From Lexington and Gettysburg to Normandy and Iraq, wars have defined the United States. But after the guns fall silent, the army searches the lessons of past conflicts, developing the strategies, weapons, doctrines, and commanders that it hopes will guarantee future victory. Linn surveys the past assumptions--and errors--that underlie the army's many visions of warfare up to the present day.
Author: Brian McAllister Linn
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Counterinsurgency has staked its claim in the new century as the new American way of war. Yet, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have revived a historical debate about the costs - monetary, political and moral - of operations designed to eliminate insurgents and build nations. Today's counterinsurgency proponents point to 'small wars' past to support their view that the enemy is 'biddable' if the correct tactical formulas are applied. Douglas Porch's sweeping history of counterinsurgency campaigns carried out by the three 'providential nations' of France, Britain and the United States, ranging from nineteenth-century colonial conquests to General Petraeus' 'Surge' in Iraq, challenges the contemporary mythologising of counterinsurgency as a humane way of war. The reality, he reveals, is that 'hearts and minds' has never been a recipe for lasting stability and that past counterinsurgency campaigns have succeeded not through state-building but by shattering and dividing societies while unsettling civil-military relations.
Exposing the Myths of the New Way of War
Author: Douglas Porch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The pagan mythology of the Vikings offers a rich metaphor for consciousness. This book presents the cosmography of Norse mythology as a landscape of human inner life. Each of the nine worlds of this cosmography is viewed as a symbol of a distinct type of consciousness that is emblematic of a particular perspective or way of relating to others. Individual gods and goddesses are considered nuanced personifications of their worlds. The philosophy of pagan mythology is explored by comparing and contrasting the Sayings of Odin from the Norse Edda with the Christian Ten Commandments.
Norse Mythology and Human Consciousness
Author: Edward W.L. Smith
Category: Social Science
Author: John Douglas Borthwick
Publisher: J. Muir, 1866 ([Montreal] : J. Lovell)
Author: Daniel Clarke Eddy
Many associate terrorism with irrational behavior and believe only lunatics could perpetuate such horrific acts. Global Alert debunks this myth by anatomizing the rationale behind modern terrorism. It draws a distinct picture of its root and instrumental causes and plots the different stages of a terrorist attack, from indoctrination and recruitment to planning, preparation, and launch. Global Alert also exposes the measured exploitation of democratic institutions by terrorists to further their goals. Despite its strong capabilities and extensive resources, the modern liberal-democratic state is nevertheless subject to the rules of war, which partially restrict the state's ability to operate and maneuver. Boaz Ganor shows how terrorist organizations exploit these values to paralyze or neutralize the states they oppose. In outlining this new "hybrid" terrorist organization and its activity in both the military–terrorist arena and the political–welfare arena, Ganor advances an international doctrine for governing military operations between state and nonstate actors as part of a new type of armed conflict termed "multidimensional warfare."
The Rationality of Modern Islamist Terrorism and the Challenge to the Liberal Democratic World
Author: Boaz Ganor
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Political Science
This is the first comprehensive and comparative study of compositional and stylistic techniques in medieval Arabic and Persian lyric poetry. Ranging over some seven countries, it deals with works by over thirty poets in the Islamic world from Spain to present-day Afghanistan, and examines how this rich poetic traditions exhibits both continuity and development in the use of a wide variety of compositional strategies. Discussing such topics as principles of structural organisation, the use of rhetorical figures, metaphor and images, and providing detailed analyses of a large number of poetic texts, it shows how structural and semantic features interacted to bring coherence and meaning to the individual poem. It also examines works by the indigenous critics of poetry in both Arabic and Persian, and demonstrates the critics' awareness of, and interest in, the techniques which poets employed to construct poems which were both eloquent and meaningful. Comparisons are also made with classical and medieval poetics in the west. The book will be of interest not merely to specialists in the relevant fields, but also to all those interested in pre-modern poetry and poetics.
