The Last Days Of The Incas

Author: Kim MacQuarrie

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1405526076

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 3480

The epic story of the fall of the Inca Empire to Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in the aftermath of a bloody civil war, and the recent discovery of the lost guerrilla capital of the Incas, Vilcabamba, by three American explorers. In 1532, the fifty-four-year-old Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro led a force of 167 men, including his four brothers, to the shores of Peru. Unbeknownst to the Spaniards, the Inca rulers of Peru had just fought a bloody civil war in which the emperor Atahualpa had defeated his brother Huascar. Pizarro and his men soon clashed with Atahualpa and a huge force of Inca warriors at the Battle of Cajamarca. Despite being outnumbered by more than two hundred to one, the Spaniards prevailed-due largely to their horses, their steel armour and swords, and their tactic of surprise. They captured and imprisoned Atahualpa. Although the Inca emperor paid an enormous ransom in gold, the Spaniards executed him anyway. The following year, the Spaniards seized the Inca capital of Cuzco, completing their conquest of the largest native empire the New World has ever known. Peru was now a Spanish colony, and the conquistadors were wealthy beyond their wildest dreams. But the Incas did not submit willingly. A young Inca emperor, the brother of Atahualpa, soon led a massive rebellion against the Spaniards, inflicting heavy casualties and nearly wiping out the conquerors. Eventually, however, Pizarro and his men forced the emperor to abandon the Andes and flee to the Amazon. There, he established a hidden capital, called Vilcabamba-only recently rediscovered by a trio of colorful American explorers. Although the Incas fought a deadly, thirty-six-year-long guerrilla war, the Spanish ultimately captured the last Inca emperor and vanquished the native resistance.

Narrative of the Incas

Author: Juan de Betanzos

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292791909

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 835

One of the earliest chronicles of the Inca empire was written in the 1550s by Juan de Betanzos. Although scholars have long known of this work, only eighteen chapters were actually available until the 1980s when the remaining sixty-four chapters were discovered in the collection of the Fundación Bartolomé March in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. Narrative of the Incas presents the first complete English translation of the original manuscript of this key document. Although written by a Spaniard, it presents an authentic Inca worldview, drawn from the personal experiences and oral traditions told to Betanzos by his Inca wife, Doña Angelina, and other members of her aristocratic family who lived during the reigns of the last Inca rulers, Huayna Capac Huascar and Atahualpa. Betanzos wrote a history of the Inca empire that focuses on the major rulers and the contributions each one made to the growth of the empire and of Inca culture. Filled with new insights into Inca politics, marriage, laws, the calendar, warfare, and other matters, Narrative of the Incas is essential reading for everyone interested in this ancient civilization.

The Incas

Author: Terence N. D'Altroy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118610598

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 5486

The Incas is a captivating exploration of one of the greatest civilizations ever seen. Seamlessly drawing on history, archaeology, and ethnography, this thoroughly updated new edition integrates advances made in hundreds of new studies conducted over the last decade. • Written by one of the world’s leading experts on Inca civilization • Covers Inca history, politics, economy, ideology, society, and military organization • Explores advances in research that include pre-imperial Inca society; the royal capital of Cuzco; the sacred landscape; royal estates; Machu Picchu; provincial relations; the khipu information-recording technology; languages, time frames, gender relations, effects on human biology, and daily life • Explicitly examines how the Inca world view and philosophy affected the character of the empire • Illustrated with over 90 maps, figures, and photographs

Daily Life of the Incas

Author: Louis Baudin

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486428000

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2058

Lacking a written language, the ancient Incas provided clues to their society through art, architecture, and oral traditions. Using these aids, this book explores Inca life just before the arrival of Europeans, examining the diversions of the people, dress and diet, civil and social customs, ceremonial rites, art, and literature. 16 black-and-white illustrations.

The Incas

Author: Nicholas J. Saunders

Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 106

View: 6606

Written by an expert, this book is a brief history of one of the world's greatest civilizations.

The Incas

New Perspectives

Author: Gordon Francis McEwan

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1851095748

Category: History

Page: 269

View: 6169

Shows how the Incas lived by describing their government, social customs, religion, and history.

The Incas

Author: Anita Ganeri

Publisher: Capstone

ISBN: 9780756519537

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 6052

Discusses the Incas including how they lived, played, and their daily routines.

The Incas

People of the Sun

Author: Victor Wolfgang Von Hagen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Incas

Page: 127

View: 472

Discusses the culture, religion, government, and ideals of the Incan society that thrived in South America until the Spanish Conquest in 1532.

