The Future Security Environment in the Middle East

Conflict, Stability, and Political Change

Author: Nora Bensahel,Daniel Byman

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 083303619X

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 2111

This report identifies several important trends that are shaping regional security. It examines traditional security concerns, such as energy security and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as well as newer challenges posed by political reform, economic reform, civil-military relations, leadership change, and the information revolution. The report concludes by identifying the implications of these trends for U.S. foreign policy.

Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control in the Middle East

Author: Shai Feldman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262561082

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1295

"An important contribution to the debate about Middle East arms control. Shai Feldman demonstrates his mastery of the subject, including some extremely important and interesting material on Arab conceptions and attitudes. A welcome counterpoint to much of the Western literature on the nuclear dimension of the Middle East arms control." -- Geoffrey Kemp, Nixon Center for Peace and Freedom The political dimensions of the Arab-Israeli relationship have changed dramatically in recent years. Israel and its Arab neighbors have made remarkable progress toward resolving long-standing conflicts. In "Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control in the Middle East," Shai Feldman considers whether these political breakthroughs have set the stage for agreements on controlling nuclear weapons in the region. He presents a richly detailed overview of the current situation and lays out an agenda for future efforts to reduce the risk of nuclear war in the Middle East. Feldman, whose background in strategic studies includes nearly two decades of research at Tel Aviv University's Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, provides a comprehensive analysis of the nuclear programs of Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Libya, and Syria. He presents a detailed picture of how Israel and the Arab states view nuclear weapons -- their utility, and the threats they pose to regional security -- and explores the different approaches that Israel and the Arab states have adopted toward nuclear arms control. Feldman concludes by suggesting interim measures that might help bridge the gap between these different perspectives. CSIA Studies in International Security

Environmental Security and Environmental Management: The Role of Risk Assessment

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workhop on The Role of Risk Assessment in Environmental Security and Emergency Preparedness in the Mediterranean Region, held in Eilat, Israel, April 15-18, 2004

Author: Benoit Morel,Igor Linkov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402038933

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 325

View: 7261

The concept of “environmental security” has emerged as one basis for understanding international conflicts. This phrase can mean a variety of things. It can signify security issues stemming from environmental concerns or conflicting needs, or it can mean that the environment is treated as a resource for the long term, and the question is what should be done today to preserve the quality of the environment in the future. In the same way that energy security is about ensuring access to energy for the long run, it can also mean that pressing environmental concerns create a situation where different countries and communities are forced to collaboratively design a unified response, even if cooperation is not generally in the logic of their relations. Over the last several years, the authors of this book and their colleagues have tried to demonstrate the power of risk assessment and decision analysis as valuable tools that decision makers should use for a broad range of environmental problems, including environmental security. Risk analysis is almost more a state of mind or a way of looking at problems than it is a kind of algorithm or a set of recipes. It projects a kind of rationality on problems and forces a certain degree of quantitative rigor, as opposed to the all too common tendency of making environmental recommendations based on anecdotal evidence.

Countering the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

NATO and EU Options in the Mediterranean and the Middle East

Author: Thanos P Dokos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135767920

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2575

As counter-profileration is expected to become the central element in the new national security policy of the US, such actions will constitute a central element of every major international conflict in the first decades of the 21st century. One of the most important geostrategic phenomena of the past decade has been the extraordinary diffusion of war-making capabilities from the developed North to the developing South. In the eyes of some proliferant states, possessing nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons would not only add to their regional stature, but would also offer an asymmetrical counter to the West’s massive superiority in conventional forces. In the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East, a number of countries are assumed to possess varying levels of NBC-weapons capabilities. Reasons for concern include the fact that such weapons have been used in the past; the region’s geographic proximity to Europe and the vital interests of the West (which is prepared, under certain circumstances, to use force to protect them); the multiplicity of conflicts and other security problems; and the general instability in the region (including the spread of religious extremism). This important and timely book assesses, in detail, the accuracy of predictions, and perceptions, about a possible military threat from the Southern Mediterranean (Muslim) world; and their impact on NATO’s political and military posture. Thanos P. Doxos presents an assessment of the Alliance’s options for dealing with the problem. This book represents an invaluable, topical resource for researchers and policy makers.

Bridging the Gap

A Future Security Architecture for the Middle East

Author: Shai Feldman,Abdullah Toukan

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847685516

Category: History

Page: 126

View: 5321

A path-breaking collaboration between an Israeli arms control expert and a Jordanian policy advisor, this concise book offers a frank assessment of Arab and Israeli perceptions of their security problems. Building on the bilateral and multilateral peace process, the authors propose a set of measures to increase trust between the two sides and break out of the security dilemma in which a move by one side to strengthen itself provokes the other side to do the same.

