Clash of Symbols

A ride through the riches of glyphs

Author: Stephen Webb

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319713507

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 2144

From the ampersat and amerpsand, via smileys and runes to the ubiquitous presence of mathematical and other symbols in sciences and technology: both old and modern documents abound with many familiar as well as lesser known characters, symbols and other glyphs. Yet, who would be readily able to answer any question like: ‘who chose π to represent the ratio of a circle’s diameter to its circumference?’ or ‘what’s the reasoning behind having a ⌘ key on my computer keyboard?’ This book is precisely for those who have always asked themselves this sort of questions. So, here are the stories behind one hundred glyphs, the book being evenly divided into five parts, with each featuring 20 symbols. Part 1, called Character sketches, looks at some of the glyphs we use in writing. Part 2, called Signs of the times, discusses some glyphs used in politics, religion, and other areas of everyday life. Some of these symbols are common; others are used only rarely. Some are modern inventions; others, which seem contemporary, can be traced back many hundreds of years. Part 3, called Signs and wonders, explores some of the symbols people have developed for use in describing the heavens. These are some of the most visually striking glyphs in the book, and many of them date back to ancient times. Nevertheless their use — at least in professional arenas — is diminishing. Part 4, called It’s Greek to me, examines some symbols used in various branches of science. A number of these symbols are employed routinely by professional scientists and are also familiar to the general public; others are no longer applied in a serious fashion by anyone — but the reader might still meet them, from time to time, in older works. The final part of the book, Meaningless marks on paper, looks at some of the characters used in mathematics, the history of which one can easily appreciate with only a basic knowledge of mathematics. There are obviously countless others symbols. In recent years the computing industry has developed Unicode and it currently contains more than 135 000 entries. This book would like to encourage the curious reader to take a stroll through Unicode, to meet many characters that will delight the eye and, researching their history, to gain some fascinating insights. ​

The Joy of Laughter

My Life as a Comedy Writer

Author: Norman Barasch

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1440167117

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 248

View: 1001

In this memoir, rich with humor, a comedy writer guides us on his personal journey from the impoverished depths of the Great Depression to the top of his profession. Despite the ups and downs, the joys and sorrows, he helped produce laugh lines for performers from the gagster, Henny Youngman, to sketch writing for the brilliant comedienne, Carol Burnett. He also wrote for the Benson and Rhoda television series as well as numerous weekly variety shows and sitcoms, featuring such stars as Danny Kaye, Dom DeLuise, Fred Allen, Herb Shriner, Alan King, Nathan Lane, and countless others. As a Playwright, he wrote Broadway-produced plays in collaboration with his long-time partner, the late Carroll B. Moore, Jr. One such play, Send Me No Flowers, became a hit movie, starring Rock Hudson and Doris Day. He later wrote the bittersweet off-Broadway comedy Standing By, as a tribute to the courage of his daughter, Emily, in her battle against a serious disease. The Joy of Laughter also provides an intimate peek into some of the more hilarious behind-the-scenes professional and personal shenanigans of the Broadway/Hollywood/Beverly Hills show business community.

數學也可以這樣學2:跟大自然學幾何

Author: 約翰.布雷克伍德(John Blackwood)

Publisher: 商周出版

ISBN: 9864774948

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 471

這是一本最美麗的數學書! 換個方式認識幾何,你會讚嘆大自然的智慧與設計 石榴石晶體是美麗的菱形十二面體, 松果與蘇鐵的錐體上帶有神祕雙螺旋, 葉子、蘭花、蝴蝶及人類身上都找得到兩側對稱性, 在大自然的一草一物中發現幾何,探索各種不同的形式 華德福式自然學習法,超過500幅彩色照片與圖表 本書以「射影幾何學」作為「看見」自然中的數學之工具,是同一類型數學普及書籍中的罕見之作。 ——台灣師範大學數學系退休教授洪萬生 科學是概念世界與現象世界的交織,這正是本書採取的認知模型,出發點則是幾何學。 作者約翰.布雷克伍德曾任教於華德福教育體系,藉由細膩的觀察和巧妙的作圖,橫跨礦物界、植物界、動物界到人類世界,向讀者展示了大自然中繽紛絢爛的樣貌,探究這些多樣性是否正確反映出基本的幾何形式。 書中主要運用射影幾何學(projective geometry),不同於歐幾里得幾何學,它不依賴測量;測量和形式會從射影幾何的簡單變換中出現。 主題包括︰笛沙格定理、幾何元素、對稱性、賦向、螺線、四面體、路徑曲線、三維射影幾何等。 對教師和家長而言,讓孩子從生活環境中學習更勝於填鴨教學。 對學生而言,幾何可以不只是數學難題,而是探索與理解自然的方式。 出版社 商周出版 (城邦)

