The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Author: Timothy H. Lim

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300164343

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8201

DIVThe discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls provides unprecedented insight into the nature of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament before its fixation. Timothy Lim here presents a complete account of the formation of the canon in Ancient Judaism from the emergence of the Torah in the Persian period to the final acceptance of the list of twenty-two/twenty-four books in the Rabbinic period./divDIV /divDIVUsing the Hebrew Bible, the Scrolls, the Apocrypha, the Letter of Aristeas, the writings of Philo, Josephus, the New Testament, and Rabbinic literature as primary evidence he argues that throughout the post-exilic period up to around 100 CE there was not one official “canon” accepted by all Jews; rather, there existed a plurality of collections of scriptures that were authoritative for different communities. Examining the literary sources and historical circumstances that led to the emergence of authoritative scriptures in ancient Judaism, Lim proposes a theory of the majority canon that posits that the Pharisaic canon became the canon of Rabbinic Judaism in the centuries after the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple./div


Gesammelte Studien zum Alten Testament

Author: Christoph Levin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110905841

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 9325

Der Band enthält zwanzig exegetische Studien aus den Jahren 1981 bis 2002 zur Literatur- und Theologiegeschichte des Alten Testaments sowie zur Frühgeschichte Israels.

The Formation and Significance of the Christian Biblical Canon

A Study in Text, Ritual and Interpretation

Author: Tomas Bokedal

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 056707546X

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 1668

This book offers a fresh cross-disciplinary approach to the current discussion on the Christian canon formation process. By carefully integrating historical, hermeneutical and theological aspects to account for the emergence of the canon, it seeks to offer a more comprehensive picture of the canon development than has previously been achieved. The formation and continuous usage of the Christian biblical canon is here viewed as an act of literary preservation and actualization of the church's apostolic normative tradition - 'the Scriptures and the Lord' - addressing, first of all, the church, but also the wider society. In order to grasp the complex phenomenon of the biblical canon, the study is divided into four parts, focusing respectively on linguistic and effective-historical, textual and material, performative, and ideational aspects of the canon. Attention is given to the scribal nomina sacra convention, the codex format, oral and written Gospel, early Christian liturgical praxis and the Rule of Faith. Bokedal argues that the canon was formed in a process, with its own particular intention, history, and direction. Throughout the study, history and theology, past and present are considered alongside each other. By using a Gadamerian hermeneutics of tradition, the reader's attention is directed to historical dimensions of the canon and its interpretative possibilities for our time. The notion of effective history (Wirkungsgeschichte), as well as the interaction between text, community and reader are crucial to the argument. The canonical text as text, its interpretation and ritual contextualization are highlighted as unifying elements for the communities being addressed.

Die Bibel für Dummies

Author: Jeffrey Geoghegan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352769238X

Category: Religion

Page: 422

View: 6292

Die Bibel verstehen, von Alpha bis Omega Worum geht es in der Bibel? Wer hat das Buch der Bücher geschrieben? Und stimmt das, was darin steht? Warum ist das Alte Testament so schwer verständlich? Wie unterscheiden sich die jüdische und die christliche Bibel? Wie sehen andere Religionen die Heilige Schrift der Christen? Antworten auf all diese und viele andere Fragen finden Sie in diesem leicht verständlichen Buch. Jeffrey Geoghegan und Michael Homan nehmen Sie mit auf die spannende Reise in das Alte und Neue Testament, ergründen deren Einfluss auf Kunst und Kultur und lassen so die Heilige Schrift lebendig werden.

