The Monied Metropolis

New York City and the Consolidation of the American Bourgeoisie, 1850-1896

Author: Sven Beckert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521524100

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 8189

This book, first published in 2001, is a comprehensive history of nineteenth-century New York City's powerful economic elite.

Class

The Anthology

Author: Stanley Aronowitz,Michael J. Roberts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 063122498X

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 5128

Using an innovative framework, this reader examines the most important and influential writings on modern class relations. Uses an interdisciplinary approach that combines scholarship from political economy, social history, and cultural studies Brings together more than 50 selections rich in theory and empirical detail that span the working, middle, and capitalist classes Analyzes class within the larger context of labor, particularly as it relates to conflicts over and about work Provides insight into the current crisis in the global capitalist system, including the Occupy Wall Street Movement, the explosion of Arab Spring, and the emergence of class conflict in China

Capital of Capital

Money, Banking, and Power in New York City, 1784-2012

Author: Steven H. Jaffe,Jessica Lautin,Museum of the City of New York

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231537719

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8445

From Revolutionary Era bank notes to the 2008 financial collapse, Capital of Capital explores how New York City gave rise to a banking industry that in turn made the American and world economies. Capital of Capital also examines the frequently contentious evolution of the banking business, its role in making New York City an international economic center, and its influence on America's politics, society, and culture. Based on a major exhibition at the Museum of the City of New York, Capital of Capital features the key leaders of banking, including Alexander Hamilton and J. P. Morgan, as well as its critics, such as Louis Brandeis and the Occupy Wall Street protesters. The book also covers the major events and controversies that have shaped the history of banking and includes a fascinating array of primary materials ranging from antebellum bank notes and ledgers to early credit cards and advertisements. Lavishly illustrated, Capital of Capital provides a multifaceted, original understanding of the profound impact of banking on the life of New York City and the world's economy.

In Pursuit of Privilege

A History of New York City's Upper Class and the Making of a Metropolis

Author: Clifton Hood

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023154295X

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 6263

A history that extends from the 1750s to the present, In Pursuit of Privilege recounts upper-class New Yorkers' struggle to create a distinct world guarded against outsiders, even as economic growth and democratic opportunity enabled aspirants to gain entrance. Despite their efforts, New York City's upper class has been drawn into the larger story of the city both through class conflict and through their role in building New York's cultural and economic foundations. In Pursuit of Privilege describes the famous and infamous characters and events at the center of this extraordinary history, from the elite families and wealthy tycoons of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to the Wall Street executives of today. From the start, upper-class New Yorkers have been open and aggressive in their behavior, keen on attaining prestige, power, and wealth. Clifton Hood sharpens this characterization by merging a history of the New York economy in the eighteenth century with the story of Wall Street's emergence as an international financial center in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as well as the dominance of New York's financial and service sectors in the 1980s. Bringing together several decades of upheaval and change, he shows that New York's upper class did not rise exclusively from the Gilded Age but rather from a relentless pursuit of privilege, affecting not just the urban elite but the city's entire cultural, economic, and political fabric.

Der imperiale Traum

Die Globalgeschichte großer Reiche 1400-2000

Author: John Darwin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593409976

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 9608

Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts begannen die europäischen Seefahrernationen, die Seewege Richtung Amerika und Indien zu erschließen. Doch was geschah damals in jenem Teil der Welt, der vom Ausgreifen des Westens zunächst relativ unberührt blieb? In einer meisterhaften Geschichtserzählung schildert John Darwin, dass die asiatischen Reiche - China, Japan, das indische Mogul-Reich, das Osmanische und Russische Reich - lange Zeit erstaunlich stabil blieben. Erst um 1880 erlangte Europa ihnen gegenüber eine ökonomische und militärische Vormachtstellung, die es aber im Zuge der beiden Weltkriege des 20. Jahrhunderts bald wieder verlor. "Dieses Buch wird über Jahre zum Standard werden." Rheinischer Merkur "Kaum ein Stein des welthistorischen Mosaiks seit der frühen Neuzeit bleibt von Darwin ungewendet." Die Zeit