A Beautiful Question

Finding Nature's Deep Design

Author: Frank Wilczek

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0143109367

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 5493

A respected physicist presents a survey of related discoveries, from Plato and Pythagoras up to the present, that explore how intertwined ideas about beauty and art are with scientific understandings of the cosmos.

7 Lessons from Heaven

How Dying Taught Me to Live a Joy-Filled Life

Author: Mary C. Neal

Publisher: Convergent Books

ISBN: 045149542X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 1318

"Dr. Mary Neal's unforgettable account of a 1999 kayaking accident that took her life, and what happened next, has riveted more than a million readers. But something happened as she shared her story in the years since. Not only did Neal realize she had more to tell, she discovered she had yet to answer the biggest question of all: How does knowing heaven is real change our lives on Earth?" -- Amazon.com.

Black Holes: The Reith Lectures

Author: Stephen Hawking

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1473541980

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 625

“It is said that fact is sometimes stranger than fiction, and nowhere is that more true than in the case of black holes. Black holes are stranger than anything dreamed up by science fiction writers.” In 2016 Professor Stephen Hawking delivered the BBC Reith Lectures on a subject that has fascinated him for decades – black holes. In these flagship lectures the legendary physicist argues that if we could only understand black holes and how they challenge the very nature of space and time, we could unlock the secrets of the universe.

21 Lessons for the 21st Century

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Spiegel & Grau

ISBN: 0525512187

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 6746

In Sapiens, he explored our past. In Homo Deus, he looked to our future. Now, one of the most innovative thinkers on the planet turns to the present to make sense of today’s most pressing issues. How do computers and robots change the meaning of being human? How do we deal with the epidemic of fake news? Are nations and religions still relevant? What should we teach our children? Yuval Noah Harari’s 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is a probing and visionary investigation into today’s most urgent issues as we move into the uncharted territory of the future. As technology advances faster than our understanding of it, hacking becomes a tactic of war, and the world feels more polarized than ever, Harari addresses the challenge of navigating life in the face of constant and disorienting change and raises the important questions we need to ask ourselves in order to survive. In twenty-one accessible chapters that are both provocative and profound, Harari builds on the ideas explored in his previous books, untangling political, technological, social, and existential issues and offering advice on how to prepare for a very different future from the world we now live in: How can we retain freedom of choice when Big Data is watching us? What will the future workforce look like, and how should we ready ourselves for it? How should we deal with the threat of terrorism? Why is liberal democracy in crisis? Harari’s unique ability to make sense of where we have come from and where we are going has captured the imaginations of millions of readers. Here he invites us to consider values, meaning, and personal engagement in a world full of noise and uncertainty. When we are deluged with irrelevant information, clarity is power. Presenting complex contemporary challenges clearly and accessibly, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is essential reading.

Happiness by Design

Finding Pleasure and Purpose in Everyday Life

Author: Paul Dolan

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0241003113

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9233

As a Professor of Behavioural Science at the London School of Economics, Dolan conducts original research into the measurement of happiness and its causes and consequences, including the effects of our behaviour. Here he creates a new outlook on the pursuit of happiness - it's not just how you feel, it's how you act. Happiness by Design shows that being happier requires us to actively re-design our immediate environment. Enough has been written on how to think happy. Happiness by Design is about how to behave happy and how to incorporate the most recent research findings into our everyday lives.

Together

The Rituals, Pleasures, and Politics of Cooperation

Author: Richard Sennett

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300178433

Category: SELF-HELP

Page: 337

View: 3708

Discusses why people tend to avoid social engagement with those unlike themselves, why increased cooperation is necessary to make society prosper, and the skills necessary for strengthening cooperation.

