In 1995 rugby union became the last significant international sport to sanction professionalism. To some this represented an undesirable challenge to the traditions of the game. To others the change was inevitable and overdue – an acknowledgment of both the realty of modern sport and the extent to which money had already permeated the game. While there are some commonalities in the response to professional rugby, the contributions to this book, representing almost all of the significant rugby playing countries, reveal much more that was shaped by particular local contexts both within rugby and in terms of its place within the economic, political, class and social structures of the surrounding society. The authors assess the contrasting ways in which rugby administrators at local, regional and national level grappled with the changes that were required and the demands of the corporate backers who funded the transition to professionalism. But the more contentious relationships considered are those involving the many amateur rugby players and committed fans who found that significant community and historical reference points were subtly altered or simply obliterated in the face of new commercial imperatives – and especially new competitions that separated elite players from the grassroots of the game. Some have adapted to the replacement ‘product’ with relish, others have not. Some have genuine and well articulated grievances against the processes of changes. Others have fallen victim to a nostalgia which appropriates very selective memories of the amateur past to highlight apparent problems with the professional present. Above all, these contributions provide a range of perspectives that enable the reader to take stock at a particular point in what is still a rapidly evolving game. Read in ten or twenty years, this book may confirm that many of the right paths have been taken – or it may provide pointers to crisis as yet unimagined.
The Union Game and Professionalism since 1995
Author: Greg Ryan
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Sports & Recreation
All of Europe was ablaze when Clair M. Callan was born in 1940 as World War II raged across the continent. Although her home in Sandycove in neutral Ireland was peaceful and safe, the war had a great effect on her and her family. In Standing My Ground, Callan provides insight into the shaping of her life. This memoir spans the arc of Callan’s life—seven decades—as a school girl in Ireland, a wife, mother, doctor, and eventually a business executive in America. Callan recounts how she partially cracked the glass ceiling to upper management at a time when it seemed impenetrable to women in the workplace world. While employed in different medical environments she created innovative approaches to healthcare and improved patient safety and quality. Starting with her early years, a time of privation during World War II in Ireland, through an uncertain move to America during Vietnam, it ends in an era of plenty in Illinois in the twenty-first century. Standing My Ground offers practical lessons from her life, illustrating how one can advance in a competitive environment, no matter what one’s sex.
Memoir of a Woman Physician
Author: Clair M. Callan, MD, MBA, CPE
Publisher: Archway Publishing
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Author: Saint Declan (bp. of Ardmore.),Saint Carthach (bishop of Lismore.)
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
Category: Christian saints
Author: Declan John Anderson
Containing Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeal, the High Court of Justice, the Court of Bankruptcy, in Ireland, and the Irish Land Commission
Category: Law reports, digests, etc
Dublin's Georgian squares are 18th-century architectural gems and this is the first publication to examine each of them in detail. Essays by conservation architects describe the planning, design and construction of Parnell, Mountjoy, Merrion, Fitzwilliam and Mountpleasant Squares, giving an overview of each and focusing on notable houses and interiors, along with the central parks, mews buildings and street furniture. With contributions from Mary Bryan, Anthony Duggan, John Heagney, Loughlin Kealy, Nicola Matthews and Susan Roundtree. An introductory essay by Professor Loughlin Kealy, School of Architecture, UCD, places these developments in the overall context of Georgian Dublin.
An Architectural History
Publisher: Four Courts PressLtd
To which is Added a Supplement, Containing a History of the English Language...a Glossary of Americanisms...also a Comparative Statement of the Coins, Weights and Measures of the Most Important Commercial Places of the World
Author: Christoph Friedrich Grieb,James C. Oehlschläger
Category: English language
Author: Christoph Friedrich Grieb
Category: English language
In terms of postcards, books, films, and cheap souvenirs, and in the eyes of the world, the Routemaster represents the city just as much as Big Ben. It was the last bus to be have conductors as well as drivers, the last bus to ring familiar shouts that are at least a century old—Fares please, Full up inside but room on top, Next stop the British Museum!It was the last bus, in other words, to be a proper bus. In this fond history, Travis Elborough tells the story of the routemaster’s invention, rise and decline, of the people who worked on it, and of the enthusiasts who were mad about it.
London's Affair with the Routemaster
Author: Travis Elborough
Semiotik, Rhetorik, Narrativik--Roman, Film, Hörspiel, Lyrik und Werbung
Author: Hans Vilmar Geppert
The Biography and Genealogy Master Index is designed to help you easily determine which publication to consult for biographical information. Indexed sources cover both living and deceased persons from every field of activity and from every country in the world. Typically current, readily available, standard reference works are indexed. Look for supplement volume updates to this valuable biographical research tool twice a year. These volumes are cumulated every five years.More than 15 million citations compiled from more than 5,000 editions and volumes of approximately 1,700 current and retrospective biographical sources are included in the Biography and Genealogy Master Index base set and its supplements. In total, Biography and Genealogy Master Index provides coverage of nearly 5 million contemporary and historical figures.
Author: Kathy Nemeh
Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning
From classroom aids to corporate training programs, technical resources to self-help guides, children's features to documentaries, theatrical releases to straight-to-video movies, The Video Source Book continues its comprehensive coverage of the wide universe of video offerings with more than 130,000 complete program listings, encompassing more than 160,000 videos. All listings are arranged alphabetically by title. Each entry provides a description of the program and information on obtaining the title. Six indexes -- alternate title, subject, credits, awards, special formats and program distributors -- help speed research.
A Guide to Programs Currently Available on Video in the Areas Of: Movies/entertainment, General Interest/education, Sports/recreation, Fine Arts, Heal
Author: Thomson Gale
Publisher: Gale Cengage
Category: Performing Arts
Category: Russian language