Traumzeit für Millionäre

Die 929 reichsten Wienerinnen und Wiener im Jahr 1910

Author: Roman Sandgruber

Publisher: Styriabooks

ISBN: 399040184X

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 3261

Was haben Katharina Schratt, die Freundin von Kaiser Franz Joseph, der Waffenproduzent Karl Skoda, die Operndiva Selma Kurz-Hahn, und der Wiener Erzbischof Kardinal Anton Gruscha miteinander zu tun? Sie alle gehören zu den 929 reichsten Wienern des Jahres 1910. Vom Spitzenreiter Baron Albert von Rothschild an erster Stelle mit einem Jahreseinkommen von 25,6 Millionen Kronen bis Berthold Popper, Freiherrn von Podhragy, mit genau 100.000 Kronen im Jahr reicht dieses Panorama der Wiener Gesellschaft knapp vor dem Zusammenbruch der Habsburgermonarchie: Adelige, Bankiers, Industrielle, Hoteliers, ein paar Universitätsprofessoren und Rechtsanwälte, einige Künstler und ein Kardinal. Es ist Habsburgs Wien, Rothschilds Wien, Wittgensteins Wien. Eine Welt, in der die Einkommensungleichheit wie nie mehr seither auf die Spitze getrieben war und die Besteuerung die Ungleichheit noch zusätzlich verschärfte, wo ein Industriearbeiter etwa 1000 Kronen, ein Dienstmädchen 300 Kronen und ein Mittelschulprofessor 2000 bis 3000 Kronen im Jahr verdiente. Eine Traumzeit für Millionäre. Und ein Traum, aus dem es ein jähes Erwachen gab.

Das Kaiserreich transnational

Deutschland in der Welt 1871-1914

Author: Sebastian Conrad,Jürgen Osterhammel

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525367339

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 7168

Eine transnationale Perspektive auf die Geschichte des Deutschen Kaiserreichs. Die traditionelle Geschichtsschreibung erklärt die Entwicklung der deutschen Gesellschaft der Kaiserzeit nach wie vor aus sich heraus, als Nationalgeschichte. Angesichts der tatsächlichen Vernetzung der Welt um 1900 und angesichts der zeitgenössischen Euphorie um "Weltpolitik" ist diese Sichtweise revisionsbedürftig. Das späte 19. Jahrhundert war ein Zeitalter der Globalisierung und der Verflechtung der Welt in bislang unbekanntem (und erst lange nach den Weltkriegen wieder erreichtem) Ausmaß. Dieser Band interpretiert das Kaiserreich erstmals breit in seinem weltgeschichtlichen Kontext. Er behandelt Fragen der Ökonomie, der Außenpolitik, der Sozial- und Rechtsgeschichte sowie der Wissenschafts- und Kulturgeschichte. Anregungen aus dem aktuellen Globalisierungsdiskurs, der Forschung zu Internationalismus und Imperialismus sowie den postcolonial studies tragen dazu bei, ein neues Bild der deutschen Gesellschaft um 1900 zu entwickeln. Inhalt Beiträger Dr. phil. Sebastian Conrad ist Juniorprofessor für Neuere Geschichte an der Freien Universität Berlin. Dr. Jürgen Osterhammel ist Professor für Neuere und Neuste Geschichte (Schwerpunkt 19. und 20. Jahrhundert) an der Universität Konstanz.

Contemporary Authors

Author: Gale Group

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9780787645953

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 471

View: 2084

Your students and users will find biographical information on approximately 300 modern writers in this volume of Contemporary Authors(r) .

Urban Appetites

Food and Culture in Nineteenth-Century New York

Author: Cindy R. Lobel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022612889X

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3931

Glossy magazines write about them, celebrities give their names to them, and you’d better believe there’s an app (or ten) committed to finding you the right one. They are New York City restaurants and food shops. And their journey to international notoriety is a captivating one. The now-booming food capital was once a small seaport city, home to a mere six municipal food markets that were stocked by farmers, fishermen, and hunters who lived in the area. By 1890, however, the city’s population had grown to more than one million, and residents could dine in thousands of restaurants with a greater abundance and variety of options than any other place in the United States. Historians, sociologists, and foodies alike will devour the story of the origins of New York City’s food industry in Urban Appetites. Cindy R. Lobel focuses on the rise of New York as both a metropolis and a food capital, opening a new window onto the intersection of the cultural, social, political, and economic transformations of the nineteenth century. She offers wonderfully detailed accounts of public markets and private food shops; basement restaurants and immigrant diners serving favorites from the old country; cake and coffee shops; and high-end, French-inspired eating houses made for being seen in society as much as for dining. But as the food and the population became increasingly cosmopolitan, corruption, contamination, and undeniably inequitable conditions escalated. Urban Appetites serves up a complete picture of the evolution of the city, its politics, and its foodways.

