Many mushrooms - or the 'fruits of fungi' - are extremely valuable, wild-gathered products which are utilised for both their medicinal properties and as food. In many of the world's tropical and temperate forests, they are the primary source of income for the people who live there. These forests range from temperate woodlands and small forests to high altitude forests in the Himalaya and tropical miombo woodlands in south-central Africa. In south-west China, over 200 species of wild fungi in 64 genera are commercially traded while in Europe and North America, woodlands and small forests are the source of many highly-prized mushrooms and an essential resource for many small enterprises and collectors. Yet the increased demand for timber has resulted in the rapid expansion of forestry, which in turn has destroyed the natural habitat of many fungi, unbalancing both forest economics and ecology. Despite the economic, social and cultural values of fungi, there is a general lack of understanding of their importance to local livelihoods and forest ecology. This book aims to fill this gap and extends the People and Plants Conservation Series beyond the plant kingdom into the related world of fungi and mushrooms. It demonstrates the crucial roles that fungi play in maintaining forest ecosystems and the livelihoods of rural people throughout the world while providing good practice guidelines for the sustainable management of this resource and an assessment of economic value. It brings together the perspectives of biologists, anthropologists and forest and woodland managers to provide a unique inter-disciplinary and international overview of the key issues.
Resource Management, Values and Local Livelihoods
Author: Anthony B. Cunningham,Xuefei Yang
The Cairngorms area is arguably the most significant for nature conservation in the British Isles and contains its largest National Park. In this book, 35 authors, drawing on published and unpublished sources, present an up-to-date review of the area's natural features, including plants, animals, habitats, geology and landforms. The review falls into three parts. The first and largest part describes the area's rich diversity of nature, with each chapter summarising recent research findings, trends and conservation issues for a different landform, habitat or species group. The second part considers deer management, recreation and projected climate change impacts. Part three focuses on rare and threatened species, and identifies areas and habitats rich in species for which the Cairngorms are nationally and internationally important.
Diversity in a Changing Environment
Author: Philip Shaw,Des B.A. Thompson
Publisher: The Stationery Office
Includes nearly 700 species of native trees, shrubs, vines, ferns, grasses, and wildflowers from the northeastern quarter of the U. S. and all of eastern Canada. Discusses restoration of native plant habitats and offers practical advice on cultivation and propagation in addition to descriptions, ranges, and hardiness information. An appendix recommends particular plants for difficult situations and for attracting butterflies, hummingbirds, and other wildlife. Original.
A Guide for Gardening & Conservation
Author: Donald Joseph Leopold
Publisher: Timber Press
When the first settlers arrived in the Bluegrass region of Kentucky, they found an astonishing landscape of open woodland grazed by vast herds of bison. Farmers quickly replaced the bison with cattle, sheep, and horses, but left many of the trees to shade their pastures. Today, central Kentucky and central Tennessee still boast one of the largest populations of presettlement trees in the nation, found in both rural and urban areas. In Venerable Trees: History, Biology, and Conservation in the Bluegrass, Tom Kimmerer showcases the beauty, age, size, and splendor of these ancient trees and the remaining woodland pastures. Documenting the distinctive settlement history that allowed for their preservation, Kimmerer explains the biology of Bluegrass trees and explores the reasons why they are now in danger. He also reveals the dedication and creativity of those fighting to conserve these remarkable three-hundred- to five-hundred-year-old plants -- from innovative, conscientious developers who build around them rather than clearing the land to farmers who use lightning rods to protect them from natural disasters. Featuring more than one hundred color photographs, this beautifully illustrated book offers guidelines for conserving ancient trees worldwide while educating readers about their life cycle. Venerable Trees is an informative call to understand the challenges faced by the companions so deeply rooted in the region's heritage and a passionate plea for their preservation.
