The Lost Wolves of Japan

Author: Brett L. Walker

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295989939

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 6772

Many Japanese once revered the wolf as Oguchi no Magami, or Large-Mouthed Pure God, but as Japan began its modern transformation wolves lost their otherworldly status and became noxious animals that needed to be killed. By 1905 they had disappeared from the country. In this spirited and absorbing narrative, Brett Walker takes a deep look at the scientific, cultural, and environmental dimensions of wolf extinction in Japan and tracks changing attitudes toward nature through Japan's long history. Grain farmers once worshiped wolves at shrines and left food offerings near their dens, beseeching the elusive canine to protect their crops from the sharp hooves and voracious appetites of wild boars and deer. Talismans and charms adorned with images of wolves protected against fire, disease, and other calamities and brought fertility to agrarian communities and to couples hoping to have children. The Ainu people believed that they were born from the union of a wolflike creature and a goddess. In the eighteenth century, wolves were seen as rabid man-killers in many parts of Japan. Highly ritualized wolf hunts were instigated to cleanse the landscape of what many considered as demons. By the nineteenth century, however, the destruction of wolves had become decidedly unceremonious, as seen on the island of Hokkaido. Through poisoning, hired hunters, and a bounty system, one of the archipelago's largest carnivores was systematically erased. The story of wolf extinction exposes the underside of Japan's modernization. Certain wolf scientists still camp out in Japan to listen for any trace of the elusive canines. The quiet they experience reminds us of the profound silence that awaits all humanity when, as the Japanese priest Kenko taught almost seven centuries ago, we "look on fellow sentient creatures without feeling compassion."

Ein Sommer mit Wölfen

Author: Farley Mowat

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644502919

Category: Fiction

Page: 192

View: 2993

Eines der amüsantesten Naturbücher, die jemals geschrieben wurden Im arktischen Kanada war man sich sicher, den Schuldigen gefunden zu haben: Nur die Wölfe konnten für das Abnehmen der Rentierherden in der Tundra verantwortlich sein. Der Biologe Farley Mowat wird in die Weiten des kanadischen Nordens geschickt, um Beweise für das verheerende Treiben des «gefährlichsten Feinds des Menschen» zu sammeln. Dort angekommen stellt er fest, dass sein Forschungsobjekt weit davon entfernt ist, ein Mörder zu sein. Ganz im Gegenteil: Die Wölfe werden seine besten Freunde.

A Concise History of Japan

Author: Brett L. Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316239691

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 314

To this day, Japan's modern ascendancy challenges many assumptions about world history, particularly theories regarding the rise of the west and why the modern world looks the way it does. In this engaging new history, Brett L. Walker tackles key themes regarding Japan's relationships with its minorities, state and economic development, and the uses of science and medicine. The book begins by tracing the country's early history through archaeological remains, before proceeding to explore life in the imperial court, the rise of the samurai, civil conflict, encounters with Europe, and the advent of modernity and empire. Integrating the pageantry of a unique nation's history with today's environmental concerns, Walker's vibrant and accessible new narrative then follows Japan's ascension from the ashes of World War II into the thriving nation of today. It is a history for our times, posing important questions regarding how we should situate a nation's history in an age of environmental and climatological uncertainties.

Eine Geschichte der Wölfe

Roman

Author: Emily Fridlund

Publisher: eBook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827079705

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 4923

In den dunklen Wäldern von Minnesota wächst Linda in den kläglichen Überresten einer Kommune auf. Ihre Eltern sind über das Scheitern ihrer Hippie-Ideale zu Eigenbrötlern geworden, in der High-School kommt sie sich vor wie eine Außerirdische. In ihrer Isolation fühlt sich Linda wie magisch hingezogen zu ihrer Klassenkameradin Lily und zu ihrem Geschichtslehrer, Mr. Grierson. Es ist ein Schock, als der wegen des Besitzes von Kinderpornographie verhaftet wird und dann auch noch Lily von der Schule verschwindet. Linda hat niemand, mit dem sie über all das reden könnte. Da zieht eine Familie neu an den See. Alles bei ihnen scheint Linda gut und schön. Sie wird die Babysitterin des kleinen Paul und sehnt sich danach zu dieser heilen Familie zu gehören. Doch als Paul schwer krank wird, bleiben seine Eltern seltsam inaktiv. Soll Linda trotzdem einen Arzt rufen und damit das gute Verhältnis zu ihren "neuen Freunden" riskieren? Eine vielleicht unmögliche Entscheidung für eine Vierzehnjährige, die ihr ganzes weiteres Leben beeinflussen wird....