When Einstein Walked with Gödel

Excursions to the Edge of Thought

Author: Jim Holt

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374717842

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9340

From Jim Holt, the New York Times bestselling author of Why Does the World Exist?, comes an entertaining and accessible guide to the most profound scientific and mathematical ideas of recent centuries in When Einstein Walked with Gödel: Excursions to the Edge of Thought. Does time exist? What is infinity? Why do mirrors reverse left and right but not up and down? In this scintillating collection, Holt explores the human mind, the cosmos, and the thinkers who’ve tried to encompass the latter with the former. With his trademark clarity and humor, Holt probes the mysteries of quantum mechanics, the quest for the foundations of mathematics, and the nature of logic and truth. Along the way, he offers intimate biographical sketches of celebrated and neglected thinkers, from the physicist Emmy Noether to the computing pioneer Alan Turing and the discoverer of fractals, Benoit Mandelbrot. Holt offers a painless and playful introduction to many of our most beautiful but least understood ideas, from Einsteinian relativity to string theory, and also invites us to consider why the greatest logician of the twentieth century believed the U.S. Constitution contained a terrible contradiction—and whether the universe truly has a future.

Darwin's Sacred Cause

How a Hatred of Slavery Shaped Darwin's Views on Human Evolution

Author: Adrian Desmond,James Moore

Publisher: HMH

ISBN: 0547527756

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 8020

An “arresting” and deeply personal portrait that “confront[s] the touchy subject of Darwin and race head on” (The New York Times Book Review). It’s difficult to overstate the profound risk Charles Darwin took in publishing his theory of evolution. How and why would a quiet, respectable gentleman, a pillar of his parish, produce one of the most radical ideas in the history of human thought? Drawing on a wealth of manuscripts, family letters, diaries, and even ships’ logs, Adrian Desmond and James Moore have restored the moral missing link to the story of Charles Darwin’s historic achievement. Nineteenth-century apologists for slavery argued that blacks and whites had originated as separate species, with whites created superior. Darwin, however, believed that the races belonged to the same human family. Slavery was therefore a sin, and abolishing it became Darwin’s sacred cause. His theory of evolution gave a common ancestor not only to all races, but to all biological life. This “masterful” book restores the missing moral core of Darwin’s evolutionary universe, providing a completely new account of how he came to his shattering theories about human origins (Publishers Weekly, starred review). It will revolutionize your view of the great naturalist. “An illuminating new book.” —Smithsonian “Compelling . . . Desmond and Moore aptly describe Darwin’s interaction with some of the thorniest social and political issues of the day.” —Wired “This exciting book is sure to create a stir.” —Janet Browne, Aramont Professor of the History of Science, Harvard University, and author of Charles Darwin: Voyaging

Capturing Joy

The Story of Maud Lewis

Author: Jo Ellen Bogart

Publisher: Tundra Books (NY)

ISBN: 1770492623

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 26

View: 661

An inspiring story about one of the true heroes of folk art describes how, despite crippling birth defects, poverty and no formal training, Maud Lewis overcame limitations to create masterpieces that are enjoyed by art lovers around the world. Reprint.

Loving Her

Author: Ann Allen Shockley

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781555533298

Category: Fiction

Page: 187

View: 7538

Renay, a talented black musician, leaves her destructive marriage and flees with her young daughter to Terry, a wealthy white writer whom awakens in Renay a love and sexual desire beyond her erotic imaginings. But every action, even one that brings joy, has consequences.

The Best Books

A Reader's Guide to the Choice of the Best Available Books (about 50,000) in Every Department of Science, Art and Literature, with the Dates of the First and Last Editions, and the Price, Size and Publisher's Name of Each Book

Author: William Swan Sonnenschein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: 1009

View: 4165


How Not to be Wrong

The Power of Mathematical Thinking

Author: Jordan Ellenberg

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0143127535

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 5698

"Using the mathematician's method of analyzing life and exposing the hard-won insights of the academic community to the layman, minus the jargon ... Ellenberg pulls from history as well as from the latest theoretical developments to provide those not trained in math with the knowledge they need"--