Small Business and the City

The Transformative Potential of Small Scale Entrepreneurship

Author: Rafael Gomez,Andre Isakov,Matthew Semansky

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442612096

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

View: 8040

In Small Business and the City, Rafael Gomez, Andre Isakov, and Matt Semansky highlight the power of small-scale entrepreneurship to transform local neighbourhoods and the cities they inhabit. Studying the factors which enable small businesses to survive and thrive, they highlight the success of a Canadian concept which has spread worldwide: the Business Improvement Area (BIA). BIAs allow small-scale entrepreneurs to pool their resources with like-minded businesses, becoming sources of urban rejuvenation, magnets for human talent, and incubators for local innovation in cities around the globe. Small Business and the City also analyses the policies necessary to support this urban vitality, describing how cities can encourage and support locally owned independent businesses. An inspiring account of the dynamism of urban life,Small Business and the City introduces a new “main street agenda” for the twenty-first century city.

Gateway to Freedom

The Hidden History of America's Fugitive Slaves

Author: Eric Foner

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057827

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9205

When slavery was a routine part of life in America's South, a secret network of activists and escape routes enabled slaves to make their way to freedom in what is now Canada. The 'underground railroad' has become part of folklore, but one part of the story is only now coming to light. In New York, a city whose banks, business and politics were deeply enmeshed in the slave economy, three men played a remarkable part, at huge personal risk. In Gateway to Freedom, Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Eric Foner tells the story of Sydney Howard Gay, an abolitionist newspaper editor; Louis Napoleon, furniture polisher; and Charles B. Ray, a black minister. Between 1830 and 1860, with the secret help of black dockworkers, the network led by these three men helped no fewer than 3,000 fugitives to liberty. The previously unexamined records compiled by Gay offer a portrait of fugitive slaves who passed through New York City — where they originated, how they escaped, who helped them in both North and South, and how they were forwarded to freedom in Canada.

Stand, Columbia

A History of Columbia University

Author: Robert McCaughey

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231503555

Category: Education

Page: 760

View: 6010

Stand, Columbia! Alma Mater Through the storms of Time abide Stand, Columbia! Alma Mater Through the storms of Time abide. "Stand, Columbia!" by Gilbert Oakley Ward, Columbia College 1902 (1904) Marking the 250th anniversary of one of America's oldest and most formidable educational institutions, this comprehensive history of Columbia University extends from the earliest discussions in 1704 about New York City being "a fit Place for a colledge" to the recent inauguration of president Lee Bollinger, the nineteenth, on Morningside Heights. One of the original "Colonial Nine" schools, Columbia's distinctive history has been intertwined with the history of New York City. Located first in lower Manhattan, then in midtown, and now in Morningside Heights, Columbia's national and international stature have been inextricably identified with its urban setting. Columbia was the first of America's "multiversities," moving beyond its original character as a college dedicated to undergraduate instruction to offer a comprehensive program in professional and graduate studies. Medicine, law, architecture, and journalism have all looked to the graduates and faculty of Columbia's schools to provide for their ongoing leadership and vitality. In 2003, a sampling of Columbia alumni include one member of the United States Supreme Court, three United States senators, three congressmen, three governors (New York, New Jersey, and California), a chief justice of the New York Court of Appeals, and a president of the New York City Board of Education. But it is perhaps as a contributor of ideas and voices to the broad discourse of American intellectual life that Columbia has most distinguished itself. From The Federalist Papers, written by Columbians John Jay and Alexander Hamilton, to Charles Beard's An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution and Jack Kerouac's On the Road to Edward Said's Orientalism, Columbia and its graduates have greatly influenced American intellectual and public life. Stand, Columbia also examines the experiences of immigrants, women, Jews, African Americans, and other groups as it takes critical measure of the University's efforts to become more inclusive and more reflective of the diverse city that it calls home.