Toxic Archipelago

A History of Industrial Disease in Japan

Author: Brett L. Walker

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295803010

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7696

Every person on the planet is entangled in a web of ecological relationships that link farms and factories with human consumers. Our lives depend on these relationships -- and are imperiled by them as well. Nowhere is this truer than on the Japanese archipelago. During the nineteenth century, Japan saw the rise of Homo sapiens industrialis, a new breed of human transformed by an engineered, industrialized, and poisonous environment. Toxins moved freely from mines, factory sites, and rice paddies into human bodies. Toxic Archipelago explores how toxic pollution works its way into porous human bodies and brings unimaginable pain to some of them. Brett Walker examines startling case studies of industrial toxins that know no boundaries: deaths from insecticide contaminations; poisonings from copper, zinc, and lead mining; congenital deformities from methylmercury factory effluents; and lung diseases from sulfur dioxide and asbestos. This powerful, probing book demonstrates how the Japanese archipelago has become industrialized over the last two hundred years -- and how people and the environment have suffered as a consequence.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6441

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Das letzte Königreich / Der weiße Reiter

Die Uhtred-Saga Band 1 & 2

Author: Bernard Cornwell

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 364440187X

Category: Fiction

Page: 992

View: 1251

Das letzte Königreich Nordengland im Jahre 866: Mit zehn Jahren erlebt der Fürstensohn Uhtred den Einfall der Wikinger. Sein ungestümer Mut in der Schlacht beeindruckt den Anführer der Dänen so sehr, dass er Uhtred verschont und als Ziehkind aufnimmt. Mit den Jahren wird der Junge fast einer von ihnen. Nach Raub- und Eroberungszügen voller Blut und Gewalt droht auch Wessex, das letzte der fünf angelsächsischen Königreiche, an die Eroberer zu fallen. Doch da wechselt Uhtred wieder die Seiten. Der weiße Reiter Ende des 9. Jahrhunderts haben die dänischen Eroberer alle fünf englischen Königreiche unterjocht. Das gesamte Land der Angelsachsen ist in der Gewalt der Invasoren – mit Ausnahme eines kleinen Sumpfgebietes. Hier hält sich König Alfred von Wessex mit wenigen Getreuen versteckt. Uhtred, Krieger in Alfreds Diensten, kennt die Übermacht des dänischen Heeres genau. Dennoch will Alfred eine letzte, entscheidende Schlacht führen. Der fromme König setzt dabei auf Gottes Hilfe, Uhtred hingegen vertraut lieber seinem kampferprobten Schwert. Über eines aber sind sich die beiden ungleichen Verbündeten vollkommen einig: Eine Niederlage wäre der Untergang Englands.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 2160

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

Die Wolfsfrau

die Kraft der weiblichen Urinstinkte

Author: Clarissa Pinkola Estés

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783453132269

Category: Archetype (Psychology)

Page: 560

View: 315

Die Analyse von Mythen und Märchen aus verschiedenen Kulturkriesen durch die Psychoanalytikerin fördert Wesenszüge zu Tage, die Frauen zivilisationsbedingt eingebüsst haben.

A Family History of Illness

Memory as Medicine

Author: Brett L. Walker

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295743042

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 280

View: 3703

While in the ICU with a near-fatal case of pneumonia, Brett Walker was asked, �Do you have a family history of illness?��a standard and deceptively simple question that for Walker, a professional historian, took on additional meaning and spurred him to investigate his family�s medical past. In this deeply personal narrative, he constructs a history of his body to understand his diagnosis with a serious immunological disorder, weaving together his dying grandfather�s sneaking a cigarette in a shed on the family�s Montana farm, blood fractionation experiments in Europe during World War II, and nineteenth-century cholera outbreaks that ravaged small American towns as his ancestors were making their way west. A Family History of Illness is a gritty historical memoir that examines the body�s immune system and microbial composition as well as the biological and cultural origins of memory and history, offering a startling, fresh way to view the role of history in understanding our physical selves. In his own search, Walker soon realizes that this broader scope is more valuable than a strictly medical family history. He finds that family legacies shape us both physically and symbolically, forming the root of our identity and values, and he urges us to renew our interest in the past or risk misunderstanding ourselves and the world around us.

Bad Water

Nature, Pollution, and Politics in Japan, 1870–1950

Author: Robert Stolz

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822376504

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2396

Bad Water is a sophisticated theoretical analysis of Japanese thinkers and activists' efforts to reintegrate the natural environment into Japan's social and political thought in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth. The need to incorporate nature into politics was revealed by a series of large-scale industrial disasters in the 1890s. The Ashio Copper Mine unleashed massive amounts of copper, arsenic, mercury, and other pollutants into surrounding watersheds. Robert Stolz argues that by forcefully demonstrating the mutual penetration of humans and nature, industrial pollution biologically and politically compromised the autonomous liberal subject underlying the political philosophy of the modernizing Meiji state. In the following decades, socialism, anarchism, fascism, and Confucian benevolence and moral economy were marshaled in the search for new theories of a modern political subject and a social organization adequate to the environmental crisis. With detailed considerations of several key environmental activists, including Tanaka Shōzō, Bad Water is a nuanced account of Japan's environmental turn, a historical moment when, for the first time, Japanese thinkers and activists experienced nature as alienated from themselves and were forced to rebuild the connections.

