The Humber Wetlands

The Archaeology of a Dynamic Landscape

Author: Robert Van de Noort

Publisher: Windgather Press


Category: History

Page: 196

View: 8396

The lowlands of the Humber Basin form one of Britain's most extensive wetland areas. Since waterlogging inhibits the decomposition of organic remains, they also form a rich archaeological resource. This book reveals for the first time the buried ancient landscapes which lie under the peat. It is the result of a ten-year English Heritage funded project, which aimed to identify and explore this archaeology before it was damaged by peat extraction, development and drainage. Robert Van de Noort's principal theme is how people have perceived the wetlands in the Humber lowlands over the last 10,000 years, and how they have separated places of economic and spiritual importance. He describes the use of natural resources in prehistory, first by fishers, hunters and gatherers, and then by farmers. He explores the evidence for prehistoric wetland settlements, such as the famous lake-dwellings at Holderness. The wetlands were important prehistoric waterways: finds have included unparalleled maritime structures such as the Ferriby boats. As elsewhere in northern Europe, there were also places where valuables were deposited: perhaps 'natural places' linked to ancestor cults. The Romans settled in new places in the region, revealing much about their own economy and about the dynamics of regional sea-level change. Sea-level rise at the end of the Roman period heralded new patterns of resource exploitation in the Middle Ages, whilst drainage, driven in more recent times by forces outside the region, has largely shaped the landscape we see today. This book draws the themes from the layers of complex evidence to reveal the archaeology under the flat and featureless fields: the hidden world under the peat.

The Making of the British Landscape

How We Have Transformed the Land, from Prehistory to Today

Author: Francis Pryor

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 014194336X

Category: History

Page: 832

View: 7442

This is the changing story of Britain as it has been preserved in our fields, roads, buildings, towns and villages, mountains, forests and islands. From our suburban streets that still trace out the boundaries of long vanished farms to the Norfolk Broads, formed when medieval peat pits flooded, from the ceremonial landscapes of Stonehenge to the spread of the railways - evidence of how man's effect on Britain is everywhere. In The Making of the British Landscape, eminent historian, archaeologist and farmer, Francis Pryor explains how to read these clues to understand the fascinating history of our land and of how people have lived on it throughout time. Covering both the urban and rural and packed with pictures, maps and drawings showing everything from how we can still pick out Bronze Age fields on Bodmin Moor to how the Industrial Revolution really changed our landscape, this book makes us look afresh at our surroundings and really see them for the first time.

Water and Roman Urbanism

Towns, Waterscapes, Land Transformation and Experience in Roman Britain

Author: Adam Rogers

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004249753

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 6402

Water and Roman Urbanism provides an innovative archaeological perspective on the Roman urban experience in Britain through its focus on the cultural implications of the crucial relationship between water and settlement and the important development of this relationship over time.

The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology

Author: Francesco Menotti,Aidan O'Sullivan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626171

Category: Social Science

Page: 976

View: 1675

The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology is the most comprehensive survey of global wetland archaeology ever published. Well known for the spectacular quality of its surviving evidence, from both an archaeological and environmental perspective, wetland archaeology enables scholars to investigate and reconstruct past people's dwellings, landscapes, material culture, and daily lives in great detail. Through concise essays written by some of the world's leading scholars in the field, this Handbook describes the key principles, methodologies, and revealing results of past and present archaeological investigations of wetland environments. The volume provides unique insights into past human interactions with lakes, bogs, rivers, and coastal marshlands across the world from prehistory to modern times. Opening with a detailed introduction by the editors, the Handbook is divided into seven parts and contains 54 essays and over 230 photographs, figures, maps, and graphs.

Wetland Archaeology and Beyond

Theory and Practice

Author: Francesco Menotti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199571015

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 1620

Wetland Archaeology and Beyond offers an appreciative study of the people, and their artefacts, who occupied a large variety of worldwide wetland archaeological sites. The volume also includes a comprehensive explanation of the processes involved in archaeological practice and theory.

Farmers, Landlords and Landscapes

Rural Britain, 1720 to 1870

Author: Susanna Wade Martins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780953863099

Category: History

Page: 181

View: 3706

Rather than an economic history of 18th- and 19th-century Britain, Susanna Wade Martins presents a rural history that places the farmer, and the landlord, at the centre of change. Industrial and urban expansion and a rising population brought pressure to bear on the countryside, something that was shouldered largely by the farmer and it is with this in mind that Martins examines the transformations that were taking place in rural areas of Britain. Full of examples and case studies, she looks at the philosophies and technologies that drove change, the obligations and motives of landlords who provided the infrastructure, and his relationship with his tenants. Enclosure, the advent of new farming practices, intensification, reclamation, drainage, new reaping and threshing machines, the construction of new farmsteads and so on, all had a major impact on rural life with machines taking over from horsepower and science taking over from farming tradition.

