Foundations of Physical Chemistry

Author: Charles P. Lawrence,Alison Rodger,R. G. Compton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 9148

An introduction to undergraduate level physical chemistry that should bridge the increasing gap between school or college and university. It aims to stimulate students to extend their knowledge from A/AS/GNVQ level to the ideas essential for university ent

Deterministic Kinetics in Chemistry and Systems Biology

The Dynamics of Complex Reaction Networks

Author: Gábor Lente

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319154826

Category: Science

Page: 135

View: 5723

This book gives a concise overview of the mathematical foundations of kinetics used in chemistry and systems biology. The analytical and numerical methods used to solve complex rate equations with the widely used deterministic approach will be described, with primary focus on practical aspects important in designing experimental studies and the evaluation of data. The introduction of personal computers transformed scientific attitudes in the last two decades considerably as computational power ceased to be a limiting factor. Despite this improvement, certain time-honored approximations in solving rate equations such as the pre-equilibrium or the steady-state approach are still valid and necessary as they concern the information content of measured kinetic traces. The book shows the role of these approximations in modern kinetics and will also describe some common misconceptions in this field.

The Physical Basis of Biochemistry

The Foundations of Molecular Biophysics

Author: Peter R. Bergethon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387982625

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 7518

The Physical Basis of Biochemistry is a rigorous, imaginative textbook that applies physical and chemical principles to understanding the bi ology of cells. The book features numerous problem sets and examples, clear illustrations, and extensive appendices that provide additional information on mathematics, physics and chemistry topics that support the text. The Physical Basis of Biochemistry is suitable for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in physical biochemistry, biophysic al chemistry, and physical chemistry with application in the life scie nces. It will be welcomed by instructors seeking a text which combines a quantitative approach with a consistent biological perspective.

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Paul L. Houston

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131696

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 9844

DIVThis text teaches the principles underlying modern chemical kinetics in a clear, direct fashion, using several examples to enhance basic understanding. Solutions to selected problems. 2001 edition. /div

Reaction Rate Theory and Rare Events

Author: Baron Peters

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444594701

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 634

View: 1570

Reaction Rate Theory and Rare Events bridges the historical gap between these subjects because the increasingly multidisciplinary nature of scientific research often requires an understanding of both reaction rate theory and the theory of other rare events. The book discusses collision theory, transition state theory, RRKM theory, catalysis, diffusion limited kinetics, mean first passage times, Kramers theory, Grote-Hynes theory, transition path theory, non-adiabatic reactions, electron transfer, and topics from reaction network analysis. It is an essential reference for students, professors and scientists who use reaction rate theory or the theory of rare events. In addition, the book discusses transition state search algorithms, tunneling corrections, transmission coefficients, microkinetic models, kinetic Monte Carlo, transition path sampling, and importance sampling methods. The unified treatment in this book explains why chemical reactions and other rare events, while having many common theoretical foundations, often require very different computational modeling strategies. Offers an integrated approach to all simulation theories and reaction network analysis, a unique approach not found elsewhere Gives algorithms in pseudocode for using molecular simulation and computational chemistry methods in studies of rare events Uses graphics and explicit examples to explain concepts Includes problem sets developed and tested in a course range from pen-and-paper theoretical problems, to computational exercises

Advanced Data Analysis and Modelling in Chemical Engineering

Author: Denis Constales,Gregory S. Yablonsky,Dagmar R. D'hooge,Joris W. Thybaut,Guy B. Marin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444594841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 9625

Advanced Data Analysis and Modeling in Chemical Engineering provides the mathematical foundations of different areas of chemical engineering and describes typical applications. The book presents the key areas of chemical engineering, their mathematical foundations, and corresponding modeling techniques. Modern industrial production is based on solid scientific methods, many of which are part of chemical engineering. To produce new substances or materials, engineers must devise special reactors and procedures, while also observing stringent safety requirements and striving to optimize the efficiency jointly in economic and ecological terms. In chemical engineering, mathematical methods are considered to be driving forces of many innovations in material design and process development. Presents the main mathematical problems and models of chemical engineering and provides the reader with contemporary methods and tools to solve them Summarizes in a clear and straightforward way, the contemporary trends in the interaction between mathematics and chemical engineering vital to chemical engineers in their daily work Includes classical analytical methods, computational methods, and methods of symbolic computation Covers the latest cutting edge computational methods, like symbolic computational methods

Thermodynamics and kinetics for the biological sciences

Author: Gordon G. Hammes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780471374916

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 4503

Gain a working knowledge of thermodynamics and kinetics with a minimum of mathematics-a guide for individuals in the biological sciences An understanding of thermodynamics and kinetics is essential for researchers investigating molecular phenomena in diverse disciplines, including bioorganic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, pharmaceuticals, and biology. The use of these physical chemistry tools in the biological sciences has exploded over the past fifteen years, but the majority of works on thermodynamics and kinetics require mathematical expertise beyond that of many researchers in the field. Presenting a highly accessible introduction to thermodynamics and kinetics, Thermodynamics and Kinetics for the Biological Sciences employs a minimum of mathematics, assuming only a basic calculus background, while treating a wide range of topics in a logical and easy-to-follow style. All principles and concepts are clearly illustrated through the use of relevant applications and examples from the biological sciences, and explanations are further enhanced with problems and up-to-date references. Written by a world-renowned authority on biochemical kinetics, this remarkable book also features an easy-to-understand statistical development of entropy and a more extensive coverage of chemical kinetics and ligand binding to macromolecules than is usually found in books of this kind. Readers will acquire a working knowledge of thermodynamics and kinetics that they can readily apply to biological systems and use for exploring the scientific literature.