War in Iraq

Planning and Execution

Author: Thomas G. Mahnken,Thomas A. Keaney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134104200

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2456

This volume provides a collection of insightful essays on all phases of the Iraq War: both US-led major combat operations to defeat the Ba’athist regime as well as efforts to reconstruct the country and defeat the insurgency. Written by leading scholars on the Iraq War, many of whom have practical first-hand experience of the war, the book includes a Conclusion by leading US strategic thinker Eliot Cohen. This is the first work on the Iraq War to incorporate an understanding of the Iraqi side of the war, based on a systematic analysis of captured Iraqi archives. War in Iraq will be of great interest to students of the Iraq War, small wars and insurgencies, international security and strategic studies in general.

Democratization and Civilian Control in Asia

Author: A. Croissant,D. Kuehn,P. Lorenz,P. Chambers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137319275

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 9780

How can civilians in newly democratized countries ensure their control over the military? While establishing civilian control of the military is a necessary condition for a functioning democracy, it requires prudent strategic action on the part of the decision-makers to remove the military from positions of power and make it follow their orders.

Weapons Proliferation and War in the Greater Middle East

Strategic Contest

Author: Richard L. Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134213883

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 514

This important new book explores the strategic reasons behind the proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons as well as ballistic missile delivery systems in the Greater Middle East. It examines the uses and limitations of chemical weapons in regional combat, ballistic missile warfare and defenses, as well as Iran's drive for nuclear weapons and the likely regional reactions should Tehran acquire a nuclear weapons inventory. This book also discusses Chinese assistance to WMD and ballistic programs in the Greater Middle East. Finally, this book recommends policy options for American diplomacy to counter the challenges posed by WMD proliferation. This essential study prepares the ground for the challenges facing the international community. Richard Russell is a professor at the National Defense University's Near East-South Asia Center for Strategic Studies in Washington, DC. He also teaches at the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University. He previously served as a political-military analyst at the CIA.

Israeli Statecraft

National Security Challenges and Responses

Author: Yehezkel Dror

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136706372

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 3813

This book offers a systematic examination, analysis and evaluation of Israeli national security statecraft in terms of challenges and responses. Providing an in-depth analysis of Israeli statecraft challenges and responses, this interdisciplinary book integrates social science and security studies with public policy approaches within a long-term historical perspective on the Arab-Israeli conflict. These scholarly approaches are synthesized with extensive personal knowledge of the author based on involvement in Israeli political-security policy making. This book makes use of conceptualizations of statecraft such as 'fuzzy gambling' and interventions with critical mass in ultra-dynamic historical processes to help clarify Israel's main statecraft successes and failures, alongside the wider theoretical apparatuses these concepts represent. While focused on Israel, these theoretical frameworks have important implications for the academic study of statecraft and statecraft praxis worldwide. This book will be of much interest to both statecraft practitioners and to students of Israeli politics and security, the Middle Eastern conflict, strategic studies and IR/security studies in general.

Indian Defence Review

Jan-Mar 2010 (Vol. 25.1)

Author: Bharat Verma

Publisher: Lancer Publishers

ISBN: 9788170621751

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 1865

In this volume: Unprepared and unwilling Peace with Pakistan: an idea whose time has passed Admiral Nirmal Verma, Chief of the Naval Staff Future Trends in Aviation Indian Shipbuilding: key to maritime and economic security Army's Capability Accretion Women in the Armed Forces: misconceptions and facts Facing the Dragon: is India prepared? International Security Challenges and Emerging Flashpoints The Way to Regional Power Status Evolution of the Indian Submarine Arm Aerospace and Defense News Rheinmetall PTC Lockheed Martin EADS Eurofighter Controp Harris Demystifying the New 'Buy and Make (Indian)' Procedure Defense Offsets: proving detrimental to the services Pitfalls in Arms Procurement Process Design Review of Naval Platforms Offset Contracts: under defense procurement procedures in India India 2025: a global defense exports hub? India-Iran Defense Cooperation China 2010 China: friend or foe India and Its Neighbors Kargil: an IAF perspective U.S. Military Surge in Afganistan Combating 'Red Terror' Maoist Threat and Politics Asian Security Environment: India's options India and the U.S.: haunting past and beckoning future Is India Preparing to Lose?

Water in the Middle East

Potential for Conflicts and Prospects for Cooperation

Author: Waltina Scheumann,Manuel Schiffler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540640295

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 191

View: 2748

The fonner Egyptian Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and fonner UN Secre tary General, Butros Butros Ghali stated after the second Gulf War "The next war in the Middle East will not be fought for oil, but for water. " This famous statement has been echoed by many politicians: shortly before be coming president of Turkey, SOleyman Demirel declared that the waters of the Euphrates and Tigris belonged to Turkey, just as oil belongs to the Arabs. Rafael Eytan, at that time and now again Israeli Minister of Agriculture, declared in 1990 in full-page advertisements in the Jerusalem Post that Israel would never cede the West Bank to the Palestinians because Israel's water supply would otherwise be endangered. Finally, Ismail Serageldin, vice president of the World Bank, declared in 1995 that "the wars of the next century will be over water". These statements are typical of the atmosphere reigning in the Middle East and in several other places around the world concerning the issue of international fresh water resources. Whether these perceptions correspond to an actual threat to a nation's water supply or whether they correspond to the official position of states in negotiations often conducted secretly, is an entirely different matter. A closer analysis of the issue of international fresh water resources, as we attempt in this book, admittedly reveals a dangerous potential for conflict over water.

