The Physical Basis of Biochemistry

The Foundations of Molecular Biophysics

Author: Peter R. Bergethon,Rajendra Prasad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387982625

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 1720

The Physical Basis of Biochemistry is a rigorous, imaginative textbook that applies physical and chemical principles to understanding the bi ology of cells. The book features numerous problem sets and examples, clear illustrations, and extensive appendices that provide additional information on mathematics, physics and chemistry topics that support the text. The Physical Basis of Biochemistry is suitable for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in physical biochemistry, biophysic al chemistry, and physical chemistry with application in the life scie nces. It will be welcomed by instructors seeking a text which combines a quantitative approach with a consistent biological perspective.

An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics

Author: Michel Soustelle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118604229

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 3780

This book is a progressive presentation of kinetics of the chemicalreactions. It provides complete coverage of the domain of chemicalkinetics, which is necessary for the various future users in thefields of Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Materials Science,Chemical Engineering, Macromolecular Chemistry and Combustion. Itwill help them to understand the most sophisticated knowledge oftheir future job area. Over 15 chapters, this book present the fundamentals of chemicalkinetics, its relations with reaction mechanisms and kineticproperties. Two chapters are then devoted to experimental resultsand how to calculate the kinetic laws in both homogeneous andheterogeneous systems. The following two chapters describe the mainapproximation modes to calculate these laws. Three chapters aredevoted to elementary steps with the various classes, theprinciples used to write them and their modeling using the theoryof the activated complex in gas and condensed phases. Threechapters are devoted to the particular areas of chemical reactions,chain reactions, catalysis and the stoichiometric heterogeneousreactions. Finally the non-steady-state processes of combustion andexplosion are treated in the final chapter.

Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis and Control

A Reference of Theory and Best-Practice Methods

Author: Daniel L. Purich

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123809258

Category: Science

Page: 920

View: 6905

Far more than a comprehensive treatise on initial-rate and fast-reaction kinetics, this one-of-a-kind desk reference places enzyme science in the fuller context of the organic, inorganic, and physical chemical processes occurring within enzyme active sites. Drawing on 2600 references, Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis & Control develops all the kinetic tools needed to define enzyme catalysis, spanning the entire spectrum (from the basics of chemical kinetics and practical advice on rate measurement, to the very latest work on single-molecule kinetics and mechanoenzyme force generation), while also focusing on the persuasive power of kinetic isotope effects, the design of high-potency drugs, and the behavior of regulatory enzymes. Historical analysis of kinetic principles including advanced enzyme science Provides both theoretical and practical measurements tools Coverage of single molecular kinetics Examination of force generation mechanisms Discussion of organic and inorganic enzyme reactions

Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics

Unimolecular Kinetics, Part 1. The Reaction Step

Author: Nicholas Green

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080543444

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 7090

Unimolecular reactions are in principle the simplest chemical reactions, because they only involve one molecule. The basic mechanism, in which the competition between the chemical reaction step and a collisional deactivation leads to a pressure-dependent coefficient, has been understood for a long time. However, this is a rapidly developing field, and many new and important discoveries have been made in the past decade. This First Part Part of Two CCK Volumes dealing with Unimolecular Rections, deals with the Reaction Step. The first chapter is an introduction to the whole project, aiming to cover the material necessary to understand the content of the detailed chapters, as well as the history of the development of the area. Chapter 2 is a review of the modern view of the statistical theories, as embodied in the various forms of RRKM theory. Chapter 3 deals with the fully quantum mechanical view of reactive states as resonances. . Presents considerable advances in the field made during the last decade. . Treats both the statistical as well as the fully quantum mechanical view.

Homogeneous Catalysis with Metal Complexes

Kinetic Aspects and Mechanisms

Author: Oleg N. Temkin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119966825

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 7339

Homogeneous catalysis by soluble metal complexes has gained considerable attention due to its unique applications and features such as high activity and selectivity. Catalysis of this type has demonstrated impressive achievements in synthetic organic chemistry and commercial chemical technology. Homogeneous Catalysis with Metal Complexes: Kinetic Aspects and Mechanisms presents a comprehensive summary of the results obtained over the last sixty years in the field of the kinetics and mechanisms of organic and inorganic reactions catalyzed with metal complexes. Topics covered include: Specific features of catalytic reaction kinetics in the presence of various mono- and polynuclear metal complexes and nanoclusters Multi-route mechanisms and the methods of their identification, as well as approaches to the kinetics of polyfunctional catalytic systems Principles and features of the dynamic behavior of nonlinear kinetic models The potential, achievements, and limitations of applying the kinetic approach to the identification of complex reaction mechanisms The development of a rational strategy for designing kinetic models The kinetic models and mechanisms of many homogeneous catalytic processes employed in synthetic and commercial chemistry Written for specialists in the field of kinetics and catalysis, this book is also relevant for post-graduates engaged in the study


Ergänzungsband. Teil B — Lieferung 1. Verbindungen bis Chlor und Wasserstoff

Author: R. J. Meyer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662132842

