The Logica Yearbook 2016

Author: Pavel Arazim,Tomas Lavicka

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902435

Category: Mathematics

Page: 326

View: 7611

This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2016, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.

The Logica Yearbook 2015

Author: Pavel Arazim,Michal Dancak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902138

Category: Mathematics

Page: 234

View: 3118

This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2015, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.

Logic, Language, and the Liar Paradox

Author: Martin Pleitz

Publisher: mentis Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3957438497

Category: Philosophy

Page: 600

View: 833

The Liar paradox arises when we consider a sentence that says of itself that it is not true. If such self-referential sentences exist – and examples like "This sentence is not true" certainly suggest this –, then our logic and standard notion of truth allow to infer a contradiction: The Liar sentence is true and not true. What has gone wrong? Must we revise our notion of truth and our logic? Or can we dispel the common conviction that there are such self-referential sentences? The present study explores the second path. After comparing the Liar reasoning in formal and informal logic and showing that there are no Gödelian Liar sentences, the study moves on from the semantics of self-reference to the metaphysics of expressions and proposes a novel solution to the Liar paradox: Meaningful expressions are distinct from their syntactic bases and exist only relative to contexts. Detailed semantico-metaphysical arguments show that in this dynamic setting, an object can be referred to only after it has started to exist. Hence the circular reference needed in the Liar paradox cannot occur, after all. As this solution is contextualist, it evades the expressibility problems of other proposals.

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XXX

Author: T. Endrjukaite,A. Dudko,H. Jaakkola

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614999333

Category: Computers

Page: 566

View: 6812

Information modeling and knowledge bases have become essential subjects in the last three decades, not only in academic communities related to information systems and computer science, but also in the areas of business where information technology is applied. This book presents the proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (EJC2018), held in Riga, Latvia from 4–8 June 2018. The aim of the conference was to bring together experts with a common interest in the understanding and solving of problems on information modelling and knowledge bases, as well as those from different areas of computer science and other disciplines who apply the results of research to practice. The 39 accepted papers collected here cover a variety of topics, including: conceptual modeling; knowledge and information modeling and discovery; linguistic modeling; cross-cultural communication and social computing; multimedia data modeling and systems; and environmental modeling and engineering. The book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners alike, and to anyone wanting a better understanding of current advances in information technology.

Logic, Language, Information, and Computation

25th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2018, Bogota, Colombia, July 24-27, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Lawrence S. Moss,Ruy de Queiroz,Maricarmen Martinez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662576694

Category: Mathematics

Page: 325

View: 8209

Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2018, held inBogota, Colombia, in July 2018. The 16 full papers together with 3 short papers and 3 invited talks presented were fully reviewed and selected from 30 submissions. The vision for the conference is to provide an annual forum which is large enough to provide meaningful interactions between logic and the sciences related to information and computation.

Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems

10th International Symposium, FoIKS 2018, Budapest, Hungary, May 14–18, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Flavio Ferrarotti,Stefan Woltran

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319900501

Category: Mathematics

Page: 401

View: 3118

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems, FoIKS 2018, held in Budapest, Hungary, in May 2018.The 20 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. The papers address various topics such as big data; database design; dynamics of information; information fusion; integrity and constraint management; intelligent agents; knowledge discovery and information retrieval; knowledge representation, reasoning and planning; logics in databases and AI; mathematical foundations; security in information and knowledge systems; semi-structured data and XML; social computing; the semantic web and knowledge management; and the world wide web.​

Paradoxien

Author: Richard M. Sainsbury

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186909

Category:

Page: 333

View: 470


Leben nach Zahlen

Self-Tracking als Optimierungsprojekt?

Author: Stefanie Duttweiler,Robert Gugutzer,Jan-Hendrik Passoth,Jörg Strübing

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839431360

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 8274

Was ändert sich, wenn Selbsterkenntnis zum digitalen Produkt wird? Ob Kalorien, Schritte, Blut- oder Stimmungswerte: Am Körper getragene mobile Geräte messen, überwachen und coachen alltägliches Verhalten und körperliche Leistungen. Die technisch vermittelte Erforschung, Steuerung und Optimierung des Selbst - das sogenannte »Self-Tracking« - etabliert nicht nur neue Verhältnisse von Körper, Technik und Wissen, sondern verwischt gleichermaßen die Grenze zwischen Selbst- und Fremdführung. Die Beiträge des Bandes fragen nach den gesellschaftlichen Bedingungen und den Auswirkungen dieser Transformationen und den damit einhergehenden Veränderungen zeitgenössischer Selbst- und Körperverhältnisse.