Contentious Issues of Security and the Future of Turkey

Author: Mr Nursin Atesoglu Guney

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409498077

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 1514

Security is a major contemporary concern, with foreign and security policies topping the agenda of many governments. At the centre of Western security concerns is Turkey, due to its geographical proximity to converging major fault lines such as the Caucasus, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. As trans-Atlantic debates evolve around these major fault lines, future relations will have a direct impact on the re-orientation of Turkish foreign and security policies. This comprehensive study focuses on the future of Turkish foreign and security policies within the emerging strategies of the two Wests. Discussing the challenges Turkey has been facing since the turn of the century, it examines Turkish foreign policy in the context of trans-Atlantic relations - as a global actor, and with respect to conflict, new power relations, energy security, Greece, Cyprus and the environment.

Air Force Officer's Guide

Author: Stephen E. Wright

Publisher: Stackpole Books

ISBN: 0811760154

Category: Reference

Page: 432

View: 2586

Air Force officers of all ranks, from cadets to generals, both active duty and reserves, will find this revised edition essential reading for a successful career.

Arms Control and Missile Proliferation in the Middle East

Author: Bernd W. Kubbig,Sven-Eric Fikenscher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136491171

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 9540

This edited volume provides a systematic analysis of the missile threat and proliferation issue in the Middle East region. The question of how to increase the level of security in the Middle East is not a new one, given the conflict-ridden nature of the region. The solution attempted for this predicament has typically revolved around intense arms build-ups, a strategy which can prove self-defeating due to the subsequent countermeasures employed by neighbouring states. Arms Control and Missile Proliferation in the Middle East focuses on the strategic proliferation of arms, with a specific emphasis on missiles. This unique emphasis enables the contributors to provide a dynamic new perspective on conceptual and political disarmament efforts, thereby distinguishing this volume from many other related works on the region, which deal mainly with weapons of mass destruction. The book also explores the possibility of a reduction in weapon arsenals, examining a more promising cooperative security concept which includes confidence- and security-building measures (CSBMs). This book will be of much interest to students of arms control, Middle Eastern politics, Gulf Security, war and conflict studies, security studies and IR.

Japan - U. S. Security Alliance for the 21st Century

Cornerstone of Democracy, Peace, & Prosperity for Our Future Generations

Author: Hitoshi Tanaka,Hisayoshi Ina,Yukio Okamoto

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788147838


Page: 107

View: 1986

Contains articles which present different facets of the security relationship between Japan and the U.S., including writings on President Clinton's visit to Japan, the Japan-U.S. Joint Declaration on Security, and the problem of Okinawa, with an interim report of the Special Action Committee on Okinawa. Also includes major documents related to the Security Alliance, ranging from the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty in 1960, the Japan-U.S. Joint Committee Agreement on Criminal Procedures, the joint press conference, to the Joint Declaration that was issued in April 1996. Tables and maps.

The Cost of Peace

Assessing Europe's Security Options

Author: Stephen Kirby,Nick Hooper

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9783718651719

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 255

View: 3981

First Published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Addressing Global Environmental Security Through Innovative Educational Curricula

Author: Susan Allen-Gil,Lia Stelljes,Olena Borysova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402093144

Category: Education

Page: 235

View: 8135

As the importance of environmental security increases worldwide, colleges and universities are evaluating how well they are preparing the next generation of environmental scientists and managers and developing new educational approaches. In this volume, we examine: (1) current educational practices and the need for change, (2) educational needs from the perspective of employers and professionals, and (3) new practices in higher education in environmental fields. The contributors were carefully selected by an international coordinating team based on their international reputations in the field of progressive educational approaches and understanding of the global employment market in environmental science. Although the focal geographic areas are North America, Europe and the former Soviet republics, the ideas and strategies discussed are universal to all institutions of higher education. We highlight specific non-traditional approaches such as using the university as a curricular tool, developing permaculture programs, and applying sustainability pedagogy, and document their success from both a student and employer perspective. We also include case studies on risk assessment and eco-efficiency education to illustrate why and how transdisciplinary education can be accomplished. We conclude that it is imperative that our educational systems teach environmental security at the university level within a transdisciplinary context; and that opportunities, such as internships and other methods of applied learning, are included in the curriculum.