The Happiness Hypothesis

Putting Ancient Wisdom to the Test of Modern Science

Author: Jonathan Haidt

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448166683

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6303

Every culture rests on a bedrock of folk wisdom handed down through generations. The pronouncements of philosophers are homespun by our grandmothers, and find their way into our common sense: what doesn't kill you makes you stronger. Do unto others as you would have done unto you. Happiness comes from within. But are these 'truths' really true? Today we all seem to prefer to cling to the notion that a little bit more money, love or success will make us truly happy. Are we wrong? In The Happiness Hypothesis, psychologist Jonathan Haidt exposes traditional wisdom to the scrutiny of modern science, delivering startling insights. We learn that virtue is often not its own reward, why extroverts really are happier than introverts, and why conscious thought is not as important as we might like to think... Drawing on the rich inspiration of both philosophy and science, The Happiness Hypothesis is a remarkable, original and provocative book - ancient wisdom in our time.

Enhancing Human Capacities

Author: Julian Savulescu,Ruud ter Meulen,Guy Kahane

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444393545

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 639

Enhancing Human Capacities is the first to review the very latest scientific developments in human enhancement. It is unique in its examination of the ethical and policy implications of these technologies from a broad range of perspectives. Presents a rich range of perspectives on enhancement from world leading ethicists and scientists from Europe and North America The most comprehensive volume yet on the science and ethics of human enhancement Unique in providing a detailed overview of current and expected scientific advances in this area Discusses both general conceptual and ethical issues and concrete questions of policy Includes sections covering all major forms of enhancement: cognitive, affective, physical, and life extension

Wellbeing

Author: Mark Vernon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317488636

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 2692

The politics of wellbeing and the new science of happiness have shot up the agenda since Martin Seligman coined the phrase "positive psychology". After all, who does not want to live the good life? So ten years on, why is it that much of this otherwise welcome debate sounds like as much apple-pie - "work less", "earn enough", "keep fit", "find meaning", "enjoy freedoms"? The reason is not, ultimately, cynicism. Rather, it is because a central, tricky question is being glossed over: just what is wellbeing? Mark Vernon argues that positive psychology has overlooked and sidelined the ancient wisdom on wellbeing, notably from the Greek philosophers. Now is the time to pay it proper attention.Vernon shows, surprisingly, that wellbeing is not found in a focus on pleasure, or even the pursuit of happiness itself. Rather, it is a question of meaning and responding to the great challenge of our day: the search for transcendence. For at root, the life that is going well cultivates a way of life based upon love: it is that which draws you out of yourself - in friends, hopes and ultimately the contemplation of mystery - and orientates a life towards that which is good.

What Doesn't Kill Us

A guide to overcoming adversity and moving forward

Author: Stephen Joseph

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0748119116

Category: Self-Help

Page: 336

View: 4660

Research has shown than anywhere from 30 to 90 per cent of people confronted by tragedy, horror and adversity emerge as wiser, more mature and more fulfilled people, sometimes despite great sadness. Relationships become stronger. Perspectives on life change. Inner strengths are found. For the past twenty years, Stephen Joseph has worked with survivors of trauma and sufferers of posttraumatic stress. In this groundbreaking book, he boldly challenges the notion that trauma and its aftermath devastate and destroy the lives. His studies have shown that a wide range of traumatic events - from illness, separation, assault and bereavement to accidents, natural disasters and terrorism - can act as catalysts for positive change, strengthening relationships, changing one's perspective and revealing inner strengths. In What Doesn't Kill Us, Stephen Joseph shares the six steps we can all use to manage our emotions and navigate adversity to find new meaning, purpose and direction in our lives.

Eudaimonia - Happiness Is Not Enough

Author: M. J. Newby

Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1848767501

Category: Philosophy

Page: 188

View: 9952

What the love of wisdom is and how it enables us to live in today`s world are explored in this ambitious work. Rich insights into what human maturity means and how it is reached have become too easily lost or confined to the world of high academia. Well-being, the true goal of human being, has been tragically reduced to `happiness` and its meanings lost. No subject could be more important, and few modern works deal with it that are not religious, dogmatic and furtively proselytising. Profound ideas are here applied to such unlikely things as skateboarding, love-making, getting rich, tourism and playing cricket, all of which can become a means to the development of mental strength and genuine love. Post-religious spirituality, clarified here, is the development of the psyche, which is as important as finding or losing oneself, and winning or losing in the arena of living. In the age of fiction our lives are enriched by myriad vital stories, personally loved, and also endowed with wider meanings through living in the shared master story for today, the incomplete saga of the salvation of the planet. Radical implications for education, human communication, politics and a sustainable future permeate the text, which calls upon authoritative voices from recent times and the deeper past, from Socrates to Habermas. from Judaism and Christianity to Islam and the traditions of the East. This is no mere history, but the building of a radical approach to human spirituality, lifestyle, communication and life-goals. Although the way is hard, deliverance from the darkness of consumerism, the pressure of rivalry, and confusion about ultimate goals is offered in this book. The thorough bibliography and referencing enable the reader to pursue a wide range of topics, and render the work suitable for the hard-pressed student as well as readers-for-leisure.