The Dead Sea Scrolls: a Very Short Introduction

Author: Timothy Lim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198779526

Category: Religion

Page: 144

View: 1192

Since their discovery in 1947, the Dead Sea Scrolls have become an icon in popular culture that transcends their status as ancient Jewish manuscripts. Everyone has heard of the Scrolls, but amidst the conspiracies, the politics, and the sensational claims, it can be difficult to separate the myths from the reality. In this Very Short introductions, Timothy Lim discusses the cultural significance of the finds, and the religious, political and legal controversies during the seventy years of study since the discovery. He also looks at the contribution the Scrolls have made to our understanding of the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible, and the origins of early Christianity. Exploring the most recent scholarly discussions on the archaeology of Khirbet Qumran, and the study of the biblical texts, the canon, and the history of the Second Temple Period, he considers what the scrolls reveal about sectarianism in early Judaism. Was the archaeological site of Qumran a centre of monastic life, a fortress, a villa, or a pottery factory? Why were some of their biblical texts so different from the ones that we read today? Did they have 'a Bible'? Who were the Essenes and why did they think that humanity is to be divided between 'the sons of light' and those in darkness? And, finally, do the Scrolls reflect the teachings of the earliest followers of Jesus? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Exploring the Origins of the Bible (Acadia Studies in Bible and Theology)

Canon Formation in Historical, Literary, and Theological Perspective

Author: Craig A. Evans,Emanuel Tov

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 9781585588145

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 8463

How did the Bible we have come to be? What do biblical scholars mean when they talk about canon, the Septuagint, the Apocrypha, or the Masoretic Text? All this biblical study is interesting, but does it really matter? Leading international scholars explain that it does. This thought-provoking and cutting-edge collection will help you go deeper in your understanding of the biblical writings, how those writings became canonical Scripture, and why canon matters. Beginning with an explanation of the different versions of the Hebrew Bible, scholars in different areas of expertise explore the complexities and issues related to the Old and New Testament canons, why different Jewish and Christian communities have different collections, and the importance of canon to theology.

Der Barnabasbrief

Author: Ferdinand-Rupert Prostmeier

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525516836

Category: Religion

Page: 648

View: 2380

English summary: A concise commentary and historical analysis of the Epistle of Barnabas, an early Christian document included in the Codex Sinaiticus (which otherwise contains canonical scriptures). German description: Der Barnabasbrief ist ein anonymer brieflich gerahmter Traktat uber die vollkommene Gnosis, die erst gottgehorsames Handeln im Glauben an Jesus Christus und Teilhabe an dem im Christusereignis exklusiv der Kirche verheiaenen und verburgten eschatologischen Heil ermoglicht. Er will anhand autoritativer Zeugnisse die christliche Identitat seiner Leser in Abgrenzung zu anderen Christen aufzeigen und sichern. In diesem Dienst stehen die Schriftauslegung, die Adaption einer Zwei-Wege-Lehre und die polemischen Tendenzen. Die Hochachtung von Schrift und judischer Tradition einerseits und deren Okkupation fur die Kirche und die gleichzeitige radikale Verwerfung von allem Judischen andererseits machen die Eigentumlichkeit und Fremdartigkeit dieser fruhchristlichen Schrift und zugleich den Reiz fur ihre Auslegung aus. Ferdinand R. Prostmeiers Auslegung ist der erste wissenschaftliche Kommentar zum Barnabasbrief seit 1920.

The First Bible of the Church

A Plea for the Septuagint

Author: Mogens Müller

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567634175

Category: Religion

Page: 163

View: 8567

The First Bible of the Church describes of the shape of the Jewish Bible at the time of the New Testament, with a special focus on the significance of the Greek translation, the Septuagint. The Jewish defence of the Septuagint version and its reception into the early Church makes it a representative of the Jewish Bible tradition fully on a par with the Hebrew Bible. This fact is especially important because the Septuagint is extensively used in the New Testament writings, whereby it-and not the Hebrew Bible (the Masoretic text)-is the most obvious candidate for the title of the first Bible of the Church.

On the Origins of Judaism

Author: Philip R. Davies

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134945027

Category: History

Page: 173

View: 9519

On the Origins of Judaism examines the formation of one of the oldest monotheistic religions. The book covers a diverse range of themes: the identity of those who produced and canonized the Hebrew Bible and subsequently shaped its interpretation; the significance and impact of Second Isaiah and the books of Ezra and Nehemiah; the roots of Jewish apocalyptic literature, and the possible origins of the Exodus story; the ethical systems of the Hebrew Bible and the Athenian tragedians; and the place of food and drink in the Qumran community. On the Origins of Judaism is the most comprehensive exploration of the roots of the Jewish faith and will be invaluable to students and scholars of biblical and religious studies.

