The English Poor Laws 1700-1930

Author: Anthony Brundage

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 9780333682715

Category: History

Page: 185

View: 7987

The English Poor Laws examines the nature and operation of the English poor law system from the early eighteenth century to its termination in 1930. The book traces the law's development from a localized measure of poor relief designed primarily for rural communities to an increasingly centralized system attempting to grapple with the urgent crises of urban poverty. The deterrent workhouse, medical care, education, assisted emigration, family maintenance, vagrancy and the relationship of the poor laws to private charity are some of the topics covered. The perspectives and reactions of the poor to the workhouse system, as well as to changing relief policies have also been highlighted. This includes the sometimes spirited opposition of the poor to the oppressive features of the law. The relationship of the poor laws to economic development, in both the agrarian and industrial sectors, is also explored, as are the connections of changing relief policies to wider currents of intellectual and social life.

Krone, Kirche und Verfassung

Konservatismus in den englischen Unterschichten 1815-1867

Author: Jörg Neuheiser

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525370091

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 5868

"Warum kommt es in England im 19. Jahrhundert zu keiner Revolution? Historiker verbinden die auffällige Stabilität der englischen Gesellschaft mit einem doppelten Problem: Schon sehr früh gab es in England eine Arbeiterbewegung, die gemeinsam mit den Liberalen Reformen forderte und auch revolutionäre Vorstellungen entwickelte. Trotz einer nach 1815 scheinbar stark radikalisierten Bevölkerung blieb eine Revolution aber aus, und eine Arbeiterpartei entstand in England später als in anderen europäischen Staaten. Seit 20 Jahren wird dieser Widerspruch üblicherweise mit der Komplexität sozialer und politischer Identitätsbildung innerhalb der Unterschichten erklärt. Verwiesen wird auf die lange dominante Tradition des englischen Liberalismus und Radikalismus, der auch die Reformbewegungen der Arbeiterschaft prägte. Mit dem vorliegenden Buch müssen solche Erklärungen erweitert werden. Es beschreibt eine bisher ignorierte lange Tradition des Konservatismus, die erhebliche Teile der englischen Unterschichten beeinflusste und zur Stabilität der englischen Gesellschaft beitrug. Dieser "Konservatismus von unten" kreiste um die Popularität der Monarchie, einem loyalistischen Patriotismus und ein protestantisches Selbstverständnis. Damit verbunden waren antikatholische Haltungen und ein paternalistisches Ideal von sozialer Gerechtigkeit, das einen Ausgleich zwischen sozialen Eliten und Unterschichten ermöglichte. In einer vergleichenden Lokalstudie werden bekannte Phänomene wie antikatholische Ausschreitungen neu interpretiert und bisher kaum erforschte Entwicklungen wie die frühen konservativen Arbeitervereine und Feiern im Umfeld der Monarchie untersucht, um das Bild der politischen Vorstellungen innerhalb der englischen Unterschichten um eine konservative Dimension zu erweitern."--Publisher's website.

The Real Oliver Twist

Robert Blincoe: A life that illuminates an age

Author: John Waller

Publisher: Icon Books

ISBN: 1840464704

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 480

View: 5022

From a parish workhouse to the heart of the industrial revolution, from debtors' jail to Cambridge University and a prestigious London church, Robert Blincoe's political, personal and turbulent story illuminates the Dickensian age like never before. In 1792 as revolution, riot and sedition spread across Europe, Robert Blincoe was born in the calm of rural St Pancras parish. At four he was abandoned to a workhouse, never to see his family again. At seven, he was sent 200 miles north to work in one of the cotton mills of the dawning industrial age. He suffered years of unrelenting abuse, a life dictated by the inhuman rhythm of machines. Like Dickens' most famous character, Blincoe rebelled after years of servitude. He fought back against the mill owners, earning beatings but gaining self-respect. He joined the campaign to protect children, gave evidence to a Royal Commission into factory conditions and worked with extraordinary tenacity to keep his own children from the factories. His life was immortalised in one of the most remarkable biographies ever written, A Memoir of Robert Blincoe. Renowned popular historian John Waller tells the true story of a parish boy's progress with passion and in enthralling detail.

Unemployment, Welfare, and Masculine Citizenship

So Much Honest Poverty in Britain, 1870-1930

Author: M. Levine-Clark

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113739322X

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 3566

This book examines how, from the late nineteenth century through the 1920s, British policymakers, welfare providers, and working-class men struggled to accommodate men's dependence on the state within understandings of masculine citizenship.

Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750-1834

Author: Steven King

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1526129027

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 5130

At the core of this book are three central contentions: That medical welfare became the totemic function of the Old Poor Law in its last few decades; that the poor themselves were able to negotiate this medical welfare rather than simply being subject to it; and that being doctored and institutionalised became part of the norm for the sick poor by the 1820s, in a way that had not been the case in the 1750s. Exploring the lives and medical experiences of the poor largely in their own words, Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor offers a comprehensive reinterpretation of the so-called crisis of the Old Poor Law from the later eighteenth century. The sick poor became an insistent presence in the lives of officials and parishes and the (largely positive) way that communities responded to their dire needs must cause us to rethink the role and character of the poor law.

The Making of the Irish Poor Law, 1815-43

Author: Peter Gray

Publisher: Manchester University Press


Category: History

Page: 400

View: 3649

This book examines the debates preceding and surrounding the 1838 act on the nature of Irish poverty and the responsibilities of society towards it. It traces the various campaigns for a poor law from the later eighteenth century. The nature and internal frictions of the great Irish poor inquiry of 1833-36 are analyzed, along with the policy recommendations made by its chair, Archbishop Whately. It considers the aims and limitations of the government’s measure and the public reaction to it in Ireland and Britain. Finally, it describes the implementation of the Poor Law between 1838 and 1843 under the controversial direction of George Nicholls. It will be of particular importance to those with a serious interest in the history of social welfare, of Irish social thought and politics, and of British governance in Ireland in the early nineteenth century.

Being poor in modern Europe

historical perspectives 1800-1940

Author: Andreas Gestrich,Steven King

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Inc


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 540

View: 4623

This book brings together authors working on some of the most significant poverty and welfare research projects on the European stage. The contributions focus broadly on the experience of being poor in England, Scotland, Ireland and Germany between 1800 and the 1940s, a theme that has received inadequate attention in the European historiography thus far. The chapters are organised into three thematic sections. The first deals with the experience of being poor: networks, migration and survival strategies; the second with confinement, discipline, surveillance and classification: paths to the welfare state; and the third with the symbolism of poverty.

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3541

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Eighteenth-century Britain, 1688-1783

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230537507

Category: History

Page: 314

View: 1097

Jeremy Black sets the politics of eighteenth century Britain into the fascinating context of social, economic, cultural, religious and scientific developments. The second edition of this successful text by a leading authority in the field has now been updated and expanded to incorporate the latest research and scholarship.

The workhouse

a study of poor-law buildings in England

Author: Kathryn Morrison,English Heritage

Publisher: English Heritage


Category: Architecture

Page: 255

View: 5274

Poor-law buildings have played a crucial role not only in the history of architecture in Engand but also in the country's social history. Morrison and the RCHME present a typology of poor-law workhouses with plans and photographs, in an attempt to record these decaying structures before they are completely lost. Tables catalogue the location of workhouses across England. The broader aspects of poor-law architecture are examined in tandem with personal accounts of individual workhouses and provides a fascinating study of the poorer elements of society.

The Eighteenth Century

A Current Bibliography for 2002

Author: Jim Springer Borck,Kevin L Cope,Robert C Leitz

Publisher: AMS Press

ISBN: 9780404622305

Category: Reference

Page: 908

View: 4553

Histoire d'Angleterre, XVIe-XVIIIe siècle

Author: Bernard Cottret

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9782130538097

Category: Great Britain

Page: 339

View: 7886

L'ouvrage dresse un vaste panorama de l'histoire anglaise à l'époque moderne, de la Réforme religieuse à la révolution industrielle. L'histoire insulaire a suscité une réflexion souvent originale, de Richard Tawney ou Lewis Namier à François Crouzet. Comme les meilleurs spécialistes nous l'ont enseigné outre-Manche, l'économie, la société et la religion sont inséparables de l'approche culturelle. Trente ans après l'entrée de la Grande-Bretagne dans l'Europe, l'histoire anglaise s'est largement ouverte sur le continent. Il convient, en retour, de mieux comprendre son évolution. Sont ainsi évoqués la critique de la whig history, l'impact de la sociologie allemande ou les débats entourant l'adoption récente du terme uniforme d'ancien régime pour cerner les sociétés passées.

Reader's Guide to British History

Author: D. M. Loades

Publisher: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers


Category: Great Britain

Page: 1620

View: 3436

"A masterful attempt to describe the historical secondary literature of the British Isles -- from prehistory to the present day -- the set is comprised of substantial essays of 1,000 to 3,000 words each on a wide array of subjects -- all written by pre-eminent scholars in language accessible to beginning students and advanced researchers. Each listed essay title is given a thorough annotation."--"The Top 20 Reference Titles of the Year," American Libraries, May 2004.