David Hilbert's Lectures on the Foundations of Arithmetic and Logic 1917-1933

Author: William Ewald,Wilfried Sieg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540694447

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1062

View: 7170

The core of Volume 3 consists of lecture notes for seven sets of lectures Hilbert gave (often in collaboration with Bernays) on the foundations of mathematics between 1917 and 1926. These texts make possible for the first time a detailed reconstruction of the rapid development of Hilbert’s foundational thought during this period, and show the increasing dominance of the metamathematical perspective in his logical work: the emergence of modern mathematical logic; the explicit raising of questions of completeness, consistency and decidability for logical systems; the investigation of the relative strengths of various logical calculi; the birth and evolution of proof theory, and the parallel emergence of Hilbert’s finitist standpoint. The lecture notes are accompanied by numerous supplementary documents, both published and unpublished, including a complete version of Bernays’s Habilitationschrift of 1918, the text of the first edition of Hilbert and Ackermann’s Grundzüge der theoretischen Logik (1928), and several shorter lectures by Hilbert from the later 1920s. These documents, which provide the background to Hilbert and Bernays’s monumental Grundlagen der Mathematik (1934, 1938), are essential for understanding the development of modern mathematical logic, and for reconstructing the interactions between Hilbert, Bernays, Brouwer, and Weyl in the philosophy of mathematics.

Erec : mit einem Abdruck der neuen Wolfenbütteler und Zwettler Erec-Fragmente

Author: Hartmann (von Aue),Hartmann von Aue

Publisher: de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783484201392

Category: Arthurian romances

Page: 335

View: 4150

Mit Hartmanns von Aue »Erec« beginnt die Geschichte des deutschen Artusromans. Trotz seiner großen Wirkung auf die Epiker seiner Zeit ist der »Erec« nur in einer späten Handschrift, dem für Kaiser Maximilan I. geschriebenen »Ambraser Heldenbuch«, fast vollständig überliefert. Von drei älteren Handschriften existieren Fragmente. Außerdem gibt es Zeugnisse für eine bruchstückhaft erhaltene weitere Version des Erec-Stoffes, die in den 1978 aufgefundenen Wolfenbütteler Fragmenten erhalten sind sowie in den 2003 entdeckten Zwettler Fragmenten, einem der sensationellsten Handschriftenfunde der letzten Jahrzehnte. Die Neubearbeitung der bewährten wissenschaftlichen Ausgabe bietet eine gründliche Revision des kritischen Textes und Apparates; der Text schließt sich in zahlreichen Fällen wieder enger an die Überlieferung in der Ambraser Handschrift an und kommt damit einer textkritischen Forderung der Forschung nach. Die Einleitung berücksichtigt die aktuellen Forschungsergebnisse zur Überlieferung. Im Anhang werden erstmals zusammen die Fragmente der in den neuen Wolfenbütteler und den Zwettler Fragmenten erhaltenen Version des »Erec« abgedruckt, die unabhängig von der bisher bekannten direkt auf die französische Quelle, den Roman »Erec et Enide« von Chrétien de Troyes, zurückgeht.

Regel und Witz

Wittgensteinsche Perspektiven auf Mathematik, Sprache und Moral

Author: Timo-Peter Ertz

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110213990

Category: Philosophy

Page: 266

View: 5607

Over the past few decades, the reception of Wittgenstein’s work has focused primarily on the central role that rules play in constituting a practice. Wittgenstein himself, however, always emphasises that a practice not only has rules, but also a “Witz” (i.e., a point). He even maintains that, “the problem of philosophy is the problem of Witz.” Despite Wittgenstein’s insistance on this matter, no systematic study has yet done full justice to the significance of Witz in Wittgenstein’s philosophy. By considering both the role of rules and Witz, the present study casts a new light on mathematics, language, and morals.