Machu Picchu

Unveiling the Mystery of the Incas

Author: Richard L. Burger,Lucy C. Salazar

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300097638

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 6885

Details the status of contemporary research on Incan civilization, and addresses mysteries of the founding and abandonment of Machu Picchu, charting its archaeological history from 1911 to the present.

The Incas

Author: Shirlee P. Newman

Publisher: Franklin Watts

ISBN: 9780531156377

Category: Aymara Indians

Page: 61

View: 5197

Describes the civilization of the Inca empire that flourished from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century and the present-day lives of the Andean people descended from that empire.

The Conquest of the Incas

Author: John Hemming

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547416458

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 5381

This monumental work of history removes the Incas from the realm of legend and shows the reality of their struggles against the Spanish invasion. Winner of the 1971 Christopher Award. Index; photographs, maps, and line drawings.

The Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General History of Peru, Abridged

Author: Garcilaso De La Vega

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603848568

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 405

This new abridgment of both volumes of Livermore's classic translation presents those selections that comprise Garcilaso's historical narrative. Karen Spalding's new Introduction and notes set Garcilaso in his intellectual, historical, and cultural contexts.

The Oxford Handbook of the Incas

Author: Sonia Alconini,R. Alan Covey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019021936X

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2601

When Spaniards invaded their realm in 1532, the Incas ruled the largest empire of the pre-Columbian Americas. Just over a century earlier, military campaigns began to extend power across a broad swath of the Andean region, bringing local societies into new relationships with colonists and officials who represented the Inca state. With Cuzco as its capital, the Inca empire encompassed a multitude of peoples of diverse geographic origins and cultural traditions dwelling in the outlying provinces and frontier regions. Bringing together an international group of well-established scholars and emerging researchers, this handbook is dedicated to revealing the origins of this empire, as well as its evolution and aftermath. Chapters break new ground using innovative multidisciplinary research from the areas of archaeology, ethnohistory and art history. The scope of this handbook is comprehensive. It places the century of Inca imperial expansion within a broader historical and archaeological context, and then turns from Inca origins to the imperial political economy and institutions that facilitated expansion. Provincial and frontier case studies explore the negotiation and implementation of state policies and institutions, and their effects on the communities and individuals that made up the bulk of the population. Several chapters describe religious power in the Andes, as well as the special statuses that staffed the state religion, maintained records, served royal households, and produced fine craft goods to support state activities. The Incas did not disappear in 1532, and the volume continues into the Colonial and later periods, exploring not only the effects of the Spanish conquest on the lives of the indigenous populations, but also the cultural continuities and discontinuities. Moving into the present, the volume ends will an overview of the ways in which the image of the Inca and the pre-Columbian past is memorialized and reinterpreted by contemporary Andeans.

Lost City of the Incas

Author: Hiram Bingham

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0297865331

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 224

View: 5848

First published in the 1950s, this is a classic account of the discovery in 1911 of the lost city of Machu Picchu. In 1911 Hiram Bingham, a pre-historian with a love of exotic destinations, set out to Peru in search of the legendary city of Vilcabamba, capital city of the last Inca ruler, Manco Inca. With a combination of doggedness and good fortune he stumbled on the perfectly preserved ruins of Machu Picchu perched on a cloud-capped ledge 2000 feet above the torrent of the Urubamba River. The buildings were of white granite, exquisitely carved blocks each higher than a man. Bingham had not, as it turned out, found Vilcabamba, but he had nevertheless made an astonishing and memorable discovery, which he describes in his bestselling book LOST CITY OF THE INCAS.

The Incas

Author: Kathryn Hinds

Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing

ISBN: 9780761402701

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 80

View: 3083

Examines the history, culture, religion, and social structure of the ancient Incas.

The Incas

Author: James A. Corrick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781560068501

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 4099

Discusses the Incas, their government, politics, religion, military organization, decline, extinction, and legacy.

The Incas

Author: Peter Chrisp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781568471716

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 675

Looks at the history and culture of the Incas, and describes their cities, religion, writing, rulers, wars, and daily life

The Incas

Author: Nigel Davies

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0870818651

Category: History

Page: 259

View: 610

The Inca Empire's immense territory spanned more than 2,000 miles - from Ecuador to Chile - at the time of the Spanish invasion, yet Inca culture remains largely a mystery. The Incas did not leave pictorial codices and documents in their native language as the Maya and Aztec did and they narrated to Spanish chroniclers just a few of the multiple alternative histories maintained by descendants of various rulers. In this classic work, Nigel Davies offers a clear view into Inca political history, economy, governance, religion, art, architecture, and daily life. The Incas has become a classic in its many years in print; readers and scholars interested in ancient American cultures will relish this paperback edition.