The English Poor Laws 1700-1930

Author: Anthony Brundage

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 9780333682715

Category: History

Page: 185

View: 1226

The English Poor Laws examines the nature and operation of the English poor law system from the early eighteenth century to its termination in 1930. The book traces the law's development from a localized measure of poor relief designed primarily for rural communities to an increasingly centralized system attempting to grapple with the urgent crises of urban poverty. The deterrent workhouse, medical care, education, assisted emigration, family maintenance, vagrancy and the relationship of the poor laws to private charity are some of the topics covered. The perspectives and reactions of the poor to the workhouse system, as well as to changing relief policies have also been highlighted. This includes the sometimes spirited opposition of the poor to the oppressive features of the law. The relationship of the poor laws to economic development, in both the agrarian and industrial sectors, is also explored, as are the connections of changing relief policies to wider currents of intellectual and social life.

The Real Oliver Twist

Robert Blincoe: A life that illuminates an age

Author: John Waller

Publisher: Icon Books

ISBN: 1840464704

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 480

View: 8325

From a parish workhouse to the heart of the industrial revolution, from debtors' jail to Cambridge University and a prestigious London church, Robert Blincoe's political, personal and turbulent story illuminates the Dickensian age like never before. In 1792 as revolution, riot and sedition spread across Europe, Robert Blincoe was born in the calm of rural St Pancras parish. At four he was abandoned to a workhouse, never to see his family again. At seven, he was sent 200 miles north to work in one of the cotton mills of the dawning industrial age. He suffered years of unrelenting abuse, a life dictated by the inhuman rhythm of machines. Like Dickens' most famous character, Blincoe rebelled after years of servitude. He fought back against the mill owners, earning beatings but gaining self-respect. He joined the campaign to protect children, gave evidence to a Royal Commission into factory conditions and worked with extraordinary tenacity to keep his own children from the factories. His life was immortalised in one of the most remarkable biographies ever written, A Memoir of Robert Blincoe. Renowned popular historian John Waller tells the true story of a parish boy's progress with passion and in enthralling detail.

Unemployment, Welfare, and Masculine Citizenship

So Much Honest Poverty in Britain, 1870-1930

Author: M. Levine-Clark

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113739322X

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 5570

This book examines how, from the late nineteenth century through the 1920s, British policymakers, welfare providers, and working-class men struggled to accommodate men's dependence on the state within understandings of masculine citizenship.

Poverty and Welfare in Guernsey, 1560-2015

Author: Rose-Marie Crossan

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 1783270403

Category: Poor

Page: 332

View: 8066

An account of poor relief in Guernsey from the Reformation to the twenty-first century, incorporating a detailed case-study of the St Peter Port workhouse and an outline of the development of Guernsey's modern social security system.

Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750-1834

Author: Steven King

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1526129027

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 6124

At the core of this book are three central contentions: That medical welfare became the totemic function of the Old Poor Law in its last few decades; that the poor themselves were able to negotiate this medical welfare rather than simply being subject to it; and that being doctored and institutionalised became part of the norm for the sick poor by the 1820s, in a way that had not been the case in the 1750s. Exploring the lives and medical experiences of the poor largely in their own words, Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor offers a comprehensive reinterpretation of the so-called crisis of the Old Poor Law from the later eighteenth century. The sick poor became an insistent presence in the lives of officials and parishes and the (largely positive) way that communities responded to their dire needs must cause us to rethink the role and character of the poor law.

On the Parish?

The Micro-Politics of Poor Relief in Rural England C.1550-1750

Author: Steve Hindle

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199271321

Category: History

Page: 521

View: 2302

On the Parish? is a study of the negotiations which took place over the allocation of poor relief in the rural communities of sixteenth, seventeenth and early eighteenth century England. It analyses the relationships between the enduring systems of informal support through which the labouring poor made attempts to survive for themselves; the expanding range of endowed charity encouraged by the late sixteenth century statutes for charitable uses; and the developing system ofparish relief co-ordinated under the Elizabethan poor laws. Based on exhaustive research in the archives of the trustees who administered endowments, of the overseers of the poor who assessed rates and distributed pensions, of the magistrates who audited and co-ordinated relief and of the royal judges whoplayed such an important role in interpreting the Elizabethan statutes, the book reconstructs the hierarchy of provision of relief as it was experienced among the poor themselves. It argues that receipt of a parish pension was only the final (and by no means the inevitable) stage in a protracted process of negotiation between prospective pensioners (or 'collectioners', as they came to be called) and parish officers. This running theme is itself reflected in a series of chapters whose sequenceseeks to mirror the experience of indigence, moving gradually (and by stages) from the networks of care provided by kin and neighbours into the bureaucracy of the parish relief system, emphasising in particular the importance of labour discipline in the thinking of parish officers.By illuminating the workings of a relief system in which notions of entitlement were both under-developed and contested, On the Parish? provides historical perspective for contemporary debates about the rights and obligations of the poor in a society where the dismantling of the welfare state implies that there is, once again, no right to relief from cradle to grave.

