Science in the Enlightenment

An Encyclopedia

Author: William E. Burns

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576078868

Category: Reference

Page: 355

View: 1209

Provides a look at the studies, innovations, key figures, and controversy in the world of science during the eigteenth-century, discussing astronomy, chemistry, botany, and medicine.

The Enlightenment

A Sourcebook and Reader

Author: Paul Hyland,Olga Gomez,Francesca Greensides

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415204491

Category: History

Page: 467

View: 5401

The Enlightenment brings together the work of major Enlightenment thinkers such as Hobbes, Rousseau, Diderot and Kant, to illustrate the full importance and achievements of this period in history. Extracts are gathered thematically into sections on such aspects of the Enlightenment as: political theory religion and belief art and nature. All essays are introduced, and a final section on 'critical reflections' provides a selection of modern critical opinions on the period by writers including Foucault, Habermas, and Lyotard. Containing illustrations from the work of artists such as Hogarth and Gainsborough, a chronology of the Enlightenment, and a detailed bibliography, The Enlightenment is a rich source of information and inspiration for all those studying this great period of change.

The Enlightenment

Author: David Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521564908

Category: History

Page: 529

View: 6664

A major new textbook presenting translated extracts from the writings of major political thinkers of the Enlightenment.

Historical Dictionary of the Enlightenment

Author: Harvey Chisick

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810865488

Category: History

Page: 552

View: 4865

The Enlightenment Movement changed society forever, driving it forward through new and fresh ways of thinking about science, religion, history, politics, and culture. This dictionary offers a balanced overview and helps us to understand and appreciate the Enlightenment through its coverage of the basic assumptions and values that structured the movement; explanation of how these ideas were articulated; the paths of communication they followed; how its key ideas grew, developed and were refracted; and how new problems grew out of what were advanced as solutions to older problems. An engaging introductory essay along with hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries defines the significant persons, places, events, institutions, and literary works of the movement. A chronological table charts the progression of the movement by indicating the date, the main figures involved, the political or society events, and the science, arts, or letters that resulted. The comprehensive bibliography, with an introductory essay to the literature, categorized by subject complements this reference that will be valued by all seeking basic details about this important period.

The Enlightenment

Author: Dorinda Outram

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521425346

Category: History

Page: 141

View: 4133

This major new textbook introduces both the concepts and the contexts of the Enlightenment to students of eighteenth-century history.

Descartes and the Enlightenment

Author: Peter A. Schouls

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 077356408X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 9709

Schouls limits himself to a discussion of these three concepts in order to escape facile and vague generalizations. For the same reason, in relating Descartes to eighteenth-century thinkers, Schouls limits his attention to a single part of the spectrum of acknowledged Enlightenment reflection, the French "philosopes." From their writings he demonstrates that they are, and acknowledge themselves to be, Descartes' progeny.

The Enlightenment

Author: Ronald S. Love

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 911

Explore the radical ideas of the European Enlightenment, which catapulted intellectual and philosophical thought into the modern age.

Aufklärung jetzt

Für Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt. Eine Verteidigung

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 2812

Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates

Benedict XIV and the Enlightenment

Art, Science, and Spirituality

Author: Rebecca Messbarger,Christopher Johns,Philip Gavitt

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442624752

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 1729

Benedict XIV and the Enlightenment offers a comprehensive assessment of Benedict's engagement with Enlightenment art, science, spirituality, and culture.

Philosophers of the Enlightenment

Author: Peter Gilmour

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780389209102

Category: Philosophy

Page: 183

View: 4939

This is the first clear and comprehensive introduction to the philosophers of the Enlightenment. Nine contemporary specialists lead the student gently through Enlightenment thought by looking at the lives and writings of individual philosophers, such as Liebniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Reid, Kant, Voltaire and Fourier. This is an introduction to a complex subject which should become recommended reading for students of philosophy from school to university level, as well as anyone interested in Enlightenment thought. Contents: PETER GILMOUR Introduction; STUART BROWN 1. eibniz and the Fashion for Systems and Hypotheses; JOHN WILLIAMSON 2. Boyle and Locke: on Material Substance; STEPHEN CLARK 3. Soft as the Rustle of a Reed from Cloyne (Berkeley); ANGUS J. MACKAY 4. David Hume; R.F. STALLEY 5. Common Sense and Enlightenment: the Philosophy of Thomas Reid; MURRAY MACBEATH 6. Kant; CHRISTOPHER BERRY 7. Adam Smith: Commerce, Liberty and Modernity; PETER JIMACK 8. Voltaire; I.D. LLOYD-JONES 9. Charles Fourier: Faithful Pupil of the Enlightenment; Index^R

Women and the Enlightenment

Author: Margaret Hunt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780866561907

Category: History

Page: 93

View: 7064

This examination of previously unexplored aspects of women's roles in the European Enlightenment will enhance yur understanding of the culture and the role played by women.

The Enlightenment

A Very Short Introduction

Author: John Robertson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199591784

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 5805

A foundational moment in the history of modern European thought, the Enlightenment continues to be a reference point for philosophers, scholars and opinion-formers. To many it remains the inspiration of our commitments to the betterment of the human condition. To others, it represents the elevation of one set of European values to the world, many of whose peoples have quite different values. But what is the relationship between the historical Enlightenment and the idea of 'Enlightenment', and can these two understandings be reconciled? In this Very Short Introduction, John Robertson offers a concise historical introduction to the Enlightenment as an intellectual movement of eighteenth-century Europe. Discussing its intellectual achievements, he also explores how its supporters exploited new ways of communicating their ideas to a wider public, creating a new 'public sphere' for critical discussion of the moral, economic and political issues facing their societies. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Enlightenment Project in the Analytic Conversation

Author: N. Capaldi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401733007

Category: Philosophy

Page: 534

View: 5572

Analytic philosophy has been a dominant intellectual movement in the 20th century and a reflection of the cultural pre-eminence of scientism. In response to analytic philosophy's peculiar reticence (and inability) to discuss itself, this book provides its first comprehensive history and critique. The central element in the analytic conversation has been the Enlightenment Project: the appeal to an autonomous human reason, freed of any higher authority and channeling itself through science as its privileged tool. This centrality is demonstrated by systematically examining its presence and development in the philosophy of science, metaphysics, epistemology, language, psychology, social science, ethics, political philosophy, and the history of philosophy. This journey highlights the internal logical disintegration of that project. Post-modern relativism is its natural offspring and not a viable alternative. The Enlightenment Project's conception of physical science is defective; this defective conception of physical science renders the analytic conception of social science, philosophical psychology, and epistemology defective; and that defective conception of the human condition leads to defective conceptions of both moral and political philosophy, specifically the idea of social engineering or social technology. Throughout the book, an alternative conception of philosophy is presented as a way out of the abyss of analysis, an alternative that reconnects philosophy with the mainstream of Western civilization and initiates the process of providing a coherent cultural narrative. This book will be of particular interest to any sophisticated reader concerned about the lack of a coherent cultural narrative.

Beyond the Enlightenment

Lives and Thoughts of Social Theorists

Author: Roger A. Salerno

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275977245

Category: Philosophy

Page: 242

View: 9955

Important ideas that helped shape 20th-century thought are made accessible in this illuminating volume.

Panorama of the Enlightenment

Author: Dorinda Outram

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 9780892368617

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 5355

Presents a comprehensive overview of the Enlightenment, discussing the intellectuals of the period who promoted the scientific method of investigation and explored such topics as nature, the universe, the human mind, the rights of women, and medicine.

France in the Enlightenment

Author: Daniel Roche,Professor of Modern History Daniel Roche

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674317475

Category: History

Page: 723

View: 4194

Explores the social, cultural, and political developments in France in the period before the Revolution

The Enlightenment

A Revolution in Reason

Author: Patrice Sherman

Publisher: Teacher Created Materials

ISBN: 9781433350139

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 6222

How did the universe work? How did the human mind learn? What kind of government was best? These are some of the questions that people asked during the Age of Ideas, or the Enlightenment. Readers will learn about some of the most important aspects, ideas, and people of this time, including John Locke, David Hume, Voltaire, Copernicus, and Romanticism. Through intriguing facts and engaging sidebars, readers will also discover the incredible outcomes of the Scientific Revolution and how scientists like Galileo, Isaac Newton, and Johannes Keplar changed the way people see the world! The colorful images and supportive text work together to help readers understand the major impact the French Revolution had on the French people, as well as the influence it had on the American Revolution.

Vitalizing Nature in the Enlightenment

Author: Peter H. Reill

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520931008

Category: Philosophy

Page: 398

View: 9736

This far-reaching study redraws the intellectual map of the Enlightenment and boldly reassesses the legacy of that highly influential period for us today. Peter Hanns Reill argues that in the middle of the eighteenth century, a major shift occurred in the way Enlightenment thinkers conceived of nature that caused many of them to reject the prevailing doctrine of mechanism and turn to a vitalistic model to account for phenomena in natural history, the life sciences, and chemistry. As he traces the ramifications of this new way of thinking through time and across disciplines, Reill provocatively complicates our understanding of the way key Enlightenment thinkers viewed nature. His sophisticated analysis ultimately questions postmodern narratives that have assumed a monolithic Enlightenment—characterized by the dominance of instrumental reason—that has led to many of the disasters of modern life.