Foundations of biochemical engineering

kinetics and thermodynamics in biological systems

Author: American Chemical Society. Division of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. Winter Symposium,American Chemical Society. Division of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society


Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 2249

The Quantum Challenge

Modern Research on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Author: George Greenstein,Arthur Zajonc

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763724702

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 4140

The Quantum Challenge, Second Edition, is an engaging and thorough treatment of the extraordinary phenomena of quantum mechanics and of the enormous challenge they present to our conception of the physical world. Traditionally, the thrill of grappling with such issues is reserved for practicing scientists, while physical science, mathematics, and engineering students are often isolated from these inspiring questions. This book was written to remove this isolation.

The Edge of Objectivity

An Essay in the History of Scientific Ideas

Author: Charles Coulston Gillispie

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140088358X

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 4333

Originally published in 1960, The Edge of Objectivity helped to establish the history of science as a full-fledged academic discipline. In the mid-1950s, a young professor at Princeton named Charles Gillispie began teaching Humanities 304, one of the first undergraduate courses offered anywhere in the world on the history of science. From Galileo's analysis of motion to theories of evolution and relativity, Gillispie introduces key concepts, individuals, and themes. The Edge of Objectivity arose out of this course. It must have been a lively class. The Edge of Objectivity is pointed, opinionated, and selective. Even at six hundred pages, the book is, as the title suggests, an essay. Gillispie is unafraid to rate Mendel higher than Darwin, Maxwell above Faraday. Full of wry turns of phrase, the book effectively captures people and places. And throughout the book, Gillispie pushes an argument. He views science as the progressive development of more objective, detached, mathematical ways of viewing the world, and he orchestrates his characters and ideas around this theme. This edition of Charles Coulston Gillispie’s landmark book introduces a new generation of readers to his provocative and enlightening account of the advancement of scientific thought over the course of four centuries. Since the original publication of The Edge of Objectivity, historians of science have focused increasingly on the social context of science rather than its internal dynamics, and they have frequently viewed science more as a threatening instance of power than as an accumulation of knowledge. Nevertheless, Gillispie’s book remains a sophisticated, fast-moving, idiosyncratic account of the development of scientific ideas over four hundred years, by one of the founding intellects in the history of science. Featuring a new foreword by Theodore Porter, who places the work in its intellectual context and the development of the field, this edition of The Edge of Objectivity is a monumental work by one of the founding intellects of the history of science.

Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis and Control

A Reference of Theory and Best-Practice Methods

Author: Daniel L. Purich

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123809258

Category: Science

Page: 920

View: 4050

Far more than a comprehensive treatise on initial-rate and fast-reaction kinetics, this one-of-a-kind desk reference places enzyme science in the fuller context of the organic, inorganic, and physical chemical processes occurring within enzyme active sites. Drawing on 2600 references, Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis & Control develops all the kinetic tools needed to define enzyme catalysis, spanning the entire spectrum (from the basics of chemical kinetics and practical advice on rate measurement, to the very latest work on single-molecule kinetics and mechanoenzyme force generation), while also focusing on the persuasive power of kinetic isotope effects, the design of high-potency drugs, and the behavior of regulatory enzymes. Historical analysis of kinetic principles including advanced enzyme science Provides both theoretical and practical measurements tools Coverage of single molecular kinetics Examination of force generation mechanisms Discussion of organic and inorganic enzyme reactions

Colloidal Foundations of Nanoscience

Author: Debora Berti,Gerardo Palazzo

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444595422

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 6560

Colloidal Foundations of Nanoscience explores the theory and concepts of colloid chemistry and its applications to nanoscience and nanotechnology. It provides the essential conceptual and methodological tools to approach nano-research issues. The authors’ expertise in colloid science will contribute to the understanding of basic issues involved in research. Each chapter covers a classical subject of colloid science, in simple and straightforward terms, and addresses its relevance to nanoscience before introducing case studies. Gathers in a single volume the information currently scattered across various sources Straightforward introduction of theoretical concepts and in-depth case studies help you understand molecular mechanisms and master advanced techniques Includes chapter on self-assembly as an alternative to nanostructured phases Includes examples showing applications of classical concepts to real-world cutting-edge research

Principles of Environmental Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Fourth Edition

Author: Kalliat T. Valsaraj,Elizabeth M. Melvin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429959087

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 939

This book is about applications of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics to various environmental problems related to air, water, soil, and biota. The new edition contains substantial updates and a new table of contents. The applications are new and extended to include current events in environmentally-based challenges. Demonstrates the theoretical foundations of chemical property estimations for environmental process modeling. Provides a thorough understanding of applications and limitations of various property correlations. It adopts a multimedia approach to fate and transport modeling and pollution control design options. Includes numerous worked-out examples and hundreds of problems.

Stochastic Chemical Kinetics

Theory and (Mostly) Systems Biological Applications

Author: Péter Érdi,Gábor Lente

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 149390387X

Category: Science

Page: 162

View: 950

This volume reviews the theory and simulation methods of stochastic kinetics by integrating historical and recent perspectives, presents applications, mostly in the context of systems biology and also in combustion theory. In recent years, due to the development in experimental techniques, such as optical imaging, single cell analysis, and fluorescence spectroscopy, biochemical kinetic data inside single living cells have increasingly been available. The emergence of systems biology brought renaissance in the application of stochastic kinetic methods.