The Art of Akaneiro

Author: American McGee,Spicy Horse Games

Publisher: Dark Horse Comics

ISBN: 1621157709

Category: Art

Page: 96

View: 564

From the brilliant imagination of video game auteur American McGee comes a dazzling reenvisioning of Red Riding Hood set in the wondrous world of Japanese folklore! A young woman torn between two cultures takes on an epic adventure battling devious yokai for the fate of her world! Collects the three-issue miniseries. * Based on the hot new game by American McGee's Spicy Horse Games! * Written by Justin Aclin (Star Wars: The Clone Wars), and illustrated by Vasilis Lolos (Conan the Barbarian)!

The Genius of Dogs

Author: Brian Hare,Vanessa Woods

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780741367

Category: Pets

Page: 384

View: 4664

The journey began with a gut reaction. When award-winning scientist Dr Brian Hare watched a chimpanzee fail to read a simple human hand gesture in an intelligence test, he blurted out, ‘My dog can do that!’ The psychologist running the test challenged him to prove it, sending Hare on an odyssey to unlock the cognitive and evolutionary mysteries of our four-legged friends. Hare’s research over the past two decades has yielded startling discoveries about how dogs think. He has pioneered studies that have proven that dogs exhibit a brand of genius for getting along with people that is unique in the animal kingdom, and that when dogs domesticated themselves around 40,000 years ago they became far more like human infants than their wolf ancestors. These findings are transforming how we live and work with our canine friends, and how we understand them. Is your dog purposefully disobeying you? Probably, and often behind your back. Should you act like ‘top dog to maintain control? No, you’re better off displaying your friendliness – not just to your dog but to everyone around you. Which breed is cleverest? As it happens, breed doesn’t matter much, though other factors do. These are just some of the extraordinary insights to be found in The Genius of Dogs – the seminal book on how dogs evolved their unique intelligence alongside human companions, and how you can use this groundbreaking science to build a better relationship with your own dog.

Wolfskrieg

Author: Bernard Cornwell

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644406499

Category: Fiction

Page: 448

View: 9431

Ein Hilferuf aus Mercien erreicht den Krieger Uhtred. Er soll einer belagerten Stadt zur Hilfe kommen. Doch der Notruf war nur eine List, um ihn aus Northumbrien fortzulocken. Dort ist unterdessen ein furchtbarer Gegner eingefallen, der Nordmann Sköll Grimmarson, an seiner Seite ein gefürchteter Zauber und ein Heer von Úlfhéðnar: Wolfskriegern, die vor nichts zurückschrecken, wenn sie, von den Tränken und Salben des Zauberers befeuert, in die Schlacht reiten. Zurück in der Heimat erfährt Uhtred, dass Sköll seine Tochter getötet hat. Der Schmerz bringt ihn fast um. Doch wer Rache will, muss kühl und klug sein ...

Die Eindringlinge

Thriller

Author: Michael Marshall

Publisher: Knaur eBook

ISBN: 3426410044

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 4001

Jack Whalen hat seinen Job als Polizist in Seattle hingeschmissen und versucht einen Neuanfang. Als ihn ein alter Freund um Hilfe bei einem mysteriösen Mordfall bittet und gleichzeitig seine Frau Amy mehrere Tage unauffindbar ist, beginnt sein Leben aus dem Ruder zu laufen. Jack ist verunsichert. Manchmal überkommt ihn das unerklärliche Gefühl, nicht immer er selbst zu sein. Und warum benimmt sich Amy nach ihrer Rückkehr so eigenartig? Als Jack beginnt, Nachforschungen anzustellen, stößt er auf ein Geheimnis, das schwärzer ist als jeder Alptraum ...

Hokkaido

A History of Ethnic Transition and Development on Japan’s Northern Island

Author: Ann B. Irish

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786454652

Category: History

Page: 378

View: 4133

Japanese people have lived on the country's other three main islands—Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku—for many centuries, but ethnic Japanese, or Wajin, began coming to Hokkaido in large numbers only in the latter half of the nineteenth century. This book tells the story of Japan’s aboriginal people, the Ainu, followed by that of foreign explorers and ethnic Japanese pioneers. The book pays close attention to the Japanese-Russian conflicts over the island, including Cold War confrontations and more recent clashes over fishing rights and the Hokkaido-administered islands seized by the U.S.S.R. in 1945.

Beriberi in Modern Japan

The Making of a National Disease

Author: Alexander R. Bay

Publisher: University Rochester Press

ISBN: 1580464270

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 7359

The history of the medical and scientific debate about the etiology of the disease as it played out between diet theorists and contagionists from 1880 to 1940.

The Republic of Nature

An Environmental History of the United States

Author: Mark Fiege

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295804149

Category: History

Page: 520

View: 6903

In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/