The Development of Latin Clause Structure

A Study of the Extended Verb Phrase

Author: Lieven Danckaert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198759525

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 5969

This book examines Latin word order, and in particular the relative ordering of i) lexical verbs and direct objects (OV vs VO) and ii) auxiliaries and non-finite verbs (VAux vs AuxV). In Latin these elements can freely be ordered with respect to each other, whereas the present-day Romance languages only allow for the head-initial orders VO and AuxV. Lieven Danckaert offers a detailed, corpus-based description of these two word order alternations, focusing on their diachronic development in the period from c. 200 BC until 600 AD. The corpus data reveal that some received wisdom needs to be reconsidered: there is in fact no evidence for any major increase in productivity of the order VO during the eight centuries under investigation, and the order AuxV only becomes more frequent in clauses with a modal verb and an infinitive, not in clauses with a BE-auxiliary and a past participle. The book also explores a more fundamental question about Latin syntax, namely whether or not the language is configurational, in the sense that a phrase structure grammar (with 'higher-order constituents' such as verb phrases) is needed to describe and analyse Latin word order patterns. Four pieces of evidence are presented that suggest that Latin is indeed a fully configurational language, despite its high degree of word order flexibility. Specifically, it is shown that there is ample evidence for the existence of a verb phrase constituent. The book thus contributes to the ongoing debate regarding the status of configurationality as a language universal.

Clause Structure and Word Order in the History of German

Author: Agnes Jäger,Gisella Ferraresi,Helmut Weiß

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192543075

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 480

View: 7257

This volume presents the first comprehensive generative account of the historical syntax of German. Leading scholars in the field survey a range of topics and offer new insights into central aspects of clause structure and word order, outlining the different stages of their historical development. Each chapter combines a solid empirical basis with descriptive generalizations, supported by a detailed discussion of theoretical analyses couched in the generative framework. Reference is also made throughout to the more traditional descriptive model of the German clause. The volume is divided into three parts that correspond to the main parts of the clause. Part I explores the left periphery, looking at verb placement (verb second and competing orders), the prefield, and adverbial connectives, while Part II discusses the middle field, including pronominal syntax, the order of full NPs, and the history of negation. The final part examines the right periphery with chapters covering basic word order (OV/VO), prosodic and information-structural factors, and the verbal complex. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers and students in historical syntax and the Germanic languages, and for both descriptive and theoretical linguists alike.

Verb Second in Medieval Romance

Author: Sam Wolfe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192526820

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 5398

This volume provides the first book-length study of the controversial topic of Verb Second and related properties in a range of Medieval Romance varieties. It presents an examination and analysis of both qualitative and quantitative data from Old French, Occitan, Sicilian, Venetian, Spanish, and Sardinian, in order to assess whether these were indeed Verb Second languages. Sam Wolfe argues that V-to-C movement is a point of continuity across all the medieval varieties - unlike in the modern Romance languages - but that there are rich patterns of synchronic and diachronic variation in the medieval period that have not previously been observed and investigated. These include differences in the syntax-pragmatics mapping, the locus of verb movement, the behaviour of clitic pronouns, the syntax of subject positions, matrix/embedded asymmetries, and the null argument properties of the languages in question. The book outlines a detailed formal cartographic analysis of both the attested synchronic patterns and the diachronic evolution of Romance clausal structure. The findings have widespread implications for the understanding of both the key typological property of Verb Second and the development of Latin into the modern Romance languages.

Medieval English and Its Heritage

Structure, Meaning and Mechanisms of Change

Author: Nikolaus Ritt

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 2670

The volume features new work in English historical linguistics. It focuses on Medieval Englishes, but also discusses how processes originating there continued to unfold in later stages of linguistic evolution. In language internal terms, it deals with phonological, morphological, lexical and syntactic constituents. At the same time, cognitive, pragmatic and social factors are taken into account. All contributions go back to papers delivered at the 13th International Conference of English Historical Linguistics, held at Vienna in 2004. They address central questions from new perspectives, report empirical findings, point out new directions for research, make new methods relevant for the historical study of English, manage to revise established views, and provide a good survey of issues currently discussed in the community of historical English linguists.

Prinzipien der Sprachgeschichte

Author: Hermann Paul

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110929465

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 442

View: 5985

Nach über 100 Jahren seit dem Erscheinen gehört Pauls Buch "Prinzipien der Sprachgeschichte" (1. Auflage 1880) nach wie vor zu den Standardwerken der Sprachwissenschaft.

Sprache und ihre Struktur

Author: Ronald W. Langacker

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3111358917

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 255

View: 2979

Die Buchreihe Konzepte der Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft gibt Aufschluss über Prinzipien, Probleme und Verfahrensweisen philologischer Forschung im weitesten Sinne und dient einer Bestimmung des Standorts der Linguistik und Literaturwissenschaft. Die Reihe übergreift Einzelsprachen und Einzelliteraturen. Sie stellt sich in den Dienst der Reflexion und Grundlegung einer allgemeinen Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft. Die Bände sind zum Teil informierende Einführungen, zum Teil wissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge.

Grammatik der deutschen Sprache

Author: Gisela Zifonun,Ludger Hoffmann,Bruno Strecker

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110872161

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 2606

View: 362

Die dreibändige Grammatik der deutschen Sprache ist eine Dokumentation der grammatischen Strukturen der deutschen Gegenwartssprache. Die Autoren präsentieren das deutsche Sprachsystem auf der Grundlage authentischer Belege. Es werden z.B. Textstücke aus Werken von Günther Grass, Heinrich Böll und Uwe Johnson präsentiert und in erster Linie unter grammatischen Aspekten betrachtet. Zusätzlich werden Beispieltexte aus Wissenschafts- und Sachtexten sowie den Printmedien herangezogen. Berücksichtigt werden auch erstmals in einer Grammatik Belege aus der gesprochenen Sprache (zum Teil in Transkriptionen). Die Grammatik der deutschen Sprache ist ein anspruchsvolles grammatisches Lese- und Studierbuch. Sie erläutert die zentralen Termini und Regeln und bietet anhand vieler lebendiger Beispiele die Gelegenheit, die deutsche Grammatik in ihrer Komplexität kennenzulernen.

Bauchentscheidungen

Die Intelligenz des Unbewussten und die Macht der Intuition

Author: Gerd Gigerenzer

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641171334

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 868

„Das Herz hat seine Gründe, die der Verstand nicht kennt.“ Viele Menschen treffen Entscheidungen „aus dem Bauch heraus“, was auf den ersten Blick aller Vernunft zu widersprechen scheint. Gerd Gigerenzer, Professor für Psychologie und Direktor am Berliner Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, erkundet anhand zahlreicher Beispiele, woher unsere Bauchgefühle oder Intuitionen kommen und welcher spezifischen Logik unsere unbewusste Intelligenz folgt. • Das Geheimnis des gefilterten Wissens – Ausgezeichnet als „Wissenschaftsbuch des Jahres 2007“. • Der Bestseller von Gerd Gigerenzer, einem der profiliertesten deutschen Psychologen der Gegenwart.

Klitika im Deutschen

Schriftsprache, Umgangssprache, alemannische Dialekte

Author: Damaris Nübling

Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag

ISBN: 9783823342571

Category: German language

Page: 377

View: 8597


Deutsche syntax, generativ

Vorstudien zur Theorie einer projektiven Grammatik

Author: Hubert Haider

Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag

ISBN: 9783878086758

Category: Allemand (Langue) - Grammaire générative

Page: 296

View: 5852