The Product of Our Souls

Ragtime, Race, and the Birth of the Manhattan Musical Marketplace

Author: David Gilbert

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146962270X

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 6339

In 1912 James Reese Europe made history by conducting his 125-member Clef Club Orchestra at Carnegie Hall. The first concert by an African American ensemble at the esteemed venue was more than just a concert--it was a political act of desegregation, a defiant challenge to the status quo in American music. In this book, David Gilbert explores how Europe and other African American performers, at the height of Jim Crow, transformed their racial difference into the mass-market commodity known as "black music." Gilbert shows how Europe and others used the rhythmic sounds of ragtime, blues, and jazz to construct new representations of black identity, challenging many of the nation's preconceived ideas about race, culture, and modernity and setting off a musical craze in the process. Gilbert sheds new light on the little-known era of African American music and culture between the heyday of minstrelsy and the Harlem Renaissance. He demonstrates how black performers played a pioneering role in establishing New York City as the center of American popular music, from Tin Pan Alley to Broadway, and shows how African Americans shaped American mass culture in their own image.

1877

America's Year of Living Violently

Author: Michael Bellesiles

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 159558594X

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 7658

In 1877, a decade after the Civil War, not only was the United States gripped by a deep depression, but the country was also in the throes of nearly unimaginable violence and upheaval marking the end of the brief period known as Reconstruction and a return to white rule across the South. In the wake of the contested presidential election of 1876, white supremacist mobs swept across the South, killing and driving out the last of the Reconstruction state governments. A strike involving millions of railroad workers turned violent as it spread from coast-to-coast, and for a moment seemed close to toppling the nation’s economic structure. In 1877, celebrated historian Michael Bellesiles reveals that the fires of that fated year also fueled a hothouse of cultural and intellectual innovation. Bellesiles relates the story of 1877 not just through dramatic events, but also through the lives of famous and little-known Americans.

The John A. Macdonald Retrospective 2-Book Bundle

Macdonald at 200 / John A. Macdonald

Author: Ged Martin

Publisher: Dundurn

ISBN: 1459730291

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 688

View: 7757

This special 2-book bundle contains a number of perspectives on a man who was arguably Canada’s most famous political leader, a figure of legendary proportions in the history of Canada’s birth and development. Ged Martin’s biography tells Macdonald’s story. Shocked by Canada’s 1837 rebellions, Macdonald sought to build alliances and avoid future conflicts. Thanks to financial worries and an alcohol problem, he almost quit politics in 1864. The challenge of building Confederation harnessed his skills, and in 1867 he became the country’s first prime minister. He drove the Dominion’s westward expansion, rapidly incorporating the Prairies and British Columbia before a railway contract scandal unseated him in 1873. He conquered his drinking problem and rebuilt the Conservative Party to regain power in 1878. The centrepiece of his protectionist National Policy was the transcontinental railway, but a western uprising in 1885 was followed by the controversial execution of rebel leader Louis Riel. Although dominant nationally, this popular hero had many flaws. Macdonald at 200 presents fifteen fresh interpretations of Canada’s founding prime minister, published for the occasion of the bicentennial of his birth in 1815. Crisply written by recognized scholars and specialists, the collection throws new light on Macdonald’s formative role in shaping government, promoting women’s rights, managing the nascent economy, supervising westward expansion, overseeing relations with Native peoples, and dealing with Fenian terrorism. A special section deals with how Macdonald has (or has not) been remembered by historians as well as the general public. The book concludes with an afterword by prominent Macdonald biographer Richard Gwyn. Macdonald emerges as a man of full dimensions — an historical figure that is surprisingly relevant to our own times. Includes John A. Macdonald Macdonald at 200

Empire of Cotton

A Global History

Author: Sven Beckert

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0385353251

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 9746

The epic story of the rise and fall of the empire of cotton, its centrality to the world economy, and its making and remaking of global capitalism. Cotton is so ubiquitous as to be almost invisible, yet understanding its history is key to understanding the origins of modern capitalism. Sven Beckert’s rich, fascinating book tells the story of how, in a remarkably brief period, European entrepreneurs and powerful statesmen recast the world’s most significant manufacturing industry, combining imperial expansion and slave labor with new machines and wage workers to change the world. Here is the story of how, beginning well before the advent of machine production in the 1780s, these men captured ancient trades and skills in Asia, and combined them with the expropriation of lands in the Americas and the enslavement of African workers to crucially reshape the disparate realms of cotton that had existed for millennia, and how industrial capitalism gave birth to an empire, and how this force transformed the world. The empire of cotton was, from the beginning, a fulcrum of constant global struggle between slaves and planters, merchants and statesmen, workers and factory owners. Beckert makes clear how these forces ushered in the world of modern capitalism, including the vast wealth and disturbing inequalities that are with us today. The result is a book as unsettling as it is enlightening: a book that brilliantly weaves together the story of cotton with how the present global world came to exist.