Author: Julie Meisami
Category: Literary Criticism
Diana Gabaldon’s brilliant storytelling has captivated millions of readers in her bestselling and award-winning Outlander saga. In An Echo in the Bone, the seventh volume, Gabaldon continues the extraordinary story of the eighteenth-century Scotsman Jamie Fraser and his twentieth-century time-traveling wife, Claire Randall. Jamie Fraser, former Jacobite and reluctant rebel, is already certain of three things about the American rebellion: The Americans will win, fighting on the side of victory is no guarantee of survival, and he’d rather die than have to face his illegitimate son—a young lieutenant in the British army—across the barrel of a gun. Claire Randall knows that the Americans will win, too, but not what the ultimate price may be. That price won’t include Jamie’s life or his happiness, though—not if she has anything to say about it. Meanwhile, in the relative safety of the twentieth century, Jamie and Claire’s daughter, Brianna, and her husband, Roger MacKenzie, have resettled in a historic Scottish home where, across a chasm of two centuries, the unfolding drama of Brianna’s parents’ story comes to life through Claire’s letters. The fragile pages reveal Claire’s love for battle-scarred Jamie Fraser and their flight from North Carolina to the high seas, where they encounter privateers and ocean battles—as Brianna and Roger search for clues not only to Claire’s fate but to their own. Because the future of the MacKenzie family in the Highlands is mysteriously, irrevocably, and intimately entwined with life and death in war-torn colonial America. With stunning cameos of historical characters from Benedict Arnold to Benjamin Franklin, An Echo in the Bone is a soaring masterpiece of imagination, insight, character, and adventure—a novel that echoes in the mind long after the last page is turned. BONUS: This edition includes an excerpt from Diana Gabaldon's Written in My Own Heart's Blood.
Author: Diana Gabaldon
Publisher: Delacorte Press
This book provides an authoritative account of how the US, British, and French armies have transformed since the end of the Cold War. All three armies have sought to respond to changes in their strategic and socio-technological environments by developing more expeditionary capable and networked forces. Drawing on extensive archival research, hundreds of interviews, and unprecedented access to official documents, the authors examine both the process and the outcomes of army transformation, and ask how organizational interests, emerging ideas, and key entrepreneurial leaders interact in shaping the direction of military change. They also explore how programs of army transformation change over time, as new technologies moved from research to development, and as lessons from operations were absorbed. In framing these issues, they draw on military innovation scholarship and, in addressing them, produce findings with general relevance for the study of how militaries innovate.
Britain, France, and the United States, 1991–2012
Author: Theo Farrell,Sten Rynning,Terry Terriff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
This book studies the impact of cultural factors on the course of military innovations. One would expect that countries accustomed to similar technologies would undergo analogous changes in their perception of and approach to warfare. However, the intellectual history of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) in Russia, the US, and Israel indicates the opposite. The US developed technology and weaponry for about a decade without reconceptualizing the existing paradigm about the nature of warfare. Soviet 'new theory of victory' represented a conceptualization which chronologically preceded technological procurement. Israel was the first to utilize the weaponry on the battlefield, but was the last to develop a conceptual framework that acknowledged its revolutionary implications. Utilizing primary sources that had previously been completely inaccessible, and borrowing methods of analysis from political science, history, anthropology, and cognitive psychology, this book suggests a cultural explanation for this puzzling transformation in warfare. The Culture of Military Innovation offers a systematic, thorough, and unique analytical approach that may well be applicable in other perplexing strategic situations. Though framed in the context of specific historical experience, the insights of this book reveal important implications related to conventional, subconventional, and nonconventional security issues. It is therefore an ideal reference work for practitioners, scholars, teachers, and students of security studies.
The Impact of Cultural Factors on the Revolution in Military Affairs in Russia, the US, and Israel.
Author: Dima Adamsky
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Category: Political Science
Examining major terrorist acts and campaigns undertaken in the decade following September 11, 2001, internationally recognized scholars study the involvement of global terrorist leaders and organizations in these incidents and the planning, organization, execution, recruitment, and training that went into them. Their work captures the changing character of al-Qaeda and its affiliates since the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq and the sophisticated elements that, despite the West's best counterterrorism efforts, continue to exert substantial direction over jihadist terrorist operations. Through case studies of terrorist acts and offensives occurring both in and outside the West, the volume's contributors investigate al-Qaeda and other related entities as they adapted to the strategies of Operation Enduring Freedom and subsequent U.S.-led global counterterrorism programs. They explore whether Osama bin Laden was indeed reduced to a mere figurehead before his death or continued to influence al-Qaeda's global activities. Did al-Qaeda become a loose collection of individuals and ideas following its expulsion from Afghanistan, or was it reborn as a transnational terrorist structure powered by a well-articulated ideology? What is the preeminent terrorist threat we face today, and what will it look like in the future? This anthology pinpoints the critical patterns and strategies that will inform counterterrorism in the coming decades.
