at sinkhole “cenotes” on the west coast of Florida and dating to 7500 BCE; and the ruins of the giants’ cities with populations in excess of 100,000 in Arizona, Oklahoma, Alabama, and Louisiana. Dewhurst shows how this suppression began shortly after the Civil War and transformed into an outright cover-up in 1879 when Major John Wesley Powell was appointed Smithsonian director, launching a strict pro-evolution, pro-Manifest Destiny agenda. He also reveals the 1920s’ discovery on Catalina Island of a megalithic burial complex with 6,000 years of continuous burials and over 4,000 skeletons, including a succession of kings and queens, some more than 9 feet tall--the evidence for which is hidden in the restricted-access evidence rooms at the Smithsonian.