Northern Men with Southern Loyalties

The Democratic Party and the Sectional Crisis

Author: Michael Todd Landis

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801454824

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4429

In the decade before the Civil War, Northern Democrats, although they ostensibly represented antislavery and free-state constituencies, made possible the passage of such proslavery legislation as the Compromise of 1850 and Fugitive Slave Law of the same year, the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, and the Lecompton Constitution of 1858. In Northern Men with Southern Loyalties, Michael Todd Landis forcefully contends that a full understanding of the Civil War and its causes is impossible without a careful examination of Northern Democrats and their proslavery sentiments and activities. He focuses on a variety of key Democratic politicians, such as Stephen Douglas, William Marcy, and Jesse Bright, to unravel the puzzle of Northern Democratic political allegiance to the South. As congressmen, state party bosses, convention wire-pullers, cabinet officials, and presidents, these men produced the legislation and policies that led to the fragmentation of the party and catastrophic disunion. Through a careful examination of correspondence, speeches, public and private utterances, memoirs, and personal anecdotes, Landis lays bare the desires and designs of Northern Democrats. He ventures into the complex realm of state politics and party mechanics, drawing connections between national events and district and state activity as well as between partisan dynamics and national policy. Northern Democrats had to walk a perilously thin line between loyalty to the Southern party leaders and answering to their free-state constituents. If Northern Democrats sought high office, they would have to cater to the "Slave Power." Yet, if they hoped for election at home, they had to convince voters that they were not mere lackeys of the Southern grandees.

Guaranteed Pure

The Moody Bible Institute, Business, and the Making of Modern Evangelicalism

Author: Timothy Gloege

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469621029

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 4376

American evangelicalism has long walked hand in hand with modern consumer capitalism. Timothy Gloege shows us why, through an engaging story about God and big business at the Moody Bible Institute. Founded in Chicago by shoe-salesman-turned-revivalist Dwight Lyman Moody in 1889, the institute became a center of fundamentalism under the guidance of the innovative promoter and president of Quaker Oats, Henry Crowell. Gloege explores the framework for understanding humanity shared by these business and evangelical leaders, whose perspectives clearly differed from those underlying modern scientific theories. At the core of their "corporate evangelical" framework was a modern individualism understood primarily in terms of economic relations. Conservative evangelicalism and modern business grew symbiotically, transforming the ways that Americans worshipped, worked, and consumed. Gilded Age evangelicals initially understood themselves primarily as new "Christian workers--employees of God guided by their divine contract, the Bible. But when these ideas were put to revolutionary ends by Populists, corporate evangelicals reimagined themselves as savvy religious consumers and reformulated their beliefs. Their consumer-oriented "orthodoxy" displaced traditional creeds and undermined denominational authority, forever altering the American religious landscape. Guaranteed pure of both liberal theology and Populist excesses, this was a new form of old-time religion not simply compatible with modern consumer capitalism but uniquely dependent on it.

Journal of the Civil War Era

Spring 2013 Issue

Author: William A. Blair

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469608960

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 5497

The Journal of the Civil War Era Volume 3, Number 1 March 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS Editor's Note William Blair Articles Amber D. Moulton Closing the "Floodgate of Impurity": Moral Reform, Antislavery, and Interracial Marriage in Antebellum Massachusetts Marc-William Palen The Civil War's Forgotten Transatlantic Tariff Debate and the Confederacy's Free Trade Diplomacy Joy M. Giguere "The Americanized Sphinx": Civil War Commemoration, Jacob Bigelow, and the Sphinx at Mount Auburn Cemetery Review Essay Enrico Dal Lago Lincoln, Cavour, and National Unification: American Republicanism and Italian Liberal Nationalism in Comparative Perspective Professional Notes James J. Broomall The Interpretation Is A-Changin': Memory, Museums, and Public History in Central Virginia Book Reviews Books Received Notes on Contributors The Journal of the Civil War Era takes advantage of the flowering of research on the many issues raised by the sectional crisis, war, Reconstruction, and memory of the conflict, while bringing fresh understanding to the struggles that defined the period, and by extension, the course of American history in the nineteenth century.