The Legacy of Mesoamerica: History and Culture of a Native American Civilization summarizes and integrates information on the origins, historical development, and current situations of the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. It describes their contributions from the development of Mesoamerican Civilization through 20th century and their influence in the world community. For courses on Mesoamerica (Middle America) taught in departments of anthropology, history, and Latin American Studies.
History and Culture of a Native American Civilization
Author: Robert M. Carmack,Janine L. Gasco,Gary H. Gossen
Category: Social Science
What does it mean to be Maya in the modern world? Focusing on a Guatemalan town, this case study explores the cultural, political, and economic changes of this society over time. . This case study of a highland Guatemala town examines what it means to be Maya in a rapidly changing and globalized world. In providing an historical synopsis of the Kaqchikel Maya from preColumbian through Colonial times to the present day, this volume focuses on the use of language, dress, and crafts as emblems of ethnicity, nationality, and political allegiance. Tecpn considers the dynamics of ethnic boundaries in light of the use of the Kaqchikel language versus Spanish, the growing role of Protestantism and the revitalization of traditional Maya religion versus Catholicism, and traditional subsistence agriculture in the face of an expanding reliance on export crops. It examines in particular the role of weaving and other indigenous crafts in linking Tecpanecos to larger economic and political orbits and for defining local, regional, and national identities. As a result, this accessibly written book demonstrates that even traditional Maya cultural forms are actively constructed in the context of intense global connections.
A Modern Maya Town In Global And Local Context
Author: Edward F Fischer,Carol Hendrickson
Category: Political Science
Drawing on decades-long relationships and fieldwork with the Zapatistas of south-eastern Mexico, cultural anthropologists Duncan Earle and Jeanne Simonelli reveal a complex portrait of a people struggling with self-determination on every level. Combining their own compelling narrative as participant-observers, and those of their Chaipas compadres, the authors effectively call for an activist approach to research, resulting in an ethnography that is at once analytical and deeply personal. Uprising of Hope is compelling reading for scholars and general readers of anthropology, social justice, ethnography, Latin American history and ethnic studies.
Sharing the Zapatista Journey to Alternative Development
Author: Jeanne Simonelli,Duncan Earle
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
Category: Social Science
In the central highland Maya communities of Guatemala, the demands of the global economy have become a way of life. This book explores how rural peoples experience economic and cultural change as their country joins the global market, focusing on their thoughts about work and sustenance as a way of learning about GuatemalaÕs changing economy. For more than a decade, Liliana Gold’n observed in highland towns both the intensification of various forms of production and their growing links to wider markets. In this first book to compare economic ideology across a range of production systems, she examines how people make a living and how they think about their options, practices, and constraints. Drawing on interviews and surveysÑeven retellings of traditional narrativesÑshe reveals how contemporary Maya respond to the increasingly globalized yet locally circumscribed conditions in which they work. Gold’n presents four case studies: cottage industries devoted to garment production, vegetable growing for internal and border markets reached through direct commerce, crops grown for export, and wage labor in garment assembly factories. By comparing generational and gendered differences among workers, she reveals not only complexities of change but also how these complexities arereflected in changing attitudes, understandings, and aspirations that characterize peopleÕs economic ideology. Further, she shows that as rural people take on diverse economic activities, they also reinterpret their views on such matters as accumulation, cooperation, competition, division of labor, and community solidarity. Global Maya explores global processes in local terms, revealing the interplay of traditional values, household economics, and the inescapable conditions of demographic growth, a shrinking land base, and a global economy always looking for cheap labor. It offers a wealth of new insights not only for Maya scholars but also for anyone concerned with the effects of globalization on the Third World.
Work and Ideology in Rural Guatemala
Author: Liliana R. Gold’n
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Category: Social Science
The fascinating story of a lost city and an unprecedented American civilization While Mayan and Aztec civilizations are widely known and documented, relatively few people are familiar with the largest prehistoric Native American city north of Mexico-a site that expert Timothy Pauketat brings vividly to life in this groundbreaking book. Almost a thousand years ago, a city flourished along the Mississippi River near what is now St. Louis. Built around a sprawling central plaza and known as Cahokia, the site has drawn the attention of generations of archaeologists, whose work produced evidence of complex celestial timepieces, feasts big enough to feed thousands, and disturbing signs of human sacrifice. Drawing on these fascinating finds, Cahokia presents a lively and astonishing narrative of prehistoric America.
Ancient America's Great City on the Mississippi
Author: Timothy R. Pauketat
Author: Napoleon A. Chagnon
Publisher: Holt McDougal
Category: Yanomamo Indians
Ancient Maya comes to life in this new holistic and theoretical study.
The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization
Author: Arthur Demarest
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The author demonstrates that the Book of Mormon is a native Mesoamerican book (or codex) that exhibits what one would expect of a historical document produced in the context of ancient Mesoamerican civilization. He also shows that scholars' discoveries about Mesoamerica and the contents of the Nephite record are clearly related, listing more than 400 points where the Book of Mormon text corresponds to characteristic Mesoamerican situations, statements, allusions, and history.
An Ancient American Book
Author: John L. Sorenson
Publisher: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship Deseret Book
Category: Book of Mormon
Fourteen scholars explore the various cultures that flourished on the North American continent before the arrival of Columbus
The World of the Indian Peoples Before the Arrival of Columbus
Author: Alvin M. Josephy,Frederick E. Hoxie
Updated edition of an accessible and richly illustrated study of Mexico.