From 9/11 to Osama bin Laden's Death
Author: Bruce Hoffman,Fernando Reinares
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Political Science
Author: Bushrod Washington James
Category: United States
Colonel Gian Gentile’s 2008 article “Misreading the Surge” in World Politics Review first exposed a growing rift among military intellectuals that has since been playing out in strategy sessions at the Pentagon, in classrooms at military academies, and on the pages of the New York Times. While the past years of U.S. strategy in Afghanistan have been dominated by the doctrine of counterinsurgency (COIN), Gentile and a small group of dissident officers and defense analysts have questioned the necessity and efficacy of COIN—essentially armed nation-building—in achieving the United States’ limited core policy objective in Afghanistan: the destruction of Al Qaeda. Drawing both on the author’s experiences as a combat battalion commander in the Iraq War and his research into the application of counterinsurgency in a variety of historical contexts, Wrong Turn is a brilliant summation of Gentile’s views of the failures of COIN, as well as a searing reevaluation of the current state of affairs in Afghanistan. As the issue of America’s withdrawal from Afghanistan inevitably rises to the top of the national agenda, Wrong Turn will be a major new touchstone for what went wrong and a vital new guide to the way forward. Note: the ideas in this book are the author’s alone, not the Department of Defense’s.
America s Deadly Embrace of Counterinsurgency
Author: Colonel Gian Gentile
Publisher: New Press, The
Nach seinem Bestseller ›Der Klang der Zeit‹ erforscht Richard Powers, was Familien im Innersten zusammenhält: das zerbrechliche Geflecht aus Gefühl und Erinnerung. Die ergreifende Geschichte eines Geschwisterpaares und ein Panorama des heutigen Amerikas vereinen sich hier in seinem neuen großen Roman. Kearney ist die geographische Mitte der USA - und die Mitte von Nirgendwo. In einer Winternacht überschlägt sich Mark mit dem Auto. Als er wieder ins Leben zurückfindet, hält er seine Schwester Karin für eine feindliche Doppelgängerin. Sie hingegen versucht alles, um ihm ein normales Leben zu ermöglichen. Auf einer bewegenden Reise in das Innerste einer Familie macht uns Richard Powers mit dem größten Geschichtenerzähler bekannt: unserer Erinnerung. Sie schafft das Echo unseres Lebens, das uns trägt, umfängt und bisweilen grausam täuscht.
Author: Richard Powers
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
DIVERSE VISIONS BOOK ONE: subtitle HERITAGE INTRODUCTION In the reservoir of my mind, the concept of heritage is the origin, or the roots, of an antique distant setup denoting my source of inspiration. In this subtitle so many factors that urged me to share these deeply rooted human similitudes, differences, weaknesses, challenges, in joy, love, power, recognition, winning, just to loose or keep, the success nurtured to last. In heritage, exposed are diverse cultures, interwoven into a nation, during the eighteen years I went round as a school teacher, in eight different schools in my country, not only to teach but also learn a lot from my own people. I still smell the soaked earth after the first rains fell, following a scorching dry season; somewhere in the west coast of Africa, mother land dearest. Of course including other peoples cultures and believes from the sub region and beyond. Heritage ranges, from my place of birth, with my late mother and father, who were peasant farmers. In the midst of which I was one of the privileged few, to attend school and get lettered. It is a kind of paying homage to what, where I come from, made of me. It is trying to put a universal meaning to an otherwise rich, hidden, culture, from Africa. What my nation and people endure, in their day to day lives. All thats narrated here is a combination of effects, which influenced me to paint a poetic picture to it all. Each poem decodes and expresses a particular happening, incident and event that directly or indirectly affected me or those I lived with. In short Heritage makes you feel, be part of the life of a people, trying to strive with almost nothing in their hands to survive, despite the odds. Heritage includes the eras of pre-colonial, colonial and independence of former western colonies, in Africa, a complexity, of culture conflicts, caused by, historical influences from other parts of the world. As times, people and levels of awareness keep on changing, in the world of today, some things have changed and are changing over the years, for better or for worst, and Heritage is another specter of contribution to promote a better understanding, a sensitization, without which so much will pass unnoticed, from that part of the world, narrated by a person who lived it all. By AMADOU BH SEY
Author: AMADOU B.H. SEY
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation