The Fog of Peace

A Memoir of International Peacekeeping in the 21st Century

Author: Jean-Marie Guéhenno

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815726317

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 3565

No small number of books laud and record the heroic actions of those at war. But the peacekeepers? Who tells their stories? At the beginning of the 1990s, the world exited the cold war and entered an era of great promise for peace and security. Guided by an invigorated United Nations, the international community set out to end conflicts that had flared into vicious civil wars and to unconditionally champion human rights and hold abusers responsible. The stage seemed set for greatness. Today that optimism is shattered. The failure of international engagement in conflict areas ranging from Afghanistan to Congo and Lebanon to Kosovo has turned believers into skeptics. The Fog of Peace is a firsthand reckoning by Jean-Marie Guéhenno, the man who led UN peacekeeping efforts for eight years and has been at the center of all the major crises since the beginning of the 21st century. Guéhenno grapples with the distance between the international community's promise to protect and the reality that our noble aspirations may be beyond our grasp. The author illustrates with personal, concrete examples—from the crises in Afghanistan, Iraq, Congo, Sudan, Darfur, Kosovo, Ivory Coast, Georgia, Lebanon, Haiti, and Syria—the need to accept imperfect outcomes and compromises. He argues that nothing is more damaging than excessive ambition followed by precipitous retrenchment. We can indeed save many thousands of lives, but we need to calibrate our ambitions and stay the course.

The Fog of Peace

Author: Giandomenico Picco,Gabrielle Rifkind

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780768974

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3371

Institutions do not decide whom to destroy or to kill, whether to make peace or war; those decisions are the responsibility of individuals. This book argues that the most important aspect of conflict resolution is for antagonists to understand their opponents as individuals, their ambitions, their pains, the resentments that condition their thinking and the traumas they do not fully themselves grasp. Gabrielle Rifkind and Giandomenico Pico here present two very different experiences of international relations - Rifkind as a psychotherapist now immersed in the politics of the Middle East, and Picco as a career diplomat with a long and successful record as a negotiator at the UN. Should we talk to the enemy? What happens if the protagonists are nasty and brutish, tempting policy-makers to retaliate? How do nations find the capacity not to hit back, trapping themselves in endless cycles of violence? Presenting a unique combination of psychological theories, geopolitical realities and first-hand peace-making experience, this book sheds new light on some of the worst conflicts in the modern world and demonstrates, above all, how empathy can often be far more persuasive than the most fearsome weapons. By exploring the question of intervention versus non-intervention, and examining how the changing nature of warfare and technology has both armed the warmonger, whilst empowering the individual through social media, this is a highly topical, comprehensive overview on international diplomacy and the complexities of peace-making.

Lifting the Fog of Peace

How Americans Learned to Fight Modern War

Author: Janine Davidson

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472034820

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 5709

How military organizations trained for conventional war adapt—or fail to adapt—to nontraditional missions

Fog of Peace

The Human Face of Conflict Resolution

Author: Gabrielle Rifkind,Giandomenico Picco

Publisher: I. B. Tauris

ISBN: 9781784536800

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 1490

Institutions do not decide whom to destroy or to kill, whether to make peace or war; those decisions are the responsibility of individuals. This book argues that the most important aspect of conflict resolution is for antagonists to understand their opponents as individuals, their ambitions, their pains, the resentments that condition their thinking, and the traumas they do not fully grasp themselves. Gabrielle Rifkind and Giandomenico Pico present two very different experiences of international relations -- Rifkind as a psychotherapist now immersed in the politics of the Middle East, and Picco as a career diplomat with a long and successful record as a negotiator at the UN. Developing links between psychology and politics, the authors explore what lies behind the aggressive fa�ade of negotiations and how, underneath the mask, there is a human being. Should we talk to the enemy? What happens if the protagonists are nasty and brutish, tempting policy-makers to retaliate? How do nations find the capacity not to hit back, trapping themselves in endless cycles of violence? Presenting a unique combination of psychological theories, geopolitical realities, and first-hand peace-making experience, this book sheds new light on some of the worst conflicts in the modern world and demonstrates, above all, how empathy can often be far more persuasive than the most fearsome weapons. By exploring the question of intervention versus non-intervention, and examining how the changing nature of warfare and technology has both armed the warmonger, whilst empowering the individual through social media. This is a highly topical, comprehensive overview on international diplomacy and the complexities of peace-making.

The Fog of Peace and War Planning

Military and Strategic Planning under Uncertainty

Author: Talbot C. Imlay,Monica Duffy Toft

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134210876

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 4962

How do we plan under conditions of uncertainty? The perspective of military planners is a key organizing framework: do they see themselves as preparing to administer a peace, or preparing to fight a future war? Most interwar volumes examine only the 1920s and the 1930s. This new volume goes back, and forward in time, to draw on a greater expanse of history in order to tease out lessons for contemporary planners. These chapters are grouped into four periods: 1815-1856, 1871-1914, 1918-1938, and post-Second World War. They progress from low-tech to high-tech concerns, for example, the first period examines armies, while the second period examines navies, the third asseses navies combined with air forces, and finally for the Kaiser chapter explores nuclear issues and decision-making.

Twenty-first-century Peace Operations

Author: William J. Durch

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 9781929223916

Category: History

Page: 651

View: 2462

This superbly edited volume addresses the question of what has been accomplished and what lessons have been learned from ten years of peace operations in post-conflict societies.

Exit Strategies and State Building

Author: Richard Caplan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199760128

Category: Political Science

Page: 337

View: 8676

In Exit Strategies and State Building, fifteen of the world's best scholars and practitioners of peace building focus on relevant historical and contemporary cases to provide a comprehensive overview of this issue. The book identifies four basic types of international operations where state-building has been a major objective—colonial administrations, peacekeeping operations, international administrations, and military occupations. Editor Richard Caplan and his contributors cover a variety of topics, from broad-ranging studies of exit in many types of state-building operations, to focused studies on specific historical cases, to thematic analyses under frameworks such as economics and global international relations. By examining the major challenges associated with the conclusion of international state-building operations and the requirements for the maintenance of peace in the period following exit, this book provides a unique perspective on the realities of military and political intervention. Given the twenty-first century trend toward international intervention the world over , Exit Strategies and State Building sheds more light on what is not merely an academic issue, but a pressing global policy concern.

Lifting the Fog of War

New Thinking About War and War Prevention

Author: John Norton Moore,Michael Mott

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781531008864

Category:

Page: 766

View: 422

This work contains a selection of papers from a working seminar at the University of Virginia School of Law exploring the state of knowledge as to the origins and control of war. As set out in the preface by Professor John Norton Moore, a former Chairman of the Board of the U.S. Institute of Peace, the book criticizes the dominant neo-realism perspective in international relations regarding the origins of war. Importantly, it posits a new DecInCo (Decision-Incentive-Complexity) theory of international relations with greater explanatory power, not just over war, but other key foreign policy issues as well.

Maintaining Peace and Security?

The United Nations in a Changing World

Author: Trudy Fraser

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137032154

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2377

A readable assessment of the evolution, role, limitations and potential of the United Nations and the key challenges it faces in the 21st century.

Power in Uncertain Times

Strategy in the Fog of Peace

Author: Emily Goldman

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804774331

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 5037

This book examines America's evolving strategy on the international security environment, and comprehensively analyzes how different strategies position states to compete in the present and future, manage risk, and prevail despite uncertainty.

Warlike and Peaceful Societies

The Interaction of Genes and Culture

Author: Agner Fog

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 1783744065

Category: Psychology

Page: 364

View: 3197

Are humans violent or peaceful by nature? We are both. In this ambitious and wide-ranging book, Agner Fog presents a ground-breaking new argument that explains the existence of differently organised societies using evolutionary theory. It combines natural sciences and social sciences in a way that is rarely seen. According to a concept called regality theory, people show a preference for authoritarianism and strong leadership in times of war or collective danger, but desire egalitarian political systems in times of peace and safety. These individual impulses shape the way societies develop and organise themselves, and in this book Agner argues that there is an evolutionary mechanism behind this flexible psychology. Incorporating a wide range of ideas including evolutionary theory, game theory, and ecological theory, Agner analyses the conditions that make us either strident or docile. He tests this theory on data from contemporary and ancient societies, and provides a detailed explanation of the applications of regality theory to issues of war and peace, the rise and fall of empires, the mass media, economic instability, ecological crisis, and much more. Warlike and Peaceful Societies: The Interaction of Genes and Culture draws on many different fields of both the social sciences and the natural sciences. It will be of interest to academics and students in these fields, including anthropology, political science, history, conflict and peace research, social psychology, and more, as well as the natural sciences, including human biology, human evolution, and ecology.

The Fog of Peace

Finding the End-state of Hostilities

Author: Manfred Kurt Rotermund

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International police

Page: 59

View: 4430


Peace Operations

Author: Paul F. Diehl

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745642063

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 9718

Peacekeeping has gradually evolved to encompass a broad range of different conflict management missions and techniques, which are incorporated under the term "peace operations." Well over 100 missions have been deployed, the vast majority within the last twenty years. This book provides an overview of the central issues surrounding the development, operation, and effectiveness of peace operations. Among many features, the book: Traces the historical development of peace operations from their origins in the early 20th century through the development of modern peacebuilding missions. Tracks changes over time in the size, mission, and organization of peace operations. Analyses different organizational, financial, and troop provisions for peace operations, as well as assessing alternatives. Lays out criteria for evaluating peace operations and details the conditions under which such operations are successful. As peace operations become the primary mechanism of conflict management used by the UN and regional organizations, understanding their problems and potential is essential for a more secure world. Drawing on a wide range of examples from those between Israel and her neighbors to more recent operations in Somalia and the Congo, this book brings together the body of scholarly research on peace operations to address those concerns. It will be an indispensable guide for students, practitioners and general readers wanting to broaden their knowledge of the possibilities and limits of peace operations today.

Pursuing Peace

A Christian Guide to Handling Our Conflicts

Author: Robert D. Jones

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781433530159

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 208

View: 8281

A Guide to Resolving Relational Conflict You have conflict in your life--we all do. You encounter it in your home, your workplace, your school, or even your church. All around us tensions exist and disputes persist. Offered here is a step-by-step process for pursuing peace in ALL your relationships and a tool you can use to help others. This guide is: BIBLICAL -- relies on the absolute authority, sufficiency, and life-giving power of God's Spirit-breathed Word CHRIST-CENTERED -- depends on the forgiving and empowering grace of Jesus PRACTICAL -- provides concrete action steps, case examples, discussion questions, and suggested language to handle specific situations PROVEN -- offers tried and true methods from a pastor, professor, counselor, and certified Christian conciliator who has led couples, churches, and Christian schools to make peace for nearly thirty years Packed with wisdom and practical techniques, here is a manageable book on reconciliation that will send you on your way to pursuing peace while helping others to do the same.

The Fog of War

Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara

Author: James G. Blight,janet M. Lang

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742580229

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 224

View: 5023

The Fog of War provides the background behind the Academy Award-winning documentary by Errol Morris. In this intriguing work, editors James G. Blight and janet M. Lang, who served as academic advisors on the film, bring together film transcripts, documents, dialogues, and essays to explore the issues raised by Robert McNamara's life and work.

The UN at War

Peace Operations in a New Era

Author: John Karlsrud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319628585

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 6346

This book is a critical political and institutional reflection on UN peace operations. It provides constructive suggestions as to how the UN and the international system can evolve to remain relevant and tackle the peace and security challenges of the 21st century, without abandoning the principles that the UN was founded upon and on which the legitimacy of UN peace operations rests. The author analyses the evolving politics on UN peace operations of the five veto powers of the UN Security Council, as well as major troop-contributing countries and western powers. He investigates the move towards peace enforcement and counter-terrorism, and what consequences this development may have for the UN. Karlsrud issues a challenge to practitioners and politicians to make sure that the calls for reform are anchored in a desire to improve the lives of people suffering in conflicts on the ground—and not spurred by intra-organizational turf battles or solely the narrow self-interests of member states. Finally, he asks how the UN can adapt its practices to become more field- and people-centered, in line with its core, primary commitments of protecting and serving people in need.

Winning the Next War

Innovation and the Modern Military

Author: Stephen Peter Rosen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801481963

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 687

Rosen argues that armies and navies are not forever doomed to "fight the last war." Rather, they are able to respond to shifts in the international strategic situation.