History, Biology, and Conservation in the Bluegrass
Author: Tom Kimmerer
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
One of the main problems and aims of nature conservation in Europe is to protect semi-open landscapes. The development during the past decades is characterized by an ongoing intensivation of land use on the one hand, and an increasing number of former meadows and pastures lying fallow caused by changing economic conditions on the other hand. In several countries the estabishment of larger "pasture landscapes" with a mixed character of open grassland combined with shrubs and forests has been recognized as one solution to this problem. The book gives an overview of the European projects concerning to this topic - nature conservation policy and strategies, scientific results and practical experiences creating large scale grazing systems.
Author: Bernd Redecker,Werner Härdtle,Peter Finck,Uwe Riecken,Eckhard Schröder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
November 2-4, 1999, Reno, Nevada
Author: William F. Laudenslayer,Pacific Southwest Research Station
Category: Coarse woody debris
This beautifully illustrated guide identifies nearly 300 common plants in Indiana's most prominent ecosystem—the Eastern Deciduous Forest. For ease of identification, the plants are arranged by flower color or growth form, providing a convenient way to distinguish a great majority of plants in any given woodland. Generous treatment is given to all major vascular plant groups of the forest, such as wildflowers, ferns, shrubs, trees, grasses, and sedges. Michael A. Homoya not only helps with identification, but also offers information on a plant's habitat, flowering period, familial relationships, biology, and connections to Indiana. For the garden enthusiast and habitat restorer, there is a section on landscaping and natural community restoration using native forest plants. A portion of the proceeds from each sale of this book go to the Indiana Department of Natural Resources for land protection and stewardship.
A Field Guide
Author: Michael Allison Homoya,Marion T. Jackson
Publisher: Indiana University Press
proceedings of the colloquy organised by the Council of Europe together with the Israel Nature Reserves Authorities
Author: Council of Europe,Rashut shemurot ha-ṭevaʻ (Israel)
Publisher: Manhattan Pub. Co.
Results from the Forestry Commission's Biodiversity Assessment Project
Author: Jonathan W. Humphrey,Great Britain. Forestry Commission
Category: Biodiversity conservation
Author: United States. Bureau of Soils,United States. Bureau of Plant Industry,United States. Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering,United States. Soil Conservation Service,United States. Natural Resources Conservation Service
Category: Soil surveys
The Eastern Arc Mountains of East Africa are one of the 17 most threatened tropical ecosystems or hotspots worldwide. This is the first book to examine in detail current threats as well as approaches for conserving biological diversity in this global biodiversity hotspot. This volume synthesizes existing information on the biodiversity of the Eastern Arc Mountains, outlines processes that adversely affect this diversity, and suggests potential approaches for promoting its conservation. While the geographic focus of this book is the Eastern Arc forests, the problems, principles, and approaches discussed in relationship to conserving biodiversity have applicability to nearly all tropical forests worldwide.
A Study of the Eastern Arc Mountains
Author: W.D. Newmark,William Dubois Newmark
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Timing of blaeberry growth, tree regeneration, land use, plant orientation The author noted when blaeberry buds on Scottish alpine land began growth in spring and compared this with climatic data. He mapped natural tree regeneration on Deeside and Donside. The author criticises invalid claims about land use in Scotland and Norway, and about the alleged effects of sporting estates in reducing land fertility. Signs of orientation by plants and animals are described.
Author: Adam Watson
Publisher: Paragon Publishing
Offers information on growing and propagating over 1,000 different species of wildflower, and includes an encyclopedia of plants native to the United States and Canada.
Author: William Cullina
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
The first field guide to all of Vermont's natural communities
A Guide to the Natural Communities of Vermont
Author: Elizabeth H. Thompson,Eric R. Sorenson
Publisher: Middlebury College Press
The book is designed to provide a review on the methods and current status of conservation of the tropical plant species. It will also provide the information on the richness of the tropical plant diversity, the need to conserve, and the potential utilization of the genetic resources. Future perspectives of conservation of tropical species will be discussed. Besides being useful to researchers and graduate students in the field, we hope to create a reference for a much wider audience who are interested in conservation of tropical plant diversity.
Author: M.N. Normah,H.F. Chin,Barbara M. Reed
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media