Social Welfare in Pre-industrial England

The Old Poor Law Tradition

Author: Paul A. Fideler

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 9780333688953

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 6937

Crossing period boundaries separating late medieval, early modern, and long eighteenth-century England, Paul A. Fideler offers a coherent overview of parish-centered social welfare from its medieval roots, through its institutionalisation in the Elizabethan Poor Law, to its demise in the early years of the Industrial Revolution. The study: - incorporates the latest scholarship - weaves together social, economic, demographic, medical, political, religious and ideological history - offers fresh treatments of the contextual importance of Christian moral theology in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, humanist and protestant thought in the sixteenth century and neo-Stoic benevolence and political arithmetic in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries - explores two competing approaches to social welfare: societas (voluntary, rooted in custom and tradition) and civitas (mandatory, embedded in policy and law) - concludes with a detailed examination of the first histories of social welfare in England undertaken in the late eighteenth century.

Protesting about Pauperism

Poverty, Politics and Poor Relief in Late-Victorian England, 1870-1900

Author: Elizabeth T. Hurren

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 086193329X

Category: England

Page: 296

View: 5363

A fresh look at the complex question of outdoor poor relief in the nineteenth century.

The Solidarities of Strangers

The English Poor Laws and the People, 1700-1948

Author: Lynn Hollen Lees

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521572613

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 8807

A study of English policies toward the poor from the 1600s to the present, showing how clients and officials negotiated welfare settlements.

Pauper Palaces

Author: Anne Digby

Publisher: Routledge & Kegan Paul Books


Category: Travel

Page: 266

View: 1697

Poverty and Public Health, 1815-1948

Author: Rosemary Rees

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435327156

Category: Cost and standard of living

Page: 230

View: 4986

A study of poverty and public health between 1815 and 1914. It is designed to fulfil the AS and A Level specifications in place from September 2000. The AS section deals with narrative and explanation of the topic. There are extra notes, biography boxes and definitions in the margin, and summary boxes to help students assimilate the information. The A2 section reflects the different demands of the higher level examination by concentrating on analysis and historians' interpretations of the material covered in the AS section. There are practice questions and hints and tips on what makes a good answer.

The Making of the Irish Poor Law, 1815-43

Author: Peter Gray

Publisher: Manchester University Press


Category: History

Page: 400

View: 1268

This book examines the debates preceding and surrounding the 1838 act on the nature of Irish poverty and the responsibilities of society towards it. It traces the various campaigns for a poor law from the later eighteenth century. The nature and internal frictions of the great Irish poor inquiry of 1833-36 are analyzed, along with the policy recommendations made by its chair, Archbishop Whately. It considers the aims and limitations of the government’s measure and the public reaction to it in Ireland and Britain. Finally, it describes the implementation of the Poor Law between 1838 and 1843 under the controversial direction of George Nicholls. It will be of particular importance to those with a serious interest in the history of social welfare, of Irish social thought and politics, and of British governance in Ireland in the early nineteenth century.

Forces Shaping the EU

Social Science Approaches to Understanding the European Union

Author: Josef Langer

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated


Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 2183

This book investigates the European Union as an object of the social sciences. Although its main direction is to discuss different dimensions of the EU project and the direction of its development, it also reflects the state of the social sciences in this development. Accordingly, the book is structured to take into consideration «modernist, «critical and «culturalist perspectives. Given this frame the contributions by individual authors deliver a wide range of insights into the EU project, insights which often point to aspects hidden, rarely mentioned or not at all recognized in the official discourse about the EU. Besides, attention is raised for the precarious cognitive situation of the social sciences in times of rapid societal transformation.

Being poor in modern Europe

historical perspectives 1800-1940

Author: Andreas Gestrich,Steven King

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Inc


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 540

View: 8989

This book brings together authors working on some of the most significant poverty and welfare research projects on the European stage. The contributions focus broadly on the experience of being poor in England, Scotland, Ireland and Germany between 1800 and the 1940s, a theme that has received inadequate attention in the European historiography thus far. The chapters are organised into three thematic sections. The first deals with the experience of being poor: networks, migration and survival strategies; the second with confinement, discipline, surveillance and classification: paths to the welfare state; and the third with the symbolism of poverty.

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 9591

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Poverty and welfare in England, 1700-1850

a regional perspective

Author: Steven King

Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 294

View: 9344

An overview of the literature on poverty, and of the welfare policies of the state, as well as the alternative welfare strategies of the poor for the period 1700 to 1850. Drawing on well-known contributions to the welfare debate, Steven King offers his perspective on how we should conceptualize poverty and how ordinary families and communities responded to that poverty. The book first details the legal framework which shaped the treatment of a poverty problem, before moving on to consider the historiography of poverty and welfare. A variety of primary source material is used to reconsider the extent of poverty in the period 1700 to 1850. The second half explores the ways in which communities, families and individuals responded to poverty, tracing the very different experiences of several regional units and using primary material to reinterpret the subject.

Riot, Rebellion and Popular Politics in Early Modern England

Author: Andy Wood

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137135689

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 9777

Riot, Rebellion and Popular Politics in Early Modern England reassesses the relationship between politics, social change and popular culture in the period c. 1520-1730. It argues that early modern politics needs to be understood in broad terms, to include not only states and elites, but also disputes over the control of resources and the distribution of power. Andy Wood assesses the history of riot and rebellion in the early modern period, concentrating upon: popular involvement in religious change and political conflict, especially the Reformation and the English Revolution; relations between ruler and ruled; seditious speech; popular politics and the early modern state; custom, the law and popular politics; the impact of literacy and print; and the role of ritual, gender and local identity in popular politics.