Das Jahrbuch für Europäische Geschichte ist · Forum für Experten aus den europäischen Ländern zu Themen, Problemen und Grundsatzfragen der europäischen Geschichte, · Podium für die Diskussion von Forschungstrends und Forschungsergebnissen aus Europa und Übersee, · Arena für Originalbeiträge vorwiegend jüngerer Wissenschaftler.
Author: Johannes Paulmann,Markus Friedrich,Nick Stargardt
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
The period spanning the two World Wars was unquestionably the most catastrophic in Europe's history. Historians have been drawn to its exceptionally dramatic and harrowing events, as bookshops continue to stock new studies on Hitler, Stalin, Churchill, the Holocaust, and the battles of the two World Wars with monotonous regularity. There is a deeper need, however, to explain why Europe experienced so many conflicts, revolutions, coup d'états, and civil wars within such a short space of time? Why did much of Europe succumb to authoritarian rule and why did political violence become so endemic? Why was mass politics followed by mass murder? Why did Europe experience a 'Thirty Years' War'? Another challenge is to explain the diversity of experiences: why some European societies were not traumatized by war and invasion, why liberal democracy survived throughout north-western Europe, why general living standards continued to rise, and why the status of women continued to improve. The Oxford Handbook of European History 1914-1945 looks afresh at this troubled and complicated age. It does so by taking comparative and transnational approaches rather than merely focusing on individual national experiences. Its features a collection of distinguished historians who explain the patterns of change and continuity that applied generally, while at the same time accounting for various regional and local articulations. Among the themes covered are political economy, international relations, genocide, colonialism, gender, sexuality, human rights, welfare, rural politics, labour and youth, as well as the era's more distinctive features, such as fascism, Stalinism, the Great Depression, trench warfare and the ethnic cleansing. The Handbook serves as a guide for revising the 1914-1945 era, and for how to write histories that take the whole Europe as their subject and not merely its constituent parts: histories of Europe rather than merely in Europe.
Author: Nicholas Doumanis,Senior Lecturer in World History Nicholas Doumanis, Dr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
A sweeping history of twentieth-century Europe, Out of Ashes tells the story of an era of unparalleled violence and barbarity yet also of humanity, prosperity, and promise. Konrad Jarausch describes how the European nations emerged from the nineteenth century with high hopes for continued material progress and proud of their imperial command over the globe, only to become embroiled in the bloodshed of World War I, which brought an end to their optimism and gave rise to competing democratic, communist, and fascist ideologies. He shows how the 1920s witnessed renewed hope and a flourishing of modernist art and literature, but how the decade ended in economic collapse and gave rise to a second, more devastating world war and genocide on an unprecedented scale. Jarausch further explores how Western Europe surprisingly recovered due to American help and political integration. Finally, he examines how the Cold War pushed the divided continent to the brink of nuclear annihilation, and how the unforeseen triumph of liberal capitalism came to be threatened by Islamic fundamentalism, global economic crisis, and an uncertain future. A gripping narrative, Out of Ashes explores the paradox of the European encounter with modernity in the twentieth century, shedding new light on why it led to cataclysm, inhumanity, and self-destruction, but also social justice, democracy, and peace.
A New History of Europe in the Twentieth Century
Author: Konrad H. Jarausch
Publisher: Princeton University Press
An international community of Reformed churches emerged during the sixteenth century. Although attempts were made by Calvinists to reach agreement over key beliefs, and to establish uniformity in patterns of worship and church government, there were continuing divisions over some ideas and differences between local practices of moral discipline and religious life. However, Reformed intellectuals developed common ideas about rights of resistance against tyrants, communities prayed, fasted and donated money to aid brethren in distress, and many Calvinists across the Continent developed a strong sense of collective identity. Beyond Calvin considers the Reformed churches of Europe in an international and comparative context from around 1540 to 1620. Graeme Murdock: - discusses how Calvinism operated as an international movement by looking at links between Reformed churches, communities and states - explains what Reformed churches across the Continent stood for - focuses on how Calvinists sought to purify the practice of Christian religion, and to renew European politics, society and culture - examines both the strengths and limits of the international Reformed community
The Intellectual, Political and Cultural World of Europe's Reformed Churches, c. 1540-1620
Author: Graeme Murdock
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Author: Şevket Pamuk,Robert Schuman Centre. Mediterranean Programme
Im Jahr 1936 geht George Orwell in die Industriestädte Nordenglands, um an Ort und Stelle zu beobachten, wie Bergleute im Alltag arbeiten und wohnen. Er steigt mit in die Gruben hinunter und berichtet aufmerksam, sachlich, genau, mit Einfühlung und Gespür für die vielfachen Zusammenhänge. Diese Erfahrung führt zu Reflexionen über den Sozialismus als umsichtigen, schwierigen Weg zu Gerechtigkeit und Freiheit.