An Atlas of Roman Rural Settlement in England

Author: Dr. Jeremy Taylor

Publisher: Council for British Archeology


Category: History

Page: 134

View: 1292

This publication will present the major findings of a project focusing on the characterisation, mapping and assessment of late prehistoric and Roman rural settlement. The volume redresses the balance in the study of rural Roman settlement, taking the discussion beyond high-status villas, and using a wider range of material evidence and diverse case studies to understand broader Roman rural land use. The evidence provides new insights into patterns of regionality in settlement, as well as an up-to-date overview of the nature and diversity of Iron Age and Roman rural life. The accessible discussion is also cross-referenced to a full set of online data from the full research project. The volume will highlight directions for future research in the discipline and provide a framework for further utilisation of a crucial archaeological resource. It will be invaluable reading for all scholars of Roman Britain.

Discovering a Welsh landscape

archaeology in the Clwydian range

Author: Ian Brown,Mick Sharp,Jean Williamson

Publisher: Windgather Press


Category: Social Science

Page: 181

View: 1013

In the far north-east corner of Wales, a line of hills looks east across the plain into England, guarding the way towards Snowdonia. Designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, the Clwydian Range has a very rich archaeology. This beautifully illustrated book tells the story of this landscape: a history of Wales in microcosm. At the northern end of the Welsh March, the Clwydian Range is a crossroads, a place where outside influences have always been profound. The book consequently places the Range's archaeology in the context of the broader themes in Welsh and British history. We learn of: the mammoth bones left in the area's caves by Paleaeolithic hunters; the great chain of Iron Age hillforts that crown the Range; the bronze brooches in Romano-British burials; from the medieval period, motte and bailey castles and Gothic churches; the watercourses, mines and engine houses of the industrial era; the Range's links with the great poet Gerard Manley Hopkins. Throughout, the photographs capture the spirit of Hopkins' original 'landscape plotted and pieced'. The Clwydian Range is perhaps typical of Britain, where places have a great depth of historical connections. This book shows how much there is to be discovered. Ian Brown, formerly County Heritage Officer for Clwyd, managed the Clwydian Range Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Mick Sharp and Jean Williamson are two of Britain's leading archaeological and landscape photographers.

Archaeology from the Wetlands

Recent Perspectives: Proceedings of the 11th WARP Conference, Edinburgh 2005: (WARP Occasional Paper 18)

Author: WARP (Project). Conference,John Barber,Catherine Green

Publisher: Society Antiquaries Scotland


Category: Wetlands

Page: 363

View: 3802

Feuchtboden - Seeufersiedlung - Moorsiedlung.

From Space to Place

2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology : Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop, CNR, Rome, Italy, December 4-7, 2006

Author: Stefano Campana,Maurizio Forte

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited


Category: History

Page: 579

View: 3911

This conference at Rome in December 2006, promoted the use of integrated methodologies in remote sensing archaeology so as to help in the creation of new and sustainable policies in the monitoring, interpretation, fruition and communication of the cultural heritage. Including 67 papers from 10 sessions.

A Place by the Sea

Excavations at Sewerby Cottage Farm, Bridlington

Author: Chris Fenton-Thomas,Alexandra Bayliss

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited


Category: History

Page: 336

View: 1719

"This volume presents the results of archaeological excavations that took place between 1999 and 2003 at Sewerby Cottage Farm, Bridlington, in advance of the construction of over 300 houses. The work uncovered a rare group of Neolithic buildings, from Iron Age burials and a Romano-British farmstead. The material remains were analysed by many different specialists and their interpretations have been brought together to tell the story of how this landscape was occupied between c. 3500 BC and c. 900 AD."--BOOK JACKET.

Prehistoric journeys

Author: Vicki Cummings,Robert Johnston

Publisher: Oxbow Books Ltd


Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 4741

This collection of thirteen papers focuses on what it meant to be 'on the move' at different times in prehistory. Ideas of journeys and travel are integral to many traditions of interpreting the prehistoric archaeological record. Travel was after all the driving force behind the formation and transformation of identity. How ironic it is that this feature of prehistory has been so overlooked when the ancient world's 'discovery' in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries occurred primarily as the result of travel. The contributors to this volume see journeys as an integral part of prehistoric life - socially meaningful - which must be understood within their (pre)historic contexts.

Medieval Devon and Cornwall

Shaping an Ancient Countryside

Author: Dr. Sam Turner

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 176

View: 7261

The countryside of Devon and Cornwall preserves an unusually rich legacy from its medieval past. This book explores the different elements which go to make up this historic landscape - the chapels, crosses, castles and mines; the tinworks and strip fields; and above all, the intricately worked counterpane of hedgebanks and winding lanes. Between AD 500 and 1700, a series of revolutions transformed the structure of the South West Peninsula's rural landscape. The book tells the story of these changes, and also explores how people experienced the landscape in which they lived: how they came to imbue places with symbolic and cultural meaning. Contributors include: Ralph Fyfe on the pollen evidence of landscape change; Sam Turner on the Christian landscape; Peter Herring on both strip fields and Brown Willy, Bodmin Moor; O. H. Creighton and J. P. Freeman on castles; Phil Newman on tin working; and Lucy Franklin on folklore and imagined landscapes.