The Making of the Old Testament

Author: Enid B. Mellor

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521096737

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 9078

This volume is concerned with the formation of the books of the Old Testament and Apocrypha in the context of the ancient Near Eastern World.

Das Alte Testament als christliche Bibel in orthodoxer und westlicher Sicht

zweite europäische orthodox-westliche Exegetenkonferenz im Rilakloster vom 8.-15. September 2001

Author: Europäische Orthodox-Westliche Exegetenkonferenz

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161484278

Category: Religion

Page: 420

View: 1688

English summary: This collection of essays includes papers given at the Second European Orthodox-Western Symposium of Biblical Scholars in Rila, Bulgaria. It also contains summaries of the discussions which took place in the various groups and formulates the different perspectives in the dialog between orthodox and Western biblical scholars. The book deals with the Old Testament in the Christian tradition, the Old Testament in the New Testament and in ancient Judaism, the canon of the Old Testament as well as Messianic texts and their Christian interpretation from an orthodox, Catholic and Protestant perspective. German description: Der Band gibt die Vortrage der Zweiten europaischen orthodox-westlichen Exegetenkonferenz vom 8.-15. September 2001 im Rilakloster in Bulgarien wieder. Ausserdem werden die Diskussionen in den Arbeitsgruppen resumiert und in einem Ausblick Perspektiven des Gesprachs zwischen orthodoxen und westlichen Bibelwissenschaftlern formuliert.Nach einem ersten Symposium von orthodoxen, evangelischen und katholischen Neutestamentlern 1998 in Rumanien, das hermeneutischen und methodischen Grundfragen der Exegese gewidmet war, konzentrieren sich die Beitrage zur Rila-Konferenz auf die Beziehung beider Testamente der christlichen Bibel aufeinander. Aus orthodoxer, katholischer und evangelischer Perspektive werden das Alte Testament in christlicher Tradition, das Alte Testament im Neuen Testament und im antiken Judentum, der Kanon des Alten Testaments sowie messianische Texte und ihre christliche Interpretation behandelt. Ein Beitrag wurdigt aus judischer Sicht den Tanach in der Rezeption des nachbiblischen Judentums.Neben grundlegend hermeneutisch ausgerichteten Beitragen und Darstellungen zur Auslegungsgeschichte des Alten Testaments stehen exegetische Studien zu alttestamentlichen Texten und historisch-philologische Untersuchungen zu patristischen Quellen.

Keine Posaunen vor Jericho

Die archäologische Wahrheit über die Bibel

Author: Israel Finkelstein,Neil Asher Silberman

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406655394

Category: Bibles

Page: 381

View: 3379

Bisher diente biblische Archäologie zum Beweis der Heiligen Schrift. Die beiden international renommierten Archäologen drehen den Spieß um und lassen die Ausgrabungen eine eigene Sprache sprechen. Ihr dramatisch neues, archäologisch fundiertes Bild von der Geschichte Israels zwingt zum Umdenken. Der Auszug aus Ägypten, die Einnahme Kanaans, das Großreich unter König David und der Tempelbau in Jerusalem unter König Salomon galten lange auch bei den kritischsten Wissenschaftlern als gesichert. Neueste Ausgrabungen, bisher nur Experten bekannt, zeigen ein ganz anderes Bild: " Den Auszug aus Ägypten gab es ebensowenig wie eine "Landnahme". " Jerusalem unter David und Salomon war ein größeres Dorf sicher ohne zentralen Tempel und großen Palast. " Der Monotheismus hat sich viel später entwickelt als bisher angenommen & Das klar und anschaulich geschriebene Buch ist in zwölf Kapitel gegliedert: Auf die Nacherzählung der biblischen Geschichte folgt jeweils die archäologische Spurensuche. Im nächsten Schritt rekonstruieren die Autoren (Israel Finkelstein ist der Direktor des israelischen Instituts Tel Aviv) den tatsächlichen historischen Ablauf, um abschließend zu fragen, wann und warum die Geschichte aufgeschrieben wurde.

Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity

The Reception of Enochic Literature

Author: Annette Yoshiko Reed

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139446878

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 1376

This book considers the early history of Jewish-Christian relations focussing on traditions about the fallen angels. In the Book of the Watchers, an Enochic apocalypse from the third century BCE, the 'sons of God' of Gen 6:1–4 are accused of corrupting humankind through their teachings of metalworking, cosmetology, magic, and divination. By tracing the transformations of this motif in Second Temple, Rabbinic, and early medieval Judaism and early, late antique, and Byzantine Christianity, this book sheds light on the history of interpretation of Genesis, the changing status of Enochic literature, and the place of parabiblical texts and traditions in the interchange between Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. In the process, it explores issues such as the role of text-selection in the delineation of community boundaries and the development of early Jewish and Christian ideas about the origins of evil on the earth.

Formation of the Bible: the Story of the Church's Canon

Author: Lee Martin McDonald

Publisher: Hendrickson Publishers

ISBN: 1598568388

Category: Religion

Page: 178

View: 5232

Lee McDonald is well known for his scholarly works on the formation of the biblical canon - now he has written an accessible and helpful introduction. Combining his lifelong commitment to Scripture as pastor and scholar, McDonald approaches his task with sensitivity and precision. He tells the fascinating and gripping story of how the church's canon came to be.

A History of Biblical Interpretation, Volume 1

The Ancient Period

Author: Alan J. Hauser,Duane F. Watson

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802842732

Category: Religion

Page: 536

View: 1766

At first glance, it may seem strange that after more than two thousand years of biblical interpretation there are still major disagreements among biblical scholars about what the Jewish and Christian Scriptures say and about how one is to read and understand them. Yet the range of interpretive approaches now available is the result both of the richness of the biblical texts themselves and of differences in the worldviews of the communities and individuals who have sought to make the Scriptures relevant to their own time and place. "A History of Biblical Interpretation" provides detailed and extensive studies of the interpretation of the Scriptures by Jewish and Christian writers throughout the ages. Written by internationally renowned scholars, this multivolume work comprehensively treats the many different methods of interpretation, the many important interpreters who have written in various eras, and the many key issues that have surfaced repeatedly over the long course of biblical interpretation. This first volume of "A History of Biblical Interpretation" explores interpreters and their methods in the ancient period, from the very earliest stages to the time when the canons of Judaism and Christianity gained general acceptance. The first part of the book concentrates on the use of the Scriptures within Judaism. Chapters examine inner-biblical exegesis in the Tanak, the development of the Septuagint, the exegetical approach of Philo of Alexandria, biblical interpretation in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Targumim, the nature of rabbinic midrash, the stabilization of the Hebrew Bible, and the interpretation of the Bible in the Jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. The secondpart of the book probes themes specific to Christian interpretation of the biblical texts. Chapters here discusses how Israel's Scriptures are used in the New Testament writings, the hermeneutical approaches of the Apostolic Fathers and the Apologists, Alexandrian and Antiochene exegesis, the contributions of Jerome and Augustine, the formation of the New Testament canon, and the interpretation of Scripture in the New Testament Apocrypha and Gnostic writings. In addition to these in-depth studies, the volume includes a substantial introduction by the editors that gives readers both a broad overview of the primary issues and features of ancient biblical interpretation as treated in this volume and a means of sampling the ways in which the key figures, schools of interpretation, and issues discussed interweave and contrast with each other. Up to date, balanced, and engagingly written, this superb work -- and those to follow -- will soon become a standard resource on the history of biblical interpretation. Contributors: Peder Borgen Dennis Brown James H. Charlesworth Philip R. Davies Craig A. Evans Harry Gamble Leonard Greenspoon Alan J. Hauser Donald H. Juel Martin McNamara Esther Menn Richard A. Norris Jr. Gary G. Porton James A. Sanders Joseph Trigg Duane F. Watson Frances Young