Author: George Orwell
Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG
This book offers a reassessment of the international monetary problems that led to the global economic crisis of the 1930s. It explores the connections between the gold standard--the framework regulating international monetary affairs until 1931--and the Great Depression that broke out in 1929. Eichengreen shows how economic policies, in conjunction with the imbalances created by World War I, gave rise to the global crisis of the 1930s. He demonstrates that the gold standard fundamentally constrained the economic policies that were pursued and that it was largely responsible for creating the unstable economic environment on which those policies acted. The book also provides a valuable perspective on the economic policies of the post-World War II period and their consequences.
The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939
Author: Barry J. Eichengreen
Publisher: NBER Series on Long-term Factors in Economic Development
Category: Business & Economics
'The book would make a good text or supplemental reading for a course in the economic history of the twentieth century, either at the advanced undergraduate or graduate level. Students love disasters. . . all the essays reach a high level of quality. Each of the authors is a well-regarded expert in his field and clearly capable of producing a well-crafted essay. . . the authors and editors are to be congratulated.' - Hugh Rockoff, EH.Net
Author: Michael J. Oliver,Derek Howard Aldcroft
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
Author: Jürgen Luh,Vinzenz Czech,Bert Becker
Category: Prussia (Germany)
The inter-war years were, at the time, perceived to be years of crisis across the world. This work examines the Russian Revolution and its aftermath, the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the subsequent economic crisis which struck at the very foundations of the capitalist world.
Author: R. J. Overy
Publisher: Pearson Education
European social democracy is in crisis. In the last decade it has ceased to be about either society or democracy. The authors explore its values, how it can be revived and what kind of political economy it requires to thrive. This book includes a foreword by the two leaders of the 'Building the Good Society' project, Andrea Nahles and Jon Cruddas.
Building the Good Society
Author: H. Meyer,J. Rutherford
Category: Social Science
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Category: American literature
state structures and strategies
Author: Joseph M. Grieco
Brings together some of the most important research papers published in the modern field of IPE since its birth less than four decades ago. This coverage includes grand questions of systemic transformation and system governance as well as more narrowly focused explorations of the two most central issue-areas of the world economy and finance.
Author: Benjamin J. Cohen
Category: Political Science
This volume brings together a distinguished group of international scholars to discuss the major debates in the study of early twentieth-century Europe. Brings together contributions from a distinguished group of international scholars. Provides an overview of current thinking on the period. Traces the great political, social and economic upheavals of the time. Illuminates perennial themes, as well as new areas of enquiry. Takes a pan-European approach, highlighting similarities and differences across nations and regions.
Author: Gordon Martel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This volume presents a comparative analysis of the political development of the four countries of Southern Europe - Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece. The first section of the book provides a historical overview of the politics and social structure of Southern Europe from the industrial revolution to the present. The focus in the second section is on the relationships between economic transformation, social conflict and political change from the 1970s to the present. The book concludes with an analysis of the political consequences of current market economic policies.
politics and social structures in southern Europe
Author: James Kurth,James F. Petras
Publisher: Berg Publishers
wirtschaftspolitische Empfehlungen in der Zeit der Weltwirtschaftskrise 1929-1939
Author: Monika Rosengarten