Author: Brian R. Hamnett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
"This important and disturbing volume provides ten case histories of recent institutionalized violence and discrimination against the Maya-speaking peoples of Guatemala. The authors... reconstruct events by interpreting oral history, comparing contemporary situations with their knowledge of the recent past, and applying their understanding of complex cultural, economic, and political factors. ...This well-integrated, well-produced book is an important first step in the documentation of one of the major ethnic tragedies of modern times". -- Ethnohistory. "A chilling exposure of a brutal repression that has somehow escaped the headlines". -- Kirkus Reviews.
The Maya Indians and the Guatemalan Crisis
Author: Robert M. Carmack
Examines cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans, offering evidence of the presence of African explorers in the New World centuries before the arrival of Columbus.
The African Presence in Ancient America
Author: Ivan Van Sertima
Publisher: Random House Incorporated
The significance of food and feasting to Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures has been extensively studied by archaeologists, anthropologists and art historians. Foodways studies have been critical to our understanding of early agriculture, political economies, and the domestication and management of plants and animals. Scholars from diverse fields have explored the symbolic complexity of food and its preparation, as well as the social importance of feasting in contemporary and historical societies. This book unites these disciplinary perspectives — from the social and biological sciences to art history and epigraphy — creating a work comprehensive in scope, which reveals our increasing understanding of the various roles of foods and cuisines in Mesoamerican cultures. The volume is organized thematically into three sections. Part 1 gives an overview of food and feasting practices as well as ancient economies in Mesoamerica. Part 2 details ethnographic, epigraphic and isotopic evidence of these practices. Finally, Part 3 presents the metaphoric value of food in Mesoamerican symbolism, ritual, and mythology. The resulting volume provides a thorough, interdisciplinary resource for understanding, food, feasting, and cultural practices in Mesoamerica.
Interdisciplinary Approaches to Food, Culture, and Markets in Ancient Mesoamerica
Author: John Staller,Michael Carrasco
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Social Science
a Mexican Indian describes his culture
Author: Harvey Russell Bernard,Jesús Salinas Pedraza
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
Florescano traces the spread of the worship of the Plumed Serpent, and the multiplicity of interpretations that surround the god, by comparing the Palenque inscriptions, the Vienna Codex, the Historia de los Mexicanos, the Popul Vuh, and numerous other texts.
Author: Enrique Florescano,Lysa Hochroth
Publisher: JHU Press
Using detailed osteological analyses and other lines of evidence, this study of prehistoric violence, homicide, and cannibalism explodes the myth that the Anasazi and other Southwest Indians were simple, peaceful farmers.
Cannibalism and Violence in the Prehistoric American Southwest
Author: Christy G. Turner, II,Jacqueline A. Turner
The greatest "unsolved mystery" of the American Southwest is the fate of the Anasazi, the native peoples who in the eleventh century converged on Chaco Canyon (in today's southwestern New Mexico) and built what has been called the Las Vegas of its day, a flourishing cultural center that attracted pilgrims from far and wide, a vital crossroads of the prehistoric world. The Anasazis' accomplishments - in agriculture, in art, in commerce, in architecture, and in engineering - were astounding, rivaling those of the Mayans in distant Central America. By the thirteenth century, however, the Anasazi were gone from Chaco. Vanished. What was it that brought about the rapid collapse of their civilization? Was it drought? pestilence? war? forced migration? mass murder or suicide? For many years conflicting theories have abounded. Craig Childs draws on the latest scholarly research, as well as on a lifetime of adventure and exploration in the most forbidding landscapes of the American Southwest, to shed new light on this compelling mystery.
Tracking a Vanished Civilization Across the American Southwest
Author: Craig Childs
Publisher: Little, Brown
An accessible overview of archaeological knowledge of the seat of the Aztec empire, Tenochtitlan.
Capital of the Aztec Empire
Author: José Luis de Rojas
Atlantis is a legendary continent that is said to have disappeared very suddenly in the ancient past. Spence puts forth evidence that Atlantis was located in the Western hemispherein and around Central America. He does a great job comparing Indian myths from various lands including Peru, Brazil, Central America, North America, and the Atlantean story from the great philosopher, Plato. Many myths duplicate themselves between cultures, leading one to believe in a common source. That source, according to Spence, was Atlantis. The one book on Atlantis that should not be missed.
Author: Lewis Spence,Paul Tice
Publisher: Book Tree
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Gender was a fluid potential, not a fixed category, before the Spaniards came to Mesoamerica. Childhood training and ritual shaped, but did not set, adult gender, which could encompass third genders and alternative sexualities as well as "male" and "female." At the height of the Classic period, Maya rulers presented themselves as embodying the entire range of gender possibilities, from male through female, by wearing blended costumes and playing male and female roles in state ceremonies. This landmark book offers the first comprehensive description and analysis of gender and power relations in prehispanic Mesoamerica from the Formative Period Olmec world (ca. 1500-500 BC) through the Postclassic Maya and Aztec societies of the sixteenth century AD. Using approaches from contemporary gender theory, Rosemary Joyce explores how Mesoamericans created human images to represent idealized notions of what it meant to be male and female and to depict proper gender roles. She then juxtaposes these images with archaeological evidence from burials, house sites, and body ornaments, which reveals that real gender roles were more fluid and variable than the stereotyped images suggest.
Author: Rosemary A. Joyce
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Category: Social Science