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 9832

Handbook of sol-gel science and technology. 3. Applications of sol-gel technology

Author: Sumio Sakka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402079689

Category: Ceramic materials

Page: 791

View: 2803

Since Dr. Disiich of Germany prepared a glass lens by the sol-gel method around 1970, sol-gel science and technology has continued to develop. Since then this field has seen remarkable technical developments as well as a broadening of the applications of sol-gel science and technology. There is a growing need for a comprehensive reference that treats both the fundamentals and the applications, and this is the aim of "Handbook of Sol-Gel Science and Technology."The primary purpose of sol-gel science and technology is to produce materials, active and non-active including optical, electronic, chemical, sensor, bio- and structural materials. This means that sol-gel science and technology is related to all kinds of manufacturing industries. Thus Volume 1, "Sol-Gel Processing," is devoted to general aspects of processing. Newly developed materials such as organic-inorganic hybrids, photonic crystals, ferroelectric coatings, photocatalysts will be covered. Topics in this volume include: Volume 2, "Characterization of Sol-Gel Materials and Products, "highlights the important fact that useful materials are only produced when characterization is tied to processing. Furthermore, characterization is essential to the understanding of nanostructured materials, and sol-gel technology is a most important technology in this new field. Since nanomaterials display their functional property based on their nano- and micro-structure, "characterization" is very important. Topics found in Volume 2 include: Sol-gel technology is a versatile technology, making it possible to produce a wide variety of materials and to provide existing substances with novel properties. This technology was applied to producingnovel materials, for example organic-inorganic hybrids, which are quite difficult to make by other fabricating techniques, and it was also applied to producing materials based on high temperature superconducting oxides. "Applications of Sol-Gel Technology," (Volume 3), will cover applications such as:

Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics and Reactor Design

Author: Charles G. Hill,Thatcher W. Root

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118797833

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 745

The Second Edition features new problems that engagereaders in contemporary reactor design Highly praised by instructors, students, and chemical engineers,Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics & ReactorDesign has been extensively revised and updated in thisSecond Edition. The text continues to offer a solidbackground in chemical reaction kinetics as well as in material andenergy balances, preparing readers with the foundation necessaryfor success in the design of chemical reactors. Moreover, itreflects not only the basic engineering science, but also themathematical tools used by today’s engineers to solveproblems associated with the design of chemical reactors. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics & ReactorDesign enables readers to progressively build their knowledgeand skills by applying the laws of conservation of mass and energyto increasingly more difficult challenges in reactor design. Thefirst one-third of the text emphasizes general principles ofchemical reaction kinetics, setting the stage for the subsequenttreatment of reactors intended to carry out homogeneous reactions,heterogeneous catalytic reactions, and biochemical transformations.Topics include: Thermodynamics of chemical reactions Determination of reaction rate expressions Elements of heterogeneous catalysis Basic concepts in reactor design and ideal reactor models Temperature and energy effects in chemical reactors Basic and applied aspects of biochemical transformations andbioreactors About 70% of the problems in this Second Edition are new.These problems, frequently based on articles culled from theresearch literature, help readers develop a solid understanding ofthe material. Many of these new problems also offer readersopportunities to use current software applications such as Mathcadand MATLAB®. By enabling readers to progressively build and apply theirknowledge, the Second Edition of Introduction to ChemicalEngineering Kinetics & Reactor Design remains a premiertext for students in chemical engineering and a valuable resourcefor practicing engineers.

Introduction to Chemical Kinetics

Author: Margaret Robson Wright

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047002593X

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 9014

The range of courses requiring a good basic understanding of chemical kinetics is extensive, ranging from chemical engineers and pharmacists to biochemists and providing the fundamentals in chemistry. Due to the wide reaching nature of the subject readers often struggle to find a book which provides in-depth, comprehensive information without focusing on one specific subject too heavily. Here Dr Margaret Wright provides an essential introduction to the subject guiding the reader through the basics but then going on to provide a reference which professionals will continue to dip in to through their careers. Through extensive worked examples, Dr Wright, presents the theories as to why and how reactions occur, before examining the physical and chemical requirements for a reaction and the factors which can influence these. * Carefully structured, each chapter includes learning objectives, summary sections and problems. * Includes numerous applications to show relevance of kinetics and also provides plenty of worked examples integrated throughout the text.

Homogeneous Catalysis

Understanding the Art

Author: Piet W.N.M. van Leeuwen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402019999

Category: Science

Page: 407

View: 8420

No available as softcover No other book available that gives insight into so many reactions of importance, while the field of homogeneous catalysis is becoming more and more important to organic chemists, industrial chemists, and academia. Gives real insight in the many new and old reactions of importance, based on the author's extensive experience in both teaching and industrial practice. Provide background to chemists trained in a different discipline and graduate and masters students who take catalysis as a main or secondary topic.