Do We Need To Be So Screwed Up?!

A New Evolutionary Perspective on Happiness

Author: Suki Pryce

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 1780992785

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 267

View: 8160

Modern life is full of problems - in individuals and in society too. Increasingly we see damaged and disturbed children, mental health problems, addictions of many kinds, antisocial behavior, and crime, violence and war. So it seems sensible to ask: does life have to be this way? Was it always like this for human beings? We’ve been around for maybe as much as two million years: surely we didn’t evolve to live such difficult and dysfunctional lives? Do We Need To Be So Screwed-Up?! sets out to discover the answer to this question – and finds plentiful evidence to show that, on the contrary, human beings evolved to be naturally egalitarian, cooperative, and peaceful. Indeed, for over 95% of our history – until about 10,000 years ago - that is how we were: kind, cheerful and happy! This is a paradigm-busting re-evaluation of human nature and our potential for happiness.

Effective Supervision for the Helping Professions

Author: Michael Carroll

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473906202

Category: Psychology

Page: 216

View: 8888

Using features such as case studies, exercises and points for reflection, this is an ideal introduction to managing the supervisory relationship for both trainee and supervisor. This second edition of the book formerly titled Counselling Supervision now covers new and contemporary areas of supervision such as ethical maturity, insights into supervision from neuroscience, the organisational demands from the various contexts in which supervision takes place. It widens the concept of supervision to include professions such as coaching, organisational development consulting, counselling and psychology.

Left Brain, Right Stuff

How Leaders Make Winning Decisions

Author: Phil Rosenzweig

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 184765973X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 435

View: 510

Dozens of books have been published recently on the errors and biases that affect our judgments and choices. Drawing on cognitive science, their lessons are excellent for many kinds of decisions - consumer choice and financial investments, for example - but stop short of addressing many of the most important decisions we face in management, where we can actively influence outcomes and where competitive forces mean we have to outperform rivals. As Phil Rosenzweig shows, drawing on examples from business, sports and politics, this sort of decision-making relies on mastering two very different abilities. First, the analytical problem-solving skills associated with the brain's left hemisphere; and second, what Tom Wolfe called 'the Right Stuff': the ability to take calculated risks. Bringing fresh and often surprising insights to topics including confidence and overconfidence, the uses and limits of decision models, leadership and authenticity, expert performance and deliberate practice, competitive bidding and new venture management, Left Brain, Right Stuff, the myth-busting follow-up to The Halo Effect, explains how to perform when making even the most difficult decisions.

Theory of Addiction

Author: Robert West,Jamie Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118484916

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 9900

The word ‘addiction’ these days is used to refer to a chronic condition where there is an unhealthily powerful motivation to engage in a particular behaviour. This can be driven by many different factors – physiological, psychological, environmental and social. If we say that it is all about X, we miss V, W, Y and Z. So, some people think addicts are using drugs to escape from unhappy lives, feelings of anxiety and so on; many are. Some people think drugs become addictive because they alter the brain chemistry to create powerful urges; that is often true. Others think that drug taking is about seeking after pleasure; often it is. Some take the view that addiction is a choice – addicts weigh up the pros and cons of doing what they do and decide the former outweigh the latter. Yet others believe that addicts suffer from poor impulse control; that is often true… And so it goes on. When you look at the evidence, you see that all these positions capture important aspects of the problem – but they are not complete explanations. Neuroscience can help us delve more deeply into some of these explanations, while the behavioural and social sciences are better at exploring others. We need a model that puts all this together in a way that can help us decide what to do in different cases. Should we prescribe a drug, give the person some ‘tender loving care’, put them in prison or what? Theory of Addiction provides this synthesis. The first edition was well received: ‘Throughout the book the reader is exposed to a vast number of useful observations...The theoretical aims are timely, refreshing, ambitious and above all challenging. It opens up a new way of looking at addiction and has the potential to move the field of addiction a considerable leap forward. Thus we wholeheartedly would like to recommend the book for students as well as scholars. Read and learn!’ Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs ‘The book provides a comprehensive review of existing theories - over 30 in all - and this synthesis of theories constitutes an important contribution in and of itself... West is to be commended for his synthesis of addiction theories that span neurobiology, psychology and social science and for his insights into what remains unexplained.’ Addiction This new edition of Theory of Addiction builds on the first, including additional theories in the field, a more developed specification of PRIME theory and analysis of the expanding evidence base. With this important new information, Theory of Addiction will continue to be essential reading for all those working in addiction, from student to experienced practitioner – as urged above, Read and learn!

Communicating with Kids

What works and what doesn't

Author: Stephanie Davies-Arai

Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1784627585

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 200

View: 7667

Confused by all the conflicting parenting advice you hear? Not sure who is right or what to do?

Remoralizing Britain?

political, ethical and theological perspectives on New Labour

Author: Peter Manley Scott,Christopher Richard Baker,Elaine L. Graham

Publisher: Continuum Intl Pub Group

ISBN: 9780826424655

Category: Philosophy

Page: 258

View: 2715

This interdisciplinary collection offers a reckoning of the New Labour decade. As such, it has four central research questions: What is the nature of this remoralizing? What are its sources? How effective has it been and what difference has this moral discourse made? What can be learned from Blairism about the relationship between faith, morals and governance? Book jacket.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 4643

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Selbstvertrauen gewinnen

Die Angst vor der Angst verlieren

Author: Susan Jeffers

Publisher: Kösel-Verlag

ISBN: 3641205360

Category: Self-Help

Page: 224

View: 2826

Angst ist etwas ganz Alltägliches. Wohl jeder kennt sie in der einen oder anderen Form: als Angst vor beruflichen Anforderungen, vor dem Verlust des Partners, vor Entscheidungen, vor einer bestimmten Begegnung oder auch Nervosität. zum Problem wird sie, wenn wir uns blockieren oder lähmen lassen, weil wir Angst vor der Angst haben. Die Psychologin Susan Jeffers sieht die Wurzel für diese alltägliche Angst vor allem in mangelndem Selbstvertrauen. In diesem Buch entwickelt sie ein leicht umzusetzendes Programm, mit dessen Hilfe jeder seine Angst zulassen, ihre Ursachen erkennen und Selbstvertrauen gewinnen kann. Eine Fülle von Tipps hilft, das Selbstbewußtsein zu steigern, Angstsituationen durchzuspielen und durch eine positive Grundeinstellung zu mehr Offenheit, Vertrauen und Lebensfreude zu gelangen. Ein überzeugendes, gut verständliches Buch, das mit vielen Beispielen Mut macht, sein Leben aktiv zu gestalten.

Wellbeing and Development in Peru

Local and Universal Views Confronted

Author: James Copestake

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230608696

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 7801

Development is something we all aspire to, but also readily criticize for failing to live up to our hopes of sustained improvement in human wellbeing. This book presents findings of systematic research into the contested meanings of development and wellbeing from a country, Peru, which has recently experienced both rapid economic growth and deep social conflict. A mix of ethnographic and questionnaire data from seven poor urban and rural communities straddling the Andes is used to describe and analyze local and global interpretations of their inhabitants’ pursuit of wellbeing.

Das unbeschriebene Blatt

Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104903905

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 9476

Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.

Gegen Judenhass

Author: Oliver Polak

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518760947

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 856

Ein alarmierender Appell gegen Menschenhass und den erstarkenden Antisemitismus in Deutschland. »Wenn du heute wieder nicht lustig bist, landest du im Aschenbecher!« »Mein Vater ist auch im KZ gestorben, besoffen vom Wachturm gekippt.« »Musst du nicht weg? Der letzte Zug nach Auschwitz fährt doch gleich.« »Juden wollen immer Mitleid!« Das sind nur ein paar der Sätze, die der Autor dieses Buches tagtäglich in Deutschland zu hören bekommt. Andere Menschen werden auf offener Straße angegriffen, weil sie eine Kippa tragen. Jüdische Schüler werden beschimpft. Antisemitische Rapper hingegen bekommen Preise. Einem jüdischen Restaurantbesitzer wird seine bloße Anwesenheit vorgeworfen: »Wir wollen euch hier nicht in Deutschland.« »Euch«, das meint die Juden. All das zeigt: Deutschland hat ein Problem mit ihnen. In eindringlichen Worten appelliert Oliver Polak für eine klare Haltung: Wenn wir eine liberale Gesellschaft sein wollen, müssen wir uns endgültig von unseren Ressentiments befreien!

The Brain

Die Geschichte von dir

Author: David Eagleman

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641183154

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2065

Unterhaltend und fundiert: Ein Pageturner über die Hirnforschung Die Hirnforschung macht rasante Fortschritte, aber nur selten treten wir einen Schritt zurück und fragen uns, was es heißt, ein Lebewesen und Mensch zu sein. Der renommierte Neurowissenschaftler David Eagleman nimmt uns mit auf die Reise durch das Gewirr aus Milliarden von Hirnzellen und Billionen von Synapsen – und zu uns selbst. Das sonderbare Rechengewebe in unserem Schädel ist der Apparat, mit dem wir uns in der Welt orientieren, Entscheidungen treffen und Vorstellungen entwickeln. Seine unendlich vielen Zellen bringen unser Bewusstsein und unsere Träume hervor. In diesem Buch baut Bestsellerautor David Eagleman eine Brücke zwischen der Hirnforschung und uns, den Besitzern eines Gehirns. Er hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. Denn ein besseres Verständnis unseres inneren Kosmos wirft auch ein neues Licht auf unsere persönlichen Beziehungen und unser gesellschaftliches Zusammenleben: wie wir unser Leben lenken, warum wir lieben, was wir für wahr halten, wie wir unsere Kinder erziehen, wie wir unsere Gesellschaftspolitik verbessern und wie wir den menschlichen Körper auf die kommenden Jahrhunderte vorbereiten können.