Medieval Villages in an English Landscape

Beginnings and Ends

Author: Richard Jones,Mark Page

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 270

View: 9306

The village one of the keystones of the English rural landscape - has a powerful hold on the imagination. The origin of nucleated and dispersed settlements - the countryside of villages and the countryside of hamlets has consequently become a central concern of landscape historians. Between AD 500 and 1700, a series of revolutions transformed the structure of the South West Peninsulas rural landscape. The book tells the story of these changes, and also explores how people experienced the landscape in which they lived: how they came to imbue places with symbolic and cultural meaning. Contributors include: Ralph Fyfe on the pollen evidence of landscape change; Sam Turner on the Christian landscape; Peter Herring on both strip fields and Brown Willy, Bodmin Moor; Oliver Creighton and J. P. Freeman on castles; Phil Newman on tin working; Lucy Franklin on folklore and imagined landscapes.

Landscape Archaeology and GIS

Author: Henry Chapman

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 191

View: 9944

Landscape Archaeology and GIS examines the ways in which Geographical Information Systems can be used to explore archaeological landscapes, and summarizes the most appropriate methods to use. It is structured around principal themes in landscape archaeology, and integrates desk-based assessment, data collection, data modeling, and landscape analysis, right through to archiving and publication. This is the first book on GIS to focus specifically on landscape archaeology that is accessible to a wide archaeological readership. It explores the applications of GIS to a wide variety of archaeological evidence including maps, aerial photographs, and earthworks. The work is well-illustrated throughout with digital maps and models being used to support case studies, as well as for suggesting new hypotheses relevant to this discipline.

North Sea Archaeologies

A Maritime Biography, 10,000 BC - AD 1500

Author: Robert Van de Noort

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199566208

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 3631

An innovative study analysing the archaeology of the North Sea, and the way surrounding peoples engaged with it, from the end of the last ice age, c.10,000 BC, to the close of the Middle Ages, c.AD 1500.

Wetland Archaeology & Environments

Regional Issues, Global Perspectives

Author: Malcolm Lillie,Stephen Ellis,Helen Fenwick

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842171547

Category: Nature

Page: 298

View: 8628

For the past thirty years or so, wetlands have been at the forefront of developments in understanding past cultural activity and associated landscapes. The exceptional preservation afforded by waterlogged sites are paralleled only by those of comparable extremes: frozen and arid contexts. Wetland sites then, can provide a wealth of information that 'dryland' sites seldom can. But such preservation is not limited to organic deposits, but also records the environmental conditions at the time, thereby allowing for detailed reconstruction of the associated environment and landscape. Between 1992 and 2000, a project based at the University of Hull undertook the systematic investigation of over half a million hectares of land located primarily in the catchment of the Humber Basin. In order to mark the successful completion of this, the Humber Wetlands Project, the editors invited colleagues from all over the world to contribute a series of chapters to this book. The aim was to outline the current state of wetland cultural and palaeoenvironmental knowledge, and to provide multidisciplinary insights into the methodological approaches and theoretical aspects of this important area of study.

Wasser in der mittelalterlichen Kultur / Water in Medieval Culture

Gebrauch – Wahrnehmung – Symbolik / Uses, Perceptions, and Symbolism

Author: Gerlinde Huber-Rebenich,Christian Rohr,Michael Stolz

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110434768

Category: History

Page: 658

View: 3026

Wasser ist Leben. Der individuelle Organismus, menschliche Sozialbildungen und Kulturleistungen sind auf das Wasser angewiesen. Es kann lebenserhaltend und zerstörend, verbindend und trennend, erlösend und auflösend wirken. Menschliche Gesellschaften und Institutionen sind gezwungen, sich diesen ambivalenten Funktionen zu stellen. Das natürliche Element Wasser fordert zu kulturellen Reaktionen im Bereich seiner Bewirtschaftung, Bewertung und Symbolik heraus. Alle Funktionen, die das Wasser in der realen Welt erfüllt, können auch in Literatur und Kunst thematisiert werden. Der Sammelband vereinigt, aufbauend auf dem 16. Symposium des Mediävistenverbands e.V. vom 22. bis 25. März 2015 in Bern, 47 Beiträge aus der Geschichtswissenschaft, Kunstgeschichte, Medizingeschichte, Theologie, Philosophie und aus den Literaturwissenschaften zu den Themenfeldern Wahrnehmungen von Flüssen, Meeren und Mündungen; Schifffahrt, Wassernutzung, Wasser in Religion, Ritus und Volksglaube; philologisch-literarische Annäherungen an das Wasser, Wassertiere in der Literatur sowie Wasser in der Architektur und Kunst. Es ist der erste Versuch überhaupt, die Rolle des Wassers in der mittelalterlichen Kultur derart umfassend und interdisziplinär zu beleuchten.