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals, Second Edition

Author: Joel L. Plawsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439882126

Category: Science

Page: 857

View: 1581

Although the practice of chemical engineering has broadened to encompass problems in a range of disciplines, including biology, biochemistry, and nanotechnology, one of the curriculum’s foundations is built upon the subject of transport phenomena. Transport Phenomena Fundamentals, Second Edition provides a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport based on a balance equation approach. Designed for a two-term course Used in a two-term transport phenomena sequence at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, this text streamlines the approach to how the subject is taught. The first part of the book takes students through the balance equation in the context of diffusive transport, be it momentum, energy, mass, or charge. Each chapter adds a term to the balance equation, highlighting the effects of that addition on the physical behavior of the system and the underlying mathematical description. The second half of the book builds upon the balance equation description of diffusive transport by introducing convective transport terms, focusing on partial rather than ordinary differential equations. The Navier–Stokes and convective transport equations are derived from balance equations in both macroscopic and microscopic forms. Includes examples and problems drawn from Comsol® software The second edition of this text is now enhanced by the use of finite element methods in the form of examples and extended homework problems. A series of example modules are associated with each chapter of the text. Some of the modules are used to produce examples in the text, and some are discussed in the homework at the end of each chapter. All of the modules are located online at an accompanying website which is designed to be a living component of the course. (available on the download tab)

Physical Principles of Food Preservation

Revised and Expanded

Author: Marcus Karel,Daryl B. Lund

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203911792

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 3815

This reference examines the properties, conditions, and theoretical principles governing the safety and efficacy of various food preservation, storage, and packaging techniques. The book analyzes methods to predict and optimize the nutrition, texture, and quality of food compounds while reducing operating cost and waste. The Second Edition contains new chapters and discussions on non-thermal processes; the mechanisms of heat transfer, including conduction, convection, radiation, and dielectric and microwave heating; the kinetic parameters of food process operations; freezing technology, using illustrative examples; recent breakthroughs in cryochemistry and cryobiology, and more.

Fundamental Chemical Kinetics

An Explanatory Introduction to the Concepts

Author: M R Wright

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1782420525

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 427

The unusual approach of this text gives final honours and post-graduate students a clear and explanatory account of one of the “harder areas of physical chemistry. The author takes care to provide detailed verbal clarification of the concepts and their importance together with full explanations of the mathematical developments. Her explanations are an essential and vital feature of the text, which is scholarly, lucid and well-written with a combination of depth of coverage and clarity which helps students to work through on their own. A clear and explanatory account of one of the more difficult areas of physical chemistry Provides detailed verbal clarification of the concepts and their importance together with full explanations of the mathematical developments Discusses energy transfer, molecular beam studies of reactive scattering and historical developments and modern kinetics, among other topics

Gaither's Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

A Collection of Approximately 27,000 Quotations Pertaining to Archaeology, Architecture, Astronomy, Biology, Botany, Chemistry, Cosmology, Darwinism, Engineering, Geology, Mathematics, Medicine, Nature, Nursing, Paleontology, Philosophy, Physics, Probability, Science, Statistics, Technology, Theory, Universe, and Zoology

Author: Carl C. Gaither,Alma E. Cavazos-Gaither

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461411130

Category: Science

Page: 2770

View: 4294

This unprecedented collection of 27,000 quotations is the most comprehensive and carefully researched of its kind, covering all fields of science and mathematics. With this vast compendium you can readily conceptualize and embrace the written images of scientists, laymen, politicians, novelists, playwrights, and poets about humankind's scientific achievements. Approximately 9000 high-quality entries have been added to this new edition to provide a rich selection of quotations for the student, the educator, and the scientist who would like to introduce a presentation with a relevant quotation that provides perspective and historical background on his subject. Gaither's Dictionary of Scientific Quotations, Second Edition, provides the finest reference source of science quotations for all audiences. The new edition adds greater depth to the number of quotations in the various thematic arrangements and also provides new thematic categories.

Applications of Kinetic Modelling

Author: G. Hancock,R.G. Compton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080527345

Category: Science

Page: 713

View: 787

Volume 37 is concerned with the use and role of modelling in chemical kinetics and seeks to show the interplay of theory or simulation with experiment in a diversity of physico-chemical areas in which kinetics measurements provide significant physical insight. Areas of application covered within the volume include electro- and interfacial chemistry, physiology, biochemistry, solid state chemistry and chemical engineering. A leading contributor to this general area has been Professor W. John Albery, FRS, to whom the contributors and editors dedicate this book.

Physikalische Chemie

Author: Peter W. Atkins,Julio de Paula,Michael Bär,Anna Schleitzer,Carsten Heinisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527315462

Category: Science

Page: 1220

View: 303

Surface Science

Foundations of Catalysis and Nanoscience

Author: Kurt W. Kolasinski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471492443

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 4406

Offers a comprehensive, modern introduction to the subject, taking a truly pedagogical approach. This text will provide the reader with a well-rounded understanding, not only of how chemistry works at surfaces, but also how to understand and probe the dynamics